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Intelligent Agents Characteristics

Report on Intelligent Agents


The research for this article was done using the various catalogs from the catalogue, Web sites and computer publications.


The uses of clever agents within the house and in businesses have increased drastically over the years. Intelligent agents are a part of a program that carries out an activity unsupervised and is applicable some degree of intellect to the duty.

New and increased intelligent real estate agents are constantly being designed and produced to handle numerous recurring and predictable tasks.

One classification of an intelligent agent, as described by expresses a smart agent perceives its environment via sensors and acts rationally upon that environment using its effectors. Hence, an intelligent agent gets percepts one at a time and maps this percept into actions

In his publication, Necessities of Management Information Systems, Kenneth Laudon identifies an intelligent agent as being software programs that work in the background to handle specific, repeated and predictable jobs for a person individual business or software application.

The design and creation of a smart agent has to consider numerous factors. This survey takes a check out these things to consider and factors and and perception into how brilliant providers are influencing businesses and world as a whole.


  • Agent Characteristics

Intelligent agents have four main characteristics:

A realtor is a computer software system whose characteristics are situatedness, autonomy, adapitvity and sociability.

  • Situatedness

When a realtor receives some type of sensory source from its environment, it then performs some actions that change its environment for some reason.

  • Autonomy

This agent quality means that an agent is able to act without immediate involvement from humans or other realtors. This type of agent has almost complete control over it own activities and internal state.

  • Adapitvity

This agent quality means that it's capable of reacting flexibly to changes within its environment. With the ability to accept goal aimed initiatives when appropriate and is also also with the capacity of learning from it's own experiences, environment and relationship with others.

  • Sociability

This type of quality means that the agent is capable of interacting in a peer-to-peer manner with other realtors or humans.

  • Design Considerations

One of the main aspects of brilliant agents is the look of the genuine agent. The agent needs to have the ability to fulfil the tasks that are needed from it, i. e. to achieve its goals.

There are four main aspects that require to be studied into consideration when designing a smart agent.

  • Percepts

This is the information that the agent receives

  • Actions

This is what the agent needs to do or can do to accomplish its objectives.

  • Goals

This is the factor that the agent is trying to achieve

  • Environment

The final aspect is the surroundings in which the agent will be employed in. The environment in which the agent performs is probably the main aspect that should be considered as this affects the results of the percepts, actions and goals.

  • Different Approaches to Agent Design

From the agent characteristics and design concerns come four different approaches to sensible agent design.

  • Simple Reflex Agents

Simple reflex real estate agents are the most elementary form of clever agent. They are simply simple minded, immediate cable connections between percepts and actions.

  • Reflex Agencies with Internal State

Reflex brokers with internal express act like the Simple reflex real estate agents except they remember the talk about of the environment as within prior percepts.

As the agents' sensors do not give a detailed profile of the surroundings at each type, a perception of the surroundings is captured on the time period that provided more info to the agent and permits it to provide better results.

  • Goal Based Agents

For an objective established agent, the agent must know more than the existing state of the environment, they must know the full requirements of the target they are necessary to perform.

The goal established agent combines the information of the goal with possible actions that will achieve that goal. This might cause the agent for taking longer sequences of possible activities before deciding on the right course of action and if the goal has been achieved.

Goal Based realtors also take the near future into consideration.

3. 4 Utility Based Agents

Utility-based agents will be the ultimate form of sensible agent and are an extension of the goal-based agent.

Utility brokers consider degrees of utility and make an effort to maximise their own probable. Utility functions allow the agent to identify conflicting or alternative goals and decisions.

The probability of success and need for the goal can also be compared and evaluated by the utility agent; the agent would then do appropriate action to ensure the most suitable choice was determined.

  • Distinction between Environments
  • Accessible Vs Inaccessible

This environment is concerned with if the agent can see the exact talk about of the surroundings. If the realtors sensors have the ability to provide it with complete access to the point out of the environment had a need to choose an action, then the environment is obtainable in any other case it is inaccessible.

  • Deterministic Vs Nondeterministic

In a deterministic environment, the use of the same actions will produce the same end result every time the process or situation is repeated.

But in a Nondeterministic environment the ultimate outcome of the procedure or situation will be different each and every time.

  • Episodic Vs Nonepisodic

In an episodic environment, following shows do not rely upon the actions that took place in previous shows, agents in this kind of environment won't need to plan in advance.

Agents in Nonepisodic surroundings do tend to depend on earlier actions that took place in previous episodes and do tend to have to plan forward.

4. 4 Static Vs Dynamic

A static environment is an environment that doesn't change and enough time taken for a realtor to process an action doesn't matter, as the surroundings will stay the same.

A strong environment changes consistently and an intelligent agent needs to be in a position to process actions quickly prior to the environment changes.

  • Discrete Vs Continuous

In a discrete environment the number of specific percepts and actions an agent will get is bound to a collection amount, but in a continuous environment the percepts and actions are unrestricted.

Intelligent providers that are within an accessible or deterministic environment do not need to deal with uncertainty.

Inaccessible, Nondeterministic, Nonepisodic, Active, and Continuous surroundings are the most challenging, as they are unpredictable surroundings, the other environments are more secure and less volatile.

  • The use of Intelligent Providers in Businesses

The use of intelligent agencies has increased significantly over the past 5 year, though the majority of men and women wouldn't think twice about the process that they do this make their lives easier.

During the1990's, A. D. Little, a management expert, approximated that by the year 2000, 15 to 20 percent of most computer applications would contain sensible agents. Though this number has increased a considerable amount with the development of new technology.

The use of intelligent can agents is seen atlanta divorce attorneys industry sector within the UK and all over the world.

The most frequent and trusted agents are found within two main areas. The first is within office type environments in which computers are being used and the second reason is on the internet.

In the first concern, software applications is the main reason for realtors being utilized so broadly:

  • Operating systems use real estate agents to add email and dial up network account, do group management, add/remove programs and devices and keep an eye on licences.
  • Spreadsheet providers offer recommendations for improvement and can also tutor novice users.
  • Software development agencies assist in daily habit activities such as data filtering.

The second and area and probably the largest is the web. The internet runs on the variety of different types of realtors to help an individual find what they are looking for. They include:

  • Search engines - improve your information retrieval on the Internet
  • Web mastering Providers - these realtors make it easy to manage a web site
  • Web Real estate agents - These realtors enhance the users surfing around experience.
  • Monitoring Brokers - These realtors monitor sites or specific themes you are looking at.
  • Shopbots - These brokers enable you to compare prices on Internet.
  • Virtual Assistants - included in these are virtual domestic pets and desktop assistants.

Intelligent agents is seen in a multitude of situations, the stand in point 5. 1 provides more examples of what agents are capable of.

Though realtors are making life easier, additionally it is reducing the amount of employees had a need to get the job done. An example of this would be a car-manufacturing factory. Through the 1980's thousands of folks were employed to make the vehicles but since the introduction of machinery that contains a smart agent to do the recurring work, numerous people were made redundant and the positions where 4 - 5 people have the job has been reduced to one or two men and the machine.

  • An intelligent agent is something that perceives and acts in an conditions.
  • An ideal agent is one which always will take the action that is expected to maximise its performance.
  • There are a variety of basic agent program designs. The designs change in efficiency, compactness and flexibility. The appropriate design of the agent program is determined by the percepts, activities, goals and environment.
  • Some environments tend to be challenging than others.
  • Reflex agents respond immediately to percepts, goal based mostly agents act in order to achieve their goals and utility-based brokers try to maximise their own ˜pleasure'.
  • The use of brains agents has increased beyond the goals of experts within the management and information technology fields. The usage of intelligent real estate agents are being observed in a wide mix portion of businesses whether in equipment and equipment or within the software programs that they have in their personal computers and sites.
  • The most widely used forms of wise agents are found on the Internet, they are mainly utilized within search engines.


  • Intelligent agents will be the basis of manufactured intelligence; there are sizeable ongoing researches in to the field, numerous exciting alternatives.
  • Agencies are here to remain, not least for their diversity, their vast selection of applications and the broad spectral range of companies buying them. Even as move further and additional into the information get older, any information-based organisation which does not spend money on agent technology may be committing commercial hara-kiri. -


Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig 1995, Artificial intellect: Today's Methodology, Prentice Hall

www-cdr. Stanford. edu/nextlink/expert. html [Accessed 13 Oct 2002]

Intelligent Realtors on the internet: reality, Fiction and Forecast, Oren Etzioni and Daniel S. Weld - www. computer. org/intelligent/ex1995/x4044abs. htm [Reached 16th Oct 2002]

www. hermans. org/agencies/index. html [Accessed 16th Oct 2002]

Intelligent agents likely to cut jobs, alter office buildings, Kile Martz

www. bizjournals. com/kansascity/reviews/1998/08/03focus5. html [Seen 16th Oct 2002]

http://www. agentland. com/

http://sbm-connect. tees. ac. uk/ebuscon/Presentations%20(PPP%20&%20PDF)%20Files/Chapter%2011%20Intelligent%20Systems%20in%20Business. pdf [Accessed 13th October 2002]

Turban, McLean and Wetherbe, 1996, First Model, It for professionals - Improving Quality and Productivity

Laudon K. Essentials of Management Information Systems, 2002, Fifth Release, Prentice Hall

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