Macbeth, is William Shakespeares shortest tragedy and one of is own masterpiece play written between 1603 and 1607. The play is about a Scottish basic and Thane of Glamis name Macbeth whose overriding ambition to be Ruler of Scotland, disregarding his conscience caused his downfall. Through the entire play Macbeth not only murders Ruler Duncan and usurps the throne, but also his friend Banquo and Mcduff's family mercilessly to secure his name. Macbeth understands his ideas to usurp the throne is hellish yet is constantly on the manifest them. He feels guilty and his moral conscience torments him till the end of the play which makes him even though unlikeable, a tragic hero who dies in the long run.
Macbeth (thane of Glamis) was uncertain of them coming true. But when Ross announces that the Ruler possessed honored him the subject Thane of Cawdor, he immediately considers of murdering King Duncan to be ruler of Scotland which is the following prophecy advised by the witches. Such bad thoughts have indeed dawned in him in the first take action itself demonstrating that the downfall of Macbeth, the has tragic hero lies not beyond control but "unleashed by one man's sinful moral choice" (Ribner 147). It was Macbeth himself who first considered murder to get the throne fast. He would somewhat not patiently hold out, and there was nobody else to be blamed but him, who considered killing as the way to accomplish his ambitions. Macbeth's deep desire to be ruler is further seen in Act one Scene four,
The prince of Cumberland! That is clearly a step
On which I must fall down, or else o'erleap,
For in my way it is placed. Stars, hide your fires;
Let not light see my black and deep wants.
The eyesight wink at the hands, yet let that be
Which the eye fears, when it is done, to see"(Shakespeare 861).
Through these lines, it is obvious that Macbeth still hangs on to the treacherous notion of murder of the rightful ruler of Scotland, and for that reason he himself is the motivator and originator for his wicked ideas. Ambitions can be positive or negative and in Macbeth's case it's was certainly negative. "The ambition of Macbeth contributes to consequences that he rightly sees as undesired, even wrong. Getting rid of the king is quite plainly a wrongful action" (Keller 53). Thus Macbeth was destroyed by the ideas "which he himself places in action" (Ribner 148).
Lady Macbeth was often accused of luring Macbeth to murder King Duncan and usurp throne of Scotland. She actually is symbolized as Eve luring the serpent who brought about her husband's downfall. "Lady Macbeth this is actually the appealing serpent and, of course, is also the deceive" (Coursen 376). Macbeth is equated to Adam in the Bible, who dropped from elegance to be condemned on earth for being tempted by Eve who was equated to Lady Macbeth as well. "Any talk of Adam's temptation or of Macbeth's must involve Eve-or Woman Macbeth-the component of womanly persuasion, the spur of which Macbeth to murder". (Coursen 379) However the blaming of Sweetheart Macbeth as the key reason of Macbeth's immoral decision making must be questioned. To a certain degree, Lady Macbeth do encourage her partner to murder King Duncan, but accusing her for his downfall is incorrect. It is because; in Act one arena "three itself the thought of murder had dawned" in Macbeth. It is only in Action one World five did Girl Macbeth, received a letter and the idea of murder arrived to her head.
"Under my battlements. Come, you spirits
That are inclined on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
And fill up me from the crown to the feet top-full
Of direst cruelty. Make dense my bloodstream.
Stop in the access and passage to remorse". ( Shakespeare 862).
Thus, making it clear that Macbeth was way ahead of Sweetheart Macbeth to plan the death of King Duncan. She then becomes a supporter for Macbeth to manifest his desires rather than the main reason behind his downfall.
According to the three witches, Banquo's decedents will ascend the throne of Scotland as kings. To secure his title, Macbeth then hatches a plot to eliminate Banquo and his son Fleance. However, he did not consolidate or says his wife about it even though he calls her "my dearest spouse of greatness". ( Shakespeare 861). Hence it is obvious, that Sweetheart Macbeth's part as his spouse in wicked deeds in the play ends when Ruler Duncan was murdered.
Be innocent of the data, dearest chuck,
Till thou applaud the deed.
Thou marvel'st at my words: but hold thee still.
Things bad started make strong themselves by ill.
So, prithee, select me". (Shakespeare 870).
Devilish deeds hereafter where done by Macbeth himself. This proves Macbeth himself was the principal reason for his downfall.
Macbeth, is well aware right from the start of the play till the very end that his activities and plans are immoral and wicked to the center. Even then he is constantly on the commit sin after sin to surpass his ambitions. Denying his good aspect, Macbeth allows the badness within him to take over his soul to become treacherous, murderous and becomes metaphorically the devil. "Like the Satan, Macbeth right from the start is aware of the bad he embraces, and like the Satan he can never renounce his free-willed moral choice once it's been made. It is thus appropriate that the power of evil in Macbeth be symbolized by Satan's own sin of ambition" (Ribner 149). As results of his treacherous action, his conscience dwells in guilt and for that reason he cannot sleep.
Still it cried, "Sleep no more!" to all the home.
"Glamis hath murdered sleep, and for that reason Cawdor
Shall sleep forget about. Macbeth shall rest no more"( Shakespeare 865).
