Posted at 11.16.2018
Discuss the way in which Counsellor Features such as Empathy, Genuineness and Unconditional Positive Regard are important in the Counseling Romantic relationship.
It is vital in any assisting relationship to have an expectation for change. Within the counseling romance it presents as Hope. An optimism that something will establish in order to bring about constructive change in the personality of the client in order for them to have the ability to accomplish positive change in their lives.
As with all operations there could be small events that cause the necessary change. In the therapeutic relationship (alliance), it's been observed that it's often the seemingly unremarkable things, such as the core attributes of the counselor, which result in the strongest alliance and for that reason, the most change. Characteristics that contain been identified as: Empathy, a sense of Genuineness and Unconditional Positive Regard for your client. Corresponding to Horvath and Luborsky (1993) it is fairly well recorded across a number of therapies, that a positive correlation does can be found between good alliance and successful therapy outcome.
It is important to notice that early critical writers were willing to see the therapeutic alliance more as facilitative rather than directly responsible for change (Horvath, 2006). In 1950, a fresh perspective on the nature of the therapeutic romance emerged. This perspective was voiced most powerfully by Carl Rogers.
In order to bring about constructive personality change, Rogers (1956) determined what he known as the 6 conditions. According to his years of experience, these conditions are essential and sufficient to be able to facilitate the process of personality change (Rogers, 1956). His six conditions include for the therapist to be congruent or included (genuine), to experience unconditional positive respect, and an empathic understanding for the client. Rogers concludes that beyond these main conditions, nothing other is necessary in order for change to develop.
It is interesting to notice how intertwined these three conditions are. One cannot possibly experience and display empathy without some degree of genuineness. Similarly, one cannot feel unconditional positive respect without first having some degree of empathy.
It all appears to be quite simple: be the best care-giving person one can be, be comfortable with the person the first is, and in doing this one will help change in another. Yet, anyone who has attempted this, will confess that it's not the easiest talk about for humans to be in. It requires a greater knowledge of the primary conditions, a prefer to want to demonstrate these characteristics, and being able to not only apply them to your clients but to ourselves as well.
Therefore, in exploring this area of assisting, it is of paramount importance to study these conditions to be able to effect a result of change. Firstly in us, as people; and subsequently in us, as counselors.
None of the conditions in the counseling relationship can be meaningful unless they are real. Genuineness reaches the heart of every true relationship. In daily connections, genuineness is viewed by the folks whom we feel aren't hiding from us or themselves. They wear no masks and are comfortable with who they are and what they are feeling. Therefore makes us comfortable and allows us to most probably and honest with see your face and more importantly, with ourselves. This will not change quite definitely in the counseling setting. A congruent counselor is one who is what he is, during the come across with the client (Rogers, 1967). The original counselor allows the client to meet up with the true person, not the professional with the paperwork. This includes admitting things to himself or your client that's not observed as ideal psychotherapy. Additionally it is essential to note what genuineness will not imply: The therapist must not burden your client with a operating commentary of the particular therapist is feeling and thinking. They can, of course, speech appropriately any prolonged emotions triggered by what the client says or doing.
Being genuine is not a fairly easy task. It includes being conscious of one's own move of experience and being comfortable with sharing with the client. Sometimes it includes vulnerability from the counsellor's aspect which can deepen the relationship. It really is a fearsome and fearless exchange between customer and counselor and when integrated into the relationship, can create very profound levels of understanding. Appropriately opening the door for unconditional positive respect
Standal coined this term in 1954. It was implemented by Rogers and means that there are no conditions of popularity (Rogers 1967). A lot more than that, it identifies the counsellor's notion that the client possesses all the resources essential for change with no need to change him or herself. Unconditional Positive Respect (UPR) is often misunderstood as meaning to be 'nice' to the client (Mearns and Thorne, 1988). For being 'nice' is a sociable 'mask' we wear to hide our deeper feelings. Being 'nice' all the time will only provide to confuse your client and also to foster a wrong sense of security. It is superficial whereas UPR is most efficient when it arises from a location of depth. Another way of determining UPR is to simply accept all traits and behaviours in someone else without it triggering significant harm to oneself. The term 'significant' is not added superficially. If one areas that another's behaviour is causing significant harm, then unconditional positive regard cannot exist (Rogers, 1967). In order to screen UPR, one must be familiar with one's own worth, beliefs and criteria (Sutton and Stewart, 1997). After that one can examine and scrutinise them privately or simply confidentially with the help of a supervisor.
The fifth of Rogers' conditions and the 3rd to be talked about here, is empathy. Regarding to Schafer (1956) relatively little exploration of empathy are available in the psychoanalytic books. That is despite constant emphasis on its importance not only in the therapeutic process, but of child development and personal romantic relationships. As a result, it remains a hazy concept, sometimes viewed uncritically as synonymous with intuition or even more often, accidentally misunderstood as sympathy. These common misconceptions undermine the importance of use and association of the concept within the therapeutic alliance.
It is difficult to pin point empathy in a marriage since it is most often not a solo response created by the counselor. Neither is it captured by a series of reactions. Empathy is a far more of an activity than an observable response (Mearns and Thorne, 1988). It is an activity of leaving our own frame of research behind and joining the world of the client. To be with your client in their framework of reference and to reply with empathic reactions. Note that these reactions in themselves aren't empathy. They will be the result of writing the client's journey. The writing creates the empathy.
Rogers (1967) explains it as experiencing the client's world "as though" it were happening to the counselor. But making certain never to lose the "as if'. To have the ability to sense effectively what the client is sensing without getting caught up in the turmoil of the experience.
Researchers found it much simpler to work with the empathic response than the empathic process (Carkhuff, 1971). If research workers are to review the procedure, they not only have to look at the verbal replies of the counselor and how it is identified by your client, but also the group of interactions that have led up to that response.
Importantly, empathy is not a skill or approach acquired by the counselor. It is a way-of-being-in-relation to your client (Mearns and Thorne, 1988).
Psychoanalytic, eclectic and client focused solutions have emphasized the value of the counselor/therapists' capacity to perceptively and appropriately understand the inner connection with the consumer/patient. Attention has also been drawn to the vital part that the counsellor's integration or genuineness plays within the relationship. The heat and acceptance of your client by the counselor is currently also widely recognized as a fundamental element of any counseling marriage. Consequently, the characteristics of Empathy, Genuineness and Unconditional Positive Respect have been outlined in a wide variety of therapeutic relationship as being essential to the therapeutic alliance.