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Male Representation In Cleaning soap Operas Mass media Essay

The reason for the following research paper is to provide the Male Representation in Soap Operas and the understanding that the audience has of the male people in this genre. To carry out so the first step was Books Review, therefore i have read books and e-books which worried the audience attitudes in television generally and the representation of masculinity in tv set. From each booklet have been chosen carefully the chapters that were relevant with this issue, in order to create an idea in connection with the topic. Articles and periodicals had been read in relation to the topic. In such a paper I have mentioned three research methods. Two methodologies have been reviewed hypothetically, questionnaires and rigorous interview. Being a pilot technique I used target groups, which i tested in real and provided findings for this newspaper. The findings from the concentration communities were that the audience comprehends the two types of male personas and shows their preference in the original Man who represents power. They don't really prefer the very sensitive man who isn't in charge. The audience prefers to see unrealistic situation of an social class they can't ever become a part of alternatively than watch the life of people.


Soap Opera was actually unveiled in the American audience in the 1930's in the air. It was dramatized series. The name of it was given because of the sponsors and the commercial shown by detergent companies. It has been present in programs since, it has pass on worldwide and implemented a remarkable development of people situations and interactions. We witness the introduction of male and feminine personas and their course throughout the ages.

The male representation in Cleaning soap Operas is very important as well as the introduction of society and the way men are involved. We notice initially the typical daddy in the 1950's who little by little turns into a wealthy, successful smart entrepreneur who is encircled by quite, kind and evil people. Also he becomes a delicate man who isn't fearful anymore expressing fear, anger of love. The male role model changes in line with the needs and requirements of the modern culture. This project will concentrate on how man exists in Cleaning soap Operas and the way the audience follows their occurrence.

Literature Review

Rethinking the Media Audience

By Pertti Alasutari

In order to create a concept about how exactly to address my subject matter "Male Representation in Cleaning soap Operas", I should get started with finding what genuine audience is. In section 9 it is described that four (4) standards must be implemented to be able to characterize someone as an audience member, First of all, the vulnerability of a person or band of individuals to a particular message of any mass medium. Secondly, the article writer considers the interest given to the concept and if it is decoded. Thirdly, the power of the group to retain the information and store for the future. Fourthly, Alasuutari mentions the shaping of the average person or group perceptions and values concerning a topic. Another chapter which helped me to establish an intensive image about audience in Cleaning soap Operas is chapter 8. In section 8 John Tullach, mentions that even although majority of Soap Operas follow the popular subject areas, there are other as well which follow less expected structures such as cultural topics. That's how I realize that the audience could be broader and different of what I experienced in mind. So, I came across the information I read very helpful as I am aware that, not only women of most ages are the audience of Soap Operas but also men is highly recommended as audiences as well.

Serial Monogamy: Soap Opera, Life expectancy and the Gender Politics of Fantasy

By Christine Scodari

This e book provides me numerous details about romantic relationships among family members, men, women, children, companionship. But especially in section 4 which offered me information about more aged woman, youthful man romance and the opposite, older man, more youthful woman. As we know from our own experience as tv viewers media has created the image of the old rich man that has all the energy, no subject how this ability is portrayed (ex: beautiful young female, expensive car, mansions). Customarily older wealthy men have young attractive women "authority, electric power, wealth-are framed as sexually interesting, " Scodari, (2004). Alternatively old women "over 40 simply do not appear as romantic leads", Scodari, (2004). Quite simply Soap Operas are based on the typical theme of love however in variations having to do with age, status, money and appearance. So, we see the appearance of the young kind, poor man and the old wealthy, bad man, the two classic versions of Soap Opera male personas. Christine Scodari's reserve successfully confirmed my observation through personal experience the standard heroes of men in Soap Operas.

Screen Tastes, Soap Opera to dish Dishes

By Charlotte Brunsdon

Having read Screen Tastes, Cleaning soap Opera to satellite television Meals by Charlotte Brunsdon I realized that Soap Operas will be the reflection in our society. Soap Operas aren't only an important part of television set record but also the representation of the modern-day society. In other words at some point women become as important and important as men. So, men are sometimes even behind women in jobs and even in families. Specifically in the 6th section through the series "Widows" that targets the influences men may have on ladies in order to allow them to be more robust and smarter. "The series also provokes questions about whether we can talk about masculinity and femininity with regards to practices of tv set taking a look at" Brunsdon, (1997). Quite simply even though Cleaning soap Operas are at first viewed by female audience only, eventually gain male audiences as well. That's even if men are not present the masculine model impact women and leads their way. We see then another area of male representation in Cleaning soap Operas. This booklet gave me good information about my subject matter. Even though it is written in 1997, the info provided can be utilized even today's research.

