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Impact Of Technology In Structures Cultural Studies Essay

Technology is a kind of tools, techniques, systems and machine, in order to help people in solving problems and achieve goals. With the improvement of technology, people find it easy and convenience in doing things in their life. Furthermore, it also helps people to save time and cost while achieving goals and even improves the grade of works.

In the twenty-first century, technology is almost everything and everywhere in the world. 'As long as there have been people, there has been technology. ' This quotation hints that individuals use technology in almost everything they certainly and wherever each goes. People think it is hardly to avoid by using systems, mobile phone is one of examples.

Nowadays we can see most of folks are keeping a mobile phone in anywhere. While using advanced technology, mobile phone may be used to take photography, web browsing on, play video games, watch videos and etc. other than just phone calls. This shows that technology has been already an integral part of real human life.

Other than that, the technology of internet by technology has directly changed the way on how the folks live today compared to the previous generations. Almost everything can be carried out by doing it online in anywhere and anytime as long as they have a device that can usage of the internet.

Besides, the improvement of technology has influenced the several fields on the market such as business, auto industry, health care, film industry, architectural and etc. Before, there have been many conditions that couldn't be resolved but with the technology research through the years, the impossible became possible, many knowledge and information, equipment and device have been improved and brought in to the industries.

In this article, architectural will be the range of review, the influences and impact of technology on architecture. Technology has influenced architecture in several ways. Firstly, computer aided software was created to help architects in the introduction of design ideas in architecture project. Second, the construction machinery and methods were increased, in order to generate any sort of form and shape to achieve the unique design of the architects. Thirdly, knowledge and information of structures were enhanced by the invention of the new materials.

Architecture has been played an important role in human life, without it man couldn't reside in the earth as yet. Recently, building was expected as a shelter or habitation for people, however human appears to be more concerned and demanded on the appearance of the building somewhat than its function in this twenty-first century. What's the reason of the issue? Does indeed the technology have an impact on the function of creating?

There are three issues to be talked about in this article, it (IT) would be the first topic, the impact of it on architecture. The second and third topics will speak about the particular architects, Zaha Hadid and Frank Gehry, the way they use the technology to apply in the look process and the construction of the unique form of the properties. Several circumstance studies of these buildings will be done in these matters.


"Modern structures was a revolution. It demolished the prevailing Beaux-Arts program and replaced it with a new order. The facial skin of earth could not be the same. " (John Peter, 1994) Beaux Arts is a kind of style in structures design and it remained in the structures industry for two-and-a-half centuries prior to the modern design of architecture take place. The looks of Beaux-Arts structures looks much more complicated compared to the modern architecture since it was depended on the sculptural decor and modern architecture was depended on simple kind of varieties.

With enough time handed, the Beaux Arts design of architecture was slowly replaced by the present day style of structures. It was difficult to find the Beaux Arts design of architecture in the twentieth century. The properties were mostly designed with modern style by the modernist architects. "As the twentieth century dawned, structures was clearly overdue for a change. The nineteenth-century Beaux-Arts style was out of joint with the changing times. " (John Peter, 1994) Within the twentieth century, the mentality of architects in the design process of architecture was changed. The looks of the buildings were started never to design with the purpose for historical commemoration but based on the specific function of the building.

"Whether the sweeping eagle in his flight or the open up apple-blossom, the toiling work-horse, the blithe swan, the branching oak, the winding stream at its bottom part, the drifting clouds, over-all the coursing sun, form ever before follows function, and this is the law. " - Louis Henry Sullivan (Frei, 1992:32) This estimate was created by one of the famous architects, Louis Henry Sullivan in his article, 'The Tall WORKPLACE Artistically Considered' in 1896.

With the estimate that Louis Henry Sullivan made, every building has its own function which means the way the way that the owner of the building used it and everything the buildings must have its particular facade and form based on their specific functions. For example, a hospital must have to be designed just like a building that use to provide those people who come and seek for medical attention and people can be able to differentiate a hospital from a catalogue that people use to acquire books and find research and resources or a college that people use to review.

