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Meeting Child Nutritional Requirements

Unit 4 Health advertising and development.

1. Create a desk to indentify the primary government guidelines on food and nourishment, and measure the ways that they could be contained into child treatment settings.

Food Group

Foods included

Recommended Serving

Average Size providing a 1-5 calendar year old

Main Nutrients


Group 1

Bread, grain,


pasta and




All types of loaf of bread.

Chapattis, tortilla wraps,

rolls, bagels,

breadsticks, crackers

and oatcake, plain

baked naan bread;

potatoes; pasta; grain;

crackers; oatcakes and

breakfast cereals

Four portions per


Ѕ-1 large slice of bread

Ѕ-1 bread roll, British muffin or pitta.

2-4 mini breadsticks, 1-2 crackers or

1-2 oatcakes.

1-2 small potatoes

3-4 tablespoons grilled pasta or rice

Vitamins B,

iron and


Vitamins B is important for your child's overall health. For example, Vitamin supplements B12 will help children to form red blood cells and will help develop the Childs brain. Whereas, Vitamin supplements B6 is vital for maintaining your child's immune system and stressed systems in good working order as well as producing hemoglobin, which ensures that all the tissues in your son or daughter's body get enough oxygen.

Iron is a nutrient that's necessary to your child's progress and development. Iron helps move air from the lungs to the rest of the body and helps muscles store and use oxygen. If your son or daughter's diet lacks flat iron, she or he might create a condition called iron insufficiency. this can be prevented by making certain your child gets the iron intake.

Fibre performs an important role in encouraging a healthy digestive tract, and it can help keep the body's system clean and running well. Foods that are saturated in fibre likewise have the added benefit of being filling, which can help discourage overeating. Plus, when combined with ample fluid consumption, fibre helps move food through the digestive system and might reduce the risk of certain cancers, diabetes, heart disease, and digestion disorders.

Group 2

Fruits and


Fruit and fruit and vegetables in

all forms, whether fresh,

frozen, canned or dried out.

Diluted pure berry juices

and pulses (e. g. baked

beans and lentils) can

be counted as a serving

but only one time per day.

Five servings per


Serving sizes are smaller than individuals.

A rule of thumb is what a young child

can carry in their hands. Examples

include - 1-2 tablespoons cooked

vegetables; small bowl vegetable soup;

Ѕ large berry or one small fruits.


A and C,

zinc, iron

and fibre.

Fruits and veggie plays a big part in a Childs development it means that the child receives an equilibrium diet with the right natural vitamins it support their expansion. For example, Vitamin A takes on an important role in eyesight and bone growth and helps protect the body from infections. Vitamin A also stimulates medical and development of skin cells and tissues in the torso, specifically those in the wild hair, nails, and skin area. Whereas Vitamin C will help the child to Prevent anaemia and helps to maintain eye, pores and skin and variety of internal organs. It will also facilitate Iron absorption and wound healing and support development of bone fragments and teeth.

Zinc is vital for good health insurance and development More than 70 enzymes rely upon zinc to execute their tasks in digestion and metabolism. And children who do not get enough zinc risk having stunted growth.

Group 3

Meat, fish, eggs,

beans and

other non-dairy

sources of


Meat and fish (fresh,

frozen or canned), eggs, nuts, pulses and beans

e. g. kidney coffee beans,

baked coffee beans and

including soya and soya


Oily fish includes fresh,

canned or frozen

salmon, mackerel, trout,

herring, sardines, or

pilchards and fresh or

frozen tuna.

Two portions per


1 cut of meats or hen, 1-2

tablespoons or 2-3 tablespoons with a sauce

Ѕ-1 fillet of seafood or 1-2 tablespoons

1-2 tablespoons of pulses or meat



iron; zinc; vitamins

A and D

Oily fish



as they





long chain




Vitamin D is essential for children's good health and development. Vitamin D helps the body absorb minerals like calcium and develops strong tooth and bones. Vitamin supplements D also functions as a hormone with a great many other jobs in the body, including rules of the disease fighting capability, insulin creation and cell growth. Vitamin supplements D could be found from a lot of food options and also sunlight. The recommended amount of sun rays to receive Supplement D is quarter-hour each day.

Proteins are the building blocks of life. Your body needs protein to correct and keep maintaining itself. The essential structure of health proteins is a string of proteins You need health proteins in your diet to help your body repair skin cells and make new ones. Protein is also very important to expansion and development during years as a child and being pregnant. Oily seafood is also a good source of protein and also performs a huge part of a kid development and development. Oily Fish can help with brain development and also includes omega 3 which is good way to obtain fatty acids.

