Posted at 11.12.2018
Improving the fitness of individuals and neighborhoods, and building up health systems, disease diagnosis and prevention are necessary to development and poverty
reduction. ICTs have the potential to impact nearly every aspect of medical sector. In public areas health, information management and communication functions are pivotal, and are facilitated or limited by available ICTs.
ICT-Information and Communications Technology is a report or business of expanding and using technology to process information and aid communications. ICT can be used nearly everywhere all around us; at schools, in police channels, libraries, banks, weather forecasting, supermarkets and in health services. It creates our lives easier, by quicker and good quality research, by keeping important info, and quick passing down of any information, in practically every form that people want.
ICT in health services is used mainly to achieve poverty reduction and enhancing health of the very most poor and exposed to many diseases, because of insufficient remedies, people. It curently have made a major impact on medical care by:
ICT is very important in health services because enhancing health includes improving public health and medical programs made to provide optional, emergency, and long-term medical care. Reliable information and effective communication, like mobile telephony, e-mails or video-conferencing, are essential elements in public areas health routines. Doctors from all over the world may communicate with each other and discuss any health issues without giving their homes or office buildings. Also, increased and even more accessible information helps people with improving their own health.
The use of ICT in health sectors have centered on three wide-ranging categories:
ICT's improve improving the health care delivery in several ways. Telemedicine is one of these. It helps countries offer with shortages of professional doctors through better coordination of resources and helps in writing experience and professional development. Also, there are ICTs like radios. For instance, in Nepal, rural health staff gets information and support through the air. They receive a chance to acquire standardized instructions. HIV and Supports are recognized by electronic network and communication. Digital systems are valid and workable means of providing learning and dialogue, highlighting issues and creating digital meetings among those who cannot sign up for personally. A job in South Africa, Asia and the Pacific was made to provide electronic digital networking and communication, so an opportunity is given for folks to wait many conferences.
In expanding countries, many health employees involved in major health are isolated. They often work alone, and also have little if any usage of up-to-date information and chances to switch experience with acquaintances. The situation is starting to improve though, because of PDA's(Personal Digital Assistants)-small, handheld devices that allow workers to have access to important and needed information, store and capture health data. In Ghana, Kenya and Uganda PDA's are very common. In Ghana, they are being used by community volunteers. In Kenya, medical students were outfitted with the small devices, that were packed with relevant information about their studies. While in Uganda, training physicians were given the devices including basic reference material within their continuing medical education.
In overview, telemedicine provides benefits, like urban and rural linkages and hooking up health staff to centralized health know-how. Mobile phones and e-mails that are included into medical methods can make a big change. Also, multiple ICT routes are being used for e-learning in a combined toolbox procedure, eg. Using internet, Text message, PDAs, radio, printouts.
People ingest new information, ideas, and approaches in conditions of their own local context and social, monetary and cultural functions. They change them into their daily realities in ways that help them better package with the local situation. They have to understand the culture of another country and discover whether the treatment they want to supply the patients is right to them, taking into account their religion, for example. ICT's help them with that. They provide opportunities to encourage dialogue and public mobilization. Techniques that are being used for just about any of these purposes include: expanding internet information portals, using mass media to broadcast extensively, developing interactive coding on broadcast mass media and making far better use of existing communication systems.
Communication systems are already quite developed, still, though, they need an increase in effectiveness. We can observe the quick development of communication systems through, eg. GIS-Geographical Information Systems. These devices employ a important use; they help predict and identify the pass on of any harmful diseases. In many countries, it already acquired helped a lot. In Bangladesh, GIS data had been used to warn the health regulators from the pass on of cholera in coastal metropolitan areas.
Communication systems may be expanding, but there are three main barriers that restrain the successful software of ICT in medical sector in growing countries: connection, capacity and content. With connectivity, the issues are about lack of usage of electricity, high costs, insufficient telecom coverage or solar powered energy options. With capacity, the issues are with making certain information are culturally appropriate. While content problems include insufficient local article marketing and the words used.
Although, many poor and producing countries already use ICT's in medical areas, they still have to be developed, so there exists two-way communication and the emails and information are clear. A good example is Namibia, where there have been reports made how Namibian doctors used ICT's to deliver health services with their patients. A questionnaire was administrated to 21 health providers in two regions of the country, from one of which was rural, the other metropolitan. All said that ICT's are incredibly important (100%). 91% said ICT helps them interacting with other health providers. The most common ICT is a telephone(36%), the next an example may be a PC (23%). The most commonly used programs of communication with patients are telephones accompanied by tv. Namibia has big problems with budgets and lack of basic infrastructures, like electricity or mobile phone lines. "There is a need to market ICT use for health service delivery and also to stimulate patients to work with ICT to access health services and relevant information.
ICT's in health services are incredibly important. Because of ICT health workers may make better treatment decisions, private hospitals provides better quality and safer treatment, people will make informed choices about their health, and policymakers will be better educated of any risks. Also, health service staff have to converse between one another in reducing poverty and help the poor. It really is already attained by telephones; SMS, message or calls, internet: e-mails, video-conferencing, but still needs to be developed due to many barriers, like insufficient cell phone lines or poor access to the internet. Also, governments have to purchase firm of health services in their own countries, and, for example, bring the NHS intend to life. It'll still have a great deal of planning, assessing and money, however the better the communication between countries and health services in several places, the bigger the chance of reduction of diseases, epidemics or any sicknesses.
As we can easily see, ICT's can help very much in medical service, but looking from the other area, ICT's may ruin our health. There are many problems with health that are repercussions of the use of computers, viewing television etc. We are susceptible to stress, eyestrain and accidental injuries to the throat, back again and wrists. Therefore every company, every parent or guardian, every child must be careful and take steps to safeguard themselves and others. While using the computer, we sometimes do not think of all outcomes and we do not understand how serious they may be. If the keep an eye on flickers, you don't use a display screen filter, nor take regular breaks, you could have a throbbing headache, your eyes may burn up and itch. What else can happen to you and just why? Back pain, because of the weird position we have while sitting in front of the computer, R. S. I. (Repetitive Strain Damage), which means your hand may be weakened, swelled etc. The most common one, especially at work, is stress. "Many people are afraid of computers, they don't really understand them and feel they will look stupid if they admit that they don't really learn how to operate one. People fret a computer will be able to replace them plus they might lose their careers. They are just some explanations why people may feel consumed with stress due to computers.
The employer needs to provide steps to protect his staff, as the law (Health and safety Act 1974') expresses. The law declares that an workplace must:
To protect us from the side ramifications of using personal computers, a science have been presented, which concerns planning safe and comfortable furniture and machines. It really is called ergonomics. It says sunlight is the best light but it cannot echo in your display, the table should support your hands, the computer keep an eye on should be at the attention level or perhaps below, and the display screen should be about 45 cm away from your face etc.
Nowadays ICT's are our companions almost everywhere. It is rather important in the health service (and not only), mainly as a result of quick passing down information and it was created to reduce poverty and help people, but we still cannot ignore that it can harm our health, as well as improve it. Important or not, we must use ICT's wisely.
Improving health, attaching people; the role of ICT s in medical sector of Developing Countries, framework paper, 31st May 2006.
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