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International Political Systems: Sumerian City-States

Why will i assume that there is an International Political System? First, I'll discuss the connections between Sumerian city-states that is divided by the river of Tigris and Euphrates, that now forms today's Iraq[1], why these Sumerian city-states? Because I wish to prove that there is an International Political Systems during that time, don't get me incorrect in this subject matter, I want one to feel you're in these said age ranges to be in their position, hence this will be your root base, because if you will compare it with the International Political Systems nowadays a huge distress may subdue.

Second, as a result of thirty years of warfare north traditional western Germany think of a treaty that will stop this war which is the Treaty of Westphalia.

The last however, not the least, the current situation of International Political System in this time and I'll pick US or (U. N) to be the based mostly model of these current International Political Systems. I am going to cover different laws from the United Nations to demonstrate my claim, these are United Nations Convention on regulations From the Seas or (UNCLOS), second the Human Protection under the law were play an enormous role with the countries under the US.

Different ideas has been made, different mainstream talk about have received the name 'where does indeed International Political System started' but we all know already that the legitimate beginning of International Political System is enough time that the treaty of Westphalia began[2], but within my argument, I will say that it is the conversation between Sumerian city-states where International Political System was really born. They don't know it yet they are doing such thing, but I in my research, I will confirm that what they are doing is International Political System which is use as yet.

"Discussion between Sumerian City-States"

Tigris and Euphrates are much known due to river that separates them but it links these Sumerian City-States. They are thought to have been a fully-fledged International System, because these Sumerian city-states have already an existing faith, trade, interaction, dialect, educational system, laws and regulations and leaders.

They research to their God as the Supreme head and by that of his / her people are at the mercy of follow what their God would like, indicating being the Supreme (God and Goddesses) innovator they must follow what regulations She or he has made, for example their Gods or Goddesses are represented by natural entities including the Sun interconnected with Justice and considered as the God Sun, He's God called 'UTU', Moon interconnected to Knowledge and their God Moon, She is called God 'Nanna' or 'Suen', and Globe connected alive Force, several decades before Hammurabi, Ur-Engur of the Ur dynasty (c. 2600 BC) declared that he rendered decisions "based on the just laws of Shamash. "[3] This research of the Gods and Goddesses only makes my state more evident. Even their God Ur-Engur has a law for the visitors to abide with, and by abiding such rule a state could be more powerful in terms of regulations that is put in place to the people, and folks who happens to follow it diligently or faithfully from technology to era which made regulations effective and refrain the citizenry to do whatever they want if it had not been relating to the prevailing laws that were created by their Gods and Goddesses they have confidence in long before these were born.

The rules their Gods and Goddesses has generated, local laws and regulations have been expanded to other city-states they handled, unconsciously they are already leading to an international law practice which were recognized, obeyed, reputed and put into practice by both parties or city-states included. These industries of analysis are ingredient of an international system, hence this is international politics system, because in those times, they're knowledge about the planet is their only city-state and treating other people outside their city-state as barbarians or poor as compared to themselves, (ex. The Greek city-states even if indeed they know that different claims exist, they consider them as barbarians and these barbarians don't add in the individuals populace much most detrimental are even regarded as uncivilized or unworthy people) just what exactly I'm declaring is that this exist as an International Political System utilizing their own norm or measure. Hence in this age International Political System in the Sumerian city-state for the kids is the greatest and the only one known to be followed by their citizenry and if they want to deal with the Sumerians it is compulsory to allow them to follow what the existing rules the Sumerians are employing or pursuing faithfully. In this case we could vividly see the influence of an extremely strong centralized government. No matter what central federal government or the city-state of Sumerian is doing, it has to be followed by others having that process that these laws were created by the Supreme Being (God or Goddesses) which includes issues regarding plans in their politics, armed service, societal, and economic norms and the areas.

