Posted at 10.05.2018
Production is a technological process that involves transformation of natural material (type) into desired product or service (output) with the addition of economic value. Creation can broadly categorize into pursuing based on strategy:
Production through parting: It consists of desired end result is achieved through parting or extraction from recycleables. A classic exemplory case of separation or removal is Petrol into various energy products.
Production by changes or improvement: It will involve change in chemical and mechanical variables of the fresh material without modifying physical traits of the natural materials. Annealing process (warming at high heat and then cooling), is exemplory case of production by modification or improvement.
Production by assemblage: Car production and computer are example of production by assemblage.
Production and Procedures Management
Successful organizations have well described and efficient line function and support function. Production comes under the group of line function which immediately impacts customer experience and there by future of group itself.
Aim of production function is to add value to product or service that will create a solid and resilient customer marriage or association. Which is attained by healthy and beneficial connection between Marketing and Creation people. Marketing function people are frontline representative of the business and offer insights to real product needs of customers.
An effective planning and control on creation parameters to accomplish or create value for customers is called creation management.
Production management identifies the use of management ideas to the production function in a manufacturer. quite simply, production management entails software of planning, organising, directing and controlling to the production process.
Th software of the management to the field of the production has been the consequence of at least three development. first is the introduction of stock system of creation. until the emergence of the idea of the manufacturing, there is no specific things like management as we know it. it is true that people handled business of 1 type or another, but also for the most part, these people were owners of business and didn't regard themselves as director as well.
The very fact of any business is to provide needs of customer by giving services and goods, and in process create value for customers and solve their problems. Production and operations management talks about applying business organization and management ideas in creation of goods and services.
As to deliver value for customers in products and services, it is vital for the company to do the next:
Identify the customer needs and convert that into a particular service or product (numbers of products required for specific time frame)
Based on product necessity do back-ward attempting to identify raw materials requirements
Engage internal and external suppliers to create resource chain for fresh material and finished goods between vendor † production center † customers.
Operations management captures above discovered 3 tips.
A advanced comparison which unique production and functions management can be done on pursuing characteristics:
Output: Development management handles developing of products like (computer, car, etc) while operations management cover both products and services.
Usage of Result: Products like computer/car are used over a time period whereas services have to be consumed immediately
Classification of work: To produce products like computer/car more of capital equipment and less labour are needed while services require more labour and lesser capital equipment.
Customer Contact: There is absolutely no contribution of customer during production whereas for services a regular contact with customer is necessary.
Production management and procedures management both are very essential in meeting objective of an organization.
RECENT TRENDS IN Development AND Procedure MANAGEMENT
Recent trends in creation and procedure management relate with global competition and the impact it has on the manufacturing organizations. some of the recent styles are:
Global market: Globalisation of business has compelled many making firms to get businesses in many countries where they have got certain economic benefit this has lead to a level of competition on the list of manufacturing firms throughout the world.
Production /procedure strategy: increasingly more firms are knowing the value of creation /operation technique for the overall success of these business and the need for relating it to their overall business strategy.
Total quality management: TQM procedure has been followed by many firms to achieve client satisfaction by constant quest for increasing the quality of goods and services.
Time decrease : Reduced amount of manufacturing pattern time and swiftness to advertise to a fresh product provide competitive edge to a firm over other firms when companies provides products at the same price and quality, quicker delivery provide one company competitive edge in the other.
Supply chain management: Management of source string from suppliers to final customer reduces the price tag on travel, warehousing, and circulation throughout the resource chain.
Lean production: Development system have become lean creation system which use minimal amount of resources to make a high volume of high quality goodswith some variety.
SCOPE OF PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT
Production and operations management concern with the change of inputs into outputs, using physical resources, to be able to provide the desired resources to the customer while getting together with the otherorganizational objectives of success, efficiency and adoptability. It distinguishes itself from other functions such as workers, marketing, funding, etc. , by its most important matter for 'alteration by using physical resources. ' Following are the activities which can be listed under production and procedures management functions:
1. Location of facilities
2. Plant layouts and materials handling
3. Product design
4. Process design
5. Development and planning control
6. Quality control
7. Materials management
8. Maintenance management.
LOCATION OF FACILITIES
Location of facilities for functions is a long-term capacity decision which involves an extended term
commitment about the geographically static factors that have an impact on a business company. It is an
important tactical level decision-making for a business.
PLANT Design AND MATERIAL HANDLING
Plant layout identifies the physical design of facilities. It's the settings of departments, work centres and equipment in the change process. The entire aim of the plant layout is to create a physical agreement that meets the required result quality and volume most financially.
'Material Handling' refers to the 'moving of materials from the store room to the device and from one machine to another during the procedure for manufacture'. Additionally it is thought as the 'fine art and research of moving, packing and storing of products in any form'.
Product design deals with alteration of ideas into certainty. Every business firm have to. design, develop and introduce new products as a survival and progress strategy. Growing the new products and launching them on the market is the largest challenge experienced by the organizations. The complete procedure for need id to physical makes of product requires three functions: marketing, product development, developing.
Process design is a macroscopic decision-making of a standard process path for converting the raw materials into completed goods. These decisions encompass selecting a process, selection of technology, process stream analysis and structure of the facilities.
PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL
Production planning and control can be defined as the procedure of planning the development in advance, establishing the exact option of every item, fixing the starting and finishing dates for every single item, to give production purchases to shops and also to follow up the improvement of products matching to orders.
Quality Control (QC) may be defined as 'a system that is utilized to keep a desired quality level in a product or service'. It really is a organized control of varied factors that affect the grade of the product. Quality control is aimed at prevention of flaws at the foundation, depends on effective feed back system and corrective action procedure.
Materials management is the fact that facet of management function which is mainly concerned with the acquisition, control and use of materials needed and stream of goods and services connected with the production process having some predetermined targets in view. The main objectives of materials management are:
To minimise materials cost.
To purchase, get, move and store materials efficiently and to reduce the related cost.
To decrease costs through simplification, standardisation, value examination, transfer substitution, etc.
In modern industry, equipment and machinery are a very important part of the total productive effort. Therefore, their idleness or downtime becomes are extremely expensive. Hence, it is vital that the place equipment should be properly managed.
The main objectives of maintenance management are:
To achieve least breakdown and also to keep the vegetable in good working condition at the lowest possible cost.
To keep the machines and other facilities in that condition that allows them to be used at their optimum capacity without interruption