Posted at 11.23.2018
The internet, for both children and parents, has surfaced as a communication medium worth focusing on. It appears in people's life of many aspects. In the education, includes both family education and open public education, the Internet is playing a significant role.
What Percentage of Children Make an online search?
? In UK, 98% of young people in the 9-19 years old age range have access to the internet somewhere. 
? In US, corresponding to a report in 2008, more than 1, 530, 000 children use internet.
? In China, about 85. 6% of men and women under 18-year-old have used internet before. 
It is obvious that now a huge percentage of children have grown to be the user of internet.
What do Children Use Internet for?
Here are some activities performed by children on the internet:
? Obtain information on things apart from school work (94%) 
? Instant Concept (81%) 
? Send and receive e-mail (72%) 
? Play game titles online (70%) 
? Use Facebook (63%) 
? Do shopping (60%) 
? Download music (45%) 
? Search for information on occupations and additional education (44%) 
? Browse the information (26%) 
? Chat rooms (21%) 
? Website design (16%) 
From the statistic above, we can see that a lot of children use internet for entertainment, especially chatting, online flash games and shopping. But fewer ratio of children make use of it a tool to review or obtain more info.
How often do Children Use Internet?
In UK, most young people access the internet for limited intervals, on a consistent basis, with 40% being daily users. Of these daily users, 19% spend up to ten minutes online and 48% between ten minutes and one hour. 
In China, more than 66% of teenagers gain access to the internet at least one time weekly. 71. 5% spend about 2 hours on line each and every time. 
We can find that children do not use internet as frequently as the individuals. Most children gain access to internet in a medium occurrence and spend affordable time online each time.
As we realize, most children are cyber users now. However they do not gain access to internet too constantly. However, in line with the view of FBI, 'while on-line computer exploration opens an environment of choices for children, expanding their horizons and exposing them to different cultures and ways of life, they can be exposed to problems as they struck the road exploring the info highway. '  Hence, an individual insist that we should keep an eye on how children use Internet in order to create a much better education environment for our children.
3. 2. 2 Internet Monitoring in Family Education (by Chuangjie Xu)
Why do parents monitor Internet use of these children?
From the background, it is well known that children's usage of the internet has grown rapidly. They can access Internet via a range of means. Many of them (74%) use Internet at home through personal computers. So that it seems that the kids can be safeguarded by the family.
However, relating to , 'there are concerns about both inequalities of access to the technology and the possible threats to children's safeness that can can be found online'. It also displays a list of ways that threats can come up in:
? Children and young people inadvertently or deliberately accessing either illegal or inappropriate sexual or violent materials C illegal material could require children or people. 
? Targeting and grooming of children by predatory people through chat rooms, possibly individuals posing as children. 
? The misuse of children, occasionally instantly using web cams, to be able to provide materials for pedophile reports groups. 
? The usage of email, instant messaging etc to bully and harass other C this can be more likely that occurs between children and teenagers. 
? Besides, It is simple for children to get Internet Dependency which is a serious obstruct to the development of physical and mental health of teenagers.
It is the responsibility of parents to educate teenagers how to use Internet in the correct and safe way. At the same time, parents should think children's abuse of Internet and then help them appropriate their errors. Furthermore, parents must keep their sight on children to save them from risks on line. Out of this view, monitoring how children use Internet appears to be a direct and effect way in education.
How do parents do monitoring?
There are extensive ways for parents to monitor cyber usage of these children. Essentially, there are three main ways to get this done.
- Stay nearby
Whilst young adults may yearn to have a computer in their bedroom, it can be easier to keep an eye on usage if the computer is in fact in a general population part of the house, like in a place of an area, in a hallway, in a report or even on the getting (if there's room!). This way, you can be going about your own duties in the house and keep a watchful eyesight how much your teen is using the Internet, without being overly nosey. 