There were the good tips and bad things in architectural by regulations of Louis Henry Sullivan, form practices function. People could find it easy to find the particular building that they would like to go but it limited the look ideas from making a building with a unique form, to make people have an alternative kind of sense on the sense of perception. Other than just the law, the look ideas were also tied to the technology in the past. Some architects may have the look ideas with different kind of structures style however they couldn't check out the construction stage by using the old technology.

In the twentieth century, the technology has been increased and architects are starting to design with a expression, 'function defies form' which was the changing of the concept of architectural form and functions. The law of Louis Henry Sullivan, 'form comes after function' will be no more exists in the next century. The form of the structures were not designed according to their own function like the facade of the library may appears like a museum or people might not exactly know what could it be until they go in to the building. "Bernard Tschumi, a renowned architect and a transgression thinker in architectural issues, advised that function will not follow form, form will not follow function. However form and function certainly interact, only if to produce a shock result. " (Izham Ghani, 2007)

"The brand new technology, defined as professional or applied research, produced a multiplying array of new machines and materials. " (John Peter, 1994) Together with the improvement of technology, several new materials were created into the architecture industry. These new materials were inexpensive and versatile to use in structure and the invention of these enabled the architects to make different kind of unique design in architecture. Other than that, the restrictions of the past in construction can be resolved utilizing the modern solutions.

"The merchandise of the new technology - steel beams and cables, reinforced concrete, and clear plastic changed the way properties were designed and built. Items mass-produced in factories and assembled with modern equipment on the site save both time and money. Perhaps most significant of all, they save labor. All this is still true today, even though our properties contain complex equipment for heating, cooling, lighting, communications, and security unimagined in the earlier days. " (John Peter, 1994) Human being got a great deal of benefits by the improvement of technology in enough time passed. Visual architectures were created to beautify the surroundings, in the same time people can live or work in a comfortable environment, to be able to produce high quality works.

Architecture with the use of new materials for the appearance of the building can create a beautiful sense of perception to people. "At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the German architect Peter Behrens designed the influential Berlin Turbine Manufacturing plant for the electronic firm Allgemeine Elektrizitats-Gesellshaft. Using its strengthened Concrete and huge glazed side-walls, it signaled the introduction of a new structures. Walter Gropius, Mies vehicle der Rohe, and Le Corbusier did the trick in his office. " (John Peter, 1994)

In the twenty-first century, many structures styles were created and many complexes were designed and designed with different ways to create visual and unique appearance. Unusual shape of structures can be made utilizing the high solutions of construction. It is based on the demands of the architects, architects can design the building in any type of shape that they want with the advanced technology today.

The advanced technology allowed the architects to create their ideas digitally which planning in a electronic space. It can be done utilizing the computer aided software which is another creation by the technology. With all these technology, architects gained a lot of benefits in the making process and even can create a great work in structures.

Information Technology

Information technology (IT) is this is of the use of telecommunications and computer systems equipment for the intended purpose of storage, processing, transfer and manipulating data. People normally used IT as a term of synonym for computer systems. Nonetheless it has contain many different kind of systems such as personal computers, computer software and sites, telephones, cell phones, printers and scanners and even fax machines.

With the technology of computer, it did change just how people work other than the way people live. It can help people to save time and cost to produce even better work compared to working manually. Most of the works can be carried out with paperless in the electronic digital way. Besides that, it has the ability for individuals to produce mass production very quickly.

