Plays Geography a vital role in International Relationships? Is geography only refers to oceans, lands, pets, plants, atmosphere or even more else? It has been a relationship between geography and the ancient progress of the states? These were a few of the questions that came to my mind through the research. The purpose of this essay is to analyze which is the relationship between geography and International Relations, in order to do this goal; I concentrate on certain time periods to comprehend its relationship. First, I'll start to explain the key concepts that I am going to use within this paper; these concepts are geography and International Relationships. International Relationships is the analysis of human connections through national edges and the factors that impact those interactions. As you of those factors that have an effect on man's relationships, are geographical factors. Whenever we refers to Geography, this means the study between the Earth and its characteristics and is divided into two main branches-Human geography and Physical geography. Geography not only means lands, oceans, pets, plants, it also refers to population, settlements, interpersonal traditions, human migration, monetary activities etc. During many years those physical features have impacted on international activities. Geography has been an important tool for evaluating International Relations. It has been developed and examined as an instrument of politics for years and years. Through the prehistory, the ethnicities settlements were predicated on geographic areas that allowed them to develop ecological economies; such as rivers valleys, which were lands very fertile and provided them to build up transport and communications, When the geographic space resulted insufficient for their survival, they conquered other territories and annexed them to the initial one, or also they could lose it by the action of other cultures determined by the same causes. Moreless geography was deeply important in understanding the first forms of social organization and its own connections with other civilizations. During Old area, "philosophers such as Hippocrates, Hecateus, Parmenides, and Aristotle centered on the effects of local climate on man's political culture. They assumed different climates created dissimilarities in civilizations and in the armed forces characteristics of nations, for example, the greater extreme the temp differences, the more warlike the contemporary society. "1
While in the 19th century some scholars especially in German classes but also American universities started to explain the dynamic complexness of human being geography. "Its proponents felt that the politics boundaries and politics structures which existed on the planet were the merchandise of natural 'regulations'. Thus, international relationships were regarded as at the mercy of and the product of the operation of these laws and regulations "2. They created a technology to explain the partnership of physical features and politics called Geopolitik ( German). A pioneer of this theory was Friedrich Ratzel (1844-1905) who said that the physical features and natural conditions and especially those big spots play a important role in expresses and individuals life, and the culture relies in the place they live which is dependant on natural laws and regulations. Also Friedrich Ratzel inspired the idea of the "liveable space " (Lebensraum) which is the place supposedly that will require an state to obtain its survival and self-sufficiency. This is the major political notion of Adolf Hitler during World Battle and an important aspect of the Nazi ideology. This means to get extra space for the welfare and development of the population and also to achieve an excellent country; this notion was quite simply a drive for the expansionist policies of Germany. Through the Mid-20th century, geographers like Rudolf Kjelln, Sir Halford Mackinder and Karl Haushofer pointed out the effect of physical factors on the relations of the energy items in the international system. This classical theory had a substantial impact on shaping insurance plan from Imperial British technique to U. S. Cold War strategy. An example of this traditional theory was the word of heartland, presented by Sir Halford Mackinder (1861-1947) which described some conflicts of the time: World Battle II and Cool war. "Mackinder's idea of geopolitics can be summed up in his stating: Who rules East Europe codes the Heartland, Who rules the Heartland codes the World-Island Who tips the World-Island orders the entire world " 3 "The World Island, in turn, is an individual slab of land whose all sides can be come to with simple and reliable transportation. The railroads and the combustion engine would allow very rapid and much more efficient transportation, that could now surpass the ability to move of sea ability, tipping the scales in favour of land power. The World Island also contains more population plus more of the resources a modern (at that time) economy needs. "4 this world island was considered Eurasia, such as the continents of European countries and Asia.
Therefore, Cold Conflict was a discord enough to provide a real proof the heartland theory. At that time, Soviet Union was the main one who was ruling the heartland, it controlled
Eastern Europe and consequently was in a position of hazard or influence around the whole world. Also within were located the major essential oil resources, a key resources of that period to build up military power, as I stated before, the globe island was reached with simple and reliable transfer, nonetheless they need sufficient essential oil resources to develop an efficient travel. As result British foreign insurance policy and U:S:A overseas insurance policy was toward this major potential dangers. Therefore its main purpose during this period was lo limit the enlargement and effect of the Soviet Union.
Finally, the end of communism, post-communist expresses began to develop its overall economy and created stables institutions. This region became one of the very most powerful economies; some scholars started to investigate its political and financial results and considered that "the physical proximity to the West has exercised a good affect on the change" 5 of the powerful community. Geography was an instrument in the EU decision-making process. Presently geography stills participating in an important role on international relationships. Inside the 21th century International Relations have facing other issues, making that some geographical factors lose their relevance. Topography, environment, and natural resources have an effect on political outcomes through the first decades. Through the 19th territory was a key component but with globalization territory's view has improved. Now, new ideas have tried to give explanation, to themes like the Iraq Battle, the emerging markets of China and India, the nuclear issues of Iran and North Korea, the several allegiance of locations: APEC, ASEAN, MERCOSUR, the discord between Israel-Palestine, the olive oil reserves, Climatic Change, this particular supplying amongst others. Geography shapes expresses' behaviour and constraints politics decisions. Currently Foreign Insurance plan has been influence by physical features like: individuals immigration, population development, economy activities, food security, drinking water and energy source, environmental issues.
My realization is that every nation's geography influences its view of itself and it s view of the world. This essay studies that geography offers insights in to the political dynamics. Geography is a long lasting feature that has impact on human relationships. Each time frame has been influenced in different ways by physical factors. We cannot exclude geography to understand internationals relations, modern geography is not longer only physical aspect it is also about human firm of the planet earth surface, and there continues to be more situations still left that can describe the relationship of geography and international relationships and its important role in this field.