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Language Examination of Film: Directive Illocutionary Acts

BY MORTEN TYLDUM

ABSTRACT

This assignment is entitled "A report of Directive Illocutionary Functions in Passengers Movie Script by Morten Tyldum". It really is aimed at explaining forms and meanings of Jim's utterances based on Vanderveken's theory by using descriptive method.

In the collecting data, I uses three levels. Those are data selection, data collection, and data classification. The selection stage was done by searching the movie script as the data source, the data collection covers collecting the data from Jim's utterances in the movie script, and the data classification includes gathering Jim's utterances that have Directive Illocutionary Work. In analyzing the data, I follows several stages. These are: founding categorizing, talking about, and qualifying the utterances within the data.

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

  1. Background of the Study

Language is used as a way of communication where people utilize it as an instrument expressing their ideas and wishes. Relating to Ramelan (1991: 8), "Language can help man to express his ideas and hopes to some other such as when he needs some helps, so that close marriage among associates of the group can be executed. " All humans use terms to interact with other participants of the same talk community. It can be said that dialect takes on an important role as a means of communication.

According to Chaer & Augustin (2004: 17), "Communication is an activity by which information is exchanged between individuals by using a common system of mark, sign or behavior". Therefore, dialect is an important tool in communication process: participant (at least two people or an organization), subject (what's talking about), and method of communication (image, indication, etc. ).

Speech works is the study of the meaning and the function of an utterance. The speech is utilized to clarify what the speaker will. Austin (1965: 108) in his book "How to Do Things with Words", speak about three types of speech acts; they may be Locutionary Take action, Illocutionary Work, and Perlocutionary Take action.

The Locutionary Take action refers to the referential or factual interpretation of the sentence: this is the literal interpretation of the actual words. When we say, "I'm hungry", this utterance refers to the condition of the loudspeaker which is hungry with no intention of ordering the hearer to give the loudspeaker some food.

The Illocutionary Action identifies the speaker's goal in uttering the words (such as a get to close the door, or an offer of something). Whenever we say, "it's very hot here", the presenter has some objective to order the hearer to open up the window or even to turn on the air conditioner.

The Perlocutionary Work refers to the result this utterance is wearing the thoughts or actions of the other person such as someone actually shutting the door or helping these to the food. Whenever we say, "there is certainly snake next to you!" this phrase brings an effect to the hearer like screaming or working. This phrase has perlocutionary result to the hearer.

Movie script is a way of communication for an musician or a script copy writer expressing their ideas. It could be in the form of written vocabulary. In spoken words, utterance makes the movie very clear. In addition, the utterance of talk act also identifies or says the viewers the particular celebrities do in the movie.

The object of the research is a movie entitled Passengers. I evaluate this movie because in a movie I find out many Directive Illocutionary Serves in its script as well concerning know the meaning of the utterance found in Illocutionary Function, because movie deeper in daily talk appeals of interview and converse show.

1. 2 Statement of the Problem

The issue of this study can be explained the following:

  1. What the Directive Illocutionary Functions are found in the Passengers movie script?
  2. What will be the meanings of the Illocutionary Works the Passengers movie script?

1. 3 Opportunity of the Study

This review is focuses on the Illocutionary Function especially Directive Illocutionary Work in Jim's utterances as the first persona in the movie Passengers. In analyzing the Directive Illocutionary Function I use theory of Illocutionary Makes by Vanderveken.

  1. Objective of the Study

The aims of the study are:

  1. To identify Directive Illocutionary Serves in the Passengers movie script.
  2. To illustrate the meanings of utterance in Illocutionary Make within the Passengers movie script.

CHAPTER II

RESEARCH METHOD

  1. Research Design

Based on the condition examination, this research uses descriptive research because it is aimed to identify the types of talk, especially Directive Conversation Act. Matching to Isaac and Michael (1987: 18), "descriptive method is the technique purpose is to spell it out systematically the reality and characteristics of a given population or market, factually and accurately". Concerning this kind of research, Mardalis (1989: 26) says that, "descriptive research will not test a hypothesis or use a hypothesis; it simply describes information regarding to parameters that are found".

