Such documents as CV and cover letter are very important for manypeople. However, it is very important to understand thedifference between those two documents to know how and when usethem correctly. So, let’s give both of these papers a definition.CV is a detailed paper about your work biography. This documentis descriptive.
You can include as many details in it as you want. For example,you can mention all the courses, seminars, conferences and otheractivities for further education that you have passed in theblock about additional education. You can also specify theinitial data of diplomas, certificates, certificates (whenreceived, by whom issued, that certify). Here you can alsomention on-line seminars and webinars that you listened to. Suchlist can be quite large and for CV it's normal.
Cover letter always has the target. Many HR professionals thinkthat this kind of paper is a marketing tool. The cover letter notonly speaks about you, but also provides information that isclosely related to the vacancy and important for the employer.For example, the employer does not necessarily need to see a listof all the advanced training courses that you have completed -only directly related to the vacancy courses and experiences. Forexample, you take part in a competition for the vacancy of the"Administrator of the trading floor". It is unlikely that theemployer will be interested in the fact that for two years youhave performed written translations.
The cover letter should reflect the key points: your strengths,advantages, achievements. In the cover letter each line shouldcarry a useful meaning, otherwise this line is superfluous. Atthe same time, in CV you need to describe your education indetail: not only specify the terms and names of educationalinstitutions, but also describe what social activities you did atthat time, which grants received, and in what scientific andstudent communities took part. When you are asked to send CV, itmeans that your candidacy is interested in general: where did youstudy, work, what did you do in different periods of your life,how did your biography develop. In CV, you don’t need to focus onsomething specific (it is opposed to a cover letter). You cansend one CV to two different job positions, and this will not bean error. CV is an obligatory document for employment in thescientific, academic, research fields, in jurisprudence, injournalism, in medicine.
There are five main groups of differences between the CV and thecover letter:
Main difference is in how many details you put into the document.Briefness is important in the cover letter. For example, when youdescribe the experience in the position of a sales manager, youcan write like this: "Increase the sales by 25% due to a moreefficient method of negotiating with customers." In CV the samething might look different. For example, you can write like this:"My task was to increase sales with the minimum budgets formarketing and advertising. The task was solved by changing thestrategy of negotiating with customers: the benefits to theclient were more clearly defined, personal meetings andmini-presentations of the product were more often held, attentionwas focused on the guarantees that the company provides." For thecover letter the above would look cumbersome. Employers expect tosee the cover letter as a "brief summary" of your skills andachievements, respectively, expecting to see capacious, conciseand catchy formulations. Also in the cover letter work places areindicated in reverse chronological order. Accents on experience,skills and achievements can be individually arranged for aspecific job. Thus, the summary of one candidate may havedifferent content depending on the vacancy. In the classicalsense, CV is now used quite rarely. Employers or agencies areoften limited in time, so they have to consider a large number ofresponses to the vacancy. And thanks to the cover letter, theemployer can quickly make up his impression of the candidate,which saves considerable time.
Here are main groups of the information that you should includein your CV:
The difference between the CV vs cover letter is obvious. Hereare main differences between these two documents:
In both of these papers there is no sense to lie about anything.This advice seems to be trivial but it is still relevant for manypeople. You don’t have to use false information in the CV orcover letter. Most often, applicants try to improve the storyabout their work experience and this only spoils the situation.In the age of information technology, it's hard to hide thetruth. Even if the company is overseas, HR staff will easily finda way to find out the truth about the applicant. And to checkwhether a person worked in a particular firm is really easy. If apotential employee is caught in a lie, ways to many companieswill be closed to him because of the blacklists of employees.