Marie Antoinette of France is a visible tragic number in French Revolution for her loss of life at the guillotine which was compelled by the Revolutionaries. The propaganda before and through the French Revolution utilised the misconceptions of the Queen, founded primarily by the antagonism between France and Austria, in attempt to exploit Marie Antoinette as a scapegoat of the poverty and the outbreak of the Trend. Despite her faithful obligation as the deliverer of the French royal series, she was deeply resented firstly by the conservative aristocrats then the entire nation. This brings in the enquiry of: to what extent will propaganda effectively depict the factual image of Marie Antoinette in 1770-1793? Surely, the propaganda performed a great role in conditions of brainwashing the country to perceive the Queen as the living image of both moral and physical corruption and infidelity. However, to what amount was it able to depict and express the real image of Marie Antoinette? The study of origin, purpose, worth and limitations of two major options portraying the role of propaganda will determine its exactness of the portrayal of the Queen.
Marie Antoinette, born as the Archduchess 2 November 1755, became the Dauphine of France, in the year 1770, through the matrimony organized by her mother, the Empress Maria Theresa of the Habsburg Empire, in try to reconcile the Austro-French romantic relationship. However, the marriage ultimately increased the strain between two countries and strengthened the resentment of Austria from the aristocracy course from the court resulting in judge rumours on Antoinette, such as her hidden id as the Austrian Spy. Despite her role as the spouse of Ruler Louis XVI and the Queen of France, her reputation was shattered and low. As her stay in the French court lengthened, the rumours turned into the propaganda that affected the public of France. Not to mention the court rumour, pamphlets such as libel circulated in both verbal and visible forms. The records on the "grandiose feasting, against the backdrop of a Petit Trianon pasted with diamonds and glittering with platinum" established another reason behind the residents of France to rail against the overseas Queen intervening in their motherland. The rumour intensified amidst the public to highly detest her through the utilisation of Marie Antoinette as the scapegoat of the complete finances of France.
Furthermore, her engagement in the Gemstone Necklace affair strengthened her appearance as the mark of living problem and infidelity. Despite the polite rejection created by her considerate and firm decision shown by her personal reviews: "we've more need of ships than diamonds, " and "She found her jewel conditions rich enough, " the general public refused to perceive her as the innocent in the occurrence as her reputation created by the rumours stereotyped her as "Madame Deficit. "
Scandalous pamphlets, Libel, were the sources of explicit pornography which had "specific, local (and), satirical targets " By enough time she intensified her "frivolousness, indecency, denaturation, scorn on her behalf hubby and squandering of the realm, erotic audacity and murderous lunacy, " she became the standard protagonist in pamphlets. Libel added towards convincing the general public to believe her portrayal as the living image of the problem and untrustworthy monster in the form of monarch.
The text messages from the revolutionary as an educating encouragement of resentment towards the monarchs were successful as they depicted her evil nature associated with drunken orgies and adultery. Furthermore, the messages created the most well-known offer of the Queen "Let them eat wedding cake" by portraying her ignorance to handle the express of country and, also revealing her "crimes lies not in an act, but in a quality to be. "
"Marie Antoinette: The Voyage " originates as the results of comprehensive research done by Antonia Fraser whom has "nine acclaimed historical works " in 2001. The purpose of the biography is to evaluate by what lengths was Antoinette a sufferer of misogyny or her own actions, thus determine whether she acquired the "extravagance and frivolity (which) helped to lower the French monarchy. "Moreover, the reason can be prolonged to look at the correctness of the rumours and of any derogatory criticisms made, such as "sexual slurs made against her. " The foundation is definitely valuable as it includes Fraser's comprehensive selection of sources inlayed within it. Furthermore, the purpose of the biography is valuable as it is constantly on the narrate the myth of her life in an unlimited point of view by assessing both sides towards story. However, the foundation has restrictions, as the biography was written by a novelist not a professional historian. This hence reduces the dependability of the factual knowledge talked about in the biography, even if she is prominent on her behalf historical biographies. Furthermore, the source was published hundreds of years after the actual event, thus the hindsight narration somehow weakens the precision of the evaluation of Marie Antoinette's life.
