Posted at 12.10.2018
This research paper aims to show the importance of imagination in the treatment of innovation and progress in developing countries. Besides, to investigate the affect of developed countries over producing countries. Alternatively, to explain how the financial system, the educational system and the cultural system contribute having less creativity and creativity in societies with low economic resources. This research will be made through studies predicated on documentary research that expose the partnership between creativity and innovation. Among the aspects to be explored we've the limits of educational system, which inhibits the progress of world because this technique induces the memorization rather than in the development of ingenuity. Another important point to discuss is having less money and your debt that lots of countries have in developing, the limited development of technology. As a final point, the social environment that promote individualistic tendencies and don't contribute to interpersonal improvement. In conclusion, this essay looks for to demonstrate the main reasons for the lack of improvement in the developing countries and also to propose possible solutions to encourage creative imagination in these countries.
Keywords: Creativity, Technology, Progress, Developing countries.
What will be the factors that inhibit development and improvement in developing countries? Nowadays, creativity has an essential role in the development of innovation and improvement of societies with low financial resources. However, many countries do not take into account and the development of creativity. In the case of growing countries its monetary system and educational system do not do enough to encourage creative imagination among students. As a consequence, expanding countries need to adopt the specifications from developed countries to gratify each of their needs for food, education and health. On the other hand, producing countries have a great disadvantage because of the imposed standards by developed countries, which do not allow developing countries to develop by themselves to get impressive tasks or take their own ideas. Furthermore, Creativity is essential to technology and progress. However, in developing countries through a series of problems brought on by the economical crisis, the educational environment and having less effort by the culture. For this reason, the three main factors that inhibit the technology and progress in developing countries are: First, the limits of the training system. Second, having less monetary resources. Third, the lack of enterprising attitude that prevents progress.
First of most, the limitations of education system are one of the key reasons of lack of the creativity and improvement in developing countries. Currently, education system in many producing countries employs educational model and the benchmarks of developed countries anticipated to these countries have financial stability, a great amount of resources and the necessary capacity to completely dominate the educational system of producing countries. On the contrary, many producing countries lack the money to gratify the needs of the citizens. However, the real problem of producing countries is having less creativity because of this education system inhibit that students to develop their own skill and also have the initiative to build up project progressive or make an alteration in the modern culture. In the article "Do Schools Wipe out Imagination?" (2006) Robinson states that "system of general public education across the world is a protracted process of university entrance. As well as the consequence is that lots of highly-talented, fantastic, creative people think they're not, because finished. they were good at school wasn't valued" (p. 1). Taking this into account, educational system hierarchizes the knowledge of students who cannot develop their creative capabilities because the educational system stigmatizes everything that does not adhere to its principles. In conclusion, education system inhibits the improvement of society since it has more affinity for educational capacities that in creative capacities. Because of this, the two main limitations of educational system are: First, the lack of creative imagination in educative institutions. Second, standardized and traditionalist education.
The lack of creativeness in educative institutions
One of the constraints of the educational system is having less creativity in classes. Because these establishments follow an educational model based on the learning of the sciences which will not look at the creativity in the development of knowledge. However, in the documentary "The Finland Happening" (2013) Sean Faust expounds that "to figure out how to utilize knowledge, there should be no variations between sensory skills or academic skills because to learn you need both". On the other hand, this Model of teaching will not promote the learning of creative content such as music, party or art work because to secure a title does not need to be creative. But imagination plays a very important role in the development of creativity since it allows to produce things without the need to acquire several knowledge. For instance, William Kamkwamba despite devoid of finished his education by making use of creativity he were able to build a windmill that helped his family to possess electricity. For this reason, academic institutions should encourage creativeness because it is an essential tool for the progress of contemporary society.
Standardized and traditionalist education.
Another restriction of the educational system is standardized and traditional education. Because many educational corporations follow something of teaching based on memorization and repetition. However, in contract with the documentary "The Finland Phenomenon" (2013) Sean Faust expounds that "it is important to understand the reasons that underlie things, to comprehend, to reason and to find the solutions for itself ". Alternatively, this educational system foments the competitiveness and the inequality between your students. Because of this, many students drop out of college and are part of the group of unemployed. On the other hand, the students who continue their studies are at the mercy of the strict evaluation system, which is based on some tests that aspires to define the performance of students and categorize them into good or bad. However, the benchmarks of the system do not put together students for true to life and for this reason is a traditional system as it stops students from generating their own ideas and develop ground breaking jobs that help the improvement of contemporary society.
Second, having less monetary resources. is another of the factors that inhibit the creativity and improvement in developing countries because many developing countries have many debt with developed countries. Because of this, developing countries don't have sufficient resources to build up projects or to create ideas of change. One the primary reasons for the lack of monetary resources in developing countries is external debt because many of these countries need to borrow money from the most developed countries to cover their basic needs. However, In this article "Economic: guidelines and tactics" (2001) Clayton explains that "when debts understand this large, countries have trouble even repaying interest on the lending options. As a result, some developing countries are on the brink of default or not repaying borrowed money" (p. 3). On the other hand, one of the main factors for the introduction of impressive ideas is the material resource. In cases like this, many developing countries have a great variety of resources such as: nutrients, petroleum which will be the raw material of several international establishments. However, despite having the resources to sustain its current economic climate and progress. The two main reasons for the lack of monetary resources are: First, having less economic autonomy. Second, economical dependence.
