Posted at 11.25.2018
Keywords: weber bureaucracy theory, weber bureaucracy summary
Max Weber, known as the father of firm theory, founded the bureaucratic centralization theory. Despite of the study on this concern created by others prior to him, the theory did not pronounce its lifetime as a organized one until Web. This theory advocated bureaucratic firm and many people considered this can be a most ideal framework with industrialization. As the traditionally organizational method fitted to industrializing world, bureaucracy could are present reasonably. But combined with the development of modern society, its disadvantage has been uncovered daily. Research (Turner & Factor, 2009) confirmed that the logical official system cannot have an active reaction to the post-industrial society because of its abuses since 1970s'. Subsequently, most traditional western advanced countries began the administration reform resistant to the officialism. It's time to reform bureaucratic system and modern people nowadays pay more and more attention to explore and solve these major issues and choose the fact of new management to develop our supervision.
Max Weber is a famous sociologist, political economist and the founder of the bureaucratic centralization theory. Weber's bureaucratic company theory has deep influence on the complete western world and even the world since it beginning (Turner, 1993). Weber's bureaucratic centralization theory is one of the primary impact ideas throughout the 20th century. It can be say that web's bureaucratic centralization theory is a milestone in the history of organizational theory it marked the traditional theory become adult and perfect. However, in the period of Weber's, there are clear divide between Germany's financial composition and the political and sociable value system that the economic framework could be easily controlled by industrial system and bureaucratic rule. In the at the same time, culture value system and political structure is still inspired by traditional semi-feudal contemporary society values and bureaucratic conservatism. Web profoundly realize that the characteristic and defects of this system and analyzed thoroughly about the reason of features and defects, thus he put forward the bureaucratic centralization theory (Kasler, 1989).
Weber gave an extremely high praises to modern bureaucracy, he thought the introduction of modern capitalism is inseparable with the bureaucracy although internet marketers possess method of production. Market flexibility, rational specialized, predictable legal, free labor and commercial of capitalist is also the required condition of existence and development of capitalist. If people want to most effective use of the commercial firm of capitalism varieties they must rely on the predictable common sense and management (Weber, 1978).
From 1960's, combined with the immediate development of bureaucratic group, scholars of traditional western management, public field and even politics field make a great criticism and rethinking of these bureaucratic firm. Since 1980's, in the most frequent bureaucracy of public management field, from Britain to america, from Australia to New Zealand, it launched a worldwide reform movement called the new general public manage movement. Available world, there is a powerful sound that authorities or enterprises must depart bureaucracy because the emergence of a new management mode, for example, humanized management, network company, virtual company and learning corporation.
Since the 18th century, bureaucratic has achieved great success in traditional western world that the formal rationality and complex design are fit because of their modern culture. However, in modern day developed countries each of them moved into the post-industrial culture and the bureaucracy introduction several different examples of ills on in or outside adapt. Because of its own defects and the introduction of the change modern sociable environment, the organization mode of the bureaucracy is also facing a crisis and the bureaucratic firm also are present some drawbacks.
First, bureaucratic organization's rigid and sealed. Bureaucracy business use hierarchy temperance type of organization form to keep up the specialist of firm, use the size and level of organization to mirror the superiority of bureaucratic organization, therefore, it leads unrestricted extension of the organization's size (Andreski, 2010). As Weber said people will maintain their position and use their deliberate to climb the peak of bureaucracy hierarchy. But at the peak it undoubtedly at least has a kind of not simply factors of bureaucratic system. In the mean time, the technical and mysteriousness of bureaucratic corporation make it turn into a closed system that segregated from the sociable environment (Downs, 1967). So bureaucratic company became insufficient flexibility, more and more inflexible and can not adjust to the rapid development of the information population changes thus it confirmed overall non efficiency.
Second, bureaucracy advocated impersonal, rationalized and institutionalized spirit that hampered personal growth and personal mature, in a certain degree it effect the efficiency of the unity and organizational users (Levin &Sanger, 1994). The staff member of bureaucracy only do things daily habit nature, they will lose their love and finally become a person that does not have any spiritual experts no emotion satisfaction. Individual's independence is encroached by scientific improvements and organizational goals, people's personality and enthusiasm will be depressive, the man's work has become increasingly meaningless and no humanized.
