Moringa Oleifera Medicinal Uses

Introduction

The plants allocated to the group were Moringa oleifera which is also called saijan which has many medicinal and non therapeutic uses such as lowering blood circulation pressure and diabetes, reliving back pain and arthritis etc, non- medicinally it is even used to purify polluted water which makes it safe to drink. Momordica charantia which is known as corailla which also has many uses.

Taxonomic description

Kingdom - Plantae - Plants

All crops are placed into this kingdom both flowering and non flowering.

Division - Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants

All flowering plants are put into this department.

Order - Capparales

Capparales, the caper order of flowering plants, contains five families, four hundred and twenty seven (427) genera, and four thousand (4, 000) kinds. (Encyclopedia Britannica 1995)

Family - Moringaceae - Horseradish family

Contains one genus and thirteen varieties of plants

Genus - Moringa

Contains thirteen types of plants

Species - Moringa oleifera - horseradish tree

Moringa oleifera Lam. is the most broadly cultivated species of the monogeneric family Moringaceae (order Brassicales), that includes thirteen types of timber allocated in sub Himalayan runs of India, Sri Lanka, North Eastern and South European Africa, Madagascar and Arabia. Today it is becoming naturalized in many locations in the tropics and is broadly cultivated in Africa, Ceylon, Thailand, Burma, Singapore, Western world Indies, Sri Lanka, India, Mexico, Malabar, Malaysia and the Philippines. (Hsu, Midcap, Arbainsyah, De Witte 2006)

Biogeographic origins of Moringa oleifera

Moringa oleifera Lam (synonym: Moringa Pterygosperma Gaertner) belongs to a monogeneric family of shrubs and tree, Moringaceae and is known as to obtain its source in Agra and Oudh, in the northwest region of India, south of the Himalayan Mountains. (Foidl, Makkar and Becker 2001)

Medicinal uses and Properties of Moringa oleifera

The Moringa tree is a multi-function seed. It's been cultivated in exotic regions across the world for the next characteristics: 1) high necessary protein, vitamins, nutrient and carbohydrate content of whole plants; quality value of nourishment for both humans and livestock; 2) high engine oil content (42%) of the seed which is edible (Hsu, Midcap, Arbainsyah, De Witte 2006), and with medicinal uses such as dealing with dyspepsia, anorexia, verminosis, diarrhoea, colic, flatulence, paralysis, inflammations, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, fever, strangury, vesical and renal calculi. It can be used in coughing, asthma, bronchitis, pectoral diseases, splenomegaly, epilepsy and cardiopathy, also used for poor flow, to increase appetite, stimulate digestive tract and to relieve rheumatism and muscular pains (Amina Herbal HEALTHCARE Ltd 2011)

Plant parts used for therapeutic purposes and for which illness

Table 1 showing the parts Moringa oleifera used and for which illness they are used for. (Hsu, Midcap, Arbainsyah, De Witte 2006, Fahey 2005 and Anwar, Latif, Ashraf and Gilani 2007)

Plant parts

Medicinal uses

Leaves

Anti-bacterial, Infection, Urinary Tract Infection, Epstein-Bar Trojan (EBV), HERPES VIRUS (HSV-1), HIV-AIDS, Helminthes, Trypanosomes, Bronchitis, External Sores/Ulcers, Fever, Hepatic, Anti-Tumor, Prostate, Radio protecting, Anti-Anemic, Antihypertensive, Diabetes/hypoglycemia, Diuretic, Hypocholestemia, Thyroid, Hepatorenal, Colitis, Diarrhea, Dysentery, Ulcer/Gastritis, Rheumatism, Headaches, Antioxidant, Carotenoids, Energy, Iron insufficiency, Protein, Supplement/mineral deficiency, Lactation Enhancer, Antiseptic, Catarrh, Lactation, Scurvy.

Bark

Dental Caries/Toothache, Common wintry, Exterior Sores/Ulcer, Anti-Tumor, Snakebite, Scorpion bite, Colitis, Digestive, Epilepsy, Hysteria, Frustration, Antinutrietional factors, Abortifacient, Aphrodisiac, Birth Control and scurvy.

Roots

Dental Caries/Toothache, Common cold, Trypanosomes, Alternative Sores/Ulcers, Fever, Asthma, Cardiotonic, Diuretic, Hepatorenal, Diarrhea, Flatulence, Anti-spasmodic, Epilepsy, Hysteria, Pain, Abortifacient, Aphrodisiac, Rubefacient, Vesicant, Gout, Hepatamegaly, Low back again/Kidney Pain, Scurvy and Splenomegaly.

Exudate

Dental Caries/Toothache, Syphilis, Typhoid, Earache, Fever, Asthma, Diuretic, Dysentery, Rheumatism, Throbbing headache, Abortifacient and Rubefacient.

