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Intervention of Stroop Effect on Color Naming Task

  • Dang Su Rene

Abstract

The research implies that the involvement of Stroop result affects the time taken in doing the color naming task. To do this experiment, 248 participants were randomly preferred that are half of the participants are Chinese speaking and another fifty percent are non-Chinese speaking. The two type of individuals will took this experiment. Their end result were registered and implies that non-Chinese speaking had taken just a little longer time to identify the color of round figures, natural words, incongruent color words and related words compared to Chinese speaking. However, their results turn out to be very competitive. In contrast, individuals who are Chinese language speaking they understand Chinese language incongruent word which causes them remember to identify it.

(115 words)

Introduction

"Stroop effect" is uncovered by John Ridley Stroop was first publish in 1935 in an article. This result is a study of an involvement that the brain's effect time of a task. However, the misapply of interference or inhibition has given the physiologist to commence the inspection on experimental literature and has perpetuate to the present by psychologists. Many reports had been published but only several records captured the psychologist attention.

Stroop (1935) was the initial Stroop Test that analyzed the rate in naming the ink color and the nature of stimulus which is round shape versus incongruent color words. It illustrates the nature of automatic processing versus visual recognition control. The results demonstrated that the speed in naming the printer ink color of incongruent color words were slower compared to round shapes. The conclusion was explained were due to interference impact.

After a short time, there is two alternative explanation for the Stroop Impact have been suggested which is relative speed of finalizing discussion and automaticity consideration.

The relative swiftness of debate theory was proposed by John Morton (1969). Both reading and color naming are achieved in parallel. When it is complete at the same time, word reading is faster and for that reason interferes with color naming in the contest for verbal outcome.

Schiffrin and Schneider (1977) emerged up automaticity accounts theory that advised the two cognitive attentional functions are automatic procedures and controlled processes. They illustrate the differences involving the automatic and the manipulated. Automatic task requires less attention, difficult to interrupt which is a task that we are utilized at. In contrast, controlled activity requires more attention, interrupt easily and new responsibilities is given. Therefore, the Stroop Result happens when an automated process disrupts a controlled process which may triggers changes after doing at naming colors.

Dalrymple-Alford (1972) considered the variant of the Stroop Impact which include some conditions. The conditions was to have forms, color related words and non color-related words. As a result, he concluded that more disturbance for color related phrase.

Ami (2012) researched that conventional ideas of the Stroop effect propose that faster color categorization on congruent tests parallel to incongruent trials is induced by channel conversation. Quite simply, information from the unrelated term channel disrupts processing of the print color, subsequently causes the deceleration process of incongruent exhibits.

Karthikeyan, Murugappan, & Yaacob (2014) researched the results demonstrates notable changes between the normal and stressed states are usually more apparent with categorization accuracy and reliability.

The purpose is to display the disturbance in the response time of an activity. Therefore, the current research helps us understand that the participants will take longer time to identify color for incongruent color words (Sheet C) compared to color styles (Sheet A) and color natural words (Sheet B). Participants who are Chinese language speaking will take longer time to recognize color for Chinese-incongruent color words (Sheet E) in comparison to those non-Chinese speaking. Individuals will take longer time to recognize color for color related words (Sheet D) compared to color natural words (Sheet B).

(505 words)

Method

Participants

248 individuals were randomly picked from school mates, relatives, friends and acquaintances which were recruited by the researcher. The individuals are aged between 16-50 years old. In addition, 50 percent of the individuals are Chinese speaking and another 50 % are non-Chinese speaking. The individuals shouldn't be color blind and must be literate in English.

Materials

Construct 5 test bed sheets and a practice sheet of A4 paper. Color pencils or color markers are to be used for the 5 test bed sheets and practice sheet. A timer is employed to record the length of time of the experiment.

Procedure

Before the experiment starts off, the researcher has chosen a suitable location where in fact the individuals can be seated with minimal interruptions. Members are also given a consent form to signal. Each consent form provides the participant's personal and the night out they did the experiment.

Next, the instructions and the experimental conditions were explained to the members by the researcher. The 5 webpages of test sheet with things or words that are written in different colors were not proven to the members. The individuals were required to name aloud the color of the objects or words as fast as they can. However, if the members named it wrongly, they are alerted by the researcher and required to repeat the color of the object or word again.

After that, the researcher revealed the members the practice sheet that consist one of these from the 5 test bed sheets to ensure that they understand the instructions. Otherwise, the researcher will duplicate the reason to them until they reach understand it. Then, show them the 5 test sheets which are Sheet A, B, C, D and E one at a time. Meanwhile, the time that the individuals needed to complete the duty was tabulated by the researcher.

(295 words)

Results

According to the experiments, the majority of the individuals who are Chinese language speaking respond faster than the members who are non-Chinese speaking. The desk below is regarding to complete color naming activity which is sheet A, B, C, D and E are round shape, color natural words, incongruent color words, color-related words and Chinese language incongruent color words.

Table 1 show that the members who are Chinese speaking take a longer time to complete test sheet E which is Chinese language incongruent color words than those who find themselves non-Chinese speaking. In contrast, the participants who are Chinese language speaking spent considerably less time on the colour naming process than the participants who are non-Chinese speaking. Overall, my hypothesis was that the participants will take longer to identify Sheet C in comparison to Sheet A and B. Chinese speaking participants will spent longer time to identify Sheet E in comparison to those non-Chinese speaking. Participants will need longer time to identify Sheet D in comparison to Sheet B. My results do support my hypotheses.

Table 1. Time Taken (In A few moments) to Complete Color Naming Task

Test Sheets

Sheet A

Sheet B

Sheet C

Sheet D

Sheet E

Chinese speaking

5. 95

7. 11

10. 24

7. 36

9. 07

Non-Chinese speaking

6. 25

7. 12

10. 67

7. 44

6. 99

Figure 1. Time considered (In Mere seconds) to Complete Color Naming Task

(163words)

Discussion

The result demonstrated a significant aftereffect of the individuals in completing color naming activity were within this review that the members who are Chinese language speaking have a longer time to finish test sheet E which is Chinese incongruent color words than those who are non-Chinese speaking. In contrast, the individuals who are Chinese speaking spent considerably less time on the colour naming job than the members who are non-Chinese speaking.

This final result is in line with prior research and it facilitates my hypotheses of the study. In the past research they don't have Chinese language incongruent color words and the participants who are Chinese speaking. Based on the earlier research, the findings of Stroop (1935) studied that the rate in naming ink color are influenced by nature of stimulus. Morton (1969) also figured expression reading is faster and for that reason inhibits color naming in the contest for verbal output. Dalrymple-Alford concluded that the results are more disturbance for color related words.

References

Dalrymple-Alford, E. C. (1972). Sensible similarity and color word disturbance in the stroop task. Psychonomic Science, 28, 209-210.

Ami, E. (2012), Self-employed contest of color and word can predict the stroop effect. Australian Journal Of Psychology, 64, 189-198.

Karthikeyan, P. , Murugappan, M. & Yaacob, S. (2014). Research of Stroop Color Term Test-Based People StressDetection using Electrocardiography advertisement Heart Rate Variability Impulses. Arabian Journal for Science & Engineering (Springer Research & Buisness Media B. V. ), 39, 1835-1847

Morton, J. (1969). Categories of interference: Verbal mediation and turmoil in greeting card sorting. British Journal of Psychology, 60, 329-346.

Shiffrin, R. M. & Schneider, W. (1977). Controled and automatic human processing: II. Perceptual learning, automatic attending and a general theory. Psychology Review, 84, 127-190.

Stroop, J. R. (1935). Studies in disturbance in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, 643-662.

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