"Electronic mail, groupware, telecommuting and videoconferencing, have become relatively standard systems to enhance group operations. These technical innovations have made it easy for work teams to communicate at anytime, anyplace and anywhere. " (Johnson & Clayton, 1998) IT brings benefits for the people who work in group, it makes people convenience in marketing communications and allows them to have group conversations at anytime, so as to produce an improved and quality final result. "It can significantly improve work group production by increasing the acceleration and decreasing the expense of communication and coordination. " (Johnson & Clayton, 1998)

At once, people are also able to transfer or exchange data and information with the internet technology utilizing the electronic mail or several software such as Dropbox, Virtualbox and etc. They are able to instantly get all kind of data and information in electronic digital varieties from the certain person that they are connecting with. In this manner, people manage to save cost and amount of time in travelling around to get all the documents that they want. "The very best three organizational effects were: allowed business to be done at greater distances, shortened work pattern time, and reduced the necessity for clerical support staff. " (Johnson & Clayton, 1998)

With all these advanced technologies, the way of architects think in planning a building has been transformed. The design of architecture will be demanded on the conceptualization, aesthetic or functionality. It is because of the progression of the solutions has been led to the lost of the essential function of a building.

In the past, people have to send letters by putting them in to the post-box, shopping in stores, super marketplaces and retails or do research and borrow catalogs in the library. With all the advanced technology, all these activities can be done by using email technology, online shopping and web searching for information or download e-books from the internet. Nowadays, people are too relied on using the technology to do everything, they can perform their goal or complete their task by using the internet without going out of the chair. Architects have to design with the purpose of beautify the space rather than the functionality than it because the need of built space has been reduced. Because of this, many complexes were designed in curvilinear varieties with the assist of information technology. "It includes freed the architect to produce heretofore unaccomplished curvaceous form, and new service areas are emerging in the "information years" frontier market place. " (Larry R. Barrow, 2000)

Other than that, They have impacted structures in the look process as well apart from just the proper execution. In the end of the twentieth century, architects are beginning to design and generate ideas by using computer. Complex and unique design of structures can be done with computerized and the invention of computer aided software such as AutoCAD, InteriCAD, Adobe software, Rhinoceros, 3D Studio Potential, CATIA (Computer Aided Three-dimensional Interactive Application) and many more.

With all this computer aided software, architects are able to save time and create unique design that cannot be done by personally. Besides that, it allowed architects to obtain accurate measurement for the area calculation, in order to create genuine visible of the designed building.

In the twenty-first century, "computerization and the improvement of design technology and practice are two of the most crucial technology in the architecture industry. Improving design technology means the development of new design tools that help designers spend less time and effort on data collection, computation, and preparation of design documents, and more on problem handling. " (Hugues Rivard, 2000) It is clear that computer aided software has already become one of the design tools in the building process in the architecture field.

Drawings are the main output of the look process in architectural and there are two types of drawings which will be the two-dimensional drawings and three-dimensional drawings. Two-dimensional sketching thought as having all elements in a flat surface and normally it comes with only two sizes either length and width or width and elevation, without any depth or thickness. And, three-dimensional drawing thought as images or pictures with the items that come with all the three proportions which will be the duration, width and elevation.

Furthermore, drawings are made by using the computer aided software with the application of virtual certainty (VR). "VR is a computer-generated world including one or more individual senses and made in real-time by the participants actions. The real-time responsiveness of the computer to the participant's action distinguishes VR from other sorts of computer-generated simulations. The participant in a VR environment is perceiver and creator at the same time, in a world where the thing of perception is established by activities. " (Daniela Bertol, 1997)

A online model can be made up of the application of VR in the computer aided software to simulate actuality for a three-dimensional image. This model enabled architects to truly have a specific planning and anticipate almost any technical issues, in order to achieve the demands of realism. Besides, it allows architects to visualize spaces proficiently and create a most truthful image of a building. Furthermore, the real image of the building is seen in the computer or printed out it out before it is built. Thus, architects have the ability to revise or change the design if there is any distressing feel or it looks unsightly.

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality (VR) is evidently introduced in the last contents. From the study, VR applications are also found in various fields like drugs, astronomy, entertainment, sport, art work and etc. And, it has been used as a design tool in structures design. We can easily observe how the feature of VR such as relationship, immersion and three-dimensionality, react in the architecture field. By the application of VR, making tools have been provide for perception, evaluation and the aesthetic view of any architecture environment before construction from the change of point of view. Hereby, a question will be bring up into this article - How exactly does VR use as a design tool in architecture design?