Masculinity and Popular Television

By Rebecca Feasey

This particular e book deals only with this issue of the Research Paper "Male Representation in Soap Operas". Rebecca Feasey writer of this publication examines the theme of masculinity in television. A whole lot of studies have been done on Tv set as the history of it and its own pervasiveness present a lot appealing. Furthermore the practically unlimited volume of programs makes the field of research nearly endless. Also the simple usage of the medium should be taken into consideration. Finally the living of previous text messages makes TV welcome by everyone.

Masculinity presented is rather "fixed, secure and unalterable", Feasey(2008). Men are formed by the cultural environment which makes their masculinity open to research. "Hegemonic masculinity": this term is used in the book to identify "white, heterosexual, competitive, individualist and aggressive men", Feasey(2008) who are present everywhere. 'This guy is strong, successful, ready and authoritative", Feasey(2008). Man symbolizes power. This is actually the ideal image of men. A standard idea of man having dominance over female. Therefore masculinity is a set of outdoor and interior features followed by men in all aspects with their lives. In every Soap Operas men are provided "as friends, fathers, heroes and martyrs", Feasey(2008). All sorts are occur social and sexual debates of the period.

Having read the second section of the e book I noticed that hegemonic masculinity type and the prominent male role co-exist. There appears to be a representation of men in home episode and the position of men in the broader population.

In the history of Cleaning soap Opera we start to see the give attention to family, romantic relationships and friendships. This creates the next male characters: the delicate new man, the good husband, the hero and of course the villain. When the girl has problems with her partner, there comes the "Sensitive New Man" who'll pay attention to her, give advice and become supportive. Addititionally there is the "Decent Husband" who will not cheat on his partner and he will be good and kind. Another type is the "Hero" who recognizes life in a romantic way which makes him attractive to women. Finally, you have the "Villain" how always souses troubles and manipulates men and women.

Another quality on male individuals in Soap Operas is the fact men start expressing their thoughts. They are no more as hard as stones but they commence to express feelings to other men. They have intimate, deep discussions. According to a research conducted by psychopathologist Simon Baron- Cohen men have got pathological difference with women. We should mention that because of the brain's inability to make use of the emotional activity in the right hemisphere men are at a disadvantage in comparison to women. Women have sentiment in both hemispheres that is why they are more emotional. Men are brought up to be hard rather than showing feelings. So men expressing emotions and feelings and showing sensitivity are against stereotypes existing so far and introduce a new kind of man.

We see that there is no privateness for the Cleaning soap Opera character types as all conversations happen in a large range of places. So, everything can be observed by everyone so no secrets are kept in the long term.

Another conclusion I have made after reading this book is that men dread the presence of any stronger man who will question their authority and try to take over him and his stuff. What used to be seen as a way of keeping femininity could now easily show how men dominate private sphere. This way the general public and the personal field are somehow mixed.

Fatherhood and paternity are basically debated in Cleaning soap Operas. Fathers are important; they shoot for their children wellbeing. They are able to even be solitary fathers so altogether control of their upbringing. The paternity of children is often questioned in Cleaning soap Operas. This makes women having control over men as only they know the genuine truth.

The first Cleaning soap Operas such as Dallas (1978-91) and Dynasty (1981-9) revolved around the central men protagonist who owned or operated an enterprise and tried out to keep carefully the balance between job, family, love and friends. The patriarchal American hero would often fail in order to regain more durability after hurting and journeys.

To summarize this book offers information about the "Man Representation in Soap Operas". On one hand we see a man developing a "Hegemonic Masculinity" has power, prosperity and brains but, on the other side se we that men commence to express their thoughts and feelings. Masculinity and Popular Television by Rebecca Feasey, has been very helpful as it provided me with a lot of numbers about my subject matter. In addition, it helped me make an obvious image about how exactly to perform my technique about developing the questions which will complete my job.

Academic Journal

Soap Operas men in the 90's

By Carol Traynor Williams

This article centers only on male representation in Cleaning soap Operas in the 90's. Mainly talking about General Clinic and the Daring and The Beautiful we start to see the existence of men in them and their connections with women and other men.