Group 4

Milk and

dairy foods

Milk, cheese, yogurt,

fromage frais, milk


Three servings

per day

Milk - Ѕ-1 glass (100-150 ml); 1-2

tablespoons grated parmesan cheese; small pot

(60 g) or Ѕ large container of yogurt.

3-4 tablespoons milk pudding.




vitamin A

Most dairy products contain protein, Vitamin supplements and calcium. Calcium mineral is vital for building strong bone fragments and pearly whites, promoting nerve and muscle function, supporting blood coagulum, and activating the enzymes that convert food into energy. About 99 percent of your body's calcium mineral is stored in one's teeth and bones. And because children are growing new bone all the time, they desire a steady way to obtain calcium to support healthy growth.

2. Identify and summarize the kind of food that are unsuitable for newborns and young children. You should identify the key reason why these foods are unsuitable.

There a wide range of different food teams which should be prevented for infants from 0 to two years such as:

  • Salt (Babies shouldn't eat much sodium as it isn't good for their kidneys. Don't add sodium to your baby's foodanddon't usestock cubes or gravy as they're often high in salt. Bear in mind this if you are preparing for the family if you plan to provide the same food to your baby. )
  • Sugar (Your child doesn't need sugars. By avoiding sugary snacks and drinks, you'll help to prevent tooth decay. Use mashed banana, breast milkor formula dairy to sweeten food if necessary. )
  • Honey (Sometimes, honey contains bacteria which can produce toxins in a baby's intestines, leading to infant botulism, which really is a very serious disease. It's best not to give your child honey until they're twelve months old. Honey is a glucose, so avoiding it'll alsohelp to avoid teeth decay. )
  • Nut (Complete nuts, including peanuts, shouldn't be directed at children under five as they can choke in it. As long as there's no background of food allergy symptoms or other allergies in your family you can giveyour baby peanuts once they're six months old as long as they're smashed or earth into peanut butter)
  • Low Extra fat (Fat can be an important source of calories plus some vitamins for infants and young children. It's better for infants and small children under two tohave full-fat dairy, yoghurt and cheese rather than low-fat types. SeeUnderstanding food groupsfor more info. )
  • Saturated Fats (Fats is an important source of calories and some vitamins for babies and small children. It's better for infants and small children under two tohave full-fat milk, yoghurt and cheese alternatively than low-fat kinds. SeeUnderstanding food groupsfor more information. )
  • Saturated (Don't give your child too many foods that are high in saturated or'bad' unwanted fat, such as crisps, potato chips, cheap burgers and cakes. )
  • Shark, Swordfish and Marlin (Don't give your child shark, swordfish or marlin. The amount of mercury in these fish make a difference a baby's growing anxious system. )
  • Raw Shellfish (Raw shellfish can boost the risk of food poisoning so it's best never to give it to infants. )
  • Raw Eggs (Raw shellfish can raise the risk of food poisoning so it is best never to give it to babies)

It is simply as important to ensure that one food communities are avoided for children between 3 to 5 5 time olds these food types could include:

  • Salt (high sodium intake may signify high blood pressure, osteoporosis, kidney rocks, heart disease and strokes. Osteoporosis and kidney rocks have even been detected in children - proving salt consumption is issues for his or her present as well as health. )
  • Fat ( Not all extra fat should be prevented as there are good fat and bad fats. Bad fats can result in weight gain and obesity and later life could cause heart disease, stroke and high blood pressure.
  • Sugar (The unappealing the fact is that added glucose means empty calorie consumption that put kids at risk of obesity and health problems that can show up as soon as adolescence. )
  • Processed foods (Processed food items made out of trans fats, fats, and huge amounts of sodium and sweets aren't healthy. They're lower in vitamins and minerals and eating an excessive amount of them is harmful to your waistline -- and your health)

3. Design a child record form for a new child becoming a member of a home child setting up with a particular dietary requirement. Describe the dietary requirements, and just why it should be documented accurately

Child record form

Child Name:. . . Record amount:. . . .

Address. . . . . . . . . . Post code. . . . . . .

Emergency Contact1

Relation: Father or mother/Guardian. . . . . . . Contact Quantity. . . . . .

Work. . . . . . . . . . .

Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Emergency Contact2

Relation: Mother or father/Guardian. . . . . . . Contact Amount. . . . . .

Work. . . . . . . . . . . . .

Other. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Doctors Address. . . . . . . . Doctors Number. . . . . . . .