By using descriptive method, this research identifies the kinds of Illocutionary Function focusing on Directive Speech Take action and their functions. This research took the data from the movie script Passengers by Morten Tyldum.

  1. Unit of Analysis

The unit of analysis of this research is all utterances in Passengers movie script.

  1. Source of Data

I took the info from the movie script Passengers by Morten Tyldum as the source of the info. The data of this study were taken from the internet website www. dailyscript. com.

  1. Technique of Data Collection

In the strategy of collecting the data, I used documents method. Documents method wants the info about things or parameters which are in the form of notes, transcription, book, newspaper, journal, leafs etc. (Arikunto, 2002: 206). I used the movie script to acquire the data. Within this research, I get the info through some phases. First, I seek out the Passengers movie script in the internet. Second, I watch the Passengers movie to grasp the utterances. Third, I accumulate the info from the movie script that contains Directive Speech Take action. Finally, I select the speaker's utterances which contain Directive Speech Function.

  1. Technique of Data Analysis

The techniques of data examination are the following:

  1. Finding the Speaker's utterances in the form of Directive Illocutionary Work.
  2. Categorizing the speaker's utterances based on the function of Directive Illocutionary Action such as asking, requesting, begging, and commanding.
  3. Describing the meaning in the utterances of Passengers Movie Scripts.
  4. Qualifying the utterances which contain directive speech works.

CHAPTER III

DATA ANALYSIS

  1. The Directive Illocutionary Acts in Jim's Utterances

There are 16 utterances formulated with Directive Illocutionary Works. Those are Asking (6), Commanding (3), Suggesting (2), Requesting (2), Adjuring (1), Begging (1) Forbidding (1).

The Directive Illocutionary Acts found in the Passengers Movie Script is provided in the following table:

Table 3. 1

No.

Directive Illocutionary

Amount

Percentage

(%)

1

Asking

6

37, 5 %

2

Commanding

3

18, 75%

3

Requesting

2

12, 5%

4

Suggesting

2

12, 5%

5

Begging

1

6, 25%

6

Adjuring

1

6, 25%

7

Forbidding

1

3, 25%

TOTAL

16

100%

From the stand above, it could be seen that Asking is the frequently Directive Illocutionary Action utilized by Jim. Jim likes to ask somebody who is related with his business for the sake of himself.

  1. The Meaning of Jim's Utterances

There are seven Directive Illocutionary Work employed by Jim. The following sub chapter describe Directive Illocutionary Work what Jim's intended by using those seventh.

3. 2. 1 Asking

There are 6 Asking Directive Illocutionary Serves that are found in Jim's utterances.

Excerpt. 1

Speech event: Jane is holding out in the spacecratf, making no try to hide.

Jim: "Joost. "

Jane: "Very long time, mate. "

Jim: "How's Alice?

Jane: "Well, thanks. "

The Directive Illocutionary Act is requesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is that the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Jane) about condition.
  2. The mode of achievements of the utterance is usually that the hearer (Jane) can give the solution of the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance implies that the speaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Jane) to answer the Alice's condition as the solution of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) is convinced that the hearer (Jane) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance would be that the presenter (Jim) really hope that the hearer (Jane) can describe How Alice is condition now.
  6. The degree of durability of the utterance implies that the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get the reason from the hearer (Jane).

Excerpt. 2

Jim: "Tim must be in college. "

Jane: "Big kids, big problem you understand. "

Jim: "Company's successful?"

Jane: "Can't complain. Eleven wars on the continent, business is brisk. (Talks about him)

Speech event: Noticed you had somewhat of trouble in the bush.

The Directive Illocutionary Action is asking and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of Illocution of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) asks the hearer (Jane) about something (the condition of company).
  2. The method of achievement of the utterance is that the hearer (Jane) can give description to the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance shows that the loudspeaker (Jim) asks the hearer (Jane) to describe their company's condition as the response of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) feels that the hearer (Jane) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance is that the presenter (Jim) really asks and really hopes the hearer (Jane) to make clear the health of their company.
  6. The amount of strength of the utterance implies that Jim just needs the solution from Jane it shows Jim's seriousness to get the reason from Jane.