It is plainly stated that men are manipulated by ladies in all aspects of life: their careers, their families, their friendships. Men seem to maintain control of things but there is always a woman pulling the strings. WITHIN THE Bold and THE STUNNING Ridge Forrester is loved by Brooke who's always influencing him and makes him trust her by use of her femininity. Eric Forrester his father alike is inspired by Stephanie in every his decisions. Also is The Young and The Restless we see that men result from one woman to another, changing them without hesitation in order to have significantly more money or more fame.

I have understood that Soap Opera writers who have been asked about their ideas concerning male character types they responded that the creation was predicated on women's need to be with a stronger, rather villain man who sweep women off their legs and try to escape with.

This helped me a lot with my process as it gave me information about Soap Opera that was really famous in Greece before. I had a idea about male people their thoughts, their bonuses and I'll use it in my emphasis group.


Hard Work Always TAKES CARE OF: Jobs, Young families, and the Advancement of a TV Myth

By Mary Ann Watson

In this periodical article by Mary Ann Watson, there exists information about men, representation in TV series because the 1950's. The development of male character types through the decades, helped me in better understanding the occurrence of men in the Soap Operas. Initially, the male character was the normal consultant of the modern society as well. He was a father, who implemented the motto "EFFORT Always TAKES CARE OF". This supposed that if a man worked well hard, his initiatives would have positive results for himself and his children. As decades handed down, we see that the guy stereotypes improved as women start having dynamic roles and are not happy with only being moms and housewives. The course of male people justified the present of men in the Soap Operas in the 80's and the 90's. They have got evolved from ordinary each day men to wealthy, good-looking, smart men who are prepared for everything but are influenced at some level by a pretty, smart woman.

As this task focuses only on male representation in Soap Operas, this content was useful to be able to observe how male individuals developed and so understand better the key reason why authors present men in Soap Operas this way.


Why Do Men Watch Soaps?

By John Beadle

John Beable in January 12, 2010 was the news columnist of www. Soaps. com. The subject of his article attracted my attention in a manner that after all of the several publication and articles that we read to be able to build the basic knowledge for this subject matter, the same question grew up. Because in general, the Soap Opera focuses on and discounts only with women. This isn't completely true and the representation of male individuals in Soaps shows that they created their own history and their own development based on the changes of your society.

So, Beadle in his article pieces the question of "Why do men watch Soaps?" and gives his explanations about the reasons. One reason the men watch soaps is the fact that at first they were stuck in this because their wives were audiences. He characterizes this process "slow", quite simply they didn't even realize how this occurred. Second, John Beable pieces the "Myth" that only homosexual men watch Soap Operas. He doesn't reject this Misconception. He makes clear that not only gay people watch Soaps but right men as well, with the small difference that direct men don't admit it. Third, the author of this informative article confirms that his mom was viewers of Soap Opera and highlights that this "activity" of viewing soaps was something normal. Finally, in the university they started observing unwillingly but eventually were released in the storyline and need to know how it should go. This statement confirms also what Rebecca Feasey says in her publication, Masculinity and Popular Tv set, that most the male audience starts watching Soap Operas while they are really in College.

This article was pleasant to read since it was in some perspective, a confession by a man who accepted openly seeing Soaps as everyone else. The requirements for seeing weren't based on gender or other factors. It didn't provide with new information about Soaps, but by the use of humor he expressed what urges men as well to watch Soaps.



The first research method that seemed appropriate for this theme was questionnaires, so it would be one of both hypothetical methods. Soap Operas even inside our days are ornamented by popularity almost as it happened ten (10) years ago. One very typical example of fame and continuity is usually that the Bold and THE STUNNING is a Cleaning soap Opera show that even today is broadcasted and has numerous audiences. Taking the chance of that, this Cleaning soap Opera was pleasant by the Greek Tv in the early 90's. It became popular rapidly and soon everyone discussed Ridge and Caroline.

If carefully designed and prepared a questionnaire, it would be a sensible way to examine the way the audience were understanding the representation of male character types through this particular Soap Opera. By using this method I'd have the possibility to capture the members' attitude towards the representation of man and even more specific the concentrate would be of two main individuals of The Bold and THE STUNNING Ridge and Thorne.

