Posted at 10.31.2018
Gestalt therapy and Logotherapy are two of the techniques used within the humanistic-existential construction. Humanistic and existential psychotherapies entail a range of strategies such as healing goals, treatment strategies and conceptualisation. Gestalt remedy revolves around the idea that only through the clients personal experience and explanations can the experiential world of a customer be recognized by the therapist. Logotherapy is dependant on the belief that this is in life is recognized as a motivational power in human beings predicated on the three concepts; freedom of will, will to so this means and meaning of life. By comparing two of the numerous therapies found within the humanistic-existential construction the similarities and differences are tackled as well as the strengths and limitations and why certain types of remedies are more useful for a few clients alternatively than others.
The Existential-Humanistic Approach
With no singular explanation of existential-humanistic strategy, humanistic psychology and existential psychology are also hard to define. There are many overlaps between both strategies, though different types of remedies found within the way allow insight into the way the existential-humanistic approach works together with ideals, ideas, similarities, differences strengths and limitations. Gestalt remedy founded by Frederick Fritz in the later 1940's and Logotherapy founded by Victor Frankl in the 1930's are two types of existential-humanistic strategies found in certain cases depending on customer and the context. Both of these types of solutions are different in their therapists tasks, techniques and beliefs used, but relate on many levels as well.
Existential-humanistic psychotherapy is the powerful mixture of both existential therapy and humanistic therapy. With humanistic therapy's key themes being approval and growth and existential therapy's being responsibility and freedom, the belief that people have the capacity for self-awareness and choice is thought by both, although concluded using different ideas. Existential-Humanistic psychotherapy will not entail clients being divided into types, but a process-oriented therapy which focuses more on the potentials and restrictions.
Gestalt therapy was founded by Frederick "Fritz" Perls with collaborators Laura Perls and Paul Goodman in past due 1940s. This type of remedy was designed instead of other restorative methods used at that time which revolved around focussing on past experience and issues, as opposed to the present. Gestalt remedy provided a far more practical approach with more instant results, this is a humanistic remedy which revolves around approval and development. Gestalt refers to shape, style or whole form, therefore Gestalt remedy looks never to only the average person person, but to the framework the individual exists in.
The role of any Gestalt therapist is to act as a guide for the client, helping the client to gain understanding on their own by using posting observations, personal experiences, feelings and reactions and supplying the client genuine responses without judgement. In this kind of therapy the therapist functions as more of somebody to your client, alternatively than an expert figure.
Gestalt therapy is a more directive, experimental and here-and-now founded therapy. Here-and-now based therapies revolve around concentrating on the present minute which is the one time where awareness, responsibility and change may occur. This sort of therapy involves facilitating understanding to your client to allow them to self-regulate. There are plenty of key ideas of gestalt remedy, one main notion is recognized as unfinished business. This concept involves the unpleasant thoughts or current troubles, the goal being to permit clients to make decisions independently, using their own motives as opposed to the continuous suppression of thoughts. This can be seen as a strength as it involves dealing with the present moment, where as other therapies concentrate more on the past and how earlier occurrences may impact or trigger present feelings.
Although Gestalt therapy has many strengths, like all therapies, it also offers limitations. This sort of therapy lacks a well defined theory of human development, it is also very limited in dealing with serious mental problems and is also theoretically unsupported.
Logotherapy is another type of existential-humanistic therapy, but unlike Gestalt remedy, Logotherapy is less directive. This sort of therapy was founded by Victor Frankl in the 1930s and was a reply to Frankl's own life crises when he experienced amount of time in Nazi awareness camps so when reduced to epidermis and bone, knew that a very important factor Nazis could never eliminate was his liberty to choose his attitude. Logotherapy translates to 'therapy through interpretation'. Frankl's Logotherapy procedure has three key concepts both philosophical and mental health, those being the freedom of will, will to interpretation and meaning to life. Flexibility of will; allowing people to be responsible real estate agents, making choices and being kept accountable for their own actions. Will to interpretation; the determination of seeking meaning and going to lead a so this means full life, and lastly interpretation of life; life has meaning and there is so this means within even the most tragic circumstances.
Logotherapy, like Gestalt and all the solutions, too has its limits. Though it is said there are three main constraints of this remedy. The first being what's referred to as the Franklin viewpoint, this being the fact it is difficult to link it to relevant psychology research. The next restriction being that Frankl did not want for Logotherapy to provide a comprehensive platform of psychotherapy. A lot of Frankl's lovers or 'loyalists' against any extension of Logotherapy, wanting to ban others from extending Logotherapy in any way, this being the 3rd limitation.
Logotherapy differs from Gestalt therapy as Logotherapy is described as "A psychotherapy which not only identifies man's heart, but actually starts from it may be termed Logotherapy. Within this connection, logos is intended to symbolize 'the religious' and beyond that 'the so this means'" (Frankl, 1986). It requires the fact that the human nature is our healthy core and could be clogged by emotional or biological sickness and the key goal of Logotherapy is to remove these blockages to be able to fulfil the human nature again. Paradoxical objective and dereflection are two main techniques used in Logotherapy. Paradoxical objective involves simply encouraging the client to confront their most severe nightmare therefore the client uses the action of self-distancing and in so doing, gains clarity onto it allowing them to no longer let the situation define them. Dereflection on the other hand is a technique where a client is asked to transfer their focus from a intractable problem to something more positive, simply, your client aims to rise above the problem.
Logotherapy therapists role is to assist clients to hear their conscience. They help clients explore and identify meanings from different issues, obtaining broader views and offering suggestions to help guide the client, also analysing dreams to discover so this means.
In my own opinion, I favor Gestalt therapy as it allows therapists to help clients give attention to the present second and present issues. It doesn't focus on looking to connect present emotions to past issues or occurrences that may have induced the emotions. It also targets the ideas of the now, contact and figure-formation which revolve around being touching one's own existence using senses, using "what" and "how" questions to help your client with today's instant and focussing on what is observed in the foreground alternatively than getting distracted by what is at the background. Keeping your client and therapist on the same level, making your client feel comfortable enough rather than intimidated in order to own complete and total integrity and have the best results.
In bottom line, both Logotherapy and Gestalt therapy are productive types of treatments within the Existential-Humanistic psychotherapy. Though both types of solutions have different techniques, advantages, limitations and beliefs, they also have many aspects similar, all aiming towards aiding the client to be self aware and having the ability to self-regulate and understand their issues and how to resolve them. The distinctions and limitations of every type of therapy allow therapists to help the client receive the right kind of therapy rather than chasing a therapy which has less benefits for the client than another.