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Literature Works Of Chinua Achebes English Literature Essay

The literary works of Chinua Achebe quite simply revolve around issues touching directly or indirectly on cultural traditions, ramifications of colonization and inside issues existing among modern day Africans. The blend of the and other related elements makes it virtually impossible for a given audience to have a good knowledge of such elements. It is from this domains that Chinua Achebe attempts to innovatively incorporate elements derived from the Igbo world in his writings to be able to enable his followers get a specific image of the topic content. Within the analysis of Chinua's literary works, this paper shall explore various issues defining his writing style, common designs in his writings, and possible factors influencing his writings.


Analyzing Chinua Achebe's Literature Works

The objective of this research newspaper is to investigate the many literary works of Chinua Achebe and fully investigate the topics, writing styles and possible factors influencing his capability as a person to write quality arts of books. The research newspaper shall get started with a brief description of Chinua Achebe and point out a few of his works in the wide-ranging field of African and British literature.

Chinualumogu Albert Achebe is a renowned Nigerian-born African writer, usually regarded as the patriarch of Afro-English books. He was created in 1930 in Ogidi, Nigeria and brought up by Christian parents. Presently, Chinua Achebe is a training Christian who have distanced himself from the neighborhood customs and culture of his people. Despite his Western education and job as a literature professor in the United States, Chinua Achebe still respects the Igbo culture and does not in any way despise it. This in itself is a sharp contradiction of most African scholars who adopt modern European culture at the expense of their customs. Over time, Chinua Achebe has worked as a novelist, poet, essayist, editor and manufacturer (Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation), literature professor (in america and Nigeria), politics activist and writer of many literary works. His writings are greatly popular throughout the world and also have been used in teaching books in establishments of higher learning and extra schools inmost elements of the entire world (Lyons, 1998).

Some of his major literary works include books (Things fall Apart- 1958, No more at Ease - 1960, Man of the People- 1966, etc), brief stories (the Sacrificial Egg and other tales - 1962, Females at War and other tales - 1972, etc). Chinua Achebe is also known for his top selling poetry works (Beware, Heart and soul Brother and other poems - 1971), essays (the Trouble with Nigeria- 1983, Morning yet on Creation Day- 1975, etc). In around the prospective audience of these listed works comprise of scholars and men and women, Chinua Achebe is also among the pioneer creators' of children books. Common types of his juvenilia works include Chike and the River - 1966, The Drum - 1977 plus the Flute - 1979 (Lyons, 1998).

The Major Topics of Chinua's literarily works

The report lines in the majority of his novels revolve around Nigeria's colonial period and politics unrests in the post-independence country. Generally in most situations, Chinua Achebe uses his ingenuity to clearly bring out the intended meaning of his writings, by illustrating the influences of Western european culture and imperialism on African customs. This process is the defining characteristic of his debut novel, Things BREAK APART. However, Achebe's novels touch on an array of themes for occasion the information and illustration of the Nigerian Igbo culture, ramifications of colonization on African traditions, the human relationships between femininity and masculinity, etc.

The Theme of Culture and Tradition

In most of his literary works, Chinua Achebe makes several endeavors to demonstrate the interactions of African culture, in cases like this the Nigerian Igbo and modernity as an effect of British isles colonization of Nigeria. In his first book, Things Fall Apart, the advantages of Religious culture in Umuofia community because of this of the entrance of Western missionaries is met by sharp resistance and opposition by the locals who make an effort to protect their local traditions no matter what (Emenyonu, 1991). In Things Fall Apart, the newly created roles of the Region Commissioner and magistrate courts are interpreted by the locals as a way of locking them out in major decision making techniques of issues directly affecting the city. This in place acts as a springboard for his or her opposition to Western invasion (Emenyonu, 1991). The disturbance of local customs by Western european culture is further depicted in the novel, Anthills of the Savannah by the character, Sam Okoli, a typical example of a Western educated individual who despises his native traditions. This makes it difficult for him to effectively play the role allocated to him by the writer, i. e. the president of Kangan (Gera, 2001).

