Posted at 11.16.2018
I will be performing my extended essay on the book Frankenstein, By Mary Shelley. I find the research question 'How does Mary Shelley build our response to Frankenstein?', because previously in the entire year I was presented with the duty of reading Frankenstein and I came across it incredibly interesting, the matter that was most appealing to me was that the protagonist, Victor Frankenstein, also appeared to be, in ways, the antagonist in the novel. I thought that this idea was very unique and I hadn't seen it in virtually any other novels. It also seemed as though it might be very challenging for me, as Frankenstein is a very complex book which is also why I've decided to take it on as my extended essay.
Initially we observe that the subtitle of the book is 'The Modern Prometheus', this use of allusion by Shelley provides an important goal as it gives us impression of the role Frankenstein might play by relating it to the story of Prometheus, a titan who stole from gods and gave to man. This subtitle is a mention of the novel's topics of the over-reaching of modern man into dangerous areas of knowledge, areas regarded to be managed by god. However, this subtitle is also ambiguous and can be perceived as either the gods' result of anger towards Prometheus stealing fireplace and him being truly a villain, or mans response of contentment towards the gift of flame and their view of him as a hero.
Shelley frequently uses allusion throughout the book. One example is when describing the monster arriving to life, 'it became something such as even Dante could not have conceived. ' (Webpage 71) This allusion is a reference to Dante Alighieri's poem Inferno, which describes Dante's journey through the nine concentric circles of hell in which he envisions numerous horrors. It is used to emphasise the hideousness of Frankenstein's creation and reveals the monster being the villain of the novel.
The narrative story is also made up of concentric circles with Robert in the exterior most circle, Victor in the second circle and the monster in the innermost circle. These concentric circles are being used by Shelley to make a framed narrative to produce a more intricate relationship between us and Frankenstein. It is because within each framed narrative, the reader is regularly reminded of the existence of other writers and people, and of perspective shifts, as Frankenstein breaks out of his narrative to address Robert Walton directly so that as Walton signals off each of his letters to his sister. This framed narrative also triggers us to perceive Frankenstein as a hero, because the story is being told through Walton. Shelley also starts to form a genuine a friendly relationship between Walton and Frankenstein which is performed to alter Walton's belief of the situations that took place and cause him to have a more positive prospect on the activities that Frankenstein have taken, therefore creating us to empathise with Frankenstein and identify him being the hero throughout the novel.
Shelley also uses Walton as a foil to give us our first interpretation of Frankenstein at the start of the book. Walton's monologue illuminates the fact that Frankenstein is emotionally unstable, but the reader also seems that there is some level of kindness and compassion in his tendencies, and this sets Frankenstein up as the hero of the storyline who we are permitted to empathise with: 'his eye have generally a manifestation of wildness, and even madness; but there are occasions when, if any one performs an take action of kindness towards him, or does him the most trifling service, his entire countenance is lighted up, as it were, with a beam of benevolence and sweetness that we never saw equaled. ' (Webpage 18) Walton also assists as a foil to Frankenstein in that he's not brave and spirited enough to allow his passion to operate a vehicle him to go after knowledge of the anonymous, which also emphasises the heroic areas of Frankenstein's figure.
Soon after, Shelley delivers a estimate from Frankenstein himself, 'When I found so astonishing a power put in my hands, I hesitated a long time concerning the manner in which I should utilize it. Although I possessed the capacity of bestowing animation, . . . I doubted initially whether I will attempt the creation of your being like myself, or one of simpler company. ' (Site 62) This estimate is important because if informs us that besides being clever, that there are strong morals behind Frankenstein, and that even though he gets the electric power and knowledge to create the monster, he questions whether or not it is the right thing to do, although he will wrap up creating the monster this would make it seem as though he previously no villainous motives.
Shelley also uses repetition in Frankenstein's refusal to answer Walton's question of how he brought the creature to life, which is significant to Frankenstein 's characterization and our view of him as a hero. Frankenstein frequently promises Walton that he will tell him later how he helped bring his creature alive, but never ends up disclosing to Walton the secret behind it. The fact that he doesn't expose how to set-up the monster means that he has noticed the mistake he may have manufactured in abandoning the monster and is wanting to amend it. Shelley also means that Frankenstein is hunting down the monster to kill all trace than it from scientific record, making him the protagonist and the hero of the book.
