Posted at 10.30.2018
Motivation is the foundation of individual's action and determines the explanation for their behavior. Determination is something that enables individuals to be goal oriented and it inspires the individuals to focus on the way of the target or objectives establish by the business. It drives the visitors to achieve the goal. It really is related to specific form of emotion. There are many motivational ideas for a business. These theories assist in motivating the employees in the business.
TYPES OF MOTIVATION
There are two types of drive. These are:
Intrinsic motivation identifies motivation that passions a person to do a task. The individual may be powered out by interest or fun by the duty itself. This type will not require external pressure. People get encouraged by their own passions.
Extrinsic motivation varieties out from an individual. The workers will be required to do the job or process. In this kind of determination the personnel are compensated with money, promotion, and risk of punishment. A audience cheering is also one form of extrinsic desire.
Need hierarchy theory
Herzberg's two factor theory
X theory and Y theory
Incentive theory is based on the rewards. The incentive may be tangible or intangible. The rewards are given after some action or job. These rewards are given for the personnel who are accomplishing well in the organization. Incentives are provided so the workers get motivated about their works and the rewards and will perform further. In case a person receives any kind of incentives his / her performance will increase even more. This result can be seen right after the individual receives the prize. While giving incentive to 1 person other folks in the business also gets motivated. Incentive theory is employed in many organizations. These strategies also act as an additional income for an employee. Incentives are given in terms of money, advertising and free home etc.
NEED HIERARCHY THEORY
Maslow's theory is one of all popular theory of drive. Need hierarchy theory is created by Maslow.
Human beings have wants and dreams in their life to influence their own behavior. Only unsatisfied needs effect the behavior. Satisfied need will not influence.
Since the needs are extensive in humans life. The needs will be prioritized by our own. They are organized in a order in line with the importance, from basic to intricate.
The person progress to another level of need only if the low level need is satisfied.
The further the progress the hierarchy, the more individuality, humanness and mental health a person will show.
Needs from basic level to complicated level:
Physiology (being hungry, thirst and rest)
HERBERG'S TWO FACTOR THEORY
Frederick Herzberg two-factor theory is both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. It concludes that one things in the organization or workplace bring about job satisfaction. If not, they don't lead to dissatisfaction but no satisfaction whatsoever.
The factors that inspire people can transform over a time period but "respect for me personally as a person" is one of the best motivating factors at any phases of life.
Herzberg distinguishes into:
Motivators; (Example, challenging work, popularity, responsibility. )
Gives positive satisfaction.
Hygiene factor (e. g job satisfaction, job security, salary and fringe benefits) that do not encourage if present, but will result in de-motivation if it's absent.
The name cleanliness factor is used because, it's like cleanliness, the presence will not likely make you healthier but lack will lead to deterioration.
This theory is sometimes called as motivator's health theory or dual structure theory.
X and Y THEORY OF MOTIVATION
Theory X and theory Y are the human motivation ideas. It is developed by Douglas McGregor. These ideas describe two different aspects towards the workforce motivation. McGregor experienced that the firms follow each one or the other way.
The management assumes that the employees are in fact lazy and they stay away from the work. They also dislike the task. As a result of this management is convinced that staff must be carefully supervised or observed and adjustments should be established. There should be a narrow period of control to avoid such issues. When the organizational goals are to be attained the management should be stern on the employees. The X theory managers will heavily rely on the hazards and coercion of the employees. The employees in the management will opt to be directed towards the target.
In this theory, management perceives the employees are so interested and worked up about the work allotted. The employees may be ambitious or self-motivated and exercise self-control of the task. It is believed that employees enjoy about their mental and physical duties. The proper job to the right employees is the main element to accomplish organizational goals. The individuals in the business work as being as natural as play and break. The people will do self-direction and control towards the target that has been already establish by the business.
GOOGLE'S MOTIVATIONAL TECHNIQUES
Google Inc. is the celebrated American public organization that specializes in search on the internet, cloud computing and online advertising. The Chief Executive Officer of Yahoo Inc. is Mr. Eric Schmidt. The entire culture of the organization is as such that employees are always determined to do more. The company supports development and skills and skills. So folks from all over the world can join the business, predicated on their capabilities. There is no formal hierarchy, so many people are at the same level which is available to speak his/her head. This supports invention and an open culture where employees do not face any threat. Employees have numerous work environment visitors attractions that keep them determined just like a 24 hour dough nut shop, treat rooms, Google caf, workout rooms, and higher ability workstations.
As a motivational approach, Google runs on the system called Advancement Time Off, where the employees can spend their 20% of their working time on tasks that likes and dislikes them. This motivates the employees to stay face to face. They enjoy working new services like Gmail, Google Information, Orkut, and AdSense etc. They also create come jokes within and about the firm.
The "Googolplex" is the head office of Google located in California. The lobby has a piano, lava lighting fixtures, old server clusters and projection of search inquiries on the wall structure with hallways full or exercise balls and bicycles. Each and every employee is free to access the corporate recreation middle.
Google generate a unique and attractive working environment because of their employees. Matching to Hammonds, Google is a 'geeks dream house'. The employees in Yahoo are encouraged for working in Yahoo which is nothing in other businesses. Google offers a high employment that they get 1000 applications every day. The simple truth is people are desperate to work in Yahoo. They treat their worker as their own family members. They set up pursuits like free movie nights for employees and families, and free ski vacations and other communal trips have already created a cultural bond between employees. By provision free of charge holidays, activities facilities at the job, nursery look after children and 25 holiday seasons a year, Google promotes its employees to work hard and strive for the accomplishment of goals.
Unlike other firms the Google's hierarchy is very even. This can help in completing the goals extremely fast. You will see free copy of communication within the organization. The employees receive the high responsibility. They will be the key because of their ultimate success. Yahoo encourages innovation and empowerment because they may have talented workforces on earth.
Google has discovered why people become a member of their organization
Lending a supporting hand
Life is beautiful
Appreciation is the better motivation
Work and play aren't mutually exclusive
We love our employees, and we wish them to learn it
Innovation is our bloodline
Good company almost everywhere you look
Uniting the globe, one end user at a time
Boldly go where no one has ever removed before
There is such thing as a free lunch in the end.
Google Inc. uses Y theory of inspiration. They let the employees to work on what they are interested. They get people by their own facilities. Employees are satisfied by their job. Google is the job satisfaction provider for the people. Rewards, marketing promotions are also provided however the primary thing is the allocation of the work.
Measures to improve Yahoo Inc.
There should become more advertisement
Employees strategies must be strengthened
New motivational plans must be formulated
Servers should be fast
Better job satisfaction
All should be cared for the same
Google is the number one search engine. It already overtook Yahoo! Yahoo is the speediest growing company now. They began with the internet search engine but at present they are simply providing software (Android) for cell phones. That is actually a great technological expansion. By this fast development companies like Apple Firm and Microsoft are in menace. Google will surely lead the globe in technology by adopting some different and powerful strategies.