- Check web history
It's wii idea to constantly check up on what they're using on the Internet or to make a big deal of it, but if you are unsure in what they're doing, or think they're acting suspiciously with all the computer (for example suddenly switching displays when you walk previous or halting what they're doing if you are in the room), you'll be able to always check the history in web browsers, such as Internet Explorer, after they've come off of the computer. This will provide you with a list of sites they've frequented on a certain day or week. 
- Parental Internet monitoring tools
With most monitoring software, parents can screen instant messaging, email activity, chat periods, program activity, even keystrokes typed, view where their child surfed online and what data or pictures have been downloaded or exchanged. This key backdoor into a kid's online marketing communications sometimes alerts parents with their child's poor alternatives and participation in probably unsafe or illegitimate activity. 
What's today's situation?
For monitoring children's use of Internet, it seems essential for parents to get this done and beneficial to children's cyber-world access. Then exactly what does the existing situation look like?
In United States, corresponding to a countrywide survey of junior internet use, most parents and children have objective behaviour about Access to the internet. The list below shows the ideas of some parents and kids in that survey:
? 83 percent of parents were satisfied with their children's Internet use. 
? 76 percent of 6- to 12-year-olds say their parents are either in the room or close by all or the majority of the time they're online; 35 percent of teenagers record the same. 
? Most children (79 percent) and parents (95 percent) agree that parents are knowledgeable about kids' online activities. For young adults (66 percent) and parents (93 percent) the space in percentages was a little wider. 
? 86 percent of parents see themselves as "guides to good Internet content" somewhat than "watchdogs" over their kids' Internet use. 
? Parents' matter for his or her kids' online safe practices rates 10th among other concerns they may have for their kids after college safety, physical health, and educational success. 
In Europe, MOST children imagine their parents DO NOTHING to cause them to become be safe online. On the other hand, most parents are self-assured their children are taking the required precautions.  Here's some statistic from a survey of Microsoft MSN:
? 66 percent of children said their parents does nothing at all to limit or control their internet use. 
? Some 73 percent of Irish parents said they had taken actions to limit or control their children's internet use and a quarter of parents said they used online parental control buttons or filtering software. 
? Some 66 percent of Irish children said it was safe to place private information on sites and cultural networking sites. Just 48 per cent of children in European countries felt this was a safe practice. 
In this survey, Microsoft Ireland also described that the research possessed shown 'worrying spaces' in young adults' online basic safety recognition and internet education. 
From the info above, we can see that not all the parents take children's Internet use seriously. However, more and more parents notice the children's cyber basic safety problem and then take action to control even screen children's Internet use. This could be seen from the growing market of Cyber Monitoring Software. Just enter into 'parent internet monitoring software' in the Yahoo searching bar and search it. We will see that we now have more than 1, 700, 000 data in the looking result.
3. 1. 3 Internet Monitoring in Public Education (by Haibing Li)
With the computer network technology growing fast, the school network is also accelerating development. How to effectively screen the safety of the coaching and alternative activities becomes one of focus consideration in college management. Aside from monitoring students at home, university is the next biggest area which offers network for children to make use of.
Why do universities monitor Internet utilization of students?
Enhance the network mortality education.
Use the network monitoring technology and communication methods (like Internet, Television set, and Papers) to guide students on the correct treatment of the exclusive world. Let children to use Internet correctly, protection and meaningfully. Raise the pornographic websites, assault, and obscene information, poor information about network game and improve the ability to tell apart bad information, to refuse the bad information by them. To teach students do not visit, not make, not distributed bad information through Internet, and not play bad online games to prevent the adverse effects on efforts to create a good atmosphere in campus.
Enhance the cooperation between institution and family
Schools and individuals to remind students that has to avoid gullible thing from internet, and don't to disclose personal information, don't returning to unfamiliar questions. Parents advocate for children and the utilization of cell phones for Access to the internet guidance and acceptable constraints teach their children from adult chatting rooms and pornographic websites; try to avoid their children at home only through the Internet; to spend more time writing with their children more kids to take part in beneficial activities.