Excerpt. 3

Speech event: When Jim talks with the bartender, abruptly Fawaz approaches him. He is a stressed wreck.

Fawaz: "Oh, my God, are you fine?"

Jim: "Where's the farmer?"

Fawaz: "He found a job at a hotel. Spends all his time at the refugee office buildings. Nearly the habit of a man in ownership of a precious stone. "

The Directive Illocutionary Action is requesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is usually that the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Fawaz) about something (the lifestyle of someone).
  2. The setting of accomplishment of the utterance is usually that the hearer (Fawaz) can give the response of the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance implies that the speaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Fawaz) to answer the existences of someone as the solution of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) thinks that the hearer (Fawaz) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance is usually that the speaker (Jim) really hopes that the hearer (Fawaz) can describe "where is the farmer now".
  6. The degree of strength of the utterance demonstrates the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get the reason from the hearer (Fawaz).

Excerpt. 4

Speech event: Jim signals a cigarette. Aurora looks and stands quietly beside him. Jointly they watch the distant explosions.

Auora : "I didn't actually injured your feelings?"

Speech event: He requires a long move. Exhales.

Jim : "How long you been in Africa?"

Auora : "Four months. Before that Kosovo.

The Directive Illocutionary Work is asking and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the loudspeaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Auora) about something (enough time that she leaves).
  2. The setting of success of the utterance is that the hearer (Auora) can give the response of the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Auora) to answer the time that she leaves as the answer of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is usually that the speaker (Jim) believes that the hearer (Auora) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance is that the presenter (Jim) really hope that the hearer (Auora) can answer "just how long she leaves in Africa".
  6. The degree of durability of the utterance shows that the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to find the answer from the hearer (Auora).

Excerpt. 5

Speech event: Auora is holding out as Jim strolls back.

Jim: "How is he?"

Auora: "They state he'll live. "

The Directive Illocutionary Work is requesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Auora) about the problem.
  2. The method of accomplishment of the utterance is usually that the hearer (Auora) can give the solution of the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance demonstrates the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Auora) to answer the soldier condition as the answer of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) thinks that the hearer (Aurora) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) really hopes that the hearer (Aurora) can describe "How is the soldier now".
  6. The degree of strength of the utterance implies that the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get the reason from the hearer (Aurora).

Excerpt. 6

Speech event: They have been walking for twelve hours. Jim must sit.

Jim: "How much farther- -?"

Solomon: "One day more. "

Speech event: He kneels before Jim.

The Directive Illocutionary Take action is asking and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is usually that the loudspeaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Solomon) about something (enough time).
  2. The method of success of the utterance would be that the hearer (Solomon) can provide the solution of the speaker's (Jim) question.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance implies that the loudspeaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Solomon) to answer the time that he come to as the solution of his question.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) believes that the hearer (Solomon) can answer his question.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) really expects that the hearer (Solomon) can answer "how much farther the area that their reached".
  6. The amount of strength of the utterance shows that the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to have the answer from the hearer (Solomon).

3. 2. 2 Commanding

There are 3 Commanding Directive Illocutionary Serves that are located in Jim's utterances and this is actually the analysis

Excerpt. 7

Speech event: Three cut - down trucks of Rebel's SQUEAL into view and begin spraying everything with automatic weapons.

Jim: "Yes or no?"

Speech event: A whole life can transform with a single syllable.

Solomon: "Yes. "

Speech event: A pick up truck comes careening nearby. Jim pushes Solomon as the wall structure in it is stitched with bullets.

Jim: "Go. Go!!"

Speech event: They get started to perform.

The Directive Illocutionary Act is commanding and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) asks to the hearer (Solomon) to take action (to perform).
  2. The function of success of the utterance is shows that the hearer (Solomon) can give the respond to the speaker's (Jim) would like.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance implies that the loudspeaker (Jim) is commanding to the hearer (Solomon) for getting what he would like (to perform).
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) is convinced that the hearer (Solomon) can act in response his control.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance is usually that the loudspeaker (Jim) really hopes to the hearer (Solomon) can achieve his command word.
  6. The amount of power of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get answer from the hearer (Solomon).