This quantitative method of research and gathering information is an excellent possibility to get answers about how the audience is aware of male people from Cleaning soap Operas. The method of questionnaire is organised and conducted, it includes numerous benefits and drawbacks. The expense of executing a questionnaire as research method is significantly low and the procedure is easy if we compare it with other methods of research and in relation to the important information we can accumulate. Furthermore, this method offers to the researcher and the participant a physical independence because the only real equipment that is necessary for the completion of the research, are just newspaper, pens and the participant of course. Moreover, a whole lot of studies have been done in advance. So I can easily acquire material to help me work with.

Opposing the benefits of this technique, a questionnaire may have range of limitations. First of all and the most crucial downside of the questionnaires is the fact, the independent factors cannot be manipulated or manipulated. Second, the incorrect use of phrase and questions by the researcher can make this content unclear to the participant with the result of not collecting the right answers. Closing one more disadvantage of survey technique is the response of the participant to the researcher with fraudulent data or fiction answers. This program can destroy the consequence of the study by the time that the data that are gathered are not true and would be able to form different/ wrong findings of the study.

This is the questionnaire that I'd share with the participants about the Representation of Male Characters in Soap Operas. The goal of the questionnaire is the technique of research and it was made to identity in case the Bold and The Beautiful visitors can identify the male representation.


Please choose the response that that corresponds to your viewpoints.

Please identify your sex.



Please specify this group that you belong.





Did you watched any Cleaning soap Opera



If yes, which?

The Bold and The Beautiful

General Hospital


Did you watch it every day or sometimes?



Did you will find enough time the Cleaning soap Opera was aired convenient for you?


I overlooked it sometimes

What did you prefer the almost all of these Cleaning soap Operas?



Actors/ Actresses

Did you usually watch the shows alone or the corporation?


With company ( Family, friends )

Did you discuss the story, the people or any other aspect of the Cleaning soap Opera episodes with others?




With whom performed you usually discuss it?



How did you find the depiction of male individuals?




What characteristics of male characters drawn you most?





How similar are Cleaning soap Operas male characters with person of true to life?


A little

At all

Did you prefer watching a very sensitive area of men in Soap Opera?



How natural was it to view very sensitive men in Cleaning soap Opera?



At all

Intensive Interviews

The case of the Guy Representation in Soap Operas can be an issue that has not received a whole lot of attention, because Cleaning soap Opera as a genre originally targets women audience who had been the first audience through the history of TV. Due to that, male character types were formerly supportive (extra) people on the storyline and they were less memorable to the viewers. But this is not an undeniable fact because several Soap Operas based mostly their success on their male heroes, for example, Ridge for The Daring and The Beautiful who was the object of pleasure for the female audience. This example will lead the next hypothetical methodology into the Intensive Interviews.

I made a decision to use Intensive Interviews as the next technique. One-on-one interviews would be able to provide "detailed track record about the reason why respondents give specific answers. " (Wimmer and Dominick(2011)). Out of this method the researcher can acquire data from the interviewer that respect opinions, motivations, thoughts and experience. Also allows the observation of nonverbal reactions and moreover allows to the interviewer to create the questions based on the response of the interviewee. Obviously this method has benefits and drawbacks.

Intensive interviews or in-depth interviews supply the advantage based on the "freedom" that delivers to extract information form the participant about the precise matter and gain accurate answers of very sensitive issues. Also the Body language, the tone of voice and gestures would supply the benefits to the researcher to create the questions in line with the opinions received from the participant. The drawbacks of Intensive interview are quite a few. Generalizability is one of the negative aspects. It is due to nonrandom sample that is used from the researcher. Questions that not follow a certain style can provide answers very differentiated than the question. Second, interviewer bias, is another disadvantage of this method. Due to the personal contact that the researcher has with the interviewer, they will come up with in a dialogue. If so the researcher is more than likely to share information and opinions with the interviewers and vice versa. In cases like this the answers of the intensive interview will not be accurate and would not be considered as appropriate data. Taking into account this risk, the researcher should be careful and avoid posting information with the individuals in order to control the interview. Finally, the researcher should keep the length of the interview as short as possible to avoid having a exhausted participant who almost certainly won't answer honestly and will only want to end the interview.

The Actual Interview

After the participant and the interviewer tremble hands and officially expose their selves, to be able to form an appropriate atmosphere, the questions which are designed based on the idea about Intensive interviews will go on:

You are aware of the Cleaning soap Opera as a tv genre?