Based on the investigation of design issues through the entire year goes, the look process has been improved upon and became interesting after the applied of VR in the structures field. However, using VR as a design tool has the least potentiality among the list of VR application. Usually, the process of theory ideas type was jogging with hand-rendered, two-dimensional representations or sketches by writing materials such as pencil, paint or ink in writing but it can now be transformed with the immersive way to produce initial sketches or three-dimensional visuals with computer-assisted technology. It really is all credit to the implementation of VR.

During the implementation of VR in the structures design, the three-dimensional modeler 3DM that has been developed at the School of NEW YORK created the three-dimensional models by utilizing a HMD system and hand-held pointing device. From the providing of this software, models can be transform and edit with the capabilities of copying, pasting, chopping, moving and scaling and even can be manipulated with the immersive ways.

Design Process from Sketches to Models

There are numerous stages in the look process such as mapping, diagrams, sketches, development drawing and etc. Sketches and working attracting with the idea ideas input are essential while they can be differentiates by the correctness, information and amount of representative information. When the input of the concept ideas on the sketches are enough to be expressive and able to become working drawing which mean it could be program and execute by the computer.

Computer-aided design (CAD) is useful and convenience in modeling because it provides valuable tools. For a good example, a distinctive curved wall membrane design of a facade can be extrude with a rounded shape of opening while its model can be execute with exact sizes given of the wall structure and the starting. And, repeating procedure can be applied in the CAD application as well.

In the other side, the immediacy of the procedure by translating a sketch straight into a functional model can enhance the take action of creative imagination and the understanding of the three-dimensional space.

Two-dimensional Press and Level Models

The two-dimensional press such as paper is often using in the design of structures as the communication of concept ideas into the design development. Besides that, the demonstration drawings including the construction drawing, describing pulling and three-dimensional perspective are representing the three-dimensional items with two-dimensional media. Even every output of the computerized such as CAD has to be present with the two-dimensional media by displaying on the screen or printed in some recoverable format.

There is another option for the design of structures which is the range models while it can establish the understanding and match the usage of the unbuilt three-dimensional space. However, the quality of the space has been reduced because of the model cannot be inhabited and user cannot experience from the within.

Virtual Environment

While the functioning of design process occurs in a digital environment where in fact the custom is inside the merchandise of his design is called immersive design and different conceptions will be bring to the take action of creative imagination by this technique. The creation of form is possible in the immersive design environment like the raising of surfaces, subtraction and rotation of the things. Floor surfaces and stairs can be built and edited with the response by the perceptual impact. Boolean functions of addition or subtraction can be utilized for the design which based on volumes to allow the take action of molding and carving action.

The different principles have been assumed while the implementation of traditional compositional guidelines improved from two-dimensional representations into three-dimensional immersive environment. Proportions between various architectural elements can be verified by inhabiting the space.

Though at this point, immersive design should be realize with the electronic reality application that may revolutionize the design of architecture. The debate of the traditional act of making should be perform for the architect to adjust to the idea of sketching in space and being inside and a primary experience of three-dimensional space.

Zaha Hadid

Zaha Mohammad Hadid can be an Iraqi-British architect who created on 31st Oct 1950 in Baghdad, Iraq. She actually is the first Muslim and girl who got granted the Prizker Architecture Reward in 2004. She also received the Stirling Reward continuously this year 2010 and 2011.

In Zaha Hadid's education, she researched architecture course at the Architectural Relationship (AA) College of Structures in London after she acquired a diploma in the mathematics course at North american University of Beirut. From then on, she worked for her earlier lecturers who are Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis. She also proved helpful as a lecturer of AA in 1980s after she became a partner with Koolhass in 1977. She then established an architecture and design firm, 'Zaha Hadid Architects' with over 300 employers in London, United Kingdom.

