Posted at 11.24.2018
The present system of one-shot summative analysis through the course end exam has been criticized (and also recognized by some) by some of the stakeholders of education system. The purpose of analysis is to see if confirmed programme is working, an institution is successful according to the goals set for it, and the initial intent has been successfully carried out. It means to find out social electricity, desirability or effectiveness of a process, product or a program and includes advice for a few better future course of action. Evaluation does not just mean measurement of the amount of learning outcomes but more so an approach for even more improving the system. It needs to be diagnostic and formative in nature to provide remedial help to the students. It is also arranged by all academicians that evaluation should become a positive insight for improving the coaching learning process and not as a deterrent. The record card of evaluation should mirror not only the scholastic areas of the learner, but also Life Skills acquisition, personality features, behaviour interests, behaviour, values and effectiveness in indoor as well as outdoor co-curricular activities. It should facilitate in unravelling the latent talent and reflect a true picture of the expansion and profile of a learner (Vineet Joshi, Chaiman & Secretary, CBSE, 2009).
One result of the global influences, such as changes in the world overall economy, the information revolution, environmentalism, and cross-national health hazards, is the move away from the heavy use of traditional, more judgmental methods to assessment toward alternate, more inclusive means of identifying what learners know and can do. Along with this move is a thoughtful re-examination of precisely what we want from our learners in classrooms worldwide. (Carol A. Puhl, 1997).
Realizing the imperfections in the present system of analysis and need for comprehensive continuous analysis, a country has to not only reform but also enhance the procedure of evaluation in today's education system. With this goal (for improving the quality of education), Administration of India also offers planned to set up place something of continuous examination in couple of months time (PM, s address to the nation on the occasion of the country's 65th Self-reliance Day).
Different types of continuous diagnosis can be used by different subject instructors for different levels of learners. Though extensive guidelines can be laid down, exact technique to be adopted can't be explicitly explained for a specific course or programmes. Every individual teacher may be seeking within the limits of resources and his experience various ways of assessing the students continuously over a semester or academic year. The effectiveness of this process can be established only through the learner's performance after the course. In such a paper, I've made an attempt to talk about my experience in extensive continuous analysis of the students at tertiary level in British terms/ literature school rooms.
Changing Role of Teachers
Modern India's system of education widening as never before with graduation as the least entry level certification for employment and Master's degree only gateway for a profession, the need of the hour is way beyond the certifications in paper. What counts most is attitude and diverse skill sets to be able to preserve one's place in the competitive and challenging global job market. To fulfill these requirements, our democratic nation shoulder blades the huge responsibility of changing its past theory, 'Success of the fittest' to suit the existing needs as 'fit all of them to endure'. This present basic principle being our goal, all the universities and academicians play a vital role in transforming this goal into action. The function of tertiary and advanced schooling institutes and the quality of students made by them requires not only a extensive scrutiny but also a major revision and a full reformation to address the challenges in the current changing education environment. Our country needs not only graduates but intellectual dynamites to think locally and act globally, individuals with thinking minds, sensible people to lead India in the path of progress as a developed country.
In the branch of tertiary and advanced schooling today, semester style is largely being accompanied by almost all of the colleges, India and overseas. With such practice in vogue, an academic yr comprising two semesters, Spring and Fall season, should contain relevant topics, both significant in content and interesting in variety thus gratifying the knowledge function. True to the saying that knowledge is vitality, only if applied, such knowledge-gain has to be tested used. Testing is nothing but practicing the power of learning. From times immemorial, assessment, either dental or written has been around vogue and then check the comprehensive degree of the receiver. We ought to keep in brain the fact that bank checks and balances are part of any established system. Unlike this ancient idea, trials of knowledge, in a way, also helps both learner and the instructor to learn more from each other which can further lead to self-scrutiny and betterment. To smoothen this technique, as an initial step, appropriate modern teaching methods need to be applied along with the essential pedagogical resources for the knowledge transfer to occur successfully.
Again the teaching-learning process remains incomplete if there is no training function. Execution of useful methods has become the need of the hour not limited to science content even for humanities. Because of such changing movements in the field of modern education, a school room, meant for knowledge-sharing, is no longer an exclusive teacher-cantered site for providing lectures based on theory. As the aspect of ' learning process' includes in its fold different types of experimental learning techniques using technology as teaching aid, the class becomes a world alone. The advised place also serves as a continuous learning-cum-testing ground to learn increasingly more: starting from critical thinking to demonstration skills, personality enrichment to behavioural technology, verbal to non-verbal communication methods, subjective to objective techniques, so on etc. With these wide-ranging benefits, ongoing internal analysis paves way to self-development, knowledge upgradation, ingenuity, progressive thinking, problem-solving, tactical planning, time management etc. thus leading further to the road not taken. Thus learning and diagnosis go together as a continuous process.