The lack of economic autonomy
One of main reason for having less financial resources is the lack of economic autonomy due to that developing countries do not have economical resources. Therefore, developing countries do not have the overall economy to make their own decisions. As a result, they need to be subjected to the system of developed countries. Alternatively, expanding countries lack autonomy because the amount of education of the population is not appropriate. In this article "Latin America Must Improve Access to opportunities to Win Poverty Fight"(2016) Calvo points out that "low education and income, as well as surviving in rural areas, stay important barriers for access to financial opportunities and freedom from one era to another " In other words, developing countries may be autonomous when the index of education and resources financed allows population to be self-reliant.
Another reason for having less economic resources is economic dependence credited to growing countries used system economical of developed countries. . For this reason, expanding countries cannot find the money for their resources because some of the resources of these countries are destined to pay the bad debts. As a result, the raw materials of these countries contributes to the industrial development of the developed countries. Thus, restricting the possibility to develop innovative tasks in poor societies. However, In this article"A Tinkerer Builds a Windmill" (2007) Childress explains that" William Kamkwamba has built three windmills in his lawn here, using blue-gum trees and shrubs and bike parts. "(p. 1). Taking this into account, she demonstrates to innovate not is essential to truly have a lot of money only is need have ingenuity.
Third, having less enterprising attitude is another of the factors that inhibit the invention and improvement in producing countries because contemporary society focuses on mechanizing students so they have convergent thinking which follows social specifications and does not allow students to make their own decisions and lose the ability to think readily. In the article "Scientists TEND TO BE MORE Creative than you may Imagine" (2014) Ossola states that "Scientists don't usually have a reputation to be very creative. They need to stick to the clinical method, use statistics and data, and carefully evaluate their results activities that could appear to take the magic out of the creative process" However, taking this bank account currently we reside in a world where knowledge is stigmatized and to be a scientist or a professional is not necessary to be creative but to accumulate information and knowledge. Because of this, Developing countries limited their own progress by communal stereotypes and interpersonal environment are themselves who put barriers to creativeness and creativity.
One of the reason why for insufficient progress is communal standards because population will not approve of creativeness because it is supposed to violate cultural norms. Furthermore, social system restricts children by making them adopt convergent thinking and loses their creative skills. For instance, one of the most introduced social expectations states that to progress one must have a qualification as an engineer or doctor. Alternatively, activities like dance or drawing do not lead to any improvement. Within the documentary "Do Classes Kill Ingenuity?"(2006) Robinson areas that "We stigmatize errors. And we're now operating national education systems where flaws are the worst thing you can make. And the result is that people are educating people out with their creative capacities. ". To conclude, social standards limit the development of technology because they prevent people from constructive thinking and generate innovative assignments.
Another reason behind the lack of the improvement is cultural environmental because contemporary society does not allow students to learn about what real life is like and inhibit their creative imagination by preventing them from having their own perspective about things. In addition, society stimulates competition among students. However, in the article "The situation for disruption in Latin America's classrooms " (2016) Sagal says that the kids need different skill such as "collaboration, creative imagination and problem-solving and personality features like persistence, curiosity and effort. Skilled jobs are increasingly concentrated on effectively analyzing information to resolve problems. "Therefore, if contemporary society fosters these skills in children in the future they will be the forerunners of development.
To sum up, creativeness is a determinate factor in the invention and improvement of growing countries. On the other hand, both educational system and the economical system have been inspired by the developed countries because they have got many financial resources. Because of this, societies with low financial resources rely upon the improvement of the developed countries because they don't have the power or the market to lead a stable life Also, the advancement and progress of the societies is bound by three factors; exterior debt, lack of creativity in the training system and lack of initiative for society. As a result, the expanding countries are disadvantaged set alongside the developed countries. However, if the growing countries will put in place creativity would eliminate the barriers of technology and societies with low resources can have an improved life. Therefore, in my own view there are three possible solutions that would permit the development of ingenuity. I would like to make clear that his topic is important since it means the fact that inhibits the improvement of producing countries. In addition, it describes the negatives of growing countries. To summarize, I feel that developing countries need to research more and create more because this is the way to advance and reach their economic and social aims.
Childress, S. (2007, December). A Young Tinkerer Builds a Windmill, electrifying a Country.
Clayton, G. (2001) Economics: Key points & Techniques. Retrieved from http://thuvien. scheduled. udn. vn:8080/dspace/cope with/TVDHKT/18995
Faust, S. (2011, March). Education system of Finland [Documentary]. Retrieved from https://www. youtube. com/watch?v=DnRb_PtpN7I
Ossola, A. (2014). Scientists WILL BE MORE Creative Than You Think. The Atlantic. Retrieved July 18, 2016, from http://www. theatlantic. com/education/archive/2014/11/the-creative- scientist/382633/
Robinson, K. (2006, Feb). Do colleges kill creativity? [TED chat]. Retrieved from: https://www. ted. com/talks/ken_robinson_says_schools_kill_creativity?
Segal, S. (2016, May). The situation for disruption in Latin America's classroom. Retrieved from: https://www. weforum. org/agenda/2016/05/a-case-for-disruption-in-latin-america-s-classrooms/
The Work Bank or investment company (2016, Oct) Latin America must improve access to opportunities to Get Poverty Fight, Modified from: http://www. worldbank. org/en/news/press-release/2016/10/17/latin-america-needs-to-improve-access-to-opportunities-to-win-poverty-fight