"The Royal Bordello" in "The wicked queen: the origins of the myth of Marie Antoinette" has its origin as one of the propaganda pamphlets that circulated in public through the Queen's reign, and today is stored as BibliothЁque Nationale, Enfer 605, variant Enfer 606. Its primary goal was to besmirch Marie Antoinette's public image and additional criticise her debauched desire to have adultery. Furthermore to inform and convince the general public outside the wall surfaces of Versailles about how the monarch abuses her authority and the ability to support men in try to fulfil her personal desires. The source is valuable as her persona traits, setup by the information of the Queen's decadent making love life with multiple men, disclose a aspect of her being truly a sex-thirsty monster that is egocentric to look after her people, hence showing that she actually is not the victim, she is the origin of most of France's misfortunes. The limitations of the foundation are its third omniscient perspective in the narration of the Queen's gender affairs, assuming to learn every aspect of Queen's head and actions. Additionally, because of the unreliable mother nature of propaganda, this pamphlet has many exaggerations which distort the difference between the truth and rumours.
Marie Antoinette's refusal to adhere to the French methodical courtroom etiquettes, yet her unintentional willingness to utilise the symbolic representation of the Queen, to be the scapegoat of the poverty and the outbreak of Trend, were the major targets of the propaganda. Antoinette indeed was acquisitive in purchasing the latest fashion, and the propaganda turned Queen's interest in overbuying into the origins of poverty beyond your Versailles, such as the largely disputed Gemstone Necklace affair. The pamphlets' ingenious twist of the common factual knowledge into multiple hyperbolised accounts of Queen's life directed to shock the public with exceedingly intimately narrated Marie Antoinette's demeanour.
Critics such as Mary Wollenstonecraft whom resided in the period, depict Antoinette as a demoted representation of problem and infidelity through the pornography, adultery, homosexuality and avarice. Subjecting Antoinette to a pornographic heroine, Wollenstonecraft devalues Antoinette's public hierarchical status, as the Queen, into less classed prostitute. Furthermore, Wollenstonecraft further condemns Antoinette on her behalf reputation of the living sign of both moral and physical problem and infidelity by commenting that "The Queen was even more corrupt than a harlot because at least the harlot is attentive to the rules and etiquette of her trade, whereas the Queen flaunted her dissoluteness. " The offer is reinforced in another of the widely circulated pamphlets, "The Royal Bordello, " which depicts extreme hetero and homosexual eroticisms promoted by the Queen. Entirely with her relationship with France's antagonist, Austria, Antoinette was blamed to be an Austrian spy, contaminating the courtroom with her demeanours and ruining the economy
On the other hands, there can be an interpretation that propaganda was not able to completely portray the factual image of Marie Antoinette as she was thoroughly victimised by derogatory criticisms, stated in the libels. Edmund Burke is another critic who depicted Antoinette solely predicated on the "allegorical body of the Queen. " He once detailed Antoinette as a "delightful eye-sightglittering like the morning-star, packed with life and splendour, and pleasure. " This was possible to be said by propaganda, as Burke thought Antoinette embraced "two body: one royal, the other feminine, " indicating Antoinette was a human being although she acquired her social position so superior; she still was a people who committed sin like the general public, based on the religion of the time. She was royal due to the authority she acquired but was put through commit crimes. Hence as Burke pointed out, "citizens should treat a queen with reverence no matter her figure as an embodied person. " Hence both perspectives shown in the sources evaluated previously, as well as the historiography pointed out in the examination reveal that Marie Antoinette has been factually portrayed with an exposure to the two proportions of her personalities: the Monarch and a woman.
Continuously allowing the pamphlets to spoil her royal image by having crazy orgies, extreme hetero and homosexual life and overspending, Marie Antoinette was able to utilise herself as the scapegoat of the poverty and the sign of both moral and physical problem and infidelity. Handed over at age fifteen, Antoinette was not in a position to live with the superficially rigorous French. By giving up her entire possession that enabled her of the reminiscence of Austria, the queen embraced a new way of finding comfort and pleasure: cultural corruption that existed under the top. In depth rumours have ruined her open public reputations as the Queen of France, since she failed to show the qualities of conservative, passive and gracious Queen; but with two opinionated voices in the propaganda, Marie Antoinette was able to be truly depicted with an amount that both exhibited the Queen Marie Antoinette and the woman Marie Antoinette.