Excerpt. 8

Speech event: Jim seizes the moment - - mailing an OPEN-HAND Affect to the throat of his would-be executioner, then grabbing the AK-47, and taking pictures him before ripping the gun out of his hands.

Jim : "STAY DOWN!!"

Speech event: Solomon remains flattened behind the tree stump, head down.

The Directive Illocutionary Work is commanding and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Solomon) to take action (to stay down).
  2. The function of success of the utterance is shows that the hearer (Solomon) can give the react to the speaker's (Jim) would like.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) is commanding to the hearer (Solomon) for getting what he would like.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) is convinced that the hearer (Solomon) can respond his command line.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance is usually that the presenter (Jim) really dreams to the hearer (Solomon) can perform his control.
  6. The amount of durability of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get reply from the hearer (Solomon).

Excerpt. 9

Speech event: Behind them, the jungle erupts with gunfire Solomon throws Dia to the bottom. Jim takes cover four mercenaries are improving. Jim Return Flame, hitting two. Others hit the ground.

Jim : "MOVE, MOVE, MOVE!!!"

Speech event: He shoves Solomon and Dia to their feet.

The Directive Illocutionary Action is commanding and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the presenter (Jim) asks to the hearer (Solomon and Dia) to do something (to Move).
  2. The mode of accomplishment of the utterance is implies that the hearer (Solomon and Dia) can gives the react to the speaker's (Jim) desires (to go).
  3. The propositional content of the utterance shows that the loudspeaker (Jim) is commanding to the hearer (Solomon and Dia) so you can get what he desires.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is usually that the speaker (Jim) feels that the hearer (Solomon and Dia) can reply his order.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) really hopes to the hearer (Solomon and Dia) can achieve his command.
  6. The amount of power of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get reply from the hearer (Solomon and Dia).

3. 2. 3 Requesting

There are 2 asking for Directive Illocutionary Serves that are located in Jim's utterances and here are the analysis:

Excerpt. 10

Speech event: Jim has recently begun heading toward Aurora. She considers him approaching and watches him walk toward her. They meet in the center of a crowded boogie floor. Throughout them, sweaty systems are swaying to the African whip.

Aurora : " I supposed to kiss you or fuck you? I cannot remember. "

Jim : "Think about you dance with me at night?"

Aurora : "MUST I ask what happened to that person?"

Speech event: He takes her hands and leads her into the surging audience.

Aurora : "I assume not. "

Speech event: They party as best they can in the crush.

The Directive Illocutionary Work is requesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is usually that the speaker (Jim) obtain to the hearer (Aurora) to do something (to dance jointly).
  2. The setting of achievement of the utterance is that the hearer (Aurora) can gives the speaker (Jim) agreement to party.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance shows that the presenter (Jim) ask to the hearer (Aurora) to party together.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) believes that the hearer (Aurora) can meet his get.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance demonstrates Jim really hope that Aurora would like to party with him.
  6. The degree of durability of the utterance show Jim's seriousness to asks for Aurora's agreement.

Excerpt. 11

Speech event: Jim smiles

Auora: "It's a global phone, incidentally. "

Jim: "You need to get on the airplane. "

Aurora: "So in the event you?"

Speech event: He smiles and becomes away.

Aurora: "are you going to call me?"

Jim: "soon as I'm near a mobile phone.

Aurora: "Yeah, right. "

The Directive Illocutionary Act is requesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) wishes the hearer (Aurora) to do something.
  2. The mode of success of the utterance is usually that the hearer (Aurora) can give the presenter (Jim) desires.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) asks the hearer (Aurora) to get on the aircraft.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that Jim is convinced that Aurora can do his demand.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance implies that Jim really hope that Aurora are certain to get on the plane.
  6. The amount of durability of the utterance shows Jim 's seriousness to ask for Aurora to can get on the planes.

3. 2. 4 Suggesting

There are 2 Suggesting Directive Illocutionary Acts that are found in Jim's utterances and here is the analysis:

Excerpt. 12

Speech event: The troop innovator takes out blade and cut into the stitches.

The goat squeals a little and kicks angrily. From under the goat's skin area, he takes a dozen small, rough DIAMONDS. The troop leader draws his. 45 on Jim.

