Keywords: malaysia merged economy, advantages combined economy, mixed economy malaysia advantages
The monetary systems is one of the branch of economics, the economics is studies about the companies and the techniques by the societies to determine the ownership, route and allocation of the monetary resources. Economic system is the mechanism that handles the distribution, development and the consumption of services and goods in a specific society. There are three basic and general economic systems, that happen to be free market overall economy, centrally planned market and mixed market. The mixed market is when there may be some degree of the government insurance policies and central planning and it also can allow the marketplace to provide for the needs of the buyer. Malaysia is a merged economy, our federal government allows our market can do our own thing, but there also have a few of the policies in destination to control over the certain thing. There is not every single product or industry need authorities to control, however, many of the merchandise should be under administration control. For an example of one product that under Malaysia authorities control is weapon. In Malaysia you are unable to have a weapon without the license. In Malaysia, the federal government has tight control over the firearm. There are many reason Malaysia administration have this control, the reason are for the nationwide security, our government wants to prevent shootings, robbery and firearm violence minimize dread in our country.
There are many features of a mixed market in several characteristics. About the source allocation in blended economic, the government will decides on the reference allocation about the goods which can be scarce. About the prosperity ownership in combined economy, there is a mixture of the government and the private possession. For an example, a few of the land are belongs to administration plus some of the land are belongs to private. About the perfect solution is of economic problems in blended economic, the government will intervene about any of it, especially to put into action development regulations. About the economical efficiency in merged economy, the economy efficiency will depends upon the government and private sector efficiency. Next, about consumer flexibility in mixed economy, while the consumers have some say, their voices aren't strong. For an example, if the petrol rise 50 sen in one liter, the individuals will complain about the price tag on petro, the government maybe will deal with this circumstance or maybe not. About the syndication of income in mixed economy, the incomes of workers in a few of the industries are supervised by our administration. The example will be the people who are work in the federal government place. After that, about the provision of services in blended economy, some of the services are privatized and the federal government provides for basic services. Compare to free market market and centrally designed economy, the benefits of mixed economy are extensive. The advantages will be the people can go into business themselves and decide what product they can sell, produce plus they also can established their own price. The businessman in mixed financial need to pay fees, nonetheless they can reap the great things about the taxes through the highways, public programs and other government services. The blended economy are much more stable if compare to free market market, and the government laws can also avoid the exorbitant investment and inflation. Beside our country Malaysia, the economical systems in India, Thailand, Indonesia, and Singapore are also belongs to mixed economy.
What is the purchase price mechanism? The price mechanism is the most basic feature of the current economic climate for allots all the resources to other uses. It really is something of the interdependence between your way to obtain goods or service and its price. It sends up the price when the demand has ended source and it reduce the price when the resource over demand. Price device also restricts the resource when the suppliers are leave the marketplace because the reduced prevailing price, it can also increase it when many suppliers come to the market. Price are determine by surpluses and shortage. If the price of product is greater than income, the suppliers will supply more anticipated to producer revenue motive. The purchase price mechanism are has the three important function, they may be signaling function, rationing function and transmitting of preferences. First, the signaling function is use the change popular showing that where in fact the resources will be required. For an example, if the goods are scarce, the price of it'll increase. This increase in price can offer the supplier to create more in the product. Prices go up and show up is represent the surplus or scarcities.
The I phone 4 is the best-selling upon this year, so the demand of the I telephone 4 is very high. The producers verify will produce more and boost the price of I phone 4 because they can earn higher profits and earnings from retailing the I contact 4 at an increased price per unit. Therefore the diagram shows an outward switch of the demand in the resource curve. Next, the diagram near the top of right hand part is the second example, the demand of the I contact 3 are decrease because the apple release the I telephone 4. The diagram show that decrease the price of I phone will cause the supply increase. Conversely, if the price of I phone 3 increase, that will generate the suppliers reduce their source. Next, the next function that the price device play is rationing function, this function is when there's a high demand of one goods, the price tag on it'll increase. Finally, the merchandise maybe will become only the high income people capability to pay the merchandise. This function can cause the supply and demand to attain equilibrium. The 3rd function is the transmitting of choices, this identifies the consumers are able to spot the designer changes in needs and would like, which means this can help the market provides accurate amount of the right product. From then on, In Malaysia, the price mechanism is allowed to operate but in some cases the price system fails or works against general population interest. In financial, the market failure occur when the utilization of goods and services or the creation by the marketplace are not reliable. We say that whenever marketplaces cannot provide us the best final result in conditions of efficiency and fairness, that is market failing. There are a lot of reasons that may cause the market failure, such as negative externalities, positive externalities, imperfect information, market dominance by monopolies, factor immobility and equity issues. First reason is an agent in the market can gain market electricity and allow those to prevent other mutually benefic gain from the trade. Within the monopoly, equilibrium of the market won't to be Pareto optimal. Second reason is the actions of an agent can be externalities. For an example, when a company producing the tires, it'll use the administrative centre, labour and other inputs, and this will cause the reflected of the price tag on the tires in the market. The organization maybe can make air pollution when they produce the wheels. That is not force the organization to pay for use of this resource, all of the cost will be borne by the society. So, the marketplace price of the tires will decrease plus they cannot get the full opportunity cost when sell to society. This will also cause the marketplace equilibrium in the tires will never be optimal. The third reason is a few of the marketplaces will fail due to nature with their exchange or the type of certain goods. While the markets have important exchange costs, information asymmetry or agency problem, they can cause inefficiency, and market failing.
