Keywords: political, public, imperialism, war
Whether for political, social, or economic reasons, imperialism is a controversy. First world countries have always been intervening with the government authorities of third world countries. These first world countries, which include theUnited Claims, Britain, and many European countries, have before exploited less fortunatesfor resources, capital, and knowledge. Yet in exchange countries found in South America, Africa, andSoutheast Asia have gained the technology and capital that, over a period and development, improves their quality of life.
Political ideals were a huge part of imperialism. A great deal of these politics ambitions came from nationalism. Reasons include extension of borders, and the desire to become a stronger land by becoming a larger one. Furthermore, because of Western industrialization, nations had an increased need for various resources, such as cotton, rubber, and energy. As nationalism grew at home, people started to desire more soldiers for their military, and therefore colonies were had a need to provide more troops, as well as naval bases and refueling details for boats, as explained in this estimate by Parker T. Moon, Imperialism, and World Politics, "Shipowners demand coaling channels for their vessels and naval bases for cover" (Doc. 1, 8, 9). Also, capital gain has a huge part in politics as this quotation talks about by Raymond Aaron, The century of Total Battle, "Probably none of the colonial undertakings was determined by the quest for capitalist profits; they all originated in politics ambitions; the countries' will to electric power; or glory or nationwide greatness" (Doc. 3, 7). According to the writers, they said that the cause of imperialism is because of capital revenue.
Another important aspect of imperialism comes from the social niche market of authorities. Missionaries, doctors, and colonials presumed that they had a obligation to propagate their culture and help them to governize. This notion is known as the White Man's Burden, which is further clarified in this poem by Rudyard Kipling, " Take up the white man's burden, send forth the best ye breed, Go bind your captives' need; To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and untamed, Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. " This poem stresses the burden a first world country has toward ones in desperation (Doc. 4, 6). Europeans argued that Western european races were superior to others, and imperial conquest and devastation of weaker races were simply nature's way of bettering the human race. This concept was known as Social Darwinism.
The major reason for imperialist growth was likely the financial needs for a country who wished to achieve great power. Both Britain and Japan are excellent examples for their geographical layouts as small islands without much land to utilize; there is little to no opportunity to allow them to become world power without increasing. As small islands, Japan and Britain do not have the natural resources to fuel their development; Japan specifically could not produce much petroleum, which was a fast growing energy source. Gaining colonies also exposed new markets for its imperial homelands, which plays a part in their economical and military forces(Doc 2, 5).
Imperialism is a huge part of History, it was a time of their time which great growth took place following the industrial revolution. Politics, social and economical facets of imperialism including the urge to become stronger nation, the burden to help those in need, and the energy struggles to create a stronger market. Imperialism was a crucial part for the growth of first world countries.