Troop Leader: "You are under arrest for smuggling. "

Jim: "You now listen here, my man. I am a good friend of

Minister Somora. He'll not be thrilled you have interfered with his business.

Speech event: Obviously the name of Minister Samora carries some weight.

Jim (cont'd): "You understand who I am, don't you? What I am? I don't believe you want to mess with me. or my friends, eh? (changes his tack)

Think about I just look the other way so you pocket one or two of those natural stone. Buy something nice for the better half.

Or maybe the mistress, eh?

(Re the shepherds)

Who's going to see? Them?

Speech event: The shepherds look, uncertain, from Jim to the Soldier.

Troop Leader: "No. "

The Directive Illocutionary Action is suggesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the presenter (Jim) suggest to the hearer (Troop Innovator) to take action (to do suggestion).
  2. The function of achievements of the utterance is shows that the loudspeaker (Jim) provides option to refuse or obtain to the hearer (Troop Leader) cannot achieve the speaker's (Jim) desires.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance is that the happiness works to the hearer (Troop Leader). The sound system (Jim) suggest the hearer to pocket the rock and purchase something nice for his partner.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is shows that the speaker (Jim) is convinced that the hearer (Troop Leader) can perform his question.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance shows that the speaker (Jim) really expects to the hearer (Troop Innovator) can achieve his request.
  6. The degree of durability of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to the hearer (Troop Head) to be able to receive his recommendation.

Excerpt. 13

Speech event: Jim and Aurora has been discussed himself.

Aurora : "Somehow I don't take you as the UNICEF type.

Speech event: Jim just smiles.

Aurora (cont'd): "I would say soldier-of- fortune but it's such a

clich. "

Jim: "How about hired gun. People seem to be to like this one. "

Aurora: "Diamonds?"

Jim: "what if I advised you I used to be a missionary. "

Aurora: (Have a good laugh) "For Dewente?"

Jim: "It's not only rude to ask those varieties of questions, Ms.

Bowen, it is also dangerous.

Aurora: "I'll take my chances. (leans better)

Sotell me about blood vessels diamonds.

Speech event: And, suddenly, Jim gets it. His face converts to rock.

The Directive Illocutionary Work is suggesting and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is usually that the loudspeaker (Jim) suggest to the hearer (Aurora) about something.
  2. The method of accomplishment of the utterance is demonstrates the speaker (Jim) gives the option to refuse or obtain to the hearer (Aurora) cannot achieve the speaker's (Jim) would like.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance shows that the sound system (Jim) suggest the hearer (Aurora) to doing what he would like.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is shows that the loudspeaker (Jim) believes that the hearer (Aurora) can perform his question.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) really hope to the hearer (Aurora) can achieve his need.
  6. The amount of strength of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to the hearer (Aurora) to be able to receive his advice.

3. 2. 5 Begging

There are 1 Begging Directive Illocutionary Acts that are found in Jim's utterances and here is the analysis:

Excerpt. 14

Speech event: Appears at Solomon - that has his arm protectively around Dia. The son looks like the same innocent child he once was.

Jim: "Take your youngster home. "

Speech event: Solomon appears back at him, tears in his sight. He nods. In

deep and simple appreciation. Jim nods back. Then - -

Jim: "Help me. "

Speech event: He struggles to pick up the machine gun. Solomon sets it into his hands.

Jim: "Place the strapover my shoulder. "

Speech event: Solomon helps secure it set up.

The Directive Illocutionary Act is Begging and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) begs the hearer (Solomon) to do something (to take his boy).
  2. The setting of achievement of the utterance is implies that the speaker (Jim) wants the hearer (Solomon) to adopt his young man home.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance implies that the loudspeaker (Jim) is begging to the hearer (Solomon) so you can get what he needs.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is shows that the speaker (Jim) is begging to the hearer (Solomon) as the result of his need.
  5. The sincerity condition of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) is honest in begging to the hearer (Solomon) because the loudspeaker (Jim) really wants something to the hearer.
  6. The degree of power of the utterance is increasing the loudspeaker (Jim) shows that he really means it in begging to the hearer.

