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Microenvironmental factors affecting toyota

Microenvironmental factors are "The factors near to the company that influence its potential to provide its customers" [concepts of marketing]. The microenvironmental factors that influenced the benefits and sales of the Toyota Prius were it customers, opponents and publics.

Customers are anyone who buys or rents from the business. Customer are the main microenvironmental factor that impact company as they endure on interacting with the needs and needs of the client and failure to do so will bring about the company declining. Toyota examine their customers and noticed that they required an automobile with better energy consumption and consequently Toyota decided to make the Prius, their first cross car.

Toyota dealt with their customers by setting up website to educate the customers about the Toyota Prius. They had taken advantage of Globe Day to distribute green seed credit cards designed like Toyota's company logo to prospective buyers and they also provided away some inexperienced Prius at Earth Day situations. However, Toyota didn't recognise that consumers normally don't buy autos for the keeping in the long-run so "fuel savings will not be the key it convincing people to acquire the Prius" [concepts of marketing]. Because of this Toyota have asked government authorities to give tax cuts to automobiles with better gas consumption.

Competitors are any business in the same market as your company. In order of the company to reach your goals on the market place a rivals most grain a competitive gain over its opponents. Toyota has prevailed in preserving its competitive benefit although competition like Citron have automobiles which are as effective as the Toyota Prius, "Toyota is still the market leader in this portion" [principles of marketing]. They did this by capturing people imagination when you are the first Hybrid car on the market and through the effective use of advert.

Publics are any group that comes with an genuine or potential interest in an organisation's ability to attain its aims. Good relationships with the general public help to enhance the company's reputation so assisting to increase in sales. The largest factors of the Toyota Prius' microenvironment are multimedia and the federal government.

Toyota has worked with Specialists and has asked for tax incentives encourage visitors to buy more environmentally friendly cars to raise the amount of hybrids sold. Toyota also has put in 15m of its 200m total annual marketing budget on the Prius. They have introduction advertisements that appealed more to peoples' emotion to get them to buy the Prius.

Overall, Toyota has analysed its microenvironment extremely well as it offers maintaining its competitive benefit over it competitors and has sold over 1m Prius with the longing set of the Prius holding out list being over 18 month and becoming a status image among Hollywood stars.

Question 2:

The macro environment includes six forces that affect the complete microenvironment, demographic, economical, natural, technological, political and cultural makes.

The Toyota Prius is undoubtedly a highly technologically advanced vehicle with its four cylinder petrol engine motor and 33-kilowatt electric motor unit. This may be one of the demographic factors that prompted the release of the Prius for Toyota. The Prius attracts Generation Y also known as the "echo boomers" who had been born between 1977 and 1994. Their comfort with computers, digital technology and overall technical advances prove they are really and attractive goal for marketers wanting to develop a device at the high end of new, progressive devices available today e. g. iPad, Toyota Prius.

The monetary environment consists of the factors that affect consumer buying ability and spending patterns. Numerous countries experiencing economical tough economy, consumer purchasing power is reduced. Folks have less money and now have to invest more carefully. The recent high petrol prices are creating a rising demand for greener, more gas efficient automobiles that are cheaper to run. Several government authorities are providing incentives to visitors to buy these hybrid cars. In the UK, the government offers reduced car taxes on primary purchase. Electric car individuals can also prevent the 8 per day Congestion Demand in London.

Toyota must be aware of and keep up with the technological environment which include the forces that create new technologies, creating new product and market opportunities. This is actually the most rapidly changing environment. By presenting the Toyota Prius, the company has gained a technological effort in the cross types market. Toyota knew that their marketplace for this product would include technology lovers, or 'techies' as they are known, and included mention of the automobiles leading technology in their adverts.

Natural forces also afflicted Toyotas decision to create a cross types car. Individuals are becoming more worried about the surroundings and about how exactly the merchandise they purchase have an effect on it. Petrol and diesel are both non-renewable fossil fuels which release carbon emissions that contribute to global warming. Therefore there's a demand searching for alternatives to petrol-powered vehicles, such as electric vehicles. Hybrid cars like the Toyota Prius offer improved upon fuel consumption and emissions expectations. Toyota have used this possibility to position themselves in the market as an 'environmentally worried company'

Toyota needs however, to be aware of the politics environment which might pose limitations on its business activity. The political environment includes laws, government agencies and pressure organizations that affect and limit various organisations and people in a given society. Recently, the EU payment announced new legislation which is brought in that will require all manufacturers advertising cars in europe to lower average CO2 emissions of new autos. The governments of some countries have intervened and offered tax incentives to activate the purchase of clean-fuel and high-mileage cross types cars.

Cultural values have an effect on the products people choose to buy. Although primary values and values held by culture are quite continual, secondary cultural beliefs are more available to change. Recent changes in ethnic values add a greater gratitude for nature. Folks are starting to appreciate that character is finite and fragile. They are beginning to look for more environmentally-friendly products, one of the being fuel-efficient automobiles. Toyota has taken care of immediately this by bringing out the Toyota Prius onto the market. Even in Hollywood it appears that it is now cool to be environmentally in charge as a range of A-listers are now owners this cross car.

Question 3:

Toyota has ran a masterful marketing campaign so far. It has become the "environmentally worried" car manufacturer and the technology leader in the hybrid car market. It has targeted "techies" and early on adopters by educating consumers about the new car.

Toyota have used the power of the internet to market the Prius. The first thing they did was instruct consumers about the prius. They launched an online site to distribute the information and sent 40000 e-brochures to likely potential buyers. It did the trick. The Prius "flew out of dealer's showrooms" plus they even possessed difficulty "keeping up with demand". In addition they ran print advertisings with tag lines such as "when it perceives red it charges", an mental reference, plus they ran television advertising as well. By using these marketing tools to great result the company was firmly established as a caring brand in the consumer's head. The new "environmentally worried" Toyota is plainly popular with customers as it sold 400000 hybrids in 2006 by itself. It has even succeeded in making being renewable cool as a host of Hollywood superstars like Cameron Diaz and even Arnold Schwarzenegger has someone to park, ironically, beside his gigantic hummer.

Another effective strategy was to become the market leader in a new technology. It was risky to leap into the market that soon as it could have cost the company big money if it didn't workout. Toyota always subtly strains the technology aspect of the automobile in its advertising. Remarkably hybrids aren't all those things effective. The citroen CZ, C1 and C3 all have better gasoline intake than the Prius, but it doesn't matter as Toyota "have captured people's minds". It's marketing promotions have won over the environmentally conscious companies like IKEA, who are switching their car fleet to hybrids. Toyota's initiatives have left other car producers "rushing to capture up".

Marketing segmentation was used to great impact by Toyota. It set out very in early stages to target the "techies" and the "early adapters" through email messages and the online website. "Many Prius owners are immersed in technology", they even have their own website called "Priusenvy. com". It really has taken off with the "techies". They were able to make changes such as "cruise control" and a "sniffer" to the automobile with no help of a qualified mechanic or engineer. This success can be related to the small targeting of the automobiles.

Toyota could improve its strategy by appealing more to the general market for autos. Today the expense of a Prius is significantly less than it was when it first arrived. Perhaps it's time to focus on just what a great small family car it would make or how it might suit a professional, like a instructor for example. There are several environmentally mindful people among the ranks of the middle class families of Ireland. By honing in on the tiny family market Toyota could bring an alternative solution to the Ford Mondeo and the Volkswagon Passet.

Overall Toyota has done almost everything right with the Prius. Whenever we think "Hybrid" we think "Prius" the same as "MP3" and "iPod". This is the sign of an exceptionally efficient advertising campaign.

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