Doctors Name. . . . . . . . . . . . . .



I Declare that the information provided upon this form about my child is a genuine and accurate representation of the greatest of my knowledge.

Parent/Guardian PRINT:. . . . . .

Parent/Guardian Personal. . . . . . . .

Date:. . . . . . .

Child care Supplier PRINT. . . . . . . . . . .

Child Care Professional Signature. . . . . . .

Date. . . . . . .


Medical Condition and allergy symptoms Form

Medical Condition and allergies

Tick box

Comments/ Special Requirements

Allergies/Sensitivities List allergy symptoms:


Special Diet/Vitamin/Mineral Supplements/ Crisis Instruction

List nutritional specifications:


Limitations to Physical Activity

List limitations/special considerations



List medications/treatments


Behavioural Issues/Mental Health Diagnosis

List behavioural/mental health issues/concerns:


Learning Difficulties


Sight impairments


Hearing Impairments


Muscular Paralysis










Emergency Plans

List crisis plan that could be needed and

the signal/symptoms to view for:


Medication. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dosage Requirements. . . . . . . . . Daily Absorption. . . . . . . . . . . . . .



I Declare that the information provided upon this form about my child is a true and accurate reflection of the best of my knowledge.

Parent/Guardian PRINT:. . . . . .

Parent/Guardian Signature. . . . . . . .

Date:. . . . . . .

Child care Professional PRINT. . . . . . . . . . .

Child Care Provider Signature. . . . . . .

Date. . . . . . . .


It is actually important to comprehend and file a child's eating needs carefully and accurately. That is important to ensure that children are obtaining care and basic safety to meet their individual requirements for example, if a kid is to have a allergy towards nuts the care coordinator must ensure that they are reaching a nut free diet requirement and making certain epi-pen and medication are properly labelled. It is almost or even more important for all the care and attention coordinators to comprehend how and when to manage medication when needed in case of emergencies. It really is not just allergy symptoms that a attention provider must take note about but also about spiritual needs and beliefs. For instance Adventis do not eat seafood and pork whereas lady would require a Halal a beef. Depending on the kind of child care establishing the kid attends, it may be necessary to discuss information on eating and culture requirements with kitchen personnel and additional person in child care personnel.

4. Define the 4 serious diseases recognized in the course manual, and discuss the ways in which development can be damaged.

The 4 main childhood chronic diseases, asthma, diabetes, cystic fibrosis and cerebral palsy. A classification of asthma is: A respiratory condition marked by problems of spasm in the bronchi of the lungs, leading to difficulty in respiration. It is usually linked to allergic attack or other forms of hypersensitivity. Asthma can be a very serious and incapacitating condition. It could restrict the air flow into your lungs thus creating asthma attack. It is a very common child years condition as every 1 out of 10 children will have this. Asthma does not usually affect development of a child however, may hinder psychological and intellectual development. Serious asthmatic conditions could cause children in being away from school and absent a huge part of early education in order to regulate the asthmatic disease. one common factor of asthma is it is allergy relegated and it is also linked with eczema. for small children this condition can be quite psychological as asthma problems could be terrifying therefore children and can lead to undue panic and distress.

Diabetes is another long-term childhood disease Throughout the world, incidences of diabetes are increasing, and therefore so is diabetes amidst children. Diabetes is a condition where the amount of sugar in your blood is too much because your body cannot put it to use properly. Most children are damaged by type 1 diabetes in youth. However, the number of children and young adults affected by type 2 diabetes is beginning to rise, particularly in America. Around 90% of teenagers with diabetes have problems with type 1 and the number of patients who are children varies from place to place. A body of 17 per 100, 000 children growing diabetes each year has been reported. As metabolic symptoms, over weight and bad diets multiply, so too have first incidences of type 2 diabetes, previously incredibly exceptional. Diabetes make a difference retinopathy which can cause blindness and nephropathy which influences the nerves which can cause physical impairments.

Cystic fibrosis also called mucoviscidosis, can be an autosomal recessive genetic disorder that influences most critically the lungs, as well as the pancreas, liver, and intestine. It really is characterized by abnormal transportation of chloride and sodium across an epithelium, leading to solid, viscous secretions. Roughly 1 in 25 populace have this faulty gene. This problem can be quite physically debilitating for a child.

Cerebral palsy is a problem that impacts muscle control and activity. It really is usually induced by an injury to the mind before, during or after beginning. Children with cerebral palsy have issues in controlling muscles and moves as they increase and develop.

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