No doubt, the previous few decades have observed remarkable improvement in technology. The telecommunications industry specifically has rapidly expanded. Over the years, the use of technology has increased financial activity in many countries. A vibrant telecommunications takes on key role running a business, trade and commerce. Mobile phones offer people convenience by keeping time. Cellular phone has many features such as telephone calls, short meaning service (Text), multimedia communication service (MMS), talk messengers which make it easy to disseminate information to a person or group. In addition they may be used to report crisis situations. Alternatively, the use of mobile phones will not come without drawbacks. Generating while on the phone could be dangerous. Mobile phones are used to perpetrate criminal offense and other tragic occurrences in society. There's also claims that mobile phones may have some negative health implications. This essay will discuss negative and positive features of cellular phone, during that it'll highlight some of its progression from the past until the present.
Mobile phones were first introduced in to the UK in the mid-1980s. There was a tiny group who attracted by cellular phone whereas a substantial number of subscribers. However, with the introduction of digital systems (The Global System of Mobile Marketing communications, GSM) as well as the entry of additional providers in to the market in the 1990s, the number of members increased. The GSM technology as an operating-system has over 340 systems in 137 countries, Stewart, W (2000). Since the late 1990s the utilization of Text or texting has witnessed astonishing expansion. In Norway, for example, it is reported that roughly 280, 000 text messages are dispatched every hour in a country that has a human population of only 4 million, Ling, R (2004). Text is the preferred medium of communication among young adults since it offers unique benefits: it is less expensive than voice telephony; it does not require the immediate attention of the recipient. The major negatives are that it's relatively difficult to draft a note and the concept length is limited to 160 individuals. In addition to brief messaging, multimedia concept services (MMS) allows users to receive and send pictures, drawings, music and the loves. Now with the entrance of smart phones with internet facilities, the cell phones industry has generated a 'mobile information world' (The Economist, 1999).
It is apparent that the main advantage of cell phones is their convenience. Corresponding to Ling, R (2004), cell phones help to coordinate activities 'on the take a flight' and provide flexibility in the planning of the day's jobs. It enables people to check and respond to mails as well as pay bills online wherever they are simply. Aside from making repayments, many customers is now able to monitor and take care of their loan company accounts through their mobile phones. Even in shopping, they play a essential role; customers can place purchases by dialling the shopping malls or receive information about special offers through their mobile devices. Those who like watching movies can dial to determine what is on the neighborhood cinema and reserve their tickets. In crisis situations, the use of a cellular phone may decrease the time it takes to alert disaster services of the motor accident, a fire occurrence or other dangerous occurrences including crimes (Stewart, 2000). Thus cell phones assist in the safety and security of lives and property.
Furthermore, mobile phones accomplish work functions. In fact, mobile technology is said to be revolutionising just how people work as it helps you to save time and gets work done even though workers are mobile. Many companies now operate a 'exclusive work place' as an alternative to expensive physical structures and office facilities. This is very common with companies which have an ever-widening workforce. It could be argued that cell phones work best for itinerant professionals or business professionals, consultants, and travelling salesmen as the primary of these functions want to do with building key business interactions and partnerships. Thus cell phones make marriage building easier. However, frontline employees often communicate their dissatisfaction with electronic communication, stressing so it hinders creative discussion and makes them feel isolated.
Mobile phones are not only beneficial to corporate sector employees, but also to blue collar employees. Plumbers, house builders, security workers, taxi individuals and other everyday workers also make use of mobile phones in carrying out their daily work activities.
In addition, mobile technology assists with sociable networking and keep people more concluding than in the past for example, friends and individuals are more rely closely on cellular devices to keep contact and organise dates or visits. Ling (2004) records that mobile telephones have improved upon social discussion and usage of peer group especially among teenagers in Scandinavia, Italy, Japan, Korea, and a great many other countries. However the use of cell phones is often abused by teens. For example, recent reports point out that some teenagers share nude images and other offensive images among themselves. Others put themselves vulnerable by speaking and generating with a hands-free hearing part. To students, mobile phones can become instruments of sleeping disruptions or annoyance, distraction, unhappiness, and feeling swings all of which can 'impair attention and academic performance' (CRC health group, 2010).
Another drawback of the explosion of cell phones is the fact it facilitates 'group behaviour somewhat than individualism' (The Economist, 1999). It is from this behaviour that many people have connived to utilize cell phones to perpetrate offense such as sending fraud mails, hacking into established business websites and e-mail, making fraud attempts, and a bunch of other tragic occurrences. For instance, the negative use of mobile technology was prominent in the September 11, 2001 terrorist episode in USA.
Mobile phones also pose undesirable health effects to its users. Ki Park (2006) opines that the radiation emitted from a cellular phone itself can be dangerous, especially if the device is not properly completed physically. A lot of attention is currently being paid to research on '. . . the possible health effects from the utilization of mobile phones, base stations and transmitters. . . ' to become able to suggest the public and proffer advice for possible advancements. (Stewart, 2000)
Despite these numerous down sides, mobile telecommunications continue steadily to offer huge economical benefits to many countries; they donate to employment and taxes revenues in UK. In addition they help in trade and commerce. For instance, many businesses now send e-adverts to customers through their mobile phones. These adverts usually come in the form of text or documented voice messages, bringing out something or service - in anticipation of securing a good deal. Such adverts are generally tailored to match the customers' demographic and geographic characteristics and can be monitored so that promoters have the ability to understand how many customers are responding. For over ten years now, cellular devices such as 'telemetry' have been used to keep an eye on the performance of machines. Cellular phone companies are actually making work to increase the way people take care of their money by turning devices into electronic wallets and little ATMs so that mobile phones will become a tool any particular one cannot do without. Some smart credit cards now allow users to load their mobile with digital cash, buy things from vending machines and car parking meters through cellular receivers. Many bankers now allow their customers to manage their loan provider accounts and trade stocks above the airwaves. It really is a whole new world of convenience!
The advancements in mobile technology through the years have caused ease of communication and convenience to numerous people in various segments of world: homes, institutions, businesses, banks, retailers, restaurants, work places, and the economy most importantly. The extraordinary selection of services performed by cellular devices offers a great understanding in to the future of mobile phone technology. Although there are potential cons posed by mobile devices including addiction, misuse, perpetration of communal vices, and side effects, the great things about mobile technology far outweigh any costs that may occur from its use.