These criteria already can be found in this city-states, but as time goes on, these norms changes, because 'change is mother nature' hence if the nature is to improve, when the present day times comes, these norms became more technical hence contributes more norms to become an International Political System. Change in environment such as geographical features which includes restrictions, natural and manmade, resources which must be altered or modified to have the ability to get up to the new ideas and development of new trends in the International Political Systems. That is why I add this Sumerian city-states because this is actually the real routine that goes with the ever changing and ever growing International Political System.

Because of the mainstream way of Westphalia in the same framework the title was presented with to them, and offered the title that the year Westphalia created was the true delivery of International Political System which is a huge fallacy. Why did I conclude so? It is because the treaty of Westphalia took place not just way back when it was exactly on October 24th 1648[4]. When the treaty of Westphalia was ratified or take into effect as a laws so many happenings or major happenings have been recorded to acquired happened +which paved the way for the creation of an treaty that won't gave a delivery but customized to change with the existing needs and issues to be handle even if the name was presented with for the Sumerian city-state was a 'Pre-international System' I am going to consider them a global political system, as part in my advantages said, the perspective perspective must be only in the Sumerian time, that is why I established them in line with the years where they are present so you will see a smooth movement of ideas, and one goal to justify if we'd an international political system.

In these Sumerian city-states trade is also present, as a result of creation of first calendar, which they fine-tuned to the phases of the moon. The lunar calendar helped the Greeks, Semites and Egyptians, because of this, it helped a great deal of Sumerian City-States to interact with each other thus aiding their economy to improve up leading to the development of vendor class[5], did you know they are incredibly good navigators due to calendar they made. They know wherever they go as a result of stars in the sky, were that superstar will serve as a guide for every people of metropolis that will trade from other towns, that's why when they created the first ever calendar which altered the phases of the moon it helped them a whole lot. [6][7]

Talking about trade, it helped to improve the interaction between these Sumerian city-states by simple speaking with one another, of course the need of language is in need, and the vocabulary this period are split into four: first is Archaic Sumerian, second is Old or Classical Sumerian, third is New Sumerian, last but not minimal Post-Sumerian. These terminology had their own time at the life of Sumerian city-states, Archaic Sumerian protected the period from 3100 B. C, when the first Sumerian composed their initial documentary or information, right down to about 2500 B. C, this content of writings in this time include business and administrative persona, there continues to be school texts that form simple exercises on paper because this era of language was poorly realized because of the meagerness resources. Second the Old or Classical Sumerian lasted from 2500 to 2300 B. C, displayed by the record of Lagash like in the first there is business, administrative text messages here, but an addition is a legal text, in here the grammar of Sumerian better and their vocabulary. [8]

It is very visible that once trade prevails in between any country or countries, influx not only of money but the majority of all ideas, culture, regulations, and even intermarriage will follow. So I highly think that International Political System is definitely existing and apply even prior to the idea of the said system was said to be introduced.

"Treaty of Westphalia"

This reported to be the legitimate season were International Political System was made the birth year of International Political System, exactly why is it that the legitimate one? Exactly why is it that the connections of Tigris and Euphrates was not the respectable one? Because as said by Richard Little and Barry Buzan the point of being a european country we cannot accept the actual fact they are the ones who will be the elitist and they're mind set to be Ethnocentrism, signifying they will be the only ones who possessed think of the ideas that can be seen it the modern and early ages, being the elitist they are the ones who got the subject of the task done, and by showing the story of the forefathers other early International Political System is discarded on the list, hence giving the name of the first authentic International Political System to the Treaty of Westphalia.

Treaty of Westphalia was created for the Europeans, because of the thirty years conflict that was motivated by spiritual and politics control around Europe. And because of this thirty years of warfare countless man, child and women possessed died, it even overcome the fatalities that has been manufactured in World Warfare I and World Battle II, it said to assume that one-third of the populace died in consequence of the conflict, because of the people dying every day for days gone by thirty years. And because of the Treaty of Westphalia it was ratified with the concurrence of the state's present whom to themselves regarded as the elite and civilized one, which all must follow. This treaty is the first manifestation that they are creating a global Political System, this rules is the law of conflict a doctrine involving when it is permissible to go to conflict and what means of conducting warfare are (and are not) permissible, meaning that they cannot go to warfare anymore for this reason said treaty, hence they already know that this warfare has been going for the past thirty years. If this will continue all that will be remaining to them are bones of their dropped comrades, which is not healthy to a state because man is the crucial part and without man a state cannot exist.