Have you watched The Bold and THE STUNNING?

Since you are aware of this Cleaning soap Opera, is it possible to notify me why you watched it?

Could you tell me the actual plot of the Soap Opera was about?

Do you keep in mind any male character? And why?

Could you summarize Ridge and Thorne?

Cloud you say the key characteristics of those two character types?

What was their main difference?

Could you choose which one of these two heroes was more representative male figure in real life?

What enables you to, remember those heroes at the most?


Focus Groups

The research method which will be discussed and be actually analyzed is Focus Communities. Associated with because by meaning "The target group, or group interviewing, is a study technique for understanding people's behaviour and habit. " (Wimmer and Dominick, (2011)). I opt to apply this strategy in the pilot study of this Research paper as a result of four (4) characteristics of this strategy. First, the concentration groups involve participants (people) and second those individuals promote the same characteristics and interest to this particular Soap Opera topic. Third, focus groups give the ability of qualitative data collection. The data would be able to present an "image" about the better knowledge of the topic also to reveal a greater collection of views about the specific subject of the concentration group. Fourth attribute is usually that the focus group gives a flexibility on the questions the majority of which are planned to be asked are predetermined nonetheless they can provided further questions to the members in order to reach the purpose of this research.

The Focus Groups methodology could be the pilot method of this Research newspaper but before we have to point out the advantages and disadvantages of the method.

There are five (5) advantages. The first is that the Focus Teams allows the assortment of "preliminary information about the topic or a phenomenon" (Wimmer and Dominick, (2011)). The preliminary information could be used in the pilot study in order to really have the formation of the idea that could lead the study in clearer results and may be utilized for future researches. Second good thing about this method is that a focus group can be conducted extremely fast. Third, is the price tag on a concentrate group which is very attractive for the experts and the members. Fourth, the overall flexibility in the questions is one big benefit. The follow-up question which would be created by the moderator to the participants gives the possibility to focus on the important points which come up from the dialog. Also the researcher can provide to the participants before the focus Group, to complete a written questionnaire that includes the material of the emphasis group. Final benefits is the dynamics a group can offer, because the questions would be produced based on the people's spontaneous answers in a sense that the info collected would be more complete and less inhabited than the info that individual interviews can provide.

On the other palm, the cons are a few. First the group innovator, one of the participant who would take the role of the first choice in the group in a way that he/she would make an effort to attract the interest and monopolize the conversation. Also this participant would try to force his/her view to the other members. In the event the researcher faces a situation like that, he can control this type of situation by motivating the other participant expressing their thoughts and opinions. Second, sets of 4-6 persons is not suggested for gathering quantitative data, because the aim of the concentration group is to gather qualitative data such as "why?" and "how?". Third, the researcher who would monitor the emphasis group should be skilful to be able to identify and puss the individuals with further questions for more info. Fourth, is the weakness which small communities have that we now have no representative inhabitants examples. Fifth, the researcher to be able to take the info from the focus group to be able to examine and record it is recommended to use technical equipment such as taking machines( tape recorders, video camera). Those might distract participants' attention and make sure they are not react normally in the group. Finally, if the members of the group are permitted to lose or be confused on this issue, then your data would not be useful.

The procedure

In order to pilot emphasis group for my research about Male representation in cleaning soap operas I have to follow a number of methodological steps of prep in the conduction of target group. 1) I have to define the complete topic of the study, 2) I must choose examples that stand for my subject in the best possible way, 3) I must determine the amount of the group necessary, 4) I have to prepare the mechanism ( the area that the study would take place, the video wall membrane and other required accessories), 5) I must prepare the materials for the research, such as video clips to be shown, images, recording machines and the questions that would lead the groupings based on the materials. 6) I have to conduct the period, 7) after the end of the concentration group I will have to go although answers and the studies and conduct the results.


The material that will be shown to the individuals of the concentration group would be from the Soap Opera The Daring and The Beautiful. The series was demonstrating on Greek tv and through the 90's it got a great success and many devoted viewers. In the materials there will be two (2) images of the male individuals Ridge Forrester (Ronn Moss) and Thorne Forrester (Wilson Harmon). The heroes are chosen because of their being lead characters in this Cleaning soap Opera for more than 16 years. More specifically Ronn Moss has been the protagonist since 1987until even today, and Wilson Harmon is a protagonist since 1996 until today as well. They are also chosen for their different characters. The first is a representative example of the "Man" with ability, money and the second reason is the exemplory case of the "New Man", the delicate, the supportive male persona in the soap opera. The material will be only photographs due to individuals of the target group that i will make clear further down.

