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Literature Review On Jit And Low fat Production

To keep the very least level of inventory is named Just in time inventory system. Goods are available whenever we want to work with the products or when we want dispatch the products.

Just in time is a philosophy of management. Just in time also means that the goods are based on the mind of customer in respect of quality, design, features, volume etc.

JIT also signify t minimize the throw away of the creation. When we minimize the misuse our cost of development will reduced and return increase.

History of Just with time inventory system:

Just with time system of inventory introduced by Japan since 1971 in the manufacturing industries. Taiichi Ohno firstly successfully applied Just in time in Toyota vegetation.

Elements of JIT:

Following will be the some important elements of Just in time inventory system.

Reduce installation times

Reduce great deal sizes

Reduce lead time

Preventive maintenance

Small great deal conveyance

i) Reduce installation times:

The first aspect of JIT is to reduce the set up time. It can be achieve by changing the process, excellent planning and changing the look of the products.

Here we code an example of car racing where all the process are manage excellently, process are good designed and employees are modified four tire and engine unit oil just in short while where we just change only one tire. It is an excellent exemplory case of reduce installation time.

ii) Reduce lot sizes:

When you reduce your setup time then your creation in small units is economical. You need to develop a strong romantic relationship with your suppliers that they offer the products in small plenty frequently.

Reduce business lead time:

Another factor of JIT is to lessen the lead time of the inventory system. It could be achieve by expanding a better romantic relationship with your suppliers that they provide the products when you required and should maintain small variety. We select the closer supplier of the factory which can reduce the lead time.

Preventive maintenance:

Another factor of JIT is to preventive maintenance. We are able to achieve by using the best equipment and workers face to face that they can prevent the breakdowns.

You always produce the "A quality products by using the preventive measures because when some one do something incorrect stop him/her at the location which can help you to produced better quality products.

When you utilize preventive action you can reduce the expense of production by minimizing the waste products and improve the profit of the business.

v) Small whole lot conveyance:

For the implementation of JIT we required the KANBAN system even though KANBAN system will not required the JIT. So another element of JIT is to small great deal conveyance.

A cross functional diversity:

Before we discuses the cross function variety first we explain what diversity is?

Diversity:

The difference and similarities between your employees, companions, customer, stakeholders and other person of the organization which may have different culture, dialect, nature is named variety. If we control the variety of the non-public of a business it will be very good for the organization.

Cross Functional Variety:

It means there will vary function in the business that have some typically common and some different features. It means there is certainly diversity of functions in the organization. If we manage this diversity we will achieve our goals easily.

Sometime we develop the mix functional teams to take care of the combination function diversity. This team consist a large volume of member from different department and having different talents and skills. They work together to mange the cross function diversity of the organization.

This cross functional team has capacity to handle the variety of the functions of the organization. The success of a mix function team will will depend on upon the composition of the foundations.

Following are the list that the actual come first in this process is?

To build the normal goal and reason for the cross practical team.

For the handle of discord of the combination efficient team we establish the procedures of conflict quality.

Provided the structure of power that each person in the got to know his or her role in the team and the first choice of the team must perform work more than his her capacity.

Provided a composition to accountable the take action of every member of the team. If the result of the team are bad because of someone mistake see your face are individually take into account his or her mistake.

The skills of the team members must be developed in the working of taking care of the cross efficient diversity.

A cross Market sectors diversity:

Before we discuses the cross Industries diversity first we describe what diversity is?

Diversity:

The difference and similarities between your employees, partners, customer, stakeholders and other person of the organization which have different culture, dialect, nature is called diversity. If we take care of the diversity of the personal of a business it'll be very good for the organization.

Cross Industries variety:

It means the group of different people who've different expertise owned by different business of the country.

Sometime we develop the mix functional teams to handle the cross business diversity. This team consist a large volume of member from different industries and having different capabilities and knowledge. They work together to mange the cross industry diversity of the united states.

This cross functional team has power to handle the variety of the industries of the country. The success of a mix function team will is dependent upon the structure of the foundations.