Shelley presents Frankenstein as an innocent youngsters fascinated by the potential customers of science in the beginning of the novel. It really is announced that Frankenstein experienced a very warm upbringing, credited to having very loving parents. He was bestowed "inexhaustible stores of devotion from an extremely mine of love" (Page 31) from his parents. His infatuation for creating life may have started out on your day that he observed a lightning bolt strike a tree, where he was, being sensible from an early on age, able to value and understand the power and supremacy of the forces of mother nature. The loss of life of his mom could also have been another impact for him to try and create life, so that he could attempt to make people immortal, which once again highlights the actual fact that he had no wicked intentions when making the monster and reinforce the implication that he aiming to eliminate the monster and get rid of all trace from it from scientific record.
Shelley also frequently uses pathetic fallacy by presenting Frankenstein as being comforted and eased naturally. Even in the most disheartening of moods, such as following the murder of William and the unwarranted getting rid of of Justine, Frankenstein can find serenity in staring upon the stunning glaciers of Montanvert, because it "filled him with a sublime ecstasy that gave wings to the soul, and allowed it to soar from the obscure world to light and enjoyment" (Page 135). Additional cases of nature's beneficial results on Frankenstein's mental wellbeing are during his voyage on the Rhine River. While he experience misery about being challenged to produce another monster, he was content with the magnificence of characteristics, "as he gazed on the cloudless blue sky, he seemed to drink in a tranquility to which he had long been a stranger" (Webpage 234). This ingenious use of mother nature allows from Shelley allows us to see Frankenstein in a far more human and compassionate way, and allows us to empathise with Frankenstein, Shelley also uses aspect showing that regardless of the negative occasions that are taking place around Frankenstein, he's still and virtuous man. The prior quote: "filled him with a sublime ecstasy that offered wings to the heart, and allowed it to soar from the obscure world to light and pleasure" (Page 135), also demonstrates Shelley's use of imagery to cause our notion of Frankenstein being a hero to be strengthened, with him as an angel or being up in heaven to show that God is on Frankenstein's area, causing us to help expand perceive Frankenstein to be a hero.
Shelley again uses dynamics and environment in the passage prior to Elizabeth's loss of life. After a lovely and joyous day with Elizabeth, which involved "the most delightful scent of flowers" (Page 297) and "the wonder of the landscape" (Page 295), Frankenstein and Elizabeth retire to the inn for leftovers. Once they go back to the inn the setting all of the sudden changes from the bright shining place it was previously to a night time "obscured by darkness" (Page 296) and "obscured by the designs of objects" (Page 296), these lines signify that a dreadful tragedy is about to take place and the repetition of what 'obscure' indicate that Frankenstein is going to be unaware of the occurrences that are about to happen, making him show up as a hero towards us, because if he is unacquainted with the catastrophe which is soon to occur. This is accompanied by "a heavy storm of rain" (Page 298) which is "descending" upon them. This is another transmission that Frankenstein is the hero of the book, because a surprise symbolizes overwhelming struggle, distress, devastating loss and disaster, which behavior and feelings would not be present in a villain. The term 'descend' also signifies that something horrendous is about to happen that will cause Frankenstein to feel defeated. This finally reflects how Frankenstein proceeded to go from a dazzling, innocent young boy with an unforgiving, vengeful man, as following this tragedy he got it after himself to slay his creation. We're able to also interpret it as Frankenstein increasing up from beat and displaying hero-like characteristics.
This idea is further explored as Frankenstein chases the monster across Europe at the end of the book. Despite suffering from the cool and tiredness, Frankenstein mentions that his biggest agony is the fact that he's "cursed by some devil" (Page 313) and that he provides an "eternal hell" (Page 313) with him, this is a mention of his hunt of the monster and is also a very strong use of imagery. Frankenstein then suggests that "yet still a spirit of good implemented and aimed my steps" (Page 313) and that when he was in the most challenging of times, he would be out of the blue be extricated from "seemingly insurmountable troubles" (Page 313) this enables the reader to empathize with Frankenstein, we know that after all he has been through, his intentions remain good and he's not simply a vindictive lunatic. The thought of him being "cursed by some devil" (Page 313) is then contrasted as when Frankenstein is "parched by thirst" (Page 314) and the "heavens cloudless" (Page 314), all of a sudden "hook cloud would bedim the sky, shed the few drops that revived me, and then vanish" (Page 314), Shelley uses this divine intervention to make it show up as God is willing Frankenstein to slay his creation, as well as for god to be on his side, this triggers the audience to perceive Frankenstein as a hero. The audience also interprets this as Frankenstein being truly a self-sacrificing hero, maybe a good Christ number. The writer does this by making Frankenstein ready to surrender his life in order to save mankind from what he feels to be evil in the world.