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Machines DEVELOPING A Mind School of thought Essay

Many people through the years ponder if machines function like the individuals mind will; do machines feel, imagine, think etc. I'll demonstrate the arguments that are out there about machines creating a mind. I will show the debate of why machines wouldn't have thoughts. Finally, then entering my view of machines not having minds such as a human being will.

The "Turning Test" is a good example of how machines would have thoughts or could replicate the way the human brain works. "Contemporary discussions of the nature of the mind are usually dominated by what is recognized as the computational conception, which recognizes mentality with the execution of programs: humans and machines are likely to operate in similar ways. Perhaps the most crucial representative of this position is Alan Turing, who launched the Turing Test (TT) as a way for determining whether the abilities of machines were much like those of human beings. Turing's position has been enormously influential within cognitive knowledge, which is dominated by the computer model of the mind. But the Turing Test has purchased the position of common knowledge among students of manufactured brains and cognitive technology, its identity is not well known within the intellectual community most importantly. Turing adapted a celebration game, known as the imitation game, for the purpose of establishing evidence of the living of intellect or mentality regarding inanimate machines. Inside the imitation game, a man and a female might contend to stimulate a contestant to think which is female and which male, based solely upon answers directed at questions (permitting the male, but not the feminine, to lie). The game would need to be arranged in such a way that the physical properties of the participants--their styles, sizes, and voices, for example--would not give them away. If the contestant correctly recognized the genders of the other players, she or he would win. Alternatively, if the contestant incorrectly discovered their genders, then your woman would win. Turing's alternative conception was to change the test to pit an inanimate machine against a human being, where the property in mind is no more the individuals' gender but their intelligence or mentality. " (Fetzer, 1) This might show a machine could manipulate a human and could win in this kind of a game. In case a machine can be programmed to act such as a human being and trick human beings that it is not a machine. This brings up the question could a machine cross off as a individual and have human being emotions if it's programmed to possess these emotions.

By using the "Turning Test" it shows us that computers can be designed to act just like a human. But for those to do anything on their own has not been proven. In the scientists which were using the "Turning Test" has resulted in this reason: "Computers certainly have extra intentionality imparted to them by programmers and users. But to truly have a mind your personal computer would have to have most important intentionality. How would we realize when a computer had major intentionality? A computer's end result would be intentional (in an initial sense) if the output were other-referential in a way that was not area of the program. Intentionality that was area of the program (the computer "discussing sports activities" because the programmer put "discuss sports" in to the program) would of course basically be supplementary intentionality -- the intentionality of the programmer imparted to the device. A "thinking" computer would have to talk about sports (or some other subject matter) that was not an integral part of its program. So most important intentionality would always not be an algorithm of the computer. But an result by the computer would that was not area of the computer's program wouldn't be computation. Computation is by definition bounded by an algorithm. Mental functions are not bound by an algorithm. In case a computer were to manifest acts which were not algorithmic, it might be (due to that) no more your personal computer. No amount or ingenuity of programming can enable your personal computer to think. Mental works are intrinsically non-computational. A mind transcends itself and refers to other. "(Egnor 1) In essence what this is wanting to say is the fact computers can not think. Thinking is not at all something that you can plug into your computer to do, so for your computer to function like a human being it might have to be in a position to think and use its creativity. Nonetheless it cannot because for this to do that it would need to be programmed in and then it could cancel out this is of thinking alone.

There are definitely two sides to this discussion if machines have a brain like a individual do in case a machine can think without being designed to do it. In my opinion I think that machines are just what they are; and they cannot think or have emotions like human beings do. For your computer to do anything it could have to be programmed by the person. Therefore the only way that a computer even would come near to be a individual would be for it to do something solemnly on its own. This would involve the machine to consider by itself without find out to do the action. So in effect a machine can be programmed to think such as a human being. However the machine cannot do this action with no a human get it done for the coffee lover, so in effect the machine cannot think alone.

In bottom line of this issue can machines have emotions, and think like humans can there are many test and theories that individuals have relating to this topic. You have the "Turning Test" that proves a computer can be taught to act just like a human but does not show that the computer can think on its own without the programmer. This fundamentally says a machine only can think if there is a individual behind the machine. By exhibiting both sides of the argument it shows that personal computers can be educated to do many things, but thinking is not at all something that may be taught to your personal computer.

WORDS: 1026

Work Cited:

Egnor, Michael. "Culture and Ethics Media" March 31, 2011. Web. 26 Feb 2012.

Fetzer, Adam. "SEHR. " July 23, 1995. Web. 26 Feb 2012.

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