Following will be the list that the actual come first in this technique is?

To build the normal goal and purpose of the cross efficient team.

For the fix of discord of the mix useful team we create the procedures of conflict image resolution.

Provided the structure of power that each person in the got to know his / her role in the team and the first choice of the team must perform take action more than his her capacity.

Provided a structure to accountable the function of every member of the team. If the consequence of the team are bad because of someone fault see your face are individually take into account his or her mistake.

The skills of the associates must be developed in the working of taking care of the cross industries diversity.

A cross Countries diversity:

Before we discuses the mix countries diversity first we describe what diversity is?

Diversity:

The difference and similarities between the employees, companions, customer, stakeholders and other person of the business which may have different culture, language, nature is called variety. If we manage the variety of the non-public of an organization it will be very beneficial for the organization.

Cross countries diversity:

It means the band of different people who've different expertise owned by different countries of the world.

Sometime we develop the combination functional teams to handle the combination countries diversity. This team are made up a large amount of member from different business and having different talents and knowledge. They interact to mange the cross-country diversity of the world.

This cross practical team has power to handle the diversity of the countries of the world. The success of a mix function team will depends upon the composition of the foundations.

Following will be the list that what the come first in this process is?

To build the normal goal and purpose of the cross useful team.

For the resolve of discord of the mix useful team we set up the procedures of conflict resolution.

Provided the composition of power that every person in the got to know his or her role in the team and the leader of the team must perform work more than his her capacity.

Provided a structure to accountable the take action of every person in the team. If the result of the team are bad because of someone blunder that person are individually account for his or her mistake.

The skills of the team participants must be developed in the working of managing the combination countries diversity.

Pre-requisition of JIT:

Following are the pre-requisition of JIT:

The first requirement of implementation of JIT viewpoint that every office should have common goal. This goal backed the most notable management of the business for the allocation of the resources to developing the JIT system of inventory.

The second requirement of the execution of JIT inventory system is that the realistic finance is offered by first stages of implementation of JIT system. JIT system required reasomable fund for the execution.

Management needs to come with grips through the early transition phase of employing JIT. The prospect must be faced of some development loss and changes to management methods and operation insurance policies while existing businesses and making problems are being concurrently solved. Just-in-Time will demand every division in a business to contribute to the overall success of the machine and patience is required as email address details are not instantaneous. In the long run, the rewards are worthwhile the initial setbacks.

Trust and commitment between the supplier and the customer is crucial, which is necessary to keep these commitments as this is to ensure that customer's self-assurance in a supplier's capability to meet development schedules.

It is impossible to establish a new JIT system you can use successfully without modification. Since each production process is different. It is up to the individual company to look for the degree of appropriateness and the ultimate request of JIT. However, it is vital to define the program and objectives before setting up a JIT production system.

Two circumstance studies in which JIT was introduce:

Following are the two cases where the idea of JIT was integrated.

Case research # 01:

This case study is about the FORD KA company. It really is a car creation company. The company wants to improve in its past product. It really is a real exemplory case of execution of the JIT management philosophy.

The companys production focus on is 1100 vehicles each day and the business completes this with in eight weeks but fiesta required the fifteen weeks to complete the mark. The major reason of the wait was the high assembling time and material handling. The company was purchase the raw materials from various suppliers, first of all it filled in the pickup trucks than come to the support it very high-risk process because there is whole lot of chances to damage the materials, misplace etc.

By the execution of the JIT viewpoint, the grade of the product increased, minimized the lead time, quick response the demand of the client especially inventory level reduced, high space is available, handling and storage cost minimized with high rate.

The company is known linked with the 50 suppliers who provide you with the heavy raw materials like fuel fish tank and seating. When the business applied the Father (direct automate delivery) the merchandise are shipped when it actually required. By the implementation of DAD the components are assemble with in few time.

Following was the situation before the implementation of JIT viewpoint.

There is 15 days and nights necessary to complete the task.

There is 3000 parts are required for the assembling for each car.