Zaha Hadid's buildings are always made with the looks of uniquely futuristic style and complex form. With all the advanced technology and new materials, she actually is in a position to produce curvilinear kind of architecture with her modern-day and ground breaking design. Her completed and on-going jobs included Modern day Arts Centre, Guangzhou Opera House, Vitra Flames Place, BMW Central Building, London Aquatics Centre, Galaxy Soho and etc. Other than that, she is also working on interior and building furniture and automobile with the attribute of fluidity.

Zaha Hadid is becoming one of the famous modern architects by firmly taking the benefits associated with the advanced technology to apply on her architecture design. She actually is interested on the impact of technology because it assists with the likelihood of the building and affected just how of making a building. In 2012, she won the Jane Drew Award and from a specific interview by 'Architects Journal', she encouraged architects to purchase digital technology and travel around, it helps in the motivation and creativity of design. (Merlin Fulcher, 2012)

BMW Central Building

BMW Central Building was the being successful design of Zaha Hadid of the Pritzker Architecture Award in 2004. It is located at Leipzeg, Germany and its own complicated built was cost about 1. 55 billion us dollars. It is use to make the BMW 3 Series Vehicle. BMW AG. Munich Germany is the owner of the building, 60 million dollars were used for the price tag on construction. It had been constructed by Arge Rohbau, OBAG and Wolf & Mueller GmbH with the holds of structural engineer, AGP Arge Gesamtplanung, IFB Stuttgart.

The original development of the BMW factory includes three different properties which were designed by their own estate and management group. The three different properties are functioning for the manufacturing process of the development of BMW 3 Series cars. They are separately undertaking the making of automobile systems, painting process and the ultimate assemblage procedure for parts. There is a competition held for the purpose of designing and hooking up all the 3 different properties. Connectivity was used as an idea of Zaha Hadid in the look which was the method of overlapping and interconnecting between the places and levels. As a result of the concept request, the separation of the three complexes was blurred and it offered a complex design in the interior.

Zaha Hadid has totally employed the advanced technology of design tool and equipment of building and the new materials in both constructions and design process of this project. A chat has been completed between Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher (Partner of Zaha Hadid), Lars Teichmann (Task Architect of Zaha Hadid Architects) and Todd Gannon (Series Editor, Source Catalogs in Architecture) about the look process and development techniques of this project.

In the talk, Lars Teichmann said that there is always a person testing the ideas with physical models in the workshop and in the same time, few persons will be doing development of three-dimensional models and two-dimensional drawings in the computer. And, all of this process allows them to build up a range of possible interpretations of the ideas. Besides, concrete was used as the materials of the wall surfaces to solve the lots problem that would be carried down through the building. Concrete surfaces are much more robust to transport more loads and they were able to cut openings through the concrete wall surfaces with advanced technology as they needed. (Todd Gannon, 2006)

London Aquatics Centre

London Aquatics Centre is a centre for the use of indoor athletics which are going swimming and diving. It was constructed to be a place for the London 2012 Olympic Video games. The centre has been built at 27th July 2011 which is located at Olympic Park, Stratford, London, UK. It is handled by the Olympic Delivery Authority, moreover, the engineering has cost about 269 million pounds. Besides, the centre has been built by the builder, Balfour Beauty with the help of structural engineer, Ove Arup & Companions. Furthermore, the capacity of the centre can fit up to 17, 500 seating.

Evidently, from the complexity and unique design of the aquatics centre can be seen, that was under Zaha Hadid's modern and innovative design. The aquatics centre was created by Zaha Hadid with the concept of the fluidity of drinking water in motion. The design of the spots and encompassing environment has include the inspiration from the landscaping of Olympic Park. Precast-concrete has been used as the key material for the engineering of this building. Other than that, the roof top that appears like a wave was designed with steel and wine glass was used for the facade of the building.