Next, the government can overcome the market failures utilizing the three popular ways. The three tools that the government uses are internalization or merger, tax and subsidy programs and legal limitations. The internalization or merger is means that the federal government merges two businesses together to save lots of their ailing or the management problems. In addition, it can help the company to increase their working rate, reduce the cost of product and create a more efficient flower structure. For a good example, there is a company that produces lettuce picking machines, the machines cause the water pollution because the company don want to acquire the misuse treatment facilities because it is expensive plus they dumps the wastes in to the river. They feel that is only an inexpensive and the machines can offered for sale at good deal. The greater lettuce picking machines are designed, will cause more water air pollution. The techniques can overcome this issue is combine the lettuce producing organization to the organization that produces picking machines. The diagram below is show that both firm before merge, there are many disadvantage that cause by one another. After merge, the produce rates of one another are increase to allow them to earn more earnings.
The next ways that government use to triumph over the market inability is taxes and subsidy plan. Tax can increase the private cost of development or consumption and it also can decrease the demand or the end result of the goods which are already shortage. The resources of earning that are need to pay the duty are pensions, annuities or other regular payments, royalties, rents or payments, dividends, interest or savings, remuneration and gains from a jobs, revenue from the trade, the business and profession. You can find five type of the tax that use in Malaysia, they can be company tax, personal tax, sales tax and service tax. The company duty refers to duty that the company need to pay, but some of the business you don't need to pay the duty because there are resident company or the sources outside our country, such as insurance business, air or sea transport enterprises. About the non-public income tax, the individuals in Malaysia are prone to pay this duty and the taxes rate will is determined by specific determine by the length of stay in Malaysia. Another is sales tax, this taxes is add on the import and manufacturing levels. The makes need to be certified under Sales Taxes Act 1972. But the license will be exempt if the annual sales of the company cannot more than RM 100000. Last is the service duty, this taxes we always can easily see at the restaurant or hotels because this duty in add on the certain goods and service, the products are food or drink.
The diagram at the kept hand part is show an indirect fees, an indirect tax will rise the price tag on the merchandise and it result in a contraction of demand. The federal government intervene on the market because they would like to change the purchase price signal. The next diagram at right side side is show that the federal government subsidies. Administration subsidy to the consumers to pay some of the costs of employing nannies or buying the child care was created to reduce the comparative cost of this and therefore increase the demand.
Next the yet another way that to triumph over the market inability is legal restrictions. Some of the external effect are very far from the marketplace that no market focused institution or the rune can be use to improve them. A petrol station which build in the center of casing area may be convenient for the close by residents, but it will cause the value of adjacent of personal properties become lower. The cities use the zoning regulations to protect their house values and resistant to the undesireable effects of business being located in the enclosure area. The graphically in below is an example that show about the problem and the way to overcome.
Next, there have another example, this diagram show that the gas station are noisy and odorous, beside that in addition they cause the traffic problems at certain hours every day. These effect are no taxing or to compensate the householder because of their lose. Therefore the householder request for help to administration. From then on, the zoning ordinances are use to avoid the people from opening filling stations in the property area. The federal government use regulations or the legal restriction to lower the property worth and hostile voters.
Our country, Malaysia is blended economy. There are numerous advantage that I already describe about mixed current economic climate if compare to free market and centrally prepared economy. After that, I have already explain the purchase price system and the three main function of it when use within economy. The price mechanism is allowed to operate in Malaysia. Next, I also review about how the federal government interfere and beat the market inability. If the country no have market failure or any government failure, the united states will become more robust.