The Theme of Gender (Femininity and Masculinity)

The manner in which Chinua Achebe assigns roles to heroes in his novels and other writings places into consideration the average person roles of men and women, in regards to the norms and prospects of the society. Tracing his roots back to the patriarchal Igbo community where important family decisions are made by the paterfamilias, Chinua attempts to include these societal elements in his writings. Considering it from the traditional perspective, Igbo men were polygamous in mother nature and were permitted to beat up their wives in case of any local misunderstanding (Mezu, 2006). That is probably why he depicts Okonkwo in Things Fall Apart as a man with three wives, and with a chauvinistic attitude that his masculinity allegedly overshadows anything womanly around him (Achebe, 1994).

On the other hand, he portrays ladies in his writings as cowards and submissive wives, prohibited to take part in either traditional or modern management roles. To minimize the probability of being top quality as a sexist chauvinistic writer, Chinua Achebe at one point attempts to understand the role played by ladies in the society. This is seen in Section fourteen of Things Fall Apart in the characterization of Ani and succeeding conversations of Nneka, translated to suggest, the supreme mom. In addition, arguments may be placed across that the issues and tribulations confronted by Okonkwo may be attributed to his frame of mind toward women through regular mistreatment and offenses made resistant to the womanly gender (Thomson, 2008).

In his other novel, Anthills of the Savannah, Chinua Achebe treats women with admiration as seen when he portrays Beatrice as an unbiased city woman struggling for her id and position in the society. She is presented as a principled iron sweetheart with both female and masculine identity traits and does not rely on men for survival and security in relationship (Bicknell, 1996).

Research Methodology

In carrying out this research, various works carried out by critics of Chinua Achebe's literary works were explored. Included in these are peer review publications and other scholarly resources. To be able to ensure exactness and consistency, some of his books such as Things Fall Apart, No Longer relaxed and Arrow of God were examined meticulously and used at various levels during the analysis. It will however be noted that the methodology followed in growing this research newspaper exempted a few of his works, especially those touching on children reviews and associated juvenilias.

Factors influencing Chinua Achebe's writings

Just like any other writer, Chinua Achebe's quality of writing has been positively affected by several factors. To begin with, he generally quotes, paraphrases and/or translates Igbo proverbs, idiomatic expressions, and associated folklore to spell it out Christian dogmas and European political ideologies. This imagination and innovativeness on his part helps it be possible for his target audience (especially that derived from contemporary Africa) to identify with, and understand the context of his work. Furthermore, Chinua's understanding of African traditions, record, politics and the society at large allows for him to compare European and African cultures before presenting insightful and well thought out novels on the same.

The Igbo extensively believe that at any moment, no man or solo idea can be thought to be the gospel fact. They have confidence in accepting corrections and learning from previous mistakes and experiences of 1 another. This frame of mind of the Igbo is partly in charge of his characteristics of writing in that he neither portrays fatalistic inevitability nor moral absolutes. This conception is illustrated in the novel Anthills of the Savannah, when Ikem, one of its individuals accepts the actual fact that everyone has to accommodate ideas of other people to be able to are in tranquility (Mezu, 2006)

Arguments may also be put across that the sort of education received by Chinua Achebe from early on childhood to graduation is partially accountable for sharpening his writing skills (enotes. com, 2010). At a sensitive get older, Chinua the Church Mission Society Institution before signing up for Umuahia's government school for even more studies. Then joined up with the Ibadan College or university College or university, a constituent college or university of the School of London where he majored in English books. This educational backdrop makes it possible for Chinua Achebe to contribute in arguments coming in contact with directly on Religious doctrines, local politics and Western european affairs. His knowledge of both African and Western cultural customs makes him better placed to critically analyze a broad spectral range of issues revolving around race, religious beliefs, colonialism, academics and practices. This has the typical effect of minimizing biasness, prejudice and set mindsets in most of his writings. His works of books therefore discusses various issues using diverse cultural techniques, making them satisfactory to various people throughout the world.