As history has proven the root cause of the thirty years of battle was the tug of battle among the protestants and Catholics who both says that their faith is the best and the truth. The influence of the leaders specifically the clergies or priests in the catholic area and ministers or pastors on the protestant part greatly affected the citizenry because their decisions and allegiance is determined by the religious beliefs they belong too. A lot of these situation politics leaders also relies and asks for the nod or approval of the strong spiritual leader for them to get almost all back-up of the countries or states. So you might clearly see how it did affect the whole talk about. The unimaginable result of the thirty years of conflict paved just how for the beginning of Treaty of Westphalia but definitely not the birth of International Political System.

'Current Situations of the World's Systems'

United Countries (UN) can be an example of current International Political Systems, which facilitates all its constituents, for example: Philippines, China, Japan, United States, and so many more different areas. This serve as an international political system because first, it is recognize internationally by member countries. Market leaders of the several division of the United Nations such as World Health Business (WHO), United Land International Children Emergency Account (UNICEF), International Labor Company (ILO)[9] and other departments are chosen from the most reputable and able man whose integrity are doubtless. Armed service or (tranquility keeping forces), Politics, Economic, Societal and Environmental, which are generally known as areas of analysis are within the United Nation. At significantly it is nervous about the peace one of the states, development, individual protection under the law, and International Rules. Because member areas will be the ones who'll assess if the merit of promises of one point out to another when there is a conflict, US will make an answer against these conflicts, that's why they can be found when there's a war problem inside status for example Libya, they send calmness keeping pushes or military causes that got from its constituent claims, even in Environmental catastrophe, they is there to help the people of their constituent claims.

Human Privileges a philosophical foundation[10], (protected societal interaction), as mentioned they are simply just by virtue of individual against war that's why serenity is more rampant, ironically People Protection under the law were made after World Warfare II regarding the the Holocaust, the experience of Nuremberg tribunal persuaded leaders of the necessity to established international standards to prevent genocide from ever occurring again. Human being protection under the law is where they create laws that will offered as a shield by every single person of circumstances and it will at most prevent wars and unhumanitarian works whether it's a woman, children or man, furthermore this human being right legislations is by very good the greatest laws the United Nation has made. United Nation's goal of growing existing laws to cope with changes and avoidance of possible battle, talking about condition to state wars, why say that? Because after the human right law has been executed, the rights of the people were seen nowadays, they can not wipe out people because they just want to buy to, hence they cannot kill for their opposite religious values, and lastly you cannot kill people any longer no matter what nationality they can be, if not great repercussions will be used against you if you will do such criminal offenses. Racism is vehemently trashed.

But a rebuttal here's Libya, Iraq, and Syria in this time is a great war against, Islamic Talk about of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), once we can see this isn't a state to convey war because conflict exists inside their state. Ironically all these states are associates of the United Nations nevertheless they do not abide by the principle of peace, mankind and unity among member areas. Even though they may have violated international rules still the US tries its better to pacify the situation. As a proof this our personal Philippines, as a member of the US send troops to this country therefore in this context military exists in United Nations, because as a member of this business we must promote our resources, assist in any possible means such as medical help, medical make and even peace keeping makes.

Just like other countries doing to the Philippines when it comes to natural calamities and disaster, even the People's Republic of China disregarded the issue in West Philippine Sea they still send troops here to help, foods and other activities which they think may help a whole lot the typhoon victim which been the strongest noted typhoon on the planet. It really is a manifestation that China identifies his membership in the United Country and because the Philippines is a member express of the United Land it is an excellent sign that China gets the effort and good goal to help us in spite of all the chances they are having with the Philippines.

