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Leitmotif Was A Musical Idea Film Studies Essay

Romantic music is a term describing a method of traditional music that started out in the late 18th century or early on 19th century. Charming music as a motion came from the formats, genres and musical ideas created in the earlier period, like the classical period. Although it gone further in the name of appearance and merging of different art work forms with music. Romanticism will not always make reference to loving love, although that theme was prevalent in many works made up during this time period. Romanticism parts are thought as more ardent and expressive. 1 The extension of form within a typical structure, and the growing quirkiness and expressiveness of new composes from the new century; it became easier to identify an artist based on his work or style.

Romantic music attempted to increase emotional manifestation and power to summarize deeper truths or real human thoughts, whilst still trying to protect the formal structures from the classical period.


A Leitmotif is a musical term which means a brief and constantly recurring musical phrase. It is associated with a particular person, place or idea. The term itself originates from the German word Leitmotiv, indicating leading motif or guiding motif. A motif is a short musical idea - melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic and a substantial recurring amount that has some special importance for the characteristics of your composition. Though it is usually a short melody, it's rather a chord progression or even a simple tempo. Leitmotifs can help bind a work together into a whole, and enable the composer to connect a tale without the use of words.

The ability of the approach was used early on in the nineteenth century by composers of the Romantic Period. 1 Continuing styles or ideas were sometimes used in association with specific personas.

Romantic music used Leitmotif to help narrate, individuals were aware of the musical code and the organizations with personas and situations which allowed directors to determine and complete plot ideas through audio. 2

Example of composers/famous bits who used Leitmotif

Richard Wagner is the earliest composer that can be from the idea of Leitmotif. His circuit of four operas, entitled "Der Band des Nibelungen", uses dozens of Leitmotifs, often related to specific personas, things, or situations. Wagner raised the issue of how music could unite different elements of the plot of the music crisis in his Opera; the Leitmotif strategy corresponds to the ideal. Wagner used Leitmotifs for his or her role in musical form and emotional effect.

Richard Georg Strauss, delivered on the 11th of June 1864 and passed on on the 8th of September 1949 was a leading German composer of the late Intimate and early modern eras. Strauss used Leitmotifs in a lot of his operas and several of his symphonic poems to set-up mood and emotion in his music. Arnold Schoenberg, who was simply blessed on the 13th Sept 1874 and passed away on the 13th of July 1951 was an Austrian composer and painter, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art. He used a complex set of Leitmotifs in his choral work, Gurre-Lieder which was completed 1911.

Modern composer John Williams was inspired by music of the Romantic Period and made use of "Leitmotif" in his film scores

John Williams

John Towner Williams was born in Long Island, USA, on the 8th of February 1932 into a musical family. In 1948, Williams' family relocated to LA, where he examined music at the University or college of California. Pursuing his nationwide service in the air power John Williams visited the Julliard Institution in New York, where he studied piano. He also proved helpful as a jazz pianist in clubs and on recordings.

In 1956, John Williams was employed by Twentieth Century Fox as a pianist in their studio orchestra, and he was also soon writing the music for some Television shows including - Lost in Space, Wagon Train and Land of the Giants. 4 On the studio Williams worked with great movie composers like Bernard Herrmann and Alfred Newman. In 1967, John Williams made the A set of movie composers when he wrote the Oscar-nominated credit score for The Valley of the Dolls.

John Williams has obtained nearly 90 motion pictures and has been Oscar nominated over forty times. John Williams' designs for Legend Wars, Indiana Jones, Superman, and ET have great charm for the general public and his movie rating albums are top retailers. Williams has also written compositions for the Olympic ceremonies which catch the true spirit of the game. John Williams was the conductor and musical director of the famous Boston Pops Orchestra, where he's still a guest conductor. Aswell as movie results, John Williams has written concert bits for such greats as Yo-Yo Ma and has conducted concerts all around the globe. On December the 5th 2004 John Williams was one of the 2004 honourees at the Kennedy centre in Washington, D. C.