In some way, Chinua Achebe's frame of mind towards universality of real human nature and productive participation in Nigerian politics (at one time dished up as the vice leader of People's Redemption Get together in the early 1980's) also inspired his writings, making them to extend beyond the Nigerian edges and also beyond the political, sociological and anthropological concerns of the post-independence Africa. He also endeavors to invert the existing stereotypes and mindsets kept by most westerners. Recently, most European literature work and narratives e. g. those constructed by Doris Lessing and Alan Paton presented Africa as continent faced by droughts, famine and regular turmoil. It is from this domain name that Chinua's work unearths the misconceptions and misrepresentations of Africa (Lyons, 1998).

Achebe's writing Style

In his novels and short reports, Chinua Achebe comes with various elements of oral literature at different levels in order to make his works interesting and appealing to the readers. Being a Nigerian Igbo by labor and birth, he intertwines the oral traditions, folk stories and related narratives of his cultural community into the majority of his books. An instance example is the addition of the folk story- the Sky and the Earth in his 1958 book Things Fall Apart. Other than making the story line appealing, dental traditions in cases like this help in which makes it easier for his market to understand and/or interpret various themes or templates of his novels/books. By way of example, the narrative on the Sky and the Earth is used by the author to stress on the theme relating various areas of masculinity and femininity. This is seen when Nwoye, one of the personas in Things BREAK APART brands such tales as women testimonies to you shouldn't be associated with femininity. This is despite the fact that he does like the narratives but only fears the wrath of his daddy (Ezenwa, 1997).

Other than folk tales and dental narratives, Chinua Achebe widely uses proverbs, idioms and similes produced from the Igbo cultural community in order to allow his audience and readers to make acoustics judgment of the city. That is portrayed in his literature, especially the Arrow of God and Things BREAK APART, where Nwaka and Obierika are respectively thought to be great orators of their own time (Egejuru, 1996).

In addition, use of folk tunes and traditional dance is a common characteristic of his writing style. Inside the novel, NO MORE relaxed - 1960, women are at one point heard singing the Igbo's Tune of the Center for Obi. In Things Fall Apart, a comparison of music sung by the Igbo and Religious missionaries discloses a sharp comparison between your two (Achebe, 1994, pp 135 & 146). In summary, comprehensive use of dental practices in his works is supposed for emphasizing on the morals and relevance of social traditions to the present day society.

Chinua Achebe's other main writing style is depicted by his mastery and comprehensive use of British books. His choice to make use of the English terms in his works is alone ironic based on the fact that he was an opposition of the colonization process and any elements of neo-colonization. In order to reach most people over the multi- cultural Nigeria and other areas of the world, he had to use English, which by then was thought to be the post-independence Nigeria's national words. His mastery of the British language made it easier for Chinua Achebe to improve the English syntax, idiom and use, giving it a completely new African approach to help him in translating and accommodating African ideas with no English equivalents (Ogbaa, 1999).


In almost all of his writings, Chinua Achebe uses various books tools such as symbolism, imagery, metaphors, language mastery and customs of the Igbo visitors to illustrate real life situations of the normal Africans, and possible factors in charge of the erosion of African history. The grade of his writings and demonstration of well-planned ideas has managed to get problematic for most visitors to criticize his books, short tales and poetry. This may also be related to the fact that a lot of critics drawn from outside Africa don't have a clear understanding of the African culture, making their criticism limited to the topics and writing varieties of Chinua Achebe's literary works.

For anybody interested in seeking his/her studies or career in the type of African or British books, close studies and examination of Chinua Achebe's wide range of literary works may be used in laying a solid groundwork in one's understanding of books tools such as symbolism, imagery, oral narratives, poetry, article writing, etc. If his works are properly utilised, it could be used in growing one's horizon both professionally and academically, stretching beyond the curriculums educated in academic institutions and organizations of higher learning. It is also from this area that almost all of Chinua Achebe's literally works have been contained into university literature curriculums in most parts of the earth.

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