Posted at 12.29.2018
Psychology is the science of brain. Its goal is to study human behavior and to understand reason behind particular behavior (Carlson and Buskit, 1997).
In this essay I am going to discuss behaviorism theory and psychoanalytic theory. Followed by their relation to Aspect and Nurture. It will also compare and contrast the theories and application of these theories to sociable work practice.
Behaviorism theory considers personality as something of learning. It can derive from many small occasions a child gets or by having a complex social tendencies (Hayes, 1994).
Thordike studied the relationship between response and end result. Response that bought satisfaction was repeated to attain same outcome this was called "the law of impact" (Carlson and Buskist, 1997). Watson found child's brain as a blank state which had little or nothing onto it, but child along with his own activities write on it and make one's personality (Hayes, 1994).
Skinner didn't have confidence in any internal personal. He saw understanding how to occur through law of result and looked at personality as a product of the behavioral reaction to environmental stimuli (Hayes, 1994).
According to Freud personality comprises of id, the ego and the superego. At beginning child has some personality. It's the unconscious part of personality termed the identification. The ego is the part of personality that grows due to get hold of with simple fact and the super ego can be an individual's moral code of right and wrong (Corey, 2009).
Freud also presumed that libido is a determinant of personality. Every individual undergoes six stages of psychosexual learning at early on childhood that are dental, anal, phallic, and genital and latency stage (Carlson and Buskist, 1997).
Nature versus Nurture controversy has been debated in psychology for very long time. As per character factors such as genes, brain effect a person's personality whereas nuture is the influence of population, learning culture on the introduction of personality (Hayes, 1994).
The Behaviorism theory views personality because of this of a person's replies to which if bought satisfaction was repeated. Personality is generally molded by nurture, providing accurate environment to a kid and young adult. Watson and BF skinner looked at internal home as blank, the type from the surroundings and end result from an individual's response was what formed personality. The learning in a child's life happens through the law effect given by Thordike (Hayes, 1994).
Nature performs no role in the shaping of personality according to behaviorism theories. Personality is a by-product of activities repeated to get desired result which becomes patterns. Pavlov conducted experiment on dog salivating for food proven that once he learns he increases the ability to realize stimuli, he also then figure out how to make appropriate response quickly (Carlson and Buskit, 1997). Behaviorism is all based on learning through environment and not through inheritance.
The psychoanalytic theory emphasis more on nurture than dynamics. The three the different parts of adult personality the id, the ego and the excellent ego are based on individuals experience with the entire world. A child exists with an id which is the unconscious part of personality. Even though the identification as described by Freud is the pleasure theory where every need should be satisfied immediately (Hayes, 1994). But I really believe it to be influenced naturally somewhat. At labor and birth our genes are likely involved inside our primitive personality which then with real life experience is determined with the ego and the superego which is dependant on nurture. The six level of development given by Freud that condition a child's personality derive from child's encounters and traumas as the determinants of an individual's personality.
Behaviorism theory was suggested by JB Watson in 1913. Watson argued that because it is impossible to review mind, observation of patterns verbal or specific would produce objective theory of mindset (Hayes, 1994).
Personality is results of stimuli and respond to it. BF Skinner used the same theory and he noticed behavior comprised of actions that bought positive repercussions. (Nye, 1979).
Psychoanalytic theory was proposed by Sigmund Freud who established this theory on the id, the ego and the superego as talked about previously. He also gave six periods that develop in early childhood.
Behaviorism theory and Psychoanalytic theory both view personality as a product of individual's encounters. These ideas deny the impact of nature on personality
Behaviorist Watson explained child's brain as a blank express which was written on by its experience. The three term contingency by Skinner is the relationship between event, response and advantageous consequence. Learning occurs through incentive and abuse (Carlson and Buskist, 1997). It occurs in mindful mind-set.
Psychological functioning usually happens in unconscious mind-set. As per Freud mindful part of head was limited and large part of head was unconscious talk about, a lot like an snow berg where bigger part is below drinking water and is unaware like unconscious mind (Corey, 2009).
Behaviorism theory disregards idea of unconscious mind-set while psychoanalytic theory considers unconscious mind-set as a determinant of habit.
Social work is an occupation with its own knowledge bottom part and sensible skills. Social staff practice to reduce the effect of inequalities, injustice on a person or society. To take action they need to have unique knowledge of individuals own thoughts, feelings, behavior, connections with others and modern culture (Alston and Mckinnon, 2001).
Theories of mindset provide knowledge related to human development, personality, family system, socialization, and organizational functioning. Understanding people in framework to their environment and assessing them is an important part of sociable work practice and is challenging (Alston and Mckinnon, 2001).
Theories provide social staff with knowledge platform to comprehend individuals and their environment.
In communal work practice behaviorism theory talks about the three contingency. In sociable work practice behaviorism theory is used to understand problematic means of behaving. It is employed to identify the cause of particular behavior and also to guide family the use of reinforcement of good behavior and use of abuse to eliminate bad behavior.
Psychoanalytic theory targets behavior resulting from unconscious mind-set. Through this theory sociable worker can understand an individual's thoughts and feeling leading to particular patterns and help them to remove that behavior. It offers more focus on client's thoughts and feelings alternatively than its environment.
Social work practice in mental health is to restore on individuals health in its family and world. Its goal is to market clients control in their own lives. Individuals battling mental health problems are struggling with concern such as disease, personality discord vulnerability, family functioning, substance abuse and external factors (Alston and Mckinnon, 2001).
As discussed previously behaviorism theory boasts that actions that induce positive reinforcement are sustained and become behavior of an individual. When it comes to interpersonal work practice relevant to mental health issues, behaviorism theory allows social worker to understand clients showing hazardous behaviors. It allows social work to understand the cause and initiate an alteration in such habit. The target is to increase clients proposal is positive activities. Techniques such as role performing. Behavioral modification, home monitoring can be used. (Herkov, 2012).
According to psychoanalytic theory every specific personality is shaped according to the experience and traumas they face in six levels of development during early childhood. In relation to mental health public workers can apply this theory to set-up self awareness in clients and to make sure they are understand the effect of their bothersome past on the present.
Research has shown that mental stress is in bulk of folks who faces emotional invasions such as sexual or emotional mistreatment at time when they are prone (Tew, 2005).
Freud psychoanalytic theory provides foundation knowledge to comprehend relation between unconscious brain and activities on personality. Examining the clients unresolved conflicts and symbols that happen from earlier dysfunctional relationships sociable workers can initiate self recognition in the clients.
Many psychological ideas make clear the personality formation. Most theories think that nurture shapes a person's personality alternatively than characteristics, which few psychologists believe. Character versus nurture aspect is a controversial equation in psychology.
Psychologist like JB Watson BF Skinner proposed and discussed behaviorism theory, discard the country of unconscious mind. Regulations of effect suggested by Thordike is the foundation of the theory which was then in future analyzed with regards to the word the three contingency, where replies to consequence from parents, teachers, and contemporary society determined if it was repeated again and be behavior.
The psychoanalytic theory whose founder Sigmund Freud consider habit as by-product of unconscious mind-set and experience through the six phases of development in early on years as a child. He also suggested the role of the id, the ego and the superego in personality.
Social personnel practice in a number of settings and deal with clients of all age range gender, race, disabilities and inequalities. Psychological theories provide a base to understand personalities and tendencies in relation to dynamics and nurture. They offer a unique guidance to understand client's relation with his inner home with others.