The use of Leitmotif

In John Williams movies he uses a lot of music related to Wagner, such as diatonic scales for hero styles, chromatic scales for things or negative elements, excellent sounds for positive elements. John Williams is becoming of the very most successful scoring composers and one of the most respected. His procedure is very immediate and strong, and no one in the theater will neglect to recognize any link between the styles and the personas associated with them. He has a great capacity to reach the audience just like a traditional composer.

Jaws - Jaws can be an American horror and thriller film aimed by Steven Spielberg in 1975. Inside the story, a huge man eating great white shark problems beachgoers on Amity Island, prompting the neighborhood police chief to hunt it down. The main "shark" theme, is a simple alternating pattern of two notes, variously determined as "E and F or F and F sharp which became a vintage piece of suspense music, synonymous with approaching danger. John Williams uses Leitmotif in this film for the shark. Each and every time the shark will show up the same pattern is played that may be identified by the audience.

Indiana Jones - Dr. Henry "Indiana" Jones, Jr. is a imaginary professor, archaeologist, and adventurer. Indiana Jones is noted for his trademark bullwhip, his fedora head wear, and his great fear of snakes. Indiana Jones is also the overall name given to the series as a whole, which includes four movies, a Television series, novels, comics, video games, and other multimedia. In such a movie Williams used Leitmotif for the character Indiana Jones. For this Williams used a diatonic level for a hero-theme whenever Indiana was going to take action heroic and by the end of the film.

Star Wars

The music of Star Wars involves the ratings written for everyone six Celebrity Wars motion pictures by composer John Williams. Williams ratings for the dual trilogy are amidst the most common and popular efforts to modern film music. The scores utilize a diverse variety of musical styles, many culled from the Later Romantic Period of Richard Strauss.

The Main theme of legend wars is easily the most recognizable melody and is also often associated with Luke Skywalker, linking with heroism and trip. It is heard over the start of all the movies and forms the foundation of the finish title as well.

The Rebel Fanfare is a brief Leitmotif used extensively throughout all the episodes to represent the rebel alliance. The theme is created out of brassy major block chords that progress in parallel action through intervals of any third. This results in a non-diatonic audio. 8

The drive theme is a favorite example of a Leitmotif. Out out of all the Leitmotifs in the series this theme is most regularly developed and therefore most difficult to attach a specific interpretation. This theme can represent Obi-Wan Kenobi, the Jedi and the Drive that they bring their ability.

Princess Leia's theme is heard form occurrence III and onwards. It really is a Leitmotif that symbolizes a romanticized, somewhat naive idea of the princess and can also show that she actually is vulnerable.

The imperial Leitmotif (not the imperial march) signifies the Empire and Darth Vader in Event IV. The Leitmotif is militaristic and is normally played out by bassoons or muted trombones. 8

The Death Superstar Leitmotif is an imposing four chord performed six times during occurrence IV to stand for the Death Celebrity.

The Dual of Fates is another Leitmotif performed in the first three episodes. It is composed from two trivial Ostinatos and choral interjections that are head in The Empire Strikes Again. The theme is employed to symbolize the clash between the Light and Dark Side. In Show II, the Leitmotif is performed when Anakin goes off to search for his mom, implying an internal struggle between good and evil.

Anakin's Leitmotif can be an innocent theme that contains seeds of the Imperial March. It has a warm melody that contradicts with the harmonic instability of a variety of passages. The concert layout makes the fate of the Leitmotif more explicit, concluding with lots of refined renditions of phrases from the theme it foreshadows.

The Imperial March or Darth Vader's Theme" symbolizes the Galactic Empire all together and Darth Vader specifically. It features relentless martial rhythm and dark, non diatonic harmonic support. The Imperial March signifies the Empire and is almost equilivent to a galactic anthem. It is heard with intensifying prominence through Shows II and III, signalling critical details in Anakin's downwards spiral to the Dark area. In the ultimate rendition, associated Vader's death Williams reverses the effect of the theme. It ends with a cadence of solos as Vader dies.

Word Count - 1498

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