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Main TOP FEATURES OF Indigenous Culture Prior To Colonization

Native People in the usa, colloquially called as 'North american Indians', were the 1st civilisation on what's today known as the United States. There's been much information to prove these indigenous folks have inhabited the United States from coast to coast thousands of years ago. Prior to European contact, more than 2000 dialects were spoken. Although Native Americans lived in tribes and acquired different cultures, dialects, clothing, and traditions, they distributed certain characteristics. Hunting and gathering food was one of the similarities due to few methods that they had. Men hunted mammals such as bison, mammoths, and elephants with common tools like spears and golf clubs. Women normally farmed and compiled food. Furthermore, maize was one of the earliest crops the Native Americans grew. However, jobs for every gender differed with regards to the tribe. When food became scarce, tribes often migrated to new areas. Unlike European societies, tribe people had much independence and rights. They had the to choose and dispose chiefs, responsibilities to marry whom they sought, privileges to inheritance and many more. They were also very spiritual and presumed in powerful and the supernatural. Ceremonies and rituals were kept for special incidents and important occasions of one's life. Time was developed from watching the moon. This is due to the moon's easy presence and daily changes in appearance. Many Native Americans used this as the foundation with their calendars and such, yet it was the Maya civilisation that created the most accurate calendar.

Timeline

They basically lived all over the United States.

Map

STAGE 2 - DURING CONTACT AND Comparability TO ABORIGINAL CONTACT

Reasons Behind Colonization of America

Europeans on the whole colonized America. Many countries such as France and Britain's attempts in colonization failed; however, it was the Spanish who succeeded. Although they accomplished this, they were not the first as the Vikings were one of the organizations before them. In 1492, the Spanish fleet, led by Christopher Columbus, arrived in America. Columbus was a navigator, colonizer and explorer during his life time. Initially Columbus possessed thought that they had arrived in India because he was at first with an expedition to discover a western route to Asia. In those days, the land route to Asia became difficult and made resources of valued goods scarce. In response, Columbus acquired endeavoured to go on a voyage to Asia via the Ocean Sea. After obtaining the 'New World' and taking natives and other 'exotic' items back to Spain, Columbus was sponsored by Spanish monarchs for another voyage and the expansion of European countries. He played an enormous role in the original contact between Europeans and indigenous Us citizens. As a result, Columbus forced local slaves to mine for silver and gold. This was because the Spanish needed more prosperity and wished to expand their investments. They also desired to disperse Christianity to the Local Us citizens and built missions around America. Due to the significant land available, the Spanish needed advantage of this and said the land to be place of the Europeans.

Nature of the Arrival of the Non-Indigenous People

The appearance of the Europeans designated the start of the 'new world'. Upon their appearance, they were curious concerning all the initial items they had never seen. When they came in touch with the first Native American tribe, it had not been peaceful. They even considered them to be Indian due to a misunderstanding. It can be said that Columbus enslaved up to 250, 000 natives of a whole tribe on first face. This group was then extinct by 1650. However, they soon learned to show each other objects from their homelands and there was quite a little of contact. Although contact was maintained a friendly level, it wasn't very trusting. That they had intermarriages and business associations, but they were not conducted because they wished to, but because they did not have a choice. Despite the fact that there appeared to be a great deal of contact between your two races, there wasn't all friendly contact. There were accounts of the European using up down a tribe's community and forcing these to relocate. This, of course, was done due to confiscating the land from the natives. In the long run, the introduction of the Europeans is seen as unfriendly; however, some options prove that never to be true. Some conditions might be observed as friendly, however in general, it would be classified as fierce.

Response of the Indigenous People

Upon their first steps ashore on the "New World", the Europeans were greeted by the Natives Us citizens. The indigenous tended to check out the "lighter-complexioned guests' with marvel and awe. This was not because of their peculiar appearances, but rather for their technology. Their technology included items such as material fighting equipment, hearth arms, mirrors, accessories, and copper and brass utensils. These items were unfamiliar to the indigenous people as it offered a mystery for them. Nevertheless, the Native Americans soon acknowledged the fact that the Europeans were also human beings. Indeed, early documents have shown that the sooner Native Americans perceived the Europeans to be despicable specimens. While being accused of experiencing a stingy behaviour for their insatiable desire of riches, the white Europeans were not the best people in the indigenous' mind. Similarly, Native People in america were taken aback with the European's intolerance for the local beliefs, customs and traditions. The natives were also disgruntled at the Europeans who began constructing buildings manufactured from wood and rock. This recommended that recommended that they would have to go. Towards the Native People in the usa, Europeans were condemned and considered as somewhat mechanical-soulless creatures who wielded ingenious tools and weaponry to accomplish their desires.