Enhance the quality of education
The quality of education in institutions depends on college student achievement and college student contributions to the community. There's competition between institutions. That is why they have to try to improve the quality of education. Students play an important role in this technique. Cyber monitoring is a way to enhance the efficiency of the students. Because scholar can be distracted by surfing the net to play games or perform unauthorized activities. School does not hope their students' waste time on playing on-line video games or communicating with others.
3. 1. 4 Responsibility vs. Privacy
Responsibility of Parents and Institutions (by Chuangjie Xu)
We may question whether this type of monitoring activity can be an invasion of children's privacy or not. For parents and academic institutions, they might feel that this is their responsibility. Dr. David Walsh, a psychologist and leader of the Country wide Institute on Press and the Family, told Computer World, "Parents have a responsibility to monitor the whereabouts of the kids, whether it's in real life or the cyber-world. " 
The Computer World Magazines keep this same view. They don't really think this is an infringement. But they insist this aspect with two important conditions:
- Clearly identify the rules you anticipate the child to follow when getting online.
- Communicate that their activity will be supervised at times. 
School is where students go to get an education. It will provide education as well as safeguard for students. When students stay static in the campus, school should keep students safe both in real life and in the cyber world. It really is school's responsibility to lead students to utilize internet correctly and keep them away from the negative things online.
Privacy of Children and Students (by Haibing Li)
There is nobody desires to be watched by other folks, such as their parents or schools, monitoring behavior will not mean that someone is monitored in every second. If children and students know that their pcs are monitored when they use the computer, they will feel someone is viewing what they are doing, and then this example will lead to psychological problems to children and students. On the other hand, if monitoring is just filtering porn websites, adult chatting rooms, and some bad words. Monitoring is a very good way to protect students and children to increase up healthy. Therefore, people and schools shouldn't use the monitoring software, or different ways to keep an eye on them, children and students must have the right of privacy. Therefore, the individuals and school should guide children and students, more commutations, instead of using monitoring software.
3. 1. 5 Alternate Way (by Chuangjie)
Do not infringe the privacy protection under the law of the teenagers in the name of education. As a matter of known fact, there are a few alternative means to help children use Internet in security rather than monitoring.
First of most, how to learn the young be vulnerable On-line? Here are some tips from FBI :
? Your son or daughter spends large amounts of their time on-line, especially during the night.
? You find pornography on your child's computer.
? Your child receives phone calls from men you do not know or is making phone calls, sometimes long distance, to quantities you don't understand.
? Your child receives mail, gift ideas, or deals from someone you don't know.
? Your son or daughter transforms the computer keep an eye on off or quickly changes the display screen on the monitor when you come into the room.
? Your child becomes withdrawn from the family.
? Your child is using an on-line accounts belonging to another person.
To parents, Charles Montaldo, a Private Detective, provided some tips :
? Conversation openly with your son or daughter about the risk online.
? Help your child understand what sexual victimization, nor be afraid to utilize specific instances.
? Browse with your child and find out what type of websites they enjoy going to.
? If your child runs on the computer beyond your house, such as at university or at the collection, uncover what type of adjustments and safeguards are being used on those computer systems.
? Avoid getting the computer in your child's bedroom. If your son or daughter is in a typical room inside your home when online the ability to engage in unwanted activity is lessoned because the screen can be viewed by anyone in the house.
? Teach your child the in charge use of the resources on-line.
To children, Charles also listed some safe methods :
? Never to meet anyone face-to-face who they have attained online without parental participation.
? Never to publish or post pictures of themselves on the Internet to people who they do not professionally know.
? Never to give post or hand out personal information which could identify those to a stranger such as their name, home address, university name, or phone number.
? Never to download pictures from an anonymous source.
? Never to respond to announcements or bulletin board postings that are suggestive, obscene, belligerent, or harassing.
? Never to believe everything they can be informed online.
In summary, we prefer to encourage more communication and trust between parents and children, between universities and students.