Second best example I could give is the Philippines and China regarding the the Western world Philippine Sea, United Nations Convention on regulations From the Seas (UNCLOS) this is a compulsory steps for dispute quality among state gatherings, this process possess the to choose either they're circumstance will International Tribunal for regulations Of the Sea (ITLOS), International Judge of Justice (ICJ), Arbitral Tribunal, and last but not the least special technical arbitral tribunal. Why apply the provisions of UNCLOS and United Nations If there is still discord? Because United Region was established for peace and also to avoid World Conflict I or World Battle II or such things to occurred again. Because in a conflict nobody is victorious, yes they could say that they gain, but actually in war, an incredible number of lives is lost. The United Nations' ultimate goal is to avoid wars; hence by making use of human protection under the law, it provides to be an important term to prevent World War III since when World Conflict I and World War II occurred, there continues to be no concrete data on human being privileges. Nowadays member claims or nonmember state governments think of the consequences if indeed they will violate individuals right laws and regulations. They know that even following the incident they'll be persecuted by the international community through monetary sanction, persona non grata and other international recognized form of disconformity.

Another good example is the International Labor Corporation (ILO)[11]. Due to the creation of the International Regulation Organization member states are very enthusiastic in implementing guidelines regarding labor practices. International approved systems regarding the way they treat local and foreign laborers are always given importance.

The major role of an employee, laborer or any manpower is often given top priority in virtually any countries. The welfare, salary and other related activities or advantages of the working pressure are in compliance with accepted rules and systems.

International Political System when i viewed it is nearly the same with other system. It was made and pursued by reputable men whose goal is with an orderly, respectful and effective way of life. We may vary in language, physical attributes, prices, culture, faith, educational history and other activities that makes a human not the same as an animal but also for sure we the majority of the people would like to are in an atmosphere of peace, unity and love.

I wish to give thanks to people who intimated these systems, for that they had helped a lot the succeeding decades on what they have done. Not merely the philosophical market leaders but especially the unwritten leaders of days gone by who may well not have been talked about in any doc or book but also for sure contributed a lot on who and where we are actually. They could have made mistakes or imperfections but that's the reality of life no one is ideal. Our life is a continuing learning from your errors with the guiding concept to be of help his people and committed to get this to world an improved life and destination to live with.


Buzan, B. , & Little, R. (2000). International Systems in World Record. NY: Oxford School Press.

D'Anieri, P. (2014). International Politics: Vitality and Purpose in Global Affairs. canada: Cenage learning.

Guisepi, R. A. (1980 and 2003). THE ANNALS of Old Sumeria. Retrieved Sept 1, 2014, from THE ANNALS of Old Sumeria: http://history-world. org/sumeria. htm


Sumerian Gods. (n. d. ). Retrieved Sept 1, 2014, from Sumerian Gods: http://www. crystalinks. com/sumergods. html

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[1] Barry Buzan and Richard Little, International Systems in World Record, (New York; Oxford University Press, 2000), 1.


Barry Buzan and Richard Little, International Systems in World Background, (New York; Oxford School Press, 2000), 1.

[3] "Sumerian Gods", Crystalinks. com, http://www. crystalinks. com/sumergods. html,

[4] "The Peacefulness of Westphalia". HistoryLearningSite. co. uk. 2006. Web, http://www. historylearningsite. co. uk/peace_of_westphalia. htm.

[5] Robert A. Guisepi, The History of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and efforts or civilization, (School of California, 1980 and 2003), http://history-world. org/sumeria. htm.


Robert A. Guisepi, THE ANNALS of Ancient Sumeria (Sumer) including its cities, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization, (University of California, 1980 and 2003), http://history-world. org/sumeria. htm.


Walter Baucum, Sumerians who had been they? The Sudden Civilization, http://www. uhcg. org/Lost-10-Tribes/walt1-Sumerians. html.


Robert A. Guisepi, THE ANNALS of Old Sumeria (Sumer) including its towns, kings, religions culture and contributions or civilization, (University or college of California, 1980 and 2003), http://history-world. org/sumerian_terminology. htm.

[9] United Nations http://www. un. org/en/

[10] United Nations http://www. un. org/en/.

[11] United Nations http://www. un. org/en/.

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