Comparison of Colonization Experience of Native Us citizens and Aboriginals

The colonization connection with Native Us citizens and Aboriginals experienced many connections. Even though first contact was of different characteristics, the contact after had similar motives. Both indigenous groupings tried out to make alliances and treaties with the colonizers, but considered banding up with traditional tribal opponents from the invaders when treaties were violated. Nonetheless, the colonizers did not realise a treaty with a certain tribe or group of natives didn't have hold over the whole indigenous nation. Because of this, the colonizers attacked relentlessly because they thought they now experienced even more to take the land. Another similarity was that due to common contact between them, words from the indigenous organizations were added in to the English language. Even though there have been many similarities, there have been also variations. The Native Americans were still left with horses and this helped them greatly. However, the Aboriginals weren't lucky enough to be kept with such items. The Aboriginals did not receive anything that life changing and as a result, continued to live on with what that they had. It is evident that, these colonization experience have gone a print on the life span of both of these indigenous cultures forever.

STAGE 3 - Outcomes OF COLONIZATION AND Comparability TO ABORIGINAL EXPERIENCE

Results of Colonization for Indigenous People

The indigenous Americans had both bad and the good effects from the colonization nevertheless they were mainly upsetting. The Europeans got provided to them a number of new foods. These food types included: sugar, whole wheat, rice, citric fruits, tea, coffee, bananas, okra, barley, oats and wine grapes. The Local People in the usa were also given new weaponry and tools like weapons and iron tools. While they received a lot of things, the land itself was introduced to new pets. Animals such as horses, chickens, pigs, cows, goats, sheep, rats and oxen were brought in. These animals greatly helped the indigenous to do many techniques. For instance, farming was easier because of the horses which helped them travel. Europeans also altered the natives into Christians. While attempting to spread Christianity, Europeans robbed the natives of these customs and culture. Some of the punishments they enforced on the natives were taking children away from their families to attend missionary boarding academic institutions. However, the worst outcome from the colonization was the diseases. These epidemics were due to the large scale contact with the Europeans which spread bacteria. The indigenous Americans acquired no immunity to these foreign diseases whatsoever. The primary diseases, smallpox, measles, and the influenza, experienced killed practically 90% of the initial inhabitants after 75 years. Because of this, this aided your time and effort to colonize America.

Results of Colonization for Non-Indigenous People

The Europeans were in much more take advantage of the colonization than the Native Americans. While presenting a few of their foods, they received some in return. These foods were: corn, white potatoes, pumpkins, tomato vegetables, cacao, strawberries, quinine and tobacco. Since it was exported back again, tobacco made huge income back in European countries. New pets or animals were also exposed to them. These family pets, turkeys, guinea pigs, rattlesnakes, buffalos and raccoons, were seen as exotic creatures. Unlike the natives, the Western european population did not come crashing down from new diseases. Although they does capture some diseases, such as syphilis, they had a much stronger immune system. The Europeans also obtained their main goals - more territory, increasing their riches, checking out the world, growing Christianity and growing trade. Throughout that time, most countries only needed superiority. They achieved this by colonizing any land they may find. With the colonization of America, Europe was brought to wealth and vitality but with that they also created the labor and birth of several new civilizations, people and identities. Even when the natives formed a level of resistance and rebelled against them, the Western still dominated. The main factors with their victory were weapons, horses and metallic. This would go to show how powerful Spain was.

Comparison of the results of the Colonization of America and Australia

The colonization of the United States and Australia were similar in lots of ways. One of the similarities was that the federal government used the colonies as prisons. When American Revolution commenced, they no more took in any prisoners. That intended that the British government needed a new destination to send its prisoners. In 1788, England sent a staff to Australia and started building prisons. This designated the beginning of the fall of the Aborigines. Just like the North american Indians, Aborigines were compelled off their land. In addition they contracted international diseases and as a result, since their disease fighting capability could not fight these ailments off, many people passed away. Aboriginals were also unveiled to new foods, pets or animals, clothing etc. Also, Native Us citizens also received a lot of things from the Western. Both American and Australian indigenous tribes rebelled against their colonizers. This resulted in the death of many indigenous people and the fall of the native people. There was also proof that both colonizers enforced Christianity onto the indigenous. Missions or missionaries were built on the land and natives were pressured to attend. Despite the fact that the natives were cared for as slaves, the way the Europeans tried to remove them was different at times. It was actually prepared to breed out the Aboriginals; however, that didn't work plus they eventually tried to make them fit in with the British isles culture and folks. After being cared for as slaves, Local Americans started to rebel. If the rebellion finished, the Europeans also tried out to provide them a place in the Western european society. Overall, the colonization of both lands possessed similarities and dissimilarities between them.

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