3. 2. 6 Adjuring

There are 1 Adjuring Directive Illocutionary Serves that are located in Jim's utterances and here is the analysis:

Excerpt. 15

Speech event: The audio of gunfire ECOMOG soldiers have observed something in the tree-line and have begun exchanging flame.

Jim : "Hurry it up, individuals! Unless you want to end up the same manner!"

Speech event: Solomon can't move, just stares at the young man and mom.

The Directive Illocutionary Action is Adjuring and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is that the loudspeaker (Jim) adjure to the hearer (Solomon) to take action (to moved be quick).
  2. The function of success of the utterance is implies that the presenter (Jim) provides option to refuse or receive to the hearer (Solomon) can not achieve the loudspeaker (Jim) would like.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance demonstrates the loudspeaker (Jim) is adjuring to the hearer (Solomon) for getting what he would like.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is usually that the speaker (Jim) thinks that the hearer (Solomon) can act in response his demand.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance is that the loudspeaker (Jim) really desires to the hearer (Solomon) can perform his command.
  6. The amount of durability of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get respond from the hearer (Solomon).

3. 2. 7 Forbidding

There are 1 Forbidding Directive Illocutionary Acts that are located in Jim's utterances and here is the analysis:

Excerpt. 16

Speech event: Jim tries to speak Bloodstream bubbles from his lips.

Jim : "Usually do not try to discuss if you are not inactive, it's only because you're strike in the lung not the center. "

The Directive Illocutionary Act is forbidding and the meanings of the utterance are:

  1. The point of illocution of the utterance is those speaker systems (Jim) forbid the hearer (Blood) to take action (not to discuss).
  2. The method of success of the utterance would be that the hearer (Blood vessels) can provide the respond of the presenter (Jim) wants.
  3. The propositional content of the utterance shows that the loudspeaker (Jim) is forbidding to hearer (Blood vessels) to do not speak.
  4. The preparatory condition of the utterance is that the speaker (Jim) believes that the hearer (Bloodstream) can reply his request.
  5. The sincerity of condition of the utterance would be that the speaker (Jim) really desires the hearer (Blood) to do not discuss.
  6. The degree of durability of the utterance is shows the speaker's (Jim) seriousness to get answer from the hearer (Bloodstream).

CHAPTER IV

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION

  1. Conclusion

Based on the meanings of the Illocutionary Work in Jim's utterances, the majority of the idea of Illocution would be that the speaker ask to the hearer to do something; almost all of the function of achievement would be that the hearer can provide the response or explanation from the speaker question or command; the propositional content of the utterances is mainly exhibiting that the speaker ask to the hearer to answer or to doing the actual speaker want; most of the preparatory condition of the utterances is that the speaker thinks that the hearer can perform what the presenter wants; most of the sincerity of condition of the utterances is that the speaker really hopes to the hearer to carry out his will; and the amount of strength of the Jim's utterances is mainly exhibiting that the speaker seriousness to get reply from the hearer.

  1. Suggestion

In this research, I selects a movie script. To analyze, other people may develop and find another material to be analyzed such as book, article or other materials.

As I only focuses on Illocutionary Force of the Directive Illocutionary Action, maybe it's wise for a person who is interested in conducting the similar research to investigate other styles of Illocutionary Take action.

REFERENCES

Austin, J. L. (1962). How to Do Things With Words. Oxford: clarendon press.

Chaer, Abdul and Austina, Leonie. (2004). Sosiolinguistik, Pengantar Awal. Second release. Jakarta PT. Asdi Mahasatya Press.

Issac, Steven and Wiliiam B. Michael. (1987). Handbook in Research and

Evaluation. Sandiego: Edith Publiser.

Levinson, S. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge: School Press. Chapter 5. Speech Take action.

Levinson, Stephen C. (1995). Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge School Press.

Ramelan. (1999). English Phonetics. Semarang: IKIP Semarang press.

Searle, J. L. 1975. Indirect Conversation Works. Reprinted in S. Davis (ed), the linguistic ensyclopedia.

Searle, J. L. Conversation Serves. London: Cambridge College or university Press. Vanderveken, Daniel 1990. Interpretation and Speech Serves vol 1 Key points of Dialect Use. Cambridge. Cambridge University

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