Posted at 10.28.2018
This essay explores how labelling theory goes some way to towards understanding crime. It'll consider taking to account three theories: Backer's self fulfilling prophecy theory which suggests that we could change person's behaviour because of the negative expectation, Cooley's looking glass self theory explains that people see ourselves through the eyes of others and subculture theories describe people who do not fin it the city are more likely to commit crime.
Instead of considering why some social groups commit more crime, labelling theory asks why some people committing some actions become defined as deviant, while others do not. Labelling theory is also enthusiastic about the effects of labelling on individuals. Labelling theorists note that most people commit crimes at some time in their lives however, not everyone becomes thought as a deviant or a criminal. Once someone has been successfully labelled as criminal or deviant, the label attached could become the dominant label or 'master status' which is seen as more important than the rest of the aspects of the person. She or he becomes a 'hooligan' or 'thief' rather than father, mother or friend. Each label carries with it prejudices and images which can lead to others interpreting the behaviour of the labelled person in a specific way. For instance, a person who volunteers to stay late at the job is usually viewed as worthy of praise, but, if one has been labelled as a thief, people might be suspicious that they will steal something. For a lot of people once a deviant label has been applied this may actually lead to more deviance. This happens when people start acting in the way they are labelled. It is human nature to label others, either positively or negatively. Usually they have a negative impact for individuals who are labelling by other folks and as an effect it pushes people to commit a crime or a terrible behaviour. For instance, when a person once has stolen something this person will always be called a thief so when something disappear again this person will be the first suspected person, even this person didn't get it done. Because this person is currently thinks of him/himself as a criminal, he/she is currently likely to continue in his/her criminal behaviour. If the person changes his behaviour exactly what does it change? Why this person shouldn't keep carefully the antisocial actions so the person has the thief label? It changes nothing if this person stops his bad behaviour because whatever may happen this person will be dubious because their behaviour is stains embedded in advance. In this way labelling works and can have a bad influence for individuals behaviour and keep antisocial behaviour because when someone commits a crime at any age they are really forever labelled and looked as a criminal.
Sometimes a lot of people identify themselves using their label and they're able to do this so other people have to trust and think they may be people who they suppose to be. For instance, if you call me a thief I will be stealing what to keep my thief's label. Then people are starting to think differently of themselves which might lead to criminal acts later. Moreover, when a person is labelled as a criminal, this person possibly admits this label as a part of them. When someone is labelled a criminal they'll continue steadily to commit criminal acts because they're already considered criminal and can never be seen different, even if this person does not commit an undesirable behaviour any more. Research show, criminal behaviour is a direct result of negative labelling. If others offer you a label to be an extremely generous person, which is a positive, so when you genuinely believe in it you stay a generous person after that you will be doing anything showing it. Just as it works when somebody call you a negative person who do a negative things. When you believe in the label it might stay your part of life or it could be your goal so you might do it now to ensure you are doing these exact things which can call you the bad person. It happens frequently that people labelling others only in negative way.
People label others as well as stereotyping other people. Stereotypes are generalizations of people groups based on past experiences, that happen to be deep-rooted in the psyche of people. Stereotype it is something and works as a labelling others. For example, a person with tattoos is looking for job. A employer could pay an attention about this person tattoos because the stereotype is if a person who have a tattoo or tattoos is more likely to commit crime or antisocial behaviour. It is only a stereotype which does not have to be always a true statement, but it works in similar way as a labelling. Accordingly, the stereotype of criminal is: bold head, muscular and high forehead. These futures connect to crime watch because media shows criminals. As a result, if a person who looks as a potential criminal which person is buying job, an employer as well as other people such as family, friends etc, may label this person as somebody who is more likely to commit crime. Also, the police choose a certain kind of one who looks as a potential criminal. For that reason, the media criminals distort our view of the world. Media has influence on population it follows that, the antisocial behaviour that is shows in the TV may have consequence in the true live others because they could copes the bad actions that presents media. Whatever we watch such as: cartoons, almost any films or serials it shows crime
Research completed by covered a self fulfilling prophecy by Backer (1963) which directly leads a way towards labelling theory to the crime. Self fulfilling prophecy could be a negative expectation about individuals who may affect someone's behaviour towards them in a manner that she or he creates situations in which those expectations are fulfilled. As a result, when a person thinks we could somebody who is presumable to commit crime, they'll treat us by doing so. If we are treated as somebody who is probably doing to commit crime, we will act, and even become this way. The person has thus had their prophecy about us fulfilled. Self fulfilling prophecy could be seen as the affect of the results of a predicament or just how a person or group will behave by belief or expectation other people. To make a person act criminal actions, all we must do is believe this whenever we interact with them. Furthermore, labelling someone a criminal and treating see your face therefore, may foster behaviour in the individual who is put through the expectation. In consequence, what folks think of you can change how you behave. Other people may suspect you are someone who commits crime because you care about what other people think of you therefore, you may well be willing to handle antisocial actions for the reason that others as well as you genuinely believe in it.
Cooley's looking glass self research explains a formation of self-image via reflection. Cooley used the image of any mirror as a metaphor for how people's self-concepts are influenced by their impressions of how these are perceived by others. We see ourselves through the eyes of other folks, even to the extent of incorporating their views folks into our own self-concept. Consequently, when a person receives a negative label from a variety of persons they could begin to see themselves as someone how other folks labelled this person. As a result, if some individuals see a person as someone who is commits crime she or he may vision themselves as a potential criminal because others judge the person like this. Other people treat the individual in this way so the person will treat themselves in the same way too. It really is true that teenagers tend to be strongly influenced by their peers, who are often young offenders, and can go beyond conforming to changing their self-image to match. This way they'll commit crime to fit in to the environment that has a large impact on our behaviour. If you want someone to believe something about ourselves, act towards them as if it were true
Research on subculture theories concentrate on small cultural groups have that show fragmented from mainstream society for various reasons, and formulate their own values, norms and beliefs. Quite simply, a subculture is a set of men and women with distinct sets of behaviour and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. A good example is adolescents in lowersocialclass areas that form groups or gangs to exert power, gain a form of respect and protection, and adoptsocialnorms such as toughness, street credibility, and disrespect for authority in order to ensure cohesion. Criminal behaviour is usually the consequence of these group norms and values. The subculture may be distinctive due to age of its members, or by their race, ethnicity, class and/or gender, and the qualities that determine a subculture as distinct may be aesthetic, religious, occupational, political and sexual or a blend of these factors. Subculture theories share the common belief that folks who commit crime usually share different values from the mass of law-abiding members of society. For example, some sets of criminals might develop norms that encourage criminal behaviour. As a result, a subculture is a group of folks who are mostly from the middle class or not skills backgrounds. They are simply in the group of folks who have, for example, the same view into the world, identical beliefs, wear similar clothes, have tattoos, have similar or the same hobbies, have an extended hair or bald head, have the same goals and so forth. Anyone would you not fit in the norms is called a subculture and these folks who do not suit the community will commit crime. For example, a group of people who've some tattoos, bald head and they wear clothes which show their mussels others may label these people as anyone who has already committed crime or is likely to commit crime because they look like sort of people who are labelled as people who commit antisocial behaviour. In addition, an another example is, an organization of people who've an extended hair and wear leather jacket these types of individuals are labelled as folks who are much more likely to commit crime than others. These people for others look as a potential criminal because media shows crime and exactly how might look a person who is committing crime. Because of this, others believe in it and labelled other people who, according to media and opinions others, do unfit in community and appearance such as a criminal.
The research shows these labelling theories go some way into explaining crime, as people stereotype because it is human nature to stereotype, either in negative or positives ways. Usually people are influence by the media as well as by individual socialisation into society. An example of this may be how society stereotypes people, for example, these who are bald and assumes as a criminal because the media shows they have a potential criminal look. Labelling is pointing out through stereotyping that society can help to cause crime. Therefore associated with the labelling theories could be suggested that, according to Becker, self fulfilling prophecy may involve a person actions and it supports crime because of this that others judge others. It may change our behaviour to cause us commit more crime because our behaviour is based on the thoughts of others about ourselves. Moreover, Cooley's looking glass self theory shows that opinion other folks may have an enormous impact on our actions because we see ourselves through the eyes of the other folks. Research illustrates that if I think that I am a good person, but people say that I am not that according to Cooley I will began to pay attention and construct my view of self from other folks. On the other hand, research on subculture suggests that anyone who does not fit in typical will probably commit crime. What is more important is the fact that, subculture related directly to criminal activities group of working class which have underachieved in education or work. Due to this they are often labelled and get little respect, this can be relating to crime. By investigating the labelling theory we're able to realize why people could commit criminal behaviour, and also why people can be influenced into deviant behaviour.