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How to find the difference - CV vs cover letter?

Such documents as CV and cover letter are very important for many people. However, it is very important to understand the difference between those two documents to know how and when use them correctly. So, let’s give both of these papers a definition.CV is a detailed paper about your work biography. This document is descriptive.

You can include as many details in it as you want. For example, you can mention all the courses, seminars, conferences and other activities for further education that you have passed in the block about additional education. You can also specify the initial data of diplomas, certificates, certificates (when received, by whom issued, that certify). Here you can also mention on-line seminars and webinars that you listened to. Such list can be quite large and for CV it's normal.

Cover letter always has the target. Many HR professionals think that this kind of paper is a marketing tool. The cover letter not only speaks about you, but also provides information that is closely related to the vacancy and important for the employer.For example, the employer does not necessarily need to see a list of all the advanced training courses that you have completed -only directly related to the vacancy courses and experiences. For example, you take part in a competition for the vacancy of the"Administrator of the trading floor". It is unlikely that the employer will be interested in the fact that for two years you have performed written translations.

The cover letter should reflect the key points: your strengths, advantages, achievements. In the cover letter each line should carry a useful meaning, otherwise, this line is superfluous. At the same time, in CV you need to describe your education in detail: not only specify the terms and names of educational institutions, but also describe what social activities you did at that time, which grants received, and in what scientific and student communities took part. When you are asked to send CV, it means that your candidacy is interested in general: where did you study, work, what did you do in different periods of your life, how did your biography develop. In CV, you don’t need to focus on something specific (it is opposed to a cover letter). You can send one CV to two different job positions, and this will not be an error. CV is an obligatory document for employment in the scientific, academic, research fields, in jurisprudence, in journalism, in medicine.

Main differences between the CV and the cover letter

There are five main groups of differences between the CV and the cover letter:

  • The type of the document
  • The size of the paper
  • What the paper contains
  • Modifications of the document
  • The meaning of the paper.

Difference in style of writing CV and cover letter

Main difference is in how many details you put into the document.Briefness is important in the cover letter. For example, when you describe the experience in the position of a sales manager, you can write like this: "Increase the sales by 25% due to a more efficient method of negotiating with customers." In CV the same thing might look different. For example, you can write like this:"My task was to increase sales with the minimum budgets for marketing and advertising. The task was solved by changing the strategy of negotiating with customers: the benefits to the client were more clearly defined, personal meetings and mini-presentations of the product were more often held, attention was focused on the guarantees that the company provides." For the cover letter the above would look cumbersome. Employers expect to see the cover letter as a "brief summary" of your skills and achievements, respectively, expecting to see capacious, concise and catchy formulations. Also in the cover letter workplaces are indicated in reverse chronological order. Accents on experience, skills and achievements can be individually arranged for a specific job. Thus, the summary of one candidate may have different content depending on the vacancy. In the classical sense, CV is now used quite rarely. Employers or agencies are often limited in time, so they have to consider a large number of responses to the vacancy. And thanks to the cover letter, the employer can quickly make up his impression of the candidate, which saves considerable time.

What details about the education should be in the CV?

Here are main groups of the information that you should include in your CV:

  • Dissertational thesis. Describe your work and research along with the names of scientific leaders
  • Awards and membership in scientific communities, scholarships and grants. Each of these awards must contain details, including information about what you did to get them
  • Special training and certification. Indicate the names, dates and institutions where you received special training and certification not related to your formal education.
  • Educational-methodical department. Here you should indicate the committees and clubs in which you contributed when you want in college.

How to find the difference between the CV and the cover letter?

The difference between the CV vs cover letter is obvious. Here are main differences between these two documents:

  • Length. The CV should be two pages or more, while the cover letter is only one-page long
  • The purpose. The purpose of the cover letter is to briefly introduce the person to the interviewer and also show why it is perfect for the specific job position. The purpose of the CV is to show the detailed information about the person for academic, scientific, education or research positions
  • The content. In the CV you write about many things, from many work experiences to publications and awards. In the cover letter you only write a brief information about the work experience of the person.

What is the same in CV and cover letter?

In both of these papers there is no sense to lie about anything.This advice seems to be trivial but it is still relevant for many people. You don’t have to use false information in the CV or cover letter. Most often, applicants try to improve the story about their work experience and this only spoils the situation.In the age of information technology, it's hard to hide the truth. Even if the company is overseas, HR staff will easily find a way to find out the truth about the applicant. And to check whether a person worked in a particular firm is really easy. If an potential employee is caught in a lie, ways to many companies will be closed to him because of the blacklists of employees.

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