The Group

The group was created specifically relating to this specific Cleaning soap Opera. It includes women who are engaged with this issue and can provide with information about those two characters and exactly how they understand the masculinity of their characters. All those 6 women belong on this band of 30-45. All of the participants were observing these Soap Opera during the 90's as college students.

The Questions

The questions that we asked the members to make the conversion will be the following:

Did you watch Cleaning soap Operas?

Do you bear in mind The Striking and THE STUNNING?

What was all about? (in terms of story)

Can you identify this man?

Which was the character that he performed?

Could you characterize him in one word?

What did you like on him?

Please observe that those questions were only in order to encourage the dialog and show to the participants what I'd like them to remember from their recollections and discuss about. There is the probability of not using all of them.


The results of the concentration group were at the very first point very clear, with no researcher seeking to categorize the two individuals into "power" and "sensitive". The group portrayed very plainly their favour about the person of power rather than the New man. As Rebecca Feasey highlights in her publication those characteristics directed at male personas are usually symbolized in Soap Operas plus they serve women. So, in the studies the concentrate group confirmed that we now have two types of character types in soap operas and the classic Man still attracts women. Women prefer to visit a man in control who can look after every situation.


Man Representation in Cleaning soap Operas was a subject very near to me, as it includes interest and provides informational background. It was an ideal matter for my fist connection with actual research. Based on curiosity at the beginning, of why men are not a favorite research subject matter, especially since the entire world is created by them, for these people. This research experience came up to change this stereotypical idea. During the whole procedure for this research, from the day that I started taking into consideration the topic, the books review which created another sizing about television generally, what it is at the 30's and what it's today. The question about which methodologies are most ideal for this issue, the actual experience of conducting it and a genuine target group were the key factors which would enable me to reach my studies.

Despite the difficulty of finding resources concerning only this issue, the genuine experience was extraordinary. During that, I realized the tasks and the value of a professional researcher. I consider myself blessed because I had fashioned the chance to experience an actual research process and also to validate to myself what I'd like to do in the foreseeable future.


Focus group participants

Tzo, 38, Community Relation manager

Eleni, 36, Teacher

Mathio, 44, housewife

Matina, 36 employee

Zoi, 30, housewife

The concentration group responses based on the questions

Did you watch Soap Operas?

Group: "Yes, we does. "

Do you bear in mind The Striking and THE STUNNING?

Group: "Yes, we do. "

What was all about? (in terms of storyline)

Tzo: "As I remember it was about a very wealthy family plus they got involved in erotic triangles. "

Eleni: "I trust Tzo, it wasn't any science fiction so far as the storyline or the history were worried but it was nice"

Mathio: " I barely remember the storyline because I wasn't a fan. But I recall that they were very rich and they experienced "serious" problems"

Matina: "Like a plot, a traditional successful story about a powerful family with problems in all areas, especially in their love and emotional aspect. "

Zoi: "I buy into the girls but I'd like to remind them of how successful it was back in 90's"

Researcher: "Would you become more specific about the term successful?

Tzo: "It was successful in terms of the people, because the majority was beautiful, women and men"

Researcher: " You provided me another question already. I'll demonstrate two men and I'd like someone to make comments generally. "

Can identify this man? ridge. jpg

Group: "AAAAA Ridge"

thorne. jpg

"AAA Thorn"

Researcher: "So, you discover them. "

Group : "Yes"

Did you prefer them as heroes?

Tzo, Mathio and Zoi: " Only Thorn, because he was a hypersensitive man. "

Matina and Eleni: "Both of these the where ok! But Ridge was the person. "

Researcher: "What do you signify by "Man" ?

Matina and Eleni: " He was powerful as a character, his activities, his power, everything"

Researcher: "Ridge was not the same as Thorne?"

Group: "Yes!"

Researcher: "In what manner?"

Tzo : "They were different, first of all Thorne was cared for sometimes like he was female. He was crying. Furthermore, Ridge was the person who manipulated everything"

Researcher: "Will you all acknowledge that? If you don't please feel free to share with us. "

Group: All the group agreed on that.

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