Furthermore, Macbeth and his better half grew further apart and his noblemen began to despise him, which led him to earn the name tyrant. Thus, it is apparent that Macbeth's downfall is situated not outside of control, because he was the director of his wicked plots therefore was defeated in the end. He deliberately rejected god and "the law of characteristics" (Ribner 150). Macbeth is aware right and incorrect, sin and moral and what are treachery and faithfulness, yet he denies his knowledge to be able to attain his ambition to be the King of Scotland and his descendants as well. Good deeds will be blessed and bad deeds lead to consequence and Macbeth deserves downfall for his cruelty. " His voluntary selection of wicked moreover, closes the way of redemption to him, for in denying characteristics he slashes off the foundation of redemption, and he must result in total destruction and despair" (Ribner 150).
The three witches in the play Macbeth were also accused like Woman Macbeth as the reason for Macbeth's downfall. Witches are symbolic of evil. You will find foul and usually lead people astray with their dark magic and predictions On the other hand, Macbeth who knew these truths, chooses anyway to only have confidence in the three witches and their prophecies. All of the predictions they gave Macbeth on Action one World three did came true but with a hefty price in exchange which was his calmness. That didn't stop from him from seeking their prophecies again. It had been Macbeth who looks for their predictions knowing those to be wicked hags rather than the witches who came after him. In Act four World one, their predictions were,
Macbeth! Macbeth! Macbeth! Beware Macduff. Beware the thane of Fife.
Be violent, strong, and firm. Laugh at the power of other men, because no one born from a woman will ever damage Macbeth.
Be courageous like the lion and very pleased. Don't even fret about who hates you, who resents you, and who conspires against you. Macbeth won't be defeated until Birnam Solid wood marches to battle you at Dunsinane Hill" (Shakespeare 874).
"Fair is foul, and foul is good" (Shakespeare 858). Macbeth presumed every word they described and build over self confidence within him. Furthermore, the more cruel deeds he performed to conserve his title. For example, eradicating Macduff's family was not only merciless but a cowardly become well. Banquo acquired also received prophecies that his decedents will be ruler. However he was a lot more mindful and wiser than Macbeth then believing those witches.
But 'tis peculiar.
And oftentimes, to succeed us to our harm,
The tools of darkness reveal truths,
Win us with genuine trifles, to betray 's
In deepest consequence"( Shakespeare 860).
As Banquo doubted, the prophecies informed by the witches weren't what they seem. What is most severe, the witches tormented Macbeth so they could gain pleasure but Macbeth lost it all.
And, which is worse, all you need done
Hath been but for a wayward kid,
Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,
Loves for his own ends, not for you" (Shakespeare 873).
In the end, Macbeth brought about his own downfall believing in those wicked witches and overlooking his moral conscience. "He depends upon this promises, trusting the prophecy of the witches to the last, and therefore unknowingly causing his own damage and the restitution of natural order"( Ribner 152).
King Duncan trusted that Macbeth was very dedicated to him. He compensated not only the title Thane of Cawdor but also remained in Macbeth's abode to enjoy their victory resistant to the rebellions of the Kingdom. This deep trust was then employed by Macbeth against Duncan to accomplish his ambitions. Macbeth also is aware of that Duncan and his sons will be the rightful Kings for Scotland. Yet he chooses to murder Ruler Duncan who was simply in his place and without safeguard. This shows that Macbeth does not look after Scotland for as long he fulfills his dreams. His greed triumphs over his conscience and Macbeth kills the rightful ruler of Scotland.
He's here in double trust:
First, when i am his kinsman and his subject,
Strong both against the deed; then, as his variety,
Who should against his murderer shut the entranceway,
Not keep the knife myself. Besides, this Duncan
Hath borne his faculties so meek, hath been
So clear in his great office, that his virtues
Will plead like angels, trumpet-tongued, against
The profound damnation of his taking-off;
After Macbeth becomes king, the whole of Scotland was not in calmness. Macbeth could not heal his wife and lead to harmony in Scotland which proves that Macbeth is not the rightful king of Scotland. Next, Macbeth is aware of that the abuse for treachery would be execution. He understood that the prior Thane of Cawdor was carried out for nurturing rebellions against King Duncan. However Macbeth proceeds to murder Ruler Duncan, showing that he proceeded to go illegal of his country to gratify his greed and dreams. "Cawdor execution in the beginning scenes as failing of didactic-ism, both on the state and theatre scaffolds: the exemplary traitor's conversation does not instruct Macbeth to avoid treason but possibly offers him a model, a namesake even, for his own criminal desires"(Lemon 28). Frustrating greed "marshaled forces of his honest thinking" (Keller 47) and made Macbeth a huge loser in the end. Hence, caused his downfall by his own extreme greed to attain what he wished that was not rightfully his.
In conclusion, a lot of what contributes to Macbeth's downfall is placed not outside of control. His bad ambition and unethical behavior were the primary reasons for his beat and fatality. Blaming exclusively on feminine bad who will be the witches and Woman Macbeth for Macbeth's failing is undesirable. The witches were deceivers and Female Macbeth played a small part in promoting him in his bad deed throughout the play. Macbeth's killing of the ruler made him live and rule in fear, making him susceptible to more unethical thinking and plots. Therefore, Macbeth our tragic hero in this play accepts evil in the third landscape of the play. In the next work he commits the deed to which his choice of evil must undoubtedly lead him, and then for the final three functions, as he goes up higher in worldly electric power he sinks deeper and deeper into wicked, until by the end of the play he's utterly and lastly ruined" (Ribner 147).