There is small outsourcing the procedure of the company.

Trucks are used for the delivery of raw materials from suppliers.

For the continually development company produced a whole lot of goods which increased the inventory level.

The the majority of the components are ruined during loading and handling.

The company incurs the $6 million on the development of the merchandise.

Overall automation is around about 80%.

Due to the incorrect placement of seating and battery pack people are hurt.

The profits are not up to the mark.

Case study # 02:

The second case study is about the Ambrake Firm. Two world leaders in the look and production of motor vehicle brake components, Akebono Brake Industry Co. , Ltd. of Japan and Delphi Automotive, developed a unique partnership and founded Ambrake Company to produce technologically advanced, high-quality accuracy brakes. Ambrake is a success, reaping tremendous rewards from its useful operations. They have looked after its position as a significant power in the brake industry.

According to Tag Mahoney, Ambrake president, the three elements involved with JIT development are "hardware, " "software, " and "Human ware. " The hardware factor includes the physical areas of the herb, including equipment design and cellular manufacturing.

The software targets product control and systems, including materials and information flow, draw systems, quick changeover, built-in quality, and workplace organization. Real human ware, however, is the fundamental element which makes the organization performs it will.

Four Pillars of JIT Individuals ware:

Several components are essential to shape the human factor in an corporation so that JIT is a successful production philosophy. Generally, the Individuals ware technology of JIT consists of four components: (1) education and training curriculum, (2) development of a cooperative environment, (3) rewards and incentives program, and (4) open up communication and employee involvement.

The company owes a lot of its success to the relationship between JIT and human resources. Since Ambrake's making philosophy is consistent with the Just-in-Time philosophy, most segments of its procedure match the ideas adjoining JIT.

7. Suggest various advantages that within above case studies:

Following will be the set of advantages that are found in above two case studies.

Case review # 01:

Following will be the advantages that are located in case research number one on the FORD KA company.

1- After implementation of JIT the duty that was completed in 15 weeks should be cover in eight weeks.

2- The company assembles only circular about 1200 parts. Remaining parts are set up by the supplier.

3- The parts that happen to be required the outsourced, will be outsourced.

4- Auto delivery system are reduced the travel cost of the business.

5- There may be very brief inventory of stock.

6- The damaged units are reduced scheduled to computerized delivery system.

7- The business saving the $6 million in a time.

8- Still 80% automation will there be.

9- Car seats and power are fixed at right place by using automatic machines.

10- The earnings of the organization has been increased.

Case analysis # 02:

Following are the advantages that are located in case research number 1 on the AMBRAKE Company.

JIT emphasizes superior organizational worth and philosophies, long-term proper goals, a two-way communication system, co-operation, harmonious relationships, useful structures, strong commitment and devotion to the organization on the part of its members, and a consultative decision-making process.

It is important to highlight that the success of JIT is not the consequence of ethnical, structural, or environmental factors, but instead success is due to planned management actions. It is the discipline, understanding, determination, confidence, and continuous striving for improvement that make JIT successful. Many of these qualities, that ought to be evident in every staff, can be engendered by proper human being learning resource management.

The company constantly produces the Ambrake development system (APS), which is modeled on the Toyota system. APS is the generating force in creation, which is how Ambrake defines work practice in the flower. Implementation of APS is a never-ending process: THE BUSINESS is "always looking for new ideas and special talents to keep competitiveness" APS is designed to promote kaizen, the practice of ongoing improvement. Kaizen helps to eliminate misuse and, therefore, makes jobs easier and safer through the elimination of whatever hinders work. The corporation's aim, using truly productive work solutions to produce zero defects, is in doing so achieved.

In synopsis, Ambrake's manufacturing philosophy is dependant on three goals: overall flexibility, teamwork, and constant improvement. By carrying out a participative management style predicated on mutual admiration, fairness, and trust, Ambrake can achieve these goals and create a "open" atmosphere which makes Ambrake associates want to contribute. They help provide the drive for everybody to work together to achieve a common goal of excellence.

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