Third, the inverted of goal and means make previous rationality enter the erroneous area. Organization rule and program is mean to achieve organization's efficiency and means. But because the ego inflation of bureaucracy business and the quest for their own interests make the reason and method of bureaucracy business inverted. Bureaucracy constantly enhances its way for achieving its goals and means significantly become the purposes of management.
Forth, from the sensible perspective analysis, bureaucracy resulted in common bureaucratize and corruption problem. Personal become a part of machine and any versatile behavior is not allowed in the hierarchy theory of machine built by corporation department and differentiation. This will likely inevitably causes the bureaucratic disease such as egotistical socialist and red-tape, bureaucracy will be completely development but the challenge of bureaucracy will be more and much more serious. Particularly when people analysis the theory of Maximum Weber and bureaucratic centralization theory people will see some issues that many bureaucrats misuse public power and abuse power for his or her own pursuits even though these theory reveal demanding rationality and knowledge technology middle of socialism, so that on the globe most countries suffered bureaucratize and problem problem when they practice bureaucracy (Morgan, 2010). As that time, people can say that bureaucratic organization is the mating the hotbed of bureaucracy and corruption.
The more important theory the more question will come from all people. A cosmopolitan theory must experience repeated criticism and temper. Weber's bureaucracy blessed with the noises of great professional machine and it made a brilliant influence on professional age. Bureaucratic firm appeared various problems in actual procedure performance & most people put blame eye to Weber's theory. In the meantime many people thought bureaucratic organization will be ended at 1950's or 1960's (Bennis, 2009), however the life of bureaucratic company still not over.
If people can see and analyze cautiously, they'll find an interesting fact that those so-called different bureaucracy things, whether new theory or sensible method, not only get away from away bureaucracy but also perfect repair the bureaucracy. But there are some academic theories that not direct conflict with bureaucracy corroded silently with base of bureaucracy (Andreski, 2008). In the practice management, the new open public management reform of administration field and the management revolution of business management haven't any fundamentally effect on bureaucracy. On the other hand, these reforms fundamentally focus on improve performance, reduce cost and use logical method and without a reform is give attention to negative the level of division, reduce rational factors and against professional skills. However, since 1960's, the new reform of bureaucracy as it is for swab machine mud, take away the machine sundry, polishing, tighten up parts and add some oil that produce machine appear glowing. So human beings can say because the Weber's bureaucracy, people founded a research firm and unprecedented paradigm of management. Future management after Weber's is actually perfect, enrich and development this bureaucracy paradigm. Up to now, the new company theory although acquired some breakthrough bureaucracy paradigm, but continues to be cannot turn into a new paradigm to alternative Weber's. Furthermore, those reform tactics who try to reject the bureaucracy have become new branches of the paradigm and those critical ideas of bureaucracy are added Weber's theory on advocate rationality (Lumber & Watermn, 1994). So bureaucracy paradigm of Weber's continues to be dominated depends upon.
Weber unveiled bureaucracy to focus on rule, capacity and knowledge, which in fact offered an efficient and rational administrative system to society. An ideal administrative company should be predicated on rationality-legal rights. The greater it reduced the personal, irrational and unpredictable factors, a lot more it developed in Weber's view. Although the polity, overall economy and culture of modern society has improved a lot likened the Weber's get older, however the basic idea of his get older still applies to today's corporation. Certainly, bureaucratic business is still cannot easily replace of company in the management of government' office, large communal group and enterprise (Rosenbloom, 1995). However, people must be completely aware that the bureaucracy that developed on the professional age already can be found many problems and it becomes overstaffed, severe waste products and low efficiency. Therefore, people must reform part of bureaucratic system, such as fully exert government officials' subjective and adaptability, decentralized government's electric power, pay a more focus on rationality, train rational soul, play the good thing about bureaucracy technology, form a group concept that esteem knowledge and expertise, establish a cheap and effective government group.