Influence Of Transnational Celebrities On Foreign Policy

To make reference to this issue, is necessary know the relevance of different stars in the global field, because the conception of the state as the only actor, now is not valid for the apparition of new stars, which play a important jobs. Because of this, it's important take in account those actors along the way of decision-making on the country. The concentrate of the article is at transnational actors, which may be split into 2 classes. The first ones are the Non-Governmental Organizations, which place great importance to development and can impact in so many aspects, because they can reach interconnect persons, governments, and International group. ONG is any non-profit group of resident volunteers, which is sorted out locally, nationally or internationally. With task-oriented and run by people who have a interest, NGOs perform a variety of services and humanitarian functions, bring residents' issues to governments, monitor insurance policies and encourage community participation. They provide examination and expertise, serve as early caution mechanisms and help in monitoring and implementing international contracts. NGOs are characterized by be pressure and impact organizations in the international world and they are active in a variety of fields because of the interests of safeguarding the environment, development, peacekeeping and individual rights. While many countries acquire with gratitude these services, the assistance provided by other NGOs are often seen as obstacles or problems on the sovereignty of certain countries. In fact, given that NGOs haven't any hyperlink with the coverage of one country in particular, their independence sometimes allows these to not in favor of the policies put in place by some countries. Among the key NGO problems is the lack of international rules, because they need to have recognize of the nice management, the reached goals, plus they have to be controlled too, because frequently government authorities and people aren't content with their acts. The next topic will be the Transnational Firms in contradistinction to Non-governmental Organizations, TNC are firms created for earnings. These are gigantic factories that are looking to attain all countries, places in the world with the goal of spread the energy. The energy is reflected in the influence that they have in the governments of all countries, industrialized and producing. They bring international direct investment that has benefits to countries. But are target immediately in the realization of economical activities in a number of countries, as well as joint development and implementation of any unified strategy, and achieve it, be capable of build a sphere of cover and advertising of individual individual protection under the law. Also Transnational Organizations activities have been criticized as a result of influenced in environmental stress and communal changes and their great impact on the politics decisions to federal protects their hobbies. Those aspects are strengthened in this article "The Power of Transnational Corporations": The economical and political forces bring the deepening of the disparity of riches, impoverishment working conditions, corruption and air pollution, deterioration of health insurance and safety in development processes, loss of employment for many workers on earth and the human being protection under the law violation "". When the role of transnational stars is researched, it is each time more obvious the influence in International Relationships, as a result of interdependence between all devices in the machine. The Non- Governmental Organizations have imposed new criteria and rules of conduct as ethics, seals and qualification. It is mentioned the necessity by an affirmation of international regulation as they have a tendency to weaken countrywide labor codes, as well as trade unions. But the primary reason for existence of any NGO is to market education for development, development help, that is, financial cooperation, the way to obtain equipment and technological assistance or support employees, concerning about removing obstructions to socio-political, financial and physical, that prevent the development of individual potential, particularly the most disadvantaged sectors of UNDER-DEVELOPED countries. The ONG need meet some characteristics like inner structure, to own their origin within an agreement between expresses, to be always a democratic company, their fines aren't a profit-driven, they must pursuing international pursuits and must be constituted in accordance with the laws of the home talk about. The weight is seen in important NGOs like Greenpeace, International Amnesi, Individual Rights Watch, CARE, Mdecins Sans forntires, Cruz Roja Internacional, WWF. Greenpeace for example is a " can be an impartial global campaigning company that acts to improve attitudes and habits, to protect and conserve the surroundings and also to promote serenity". These kinds of Group exercise their affect through oppression to reach the goals in the front to environment. In United States Greenpeace has recently led a plan to get rid of the marketing of overfished seafoods populations in North american supermarkets. As a result, Stop & Shop and Giant Food aren't retailing Shark, Orange Roughy, and Chilean Sea Bass until the populations rebound. Also had big challenges in case there is Fisher Price where the goal was lead various kinds phthalates from playthings and child-care products. So With promotions that help to spread information around the world, business can play an important role in politics of government authorities that have effect in every countries as a result of interdependence results for business and shared politics. The business gained attention by creating "mind bombs", or strong, visible communications distilling their position on sophisticated environmental issues. Another exemplory case of influence has been the Mdecins Sans forntires is concerned about Armed issue. Social violence, health care exclusion and Natural disaster which have got goals like politics followed in countries to fight against maternal health "On Apr 27, 2010, the Sierra Leone federal government started implementing a policy of free health care for pregnant women, breastfeeding moms, and children under five. MSF welcomes the government's commitment to the new insurance plan and hopes that this will increase the access to medical care for these vulnerable groups". With those distinctions it can see the value of NGOs because some who work across the protection, promotion and preservation of the surroundings with sustainable development through international assistance plus some that work in areas of immigration and refugees, impaired, sick, infants, and family, all of those institutions are focusing in a objective, the only person objective is benefit the welfare of the city, so, NGOs have surfaced as a reply to needs which the State does not satisfy. Society planned civil search and complementary substitute solutions for the full development of the shortcomings. However, many facts have made reduction the trustworthiness of the management of ONG because so many NGOs in a few countries are making some corrupt tactics, the funds acquired by international stations are often misused, and don't meet the focuses on set, lessening the impact of the vulnerable society. UN Anti-corruption meeting develops worrisome style: Algerian NGO obstructed and a Gabonese activist faces complications: The Algerian federal is blocking attendance associated with an Algerian NGO from the next UN anti-corruption summit. This is a deeply worrying development, according to the UNCAC Coalition, several over 200 organizations seeking execution of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC). It's important remains have the integrity, expert and impact of NGO but that is merely achieved through transparency and good deeds. Another central concern is the value of Transnational Businesses which has a very wide field of action, The area of impact of transnational firms is not limited exclusively to the economic sector, but are linked to each other political and social techniques. These businesses are directly related to border trade, international investment, technology exchange, but there's a fundamental feature to be recognized as a transnational organization, is essential for the business concerned has branches or Subsidiaries Outside of home country. Regarding to a study conducted by the "United Nations Centre on Transnational Organizations, it was founded that:

