Posted at 11.17.2018
There is a saying that history often repeats itself. If this is a true saying, then society must deal with the complex problem of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying holds true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist will need to have the tools essential to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth's behavior, they have to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms. Furthermore, understanding the reason for juvenile delinquency can be an important type in its prevention. To be able to understand the reason for juvenile delinquency, the history of the juvenile justice and varies method of prevent it have to be examined.
"The history of the juvenile justice in america began during the colonial period. Before it inception the family was the primary origin of social control of the youth" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 5). However, "Inside the 1800s, the state of hawaii seeing growth of developing cites and the result it was having on the young population, they felt the necessity to create a system to control the youth" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 6).
Therefore, the Juvenile Justice system was developed by the federal government due to changing demographics in cities. As a result, the federal government was now actively practicing the concept of 'parens patriae' thru the court. Moreover, the juvenile justice reformers sought to make a change to the objectives of the juvenile justice system, like the 'rights of youth. ' "In earlier years, child offenders above the age of seven were treated and incarcerated like adult offenders" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 5). The treating youths had created distaste among the list of reformers towards jail terms for juveniles; they desired a system to be more compliance with the "due process of law. " Furthermore, the reformer was seeking to convert from what they saw as inhumane treatment of the juvenile therefore, facility such as the house of refuge was started.
"The initial Reformatory Refuge was built-in 1825 and was called the New York Hoses of Refuge" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 9). "It had been not until 1890s when the Progressive Era commenced in the US that individual states started setting up rehabilitating centers" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 10). There is a feeling during the progressive era stating that the justice system should take the duty to recover the lives of young offenders before they were absorbed into criminal activities. The parenting responsibility was been exerted by states to give juveniles an possibility to go back to their former condition.
By 1967, the majority of the cases of juvenile delinquency were tried in juvenile courts. This meant Persons under the age of 18 were tried in juvenile courts. This is due to the ruling by the Supreme Court that it was essential for the juvenile courts to utilize the due procedure for law. The approach following the decision was to encourage the states to develop plans that would discourage juvenile delinquency.
In this context the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 were passed. The Act was later strengthen by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. On this effort, the (OJJDP) established The Runaway Youth Program plus the National Institute for Juvenile justice and Delinquency Prevention. The Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act 1968 law was later replaced by Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act 1974. However, the movement received a setback when there is a rise in juvenile crimes during 1980s and 1990s.
The first stakeholder is the youth that commits crime. He has all the rights that are promised to adults under the constitution. It's important to understand that legally a youth must have more rights than a grown-up has. Precisely the same justice system can't be used for youths. Other stakeholders will be the parents. The parents have the primary responsibility for making certain their wards do not commit crimes. The government whether state, federal, or local, are also stakeholders, that have the dual responsibility of protecting the city as well as rehabilitating the juvenile.
The Finally stakeholders is the city. The community interest in fighting juvenile's recidivism is effective to the safe of the community. Therefore, community safety is an understandable reason to start out community-based program. Moreover, "studies show that many community -based correctional programs reduce recidivism and are less costly than confinement" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 210). Communities felt that strong action is was necessary to prevent juvenile offenders as a deterrent. Some advocates believed "childhood intervention programs were having a direct effect on future juvenile delinquency and criminality rates" (Zigler, Edward, & Taussig. 1992)
(3. An entire description of issue addressed. )
The issues involved juvenile delinquency includes juvenile placement in criminal procedure. The issue deal the treated of juvenile who commit crimes like adults. The catch is whether the crime juvenile commit dictate that they should the type punishment as their adult counterpart. "The courts often are face with your choice whenever a juvenile commit what's other wise considered an adult crime" (Bartollas & Miller, 2008, p. 155).
Another problem of juvenile delinquency is the severe nature of the offense the juvenile commit. Status offenses are behavior committed by juvenile they can be arrested. Such as for example truancy, drinking, runaways, and general ungovernability, how can these stop status offenses. This issue led to the question; from what extent can the parents be held responsible for supervision of children? Moreover, if the parents can't be maintain their children what are the neighborhood resources offered by them? Other issues of discussion are the subject of juvenile drug use.
Moreover, what is been done to eliminate this problem. On the other hand, the existence of after-school outdoor recreation or sport can reduce juvenile delinquency with a great extent. This type deterrent once again would require parent's involvement. "On the other hand, if peer pressure is applied by juvenile delinquency, the parent needs to be aware of such problems and must seek intervention in early stages to be more effective" (Welsh & Farrington, 2007, p. 871).
(4 An in depth analysis of possible strategies and intervention designed to stop juvenile delinquency)
Parental guidance and good home life will be the best overall method of stop juvenile delinquency. However, in today modern society parents are not always capable of providing the necessary guidance to their children. Therefore, there have to be other possible strategies and interventions designed to stop juvenile delinquency. In that context, there are strategies and interventions that contain been developed to assist parents in the venture. First all offense whatever the severity should be handled expeditiously. Furthermore, the parent should adopt "the three point strategy of supervision, prevention of drugs and introduce activities to the children" (Koffman, Ray, Berg, Covington, Albarran, & Vasquez, et al. 2003).
Maury Nation and other devised programs to disseminate effective prevention strategies. Their programs took information from other programs to build up a much better program. In their research, they "discovered that effective programs included teaching, positive role model and informed planning and implementation of problem-specific prevention interventions programs" (Nation, Crusto, Wandersman, Kumpfer, & et al. , 2003, pp. 449-456).
3. If there is any doubt an advocacy group should be contacted at the earliest
(5. A comprehensive list and weighing of alternatives, both pro and cons, to the stop juvenile delinquency. )
The alternative that "Every minor offense including truancy should be treated quickly and seriously by the parents and school attendance should be given the best importance" has the pro that juvenile delinquency can be stopped at the incipient stage and school can play an important part in preventing juvenile delinquency. The con is the fact often parents have no idea of truancy and come to learn of it when it's too late.
The alternative that parents should use the three-point strategy of supervision, prevention of drugs and introduce activities to the kids had the pro that its implementation can surely stop juvenile delinquency. In addition, this can be a multi-pronged strategy, which includes worked well. Furthermore, it plays a part in the holistic development of children. The first cons are that parents that hold jobs which will make it difficult to supervise and therefore, cannot implement this strategy. The second con is the fact that parents who need training is required to implement this plan.
The alternative of If there is any doubt an advocacy group should be contacted at the initial" has the pro that advocacy group can provide expert guidance to the parents. Further, the advocacy group can devise approaches for particular youth. The con is the fact generally the advocacy group is contacted after serious crimes are committed or the case becomes difficult. For instance, advocacy groups are contacted after the child is dependent on drugs.
(6. a prediction for how juveniles justice prevention and intervention strategies will be handled at least the next two decades)
Over another two decades education and community involvement should be major strategies in order to help prevent juvenile delinquency. In the arena of education if a kid is exposing to education at an earlier age and given a robust foundation in learning, the youth have an opportunity to endure. For instance, if organizations including the PTA will take a proactive role in the intervention of trouble kids at a young age this will be helpful. This is a venue where the parents and educator both have the ability to contribute to the kid development.
In addition, future prevention and intervention in the juvenile justice will be based upon those actually involved in the juvenile justice system. If probation officers and youth detention centers do not take