Flowers

Throat contamination, common freezing, anthelmintic, anti-tumor, rheumatism, diuretic, tonic, hysteria, abortion

Pods

Anthelmintic, skin cancer, anti-hypertensive, diabetes, joint pain

Seeds

Anthelmintic, Warts, anti-tumor, Ulcer, rheumatism, arthritis, antispasmodic, goitrogen, mineral/vitamin deficiency

Medicinal uses of crops extracted from interviews

According to the interviewees the leaves will be the only elements of the Moringa tree used medicinally and are used to boost the body's immunity also used to lessen hypertension and manage diabetes. It can even be used to cure back pain

Method of preparation for medicinal use from interviews

Leaves

  • The leaves are positioned into normal water and boiled to make tea which is drunk to improve the disease fighting capability, manage diabetes also to cure again pain
  • Leaves rubbed up against the temple can relieve headaches.
  • To stop bleeding from a shallow lower, apply a poultice of fresh leaves.
  • There can be an anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory impact when applied to wounds or insect bites.
  • Extracts can be utilized against bacterial or fungal skin complaints.
  • Leaf tea snacks gastric ulcers and diarrhoea.
  • Eating Moringa foods is wonderful for those experiencing malnutrition because of the highprotein and fibre content.

Flowers

  • Flower juice enhances the quality and movement of mothers' milk when breasts feeding.
  • Flower juice pays to for urinary problems as it stimulates urination.

Pods

  • If eaten uncooked, pods act as a de-wormer and treat liver and spleen problems and aches and pains of the joints.
  • Due to high proteins and fibre content they can play a useful part in treating malnutrition and diarrhea.

Seeds

  • Used for his or her antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties to take care of arthritis, rheumatism, gout, cramp, sexually transmitted diseases and boils. The seeds are roasted, pounded, mixed with coconut oil and applied to the situation area. Seed olive oil can be utilized for the same health conditions.
  • Roasted seeds and petrol can encourage urination. They can be used as a relaxant for epilepsy.

Roots, bark and gum

  • Root bark is surface and blended with salt to create a poultice which is administered for rheumatism and muscular discomfort.
  • The bark is applied on the snake or scorpion bite inoder to prevent the venom from dispersing in the torso.

Natural products, Phytochemicals and Working ingredients

Table 2 Summarizing the NATURAL BASIC PRODUCTS, Phytochemicals and Active Ingredients within Moringa oleifera

Natural products

Phytochemicals

Active ingredients

Pterygospermin

Gallic tannins

Nitrile

Moringine

Catechol tennins

Mustard essential oil glycosides

Moringinine

Coumarins

Thiocarbamate glycosides

Spirochin

Steroids and triterpenoids

4(О±-L-rhamnosyloxy)-benzyl isothiocyanate

behenic acid

Flavonoids

Niazimicin

Moringic acid

Saponins

Niazinin A + B

Niazinin A & B

Anthraquinones

Thiocarbamate and Isothiocyanate glycosides

Niazimicin

Alkaloids

3-O-(6-O-oleoyl-О-D-glucopyranosyl)-

b-sitosterol

Campesterol

Glucosinolates

Methyl phydroxybenzoate

Stigmasterol

Isothiocyanates

b-sitosterol

b-sitosterol

Tannins

4-[О±-(L-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl]-

o-methyl thiocarbamate (trans)

Amino acids

 

O-Ethyl-

4-(О±-L-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl carbamate

Non- therapeutic uses of Moringa oleifera

The fruits of Moringa oleifera are used to make curry, the leaves are eaten uncooked in salads or made into a soup. The seed products which are found within the fruits are smashed and used as a drinking water purifier and also made into oil (Ben oil) which can be used as a lubricant for wristwatches and other fragile machinery which oil is also used to make perfume, while the trees are being used as fences. (Hsu, Midcap, Arbainsyah, De Witte 2006, Fahey 2005 and Anwar, Latif, Ashraf and Gilani 2007) The seed wedding cake, which is produced by pressing the seed products to extract oil, cannot be consumed as it includes harmful chemicals. However, it contains high levels of proteins and makes a good fertilizer for use in agriculture also by digging Moringa leaves into the garden soil before planting prevents damping off disease (Pythiumdebaryanum) among seedlings. Smashed leaves are used to clean cooking food utensils or even wall space. The solid wood is light and is a good fuel for cooking. However, it is not suitable for building. The bark can be beaten into a fiber you can use to make rope or mats and the wood produces a blue dye. Chippings of lumber may be used to make a good quality paper. The tree also produces viscose resin that is utilized in the textile industry. (Taken from Moringa oleifera a multi-purpose tree)

Pharmacological results and hazards of using Moringa oleifera

  • Alkaloids in Moringa oleifera have hypotensive and bradycardiac results.
  • The bark of the Moringa oleifera can cause uterine contractions.
  • Phenylacetonitrile isolated from roasted Moringa oleifera seed products has mutagenic activity.
  • Moringa oleifera ingredients have anti-fertility properties.

Interviewees - Particular date of interviews 29th April, 2011 for Moringa oleifera.

Table displaying the herbs suppliers along with their contact information

Lyndon Garnett

Sharmila Mohamad

Mayaba Jawazna

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