A transnational firm is thought as a firm or group companies constituted by the parent company relative to law of an country which, from its headquarters abroad implants using its subsidiaries and direct investment (mergers, privatizations and acquisitions). With a worldwide strategy designed to designed to remove any obstacle to the expansion and the free movement of powerful consortia and transnational monopolies. These TNC have the capacity to exercise the effect to generate the increasing interdependence progressively impossible for the country's economical incoherence, its transfer and export operations due to its impact in places where they may be established, given that they are very large companies with high profits, bringing foreign direct investment the country, which brings benefits such as increased employment and capital also includes the funding requirements, stable cash flows that do not damage the economy by his stay in the united states. Means more development, more and more foreign exchange per capita income in the coordinator country, and so does boost the chances of decrease in the poverty rate. Alternatively, competitors to the TNC have clear reason to discredit their activities, using the discussion of the disadvantage in maintaining the rising market to contend to such large firms as they haven't any capacity, no facilities and revel in the competitiveness they have acquired Over the years and also have no influence on these countries' trade plans. With so much vitality, these corporations can exclude and exercise their potential economies in developing countries more than developed countries with which negotiations conducted in similar conditions. "In such a context, TNCs are in the heart of the concerns of the planet labor and environment. The reason why are mainly the next:

"On the elevation of inequity on the planet are the CTN. The growth of economic businesses of TNC in the 10 years that contrasted with the development of poverty. In 2001, CTN, with 54 million employees at its subsidiaries in foreign countries, sales were $ 19 billion, higher than that of Global exports of which, in turn, was for them to a third party". The biggest problem with federal is its incapability to monopolize and regulate all activities that a TNC can form, as it can be said that they don't have an established global regulation given by international requirements or national norms constituted. The countries can be influenced by the triangulation, regulatory arbitrage, the ease of transferring production in one country to some other, since when companies take advantage of its spreading on the international market can perform operations that benefit them but injury to small businesses national. It can be conclude the transnational actors have an essential and central persona in the system because the globalization the marketplace starts the communication and increasing interdependence, the unification of marketplaces, societies and culture governments need make a move in resources, influencing the federal government politics because of relationships among other countries consuming account the distributed problems, risks and rewards relating to social, politics and financial issues. All these aspects lead the government to design plans for better development and management of recently rising phenomena in the field. Y in like manner counteract facts put at a downside both the authorities in taxing home policy just as the treatment of the industry as a susceptible sector. In public terms the design of guidelines is even more important, the necessity for government to fight the interests of society, minimizing poverty and enhancing standard of living of the inhabitants, which is threatened by some unregulated firms that bring the huge benefits and reduce unemployment for nationals. Alternatively, there is fantastic influence of NGOs face the have difficulty for rights individual, which arise, as a response to needs which the State does not satisfy. Civil culture organizations are looking for alternative solutions and complementary to the full development of these shortcomings. Without doubt that the function completed with various jobs to gain promotes community development-oriented management. Stresses exerted by these organizations are governments reacting address problems diagnosed, found and criticized by them.

SOURCES

Henderson, Conway W. International Relationships, Conflict and Assistance at the Change Of the 21st Century.

Willets, P, Transnational Stars and International Organizations in global politics.

Tamayo Franco, Rafael, Relaciones internacionales en contexto Complilador (Internet pages 51-60)

Reina, Mauricio, Secretario Tcnico de la Misin de Poltica Outside e Investigador Asociado de Fedesarrollo, Portafolio, Publication. Apr 17 2010.

Greenpeace, (www. greenpeace. org), April 2010.

UNCTAD, (www. unctad. org) April 2010.

Oficina de Asistencia Tcnica Legislativa, PROGRAMA DE FORTALECIMIENTO LEGISLATIVO, CONGRESO DE LA REPBLICA DE COLOMBIA

United Countries, UNCTAD, Transnational Firms, Volume 17, Number 3 3, Dec 2008.

Zubizarreta, Juan Hernandez, Modificaciones normativas, Empresas transnacionales, desarrollo y soberania.

Medecins sans frontiere, (http://www. msf. org/) April 2010.

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