There were wings on the both side of the building which used to provide extra seating for the audiences of the Olympic Game titles. However, they might not be there completely because these were not really a part of Zaha Hadid's original design. After the video games are over, they'll be removed and in the same time, the aquatics centre will be deconstructed and it'll most probably again for the public in 2014.

Jacques Rogge, IOC Leader, identified the Centre as a "masterpiece". He said that he had a visual distress when he was browsing the centre this past year (2011) because he thought that this centre is exclusive and a state of art compared to other locations that he noticed. (BBC Sport, 2012) It is noticeable that Zaha Hadid has applied the technology well in her architecture design. Thus, she can create many types of unique design and aesthetic properties to beautify the environment and undoubtedly with her innovative mindset.

Frank Gehry

Frank Owen Gehry was born with the name, Frank Owen Goldberg but with the suggestion by his wife, Anita Snyder, he has modified his name to Frank O. Gehry. Frank Gehry was born on 28th February 1929 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. He was a winning architect of the Canadian-American Pritzker Price who based in Los Angeles and he also awarded several reward such as AIA Gold Medal, Country wide Medal of Arts and Order of Canada.

In the entire world Architecture Survey in 2010 2010, his works have been quoted as quite contemporary architecture on the planet because he was one of the very most influenced and important architects in the twentieth century. Along with his reputation as a famous architect, he has regarded as a modern architectural icon in the architecture industry. His structures are well-known in creating with sculptural in form and always packed with delight with amazing architecture design.

In 1954, he analyzed architecture course in the College or university of Southern California and got the Bachelor of Architecture degree. He then examined city planning in Harvard School Graduate University of Design and he did the trick for a couple architecture firms. In 1962, he founded his own company, Frank O. Gehry and Affiliates, Inc. and he started out his architectural profession.

In 1989, the way of his planning process has been changed, from manual to computerized. Jim Glymph who was the computer systems expert joined Gehry's company while he wished to design more on curves. He then wanted the more technical condition in his design and Glymph helped him by getting CATIA program from the aerospace industry. (Mild Friedman, 2002) With the help of the computer software programs, Gehry began to reject in planning with straight lines and boxy designs in architecture. Along with his developed architectural profession, he were able to produce designs for the general public and private structures in European countries, America and Asia.

In the year 2002, Gehry Lovers, LLP was set up, with over 175 employers in the business and it provided full services for the home, commercial and institutional. In the Gehry Partners company, most of the employers be capable of produce technical drawings and building documents and they're qualified to control complex architecture jobs. The company is working by with regards to the 'Digital Task', your computer aided design (CAD) application predicated on CATIA software which was produced by one of the Frank Gehry's companies, Gehry Technology.

Within the years, Frank Gehry has produced many buildings with striking and unique design. His structures contain his owned house, Guggenheim Museum, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Experience Music project, Weisman Art Museum, Dancing Horse, MEMORIAL of Ontario and etc. Along with the assist of the computer technology and the use of unconventional materials, Gehry was able to create deconstructed cosmetic building in deconstructivism style.


CATIA is a kind of computer aided design software with a full form of Computer Aided Three-dimensional Interactive Request. It was developed by a French company called Dassault Systemes with the accredited, Proprietary software. A French aircraft producer, Avions Marcel Dassault began to develop CATIA in 1977 and it's been applied in a number of industries such as vehicle, aerospace, shipbuilding and etc. It can help in the design development with conceptualization, three-dimensional modeling, visualization and etc. Organic innovative varieties can be also created by using CATIA.

Guggenheim Museum

Guggenheim Museum is an art work museum that designed in modern and modern arts. It had been proven on 18th Oct 1997 and located at Abando, Bilbao, Spain. This contemporary building is owned by Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and it was built by Ferrovial, S. A. with the building cost of 89 million US dollars. Moreover, it was built over the Nervion River and mainly used to demonstrate the works of international and Spanish performers.

Besides, it has been one of the very most famous structures especially in the entire year of 1998 and 1999 since it was the famous issue among the list of architects in the industry. In the entire year of 2007, there have been several million of people to visit the museum. In the 2010 World Architecture Survey, it's been called as one of the most crucial building since 1980. Other than that, it has been called by the world-famous architect, Philip Johnson, "the best building in our time. " The New York Times even said that the building is a miracle. (Frank O Gehry TODAY'S Architectural ICON, 2012)

While Frank Gehry has been chosen by the dog owner, Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, to be the architect of the museum, the director of the task, Thomas Krens encouraged him to turn out with something daring and special. And, the design came out innovatively with the appearance of the curved design externally in a random way. It had been built-in an irregular shape with engineering materials of titanium, limestone and glass.

During the introduction of this deconstructed design of the museum, computer technology has been used in the procedure of conceptualization, design and visualization and even controlling the cost of construction due to the limitation. Along with the assist of advanced machinery technology, the building could be constructed with a complexity design.

Walt Disney Concert Hall

Walt Disney Concert Hall is the fouth hall of LA Music Centre which is located at 111 South Grand Avenue, LA, California U. S. A. The engineering of the concert hall was started in the year of 1999 and completed and opened up on 24th Oct 2003. The cost of the structure was around 130 million us dollars and it gets the capacity for 2265 visitors to sit.

The outside of the Concert Hall was mainly built with the materials of stainless steel, to be able to provide matte done. However, the application of material brought on the reflection problems from sunlight, the reflective qualities of the material surfaces caused the increasing on the temperatures of the building and the as the increasing on the chance of the traffic damages.

Gehry Companions were asked by the owner of the Concert Hall to turn out with a remedy. Along with the assist of computer examination on the panels of the building's surfaces, it came out with a remedy by boring the floors with a way of sanding softly, in order to lessen the unwanted glare. (Dimming Disney Hall - Los Angeles Downtown Information - For Everything Downtown L. A. , 2012) Predicated on this matter, computer technologies are able to assist in problems solving other than just bringing benefits for the design development and construction.


In the modern era, people cannot live without using technology. People use technology in everything they actually such as travelling, entertainment, sports activities and etc. We are able to see everyone is holding at least one technology device in anywhere each goes. Technology was already a part of our daily life, with the progression of technology, it does have an enormous effect on us. They have influenced just how we live, the way we travel, the way we talk and etc. We always get benefits utilizing the technology, however there are both negative and positive ways because nothing is perfect.

Technology is supporting us to reside in a convenience and luxury life. Time and cost are always both main issues inside our life. It can help everyone to save lots of both time and cost, in order to attain our goal with a much better and quality result. For example, we manage to get the info and data that people want from the web without going to the catalogue, it saves time. We're able to shop online for the groceries without venturing out, it helps you to save cost. Conversely, we might get the wrong or pointless information and data from internet because of the massive amount data. And, we might receive the expired or spoiled goods by shopping online.

Besides, technology has also impacted in many sectors such as automotive industry, structures, film industry and etc. Architecture is the area of discussion in this article, the topic is 'the impact of technology in structures'. Technology has affected in both the construction of building and the look development of a task. With enough time passed, technology is always improving and it brings more benefits into the architecture industry compared to the disadvantages. Perhaps one of the most influenced systems in architecture is the invention of it (IT).

IT has been released in the first chapter, it influenced the function of the building with the use of internet. People are doing everything online without venturing out and therefore, it caused the lost of the building's function. Besides that, the invention of the computer aided design (CAD) allowed architects to generate intricate design and save time by building digitally. In addition, it provides accurate dimension for architects to design without doing any problems. However, architects are use to create in modern day arts and it induced the increased loss of traditional design in architectural. In addition, computer technology has the possibility to get technological problems and it needs time to resolve the issues.

Furthermore, the limits of the building before can be resolved with the advanced construction technology. It helps in the possibility of engineering of the sophisticated design looked after reduced labor with the advanced machinery. Zaha Hadid and Frank Gehry's tasks are the examples of the completed works with the assist of advanced technology.

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