The common theme in both Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Notes from Underground by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is isolationism. Both these literary works contain different examples of isolationism to be able to mention the same concept. Seclusion is accessible in both novels, leading to the direct flaw of each of the primary character types. The difference that Kafka and Dostoyevsky within their use of isolationism in Metamorphosis and Records from Underground is how each persona is secluded. Kafka writes about the intensifying solitude of one character having into isolation by others. Alternatively, Dostoyevsky's entire novel is about the Underground Man, who lives all by his lonesome and it is required to look back on his younger looking experiences. These recurrent occurrences have business lead to the Underground Man's solitude. However, in both novels, marketing campaign results of the primary people in Metamorphosis and Notes from Underground are similar because both individuals' actions lead with their own demise.
At the beginning of book, Metamorphosis, Kafka presents the main personality, Gregor Samsa. After getting up to find "himself transformed in his foundation into a gigantic insect", Gregor can only think of the repercussions he will suffer for being overdue to his job. Gregor works as a touring sales clerk (Kafka 1). He would have quit in the past, but Gregor knows that his family depends on him for the money he makes and, ultimately, their own living. Without his salary, the Samsa family won't survive. After making futile makes an attempt "to put on his clothes and most importantly eat breakfast time" (Kafka 7), Gregor's manager comes to check on his staff. Reluctantly, Gregor shows his true identity as an insect. Gregor's dad forces him to visit his room, more specifically, isolationism, which "had basically the fixed notion of driving Gregor back into his room as fast as possible" (Kafka 31). Due to the size and proportion of Gregor's new appearance, the development into solitude inflicted a massive amount of pain on Gregor.
On the other hand, the first part of Records from Underground, the Underground Man, also the narrator, details the environment of the novel and defines his own lifetime. "The Underground, " the first words the Underground Man describes about himself are, "I am a sick and tired man. . . I am an irritated man. I am an unattractive man" (Dostoyevsky 15). These words notify the audience the ways that society, from the Underground Man's young ones, has ruined him as a person. Also, it creates the reader alert to his low self-esteem. The Underground Man, somehow, utilizes his own sorrow to make himself feel better. He thinks that his own self-loathing and unkindness have crippled and corrupted his attitude as well as individuals around him. Yet, it is obvious that the Underground Man can take will not take the initiative to change. Because of the impact of societal woes, the Underground Man takes comfort in his own pains, like toothaches or liver ailments. The ability for him to control the aching from his disorder is a way for the Underground Man to cover from the real pain from contemporary society. He's not pleased with the person he has become over time and scorns himself for his many incorrect doings. A very important factor that is important for the Underground Man to obliterate is his negative approach to life, to be able to flourish. However, the trip that he can take to seek optimism disappears because the Underground Man becomes too lethargic and lazy.
As isolation techniques in Metamorphosis, Gregor becomes more and more as an insect. His differ from human to insect also becomes visible in his choice of food. The meals he once liked are actually distasteful and unappealing to him, "although milk had been his favorite drink which was certainly why his sister got place it there for him, indeed it was almost with repulsion that he converted away from the basin and crawled back again to the center of the area" (Kafka 32). Because Gregor understands he will no longer be accepted by his family as an insect, he offers up and secludes himself in his room. Through the entire book, there's a part of Gregor that is constantly on the fight for his own liberty because he still would like to seek equality. He gets the aspire to break away from his solitary status, but no chance of caring out his get away from. The one thing that is constantly on the fuel Gregor is the music from Grete's, his sister's, violin. Grete will not want her family to overlook Gregor because he has converted into an insect. She is convinced that no matter the shape of his physical features, Gregor will always be her brother. It appears as though Grete will not want to acknowledge or be convinced that her sibling is a bug and will never be the same person. However, it is inevitable that Grete will soon reject her brother. Their separation goes on to be progressively more obvious. Gregor continuously is left together in his room, simply by his lonesome. By the finish of the book, Gregor becomes unseen to his own family. One reason Gregor dies is because of the realization that he's nothing more than an insect without a family or an objective. Once again, he's still left in his isolated room to die, alone.
In the next part of Records from Underground, "Apropos of the Moist Snow", the Underground Man comes across numerous prostitutes, many soldiers, and a few past schoolmates. However, the Underground Man intentionally alienates himself from these folks by not acknowledging their presence. He makes himself look like incapable of getting together with these uneducated low lives. It is as though he will not want to try to connect because he concerns his own humiliation. So, instead, he snacks them with disgust and fear for his own life. Liza is the whore and the vehicle for Dostoyevsky's meaning of the energy of selfless love. She comes to the Underground Man's apartment one nights to talk with the Underground Man. Rather than treating Liza with the love she deserves, he continues to insult her, consistently. These communal acquaintances cause the Underground Man much remorse and regret. And, once Liza leaves his apartment, the Underground Man is left, again, in solitude.
Examples of seclusion are used constantly by both Franz Kafka and Fyodor Dostoyevsky to mention the idea of isolationism. In these two novels, the solitary express of both character types causes their downfall. In both of these examples, isolation leads to the demise of the primary heroes, Gregor Samsa and the Underground Man, even although motives and basis's were different. Gregor crawls his own life away due to pain to be secluded by his own family. On the other hand, the Underground Man never truly lives his life due to distain he has for himself and society. The Underground Man hides his personality and beliefs because he worries society's wisdom and ridicule. The isolation that both character types endure leads to their own devastation.
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor. Notes from Underground and The Double. NY: Penguin
Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis and also other Stories. NY: Barnes and Noble