Obviously, to match the changing fads, the learning outcome tested through assessment is having a sea-change as well. Now, to focus on the coaching of English terminology and literature in the present century, a professor cannot relax to play the conventional role of basically teaching and assessing the students' performance and publishing their results. There is no denial of this public-service function performed by a teacher which in addition to this mandatory task requires an extension of role as a trainer to recognize and hone the skill of students. Therefore, a multi-level learner-centered training program must be incorporated within the regular teaching method in the form of activities and video games to develop vocabulary skills and literature study. As a result, a fresh job-description evolves for a teacher in order to complement the rising professional specifications. To bridge the prevailing gulf between the old and new specifications, the teaching faculty has to be made aware of the ever-changing jobs and responsibilities around the world. Teaching profession needs the professor to emerge in a new avatar of multi-tasking. As a result, a new job-description evolves for a modern teacher to suit the rising requirements. For equipping the instructors, orientation programmes and training workshops on tech-savvy coaching can be organized at regular intervals thus assisting the tutors do justice to the new avatar.
With the upsurge in society and "universal primary education" becoming one of the seven millennium development goals proposed by the United Nations, the class room size is increasing and paying specific attention to each and every learner becomes extremely difficult even for the most dedicated tutors. Evaluation of continuous diagnosis components becomes even more time eating and labourious. In such circumstances, Virtual learning environment eases the work of the tutor and reaches the door steps of the learners who've usage of the internet. Among the present generation of students, there exists rarely a person without a laptop and in a few areas in India, authorities offers free notebooks to the college student community at the tertiary level. Thus the changing times and growing movements bring technology to our service for satisfying the demanding educational needs in a much more effective way. Many open source software (Moodle is one) are available which needs just customization to match the needs of the organization/ program. With VLE, students and instructors can work on a single platform according to their convenience in lots of ways having scheduled activities over the semester with a time frame for each and every activity. Semester work plan/ every week teaching program, learning resources such as ability point slides, videos, lecture records, reading or course materials, assignment and presentation topics, links back to you to files or websites having learning resources, quiz questions, or whatever you name can be added and published, periodical online testing can be conducted. This tool also provides prolonged facilities for grading, record generation (best results are achieved with MCQ founded tests), backup and restoring of files. The specific constraint may be the resources and training provided to the tutors by the institutions they use. Usage of the computers during off-class time in the college, stable and fast internet connection and necessary software should be available to the faculty. There may be resentments at the start as it consists of extra labour on prep, through the years the tutors will contain the ease of utilizing it effectively even for a big group of students.
From east to western world, assignments are the best solutions to inculcate research practices in students, as research at graduate, experts and doctoral level has became application oriented. The general framework/ sequential process requires gathering relevant information through research, understanding and interpreting the accumulated details by applying critical thinking, planning and outlining the draft, coherent group of details, structuring the paragraphs with appropriate thesis affirmation and topic sentences and thus showing the thought-inductive ideas in a processed written form. Such series of steps can be did the trick together in set.
Even for this task, innovative measures can be employed right from the beginning by publishing the assignment matters over VLE combined with the necessary guidelines and time frame to monitor the improvement and submission. Project submitted after the deadline will not be accepted by the machine. Also, the question of being unaware of the duty never develops as the allocated job glows with the label NEW and its mandatory for both instructor and the taught to gain access to this link frequently for exchanging their views in the conversation message board, for the announcement of academics activities etc. One another good thing about this soft backup assignment submission is the fact that the whole write up can be scrutinized for online plagiarism by using software (Viper is one such software which can be an wide open source software). This possible method can suppress plagiarism, an academic dishonesty, to a possible amount. Moreover, students can send hard duplicate as well to move forward with the usual evaluation design. For systematic evaluation, following a specific preset marking requirements encompassing content, critical analysis(inclusive of quotations), referencing (in-text and end-text) and words can assist in setting a standard evaluation treatment thus improving the expertise of the learners with a better end-product.
The main objective of this interior component is to improve the spoken communication of the students. Other natural aspects viewed are the style of demonstration, fluency and move of conversation, pronunciation and selection of words, use of right terms, intonation, body language, the level of confidence and above all the ability to get in touch with the listeners and tackling the questions at the end of the program. The presentation goal in the above list is quite common for many. Therefore, i want to move to the presentation tool.
Since Chart is the most familiar tool used even at college level, today's young students whose lifestyle maintains moving from display screen to screen (from television to mobile to computer) can be trained to present the topic as ppt slides. The constructive use of technology as an assist in academics not only makes the demonstration interesting and informative but also kindles the creative imagination of students. Coming to the examination part, an exclusive grading sheet for the presentation can be produced to evaluate the performance. To ensure a cohesive demonstration, prior planning is necessary with a brief put together of the presentation schedule with the group section of students and their topics along with the grading standards. The planned agenda can be uploaded over VLE well in advance so that students can start preparing their topics. Usually the display can be conducted a couple weeks prior to the semester pulls to a close and using this method one particular word - a play or a book can be allocated for the students to prepare and present. A model demonstration plan has been chartered for practice.
Group & Names
[ Group section]
Marks & Total
In-depth subject knowledge
Proper use of textual lines & sufficient explanation
A, B & C
Text given: Ben Jonson's
"The Alchemist"- a play
A: Age Jonson & BJ as a playwright.
B: Intro. To the play worried about a briefing on the storyline structure & characters.
C: The origin and program of J's theory
Clarity in presentation
Coherent flow of ideas
Unique method of representing the concept
Each group can have four or five 5 presenters
Presenter 1: Take action I-sc. i, ii
P 2: sc. iii & iv, an analysis
P 3: On persona sketch, characteristics and major incidents.
P 4: Overall critical evaluation of Function I with the responses of critics
Appropriate choice of words
-The pattern carries on for weekly or for 7 lecture hours.
The method goes on for all the serves of the play done by the next groups
Sums up the whole task
P 1: Revisit the play as a whole highlighting the major events and their value.
Independent tackling of the queries
-Task to be extended and completed.
P 2: Targets the method of characterization with the classification of major and minimal chrs
The prime goal of this presentation model is to market 3rd party learning and specific thinking.
End purpose: Students gain knowledge through self-learning and practice.
P3:Qualities and disposition of the chrs, highlighted.
P 4 & 5: on Thematic concerns.
This unique method is also a successful success when put in place in my coaching career. It's feasible for a small band of learners with students strength varying up to 25 and can be applied in the II or III semester after building a friendly familiarity with the frame of mind and aptitude of the group involved. The uniqueness of the method of assessment for this method is based on the fact that it's purely predicated on text-based activities performed by each group throughout the semester. For instance, I applied this method for the II semester British Literature group composed of 24 students.
The module subject and the recommended texts because of this module are:
English Poetry & Drama: C14 - 17.
1. Chaucer : Standard Prologue to Canterbury Tales
2. Marlowe: Doctor Faustus
3. BenJonson: The Alchemist
4. John Milton: Paradise Lost, Bk. I
5. Metaphysical Poets: 3 Poems of John Donne & 2 poems of Andrew Marvell.
Continually assessed semester activity plan: A Sample Product
When a words is being educated, either in the middle of the weekly schedule or by the end, students should execute a group-based activity. The best condition is that, all the members in the group should add, so that they can be marked. Otherwise everything is left to the creative imagination of the students. This fun learning exercise happens in the classroom within the course hours and that too with minimum amount properties.
Group 1: Activity 1: A mime show on Chaucer's pilgrims.
Gp. 2 : Activity 2: Literary parade of seven fatal sins and its own contemporary relevance.
Gp. 3 : Activity 3: Choose one gulling picture including Subtle, Face and any other victim or Quiz programme can be conducted by the group upon this particular content material.
Gp. 4 :Activity 4: Famous speeches of Satan, Beelezebub and the epic similes: to be recited and their significant meanings pointed out.
Gp. 5 :Activity 5: A slideshow or an record of the major metaphysical poets, their contribution, and the guidelines devised by the metaphysical school of poets for his or her poetry development with examples from the poems researched.
Gp. 6 : Activity 6: Description and explanation of the metaphysical conceits, wits and symbols appearing in the prescribed poems.
This method provides adequate room for fun and creative learning with enthusiastic involvement from the students thus creating an improved learning environment. Because of this activity, the examination record needs to be preserved throughout the semester as possible finalized only at the end.
The Creative writing component containing short fiction and non-fiction writing has distribution of stock portfolio for assessment. All of the drafts, workshop materials, activities done individually, in pair and group and the study work done has to be filed in order with the time frame and subject matter and must be submitted along with the final draft of the storyline and an article. Short fiction comprising story writing is educated through diverse activities. They are developing report from a poem, writing a world, lottery story-writing focusing mainly on figure sketch by sketching a lot, collaborative dialogue writing, concluding a given tale, sketching a captivating arena, developing issues - both inside and external etc. Well trained on all the areas of story-writing, the college student is expected to create a genuine story. Marks are awarded predicated on Plot composition, characterization, technical aspects, vocabulary and theme.
For non-fiction the diagnosis is dependant on content, organization, dialect and technique.
This portfolio design, which pretty much includes everything done by students from beginning till the end, trains youngsters to remain well-organized.
Any method implemented by teachers in virtually any classroom for comprehensive continuous assessment also has obstacles like school room size, workload for the professor and other obligations shouldered by the instructors in the institute. The support and encouragement rendered by the establishment to the educators and the receptivity of the students to the initiatives are some other factors that affect the success of the procedure. An organization may have the best infrastructure and curriculum however the ultimate success lies in the side of the professor and the learner specially on the attitude towards teaching and learning.
To conclude, the success of any advancement in the academic circle rests on two factors. On the one hand, the bigger picture issues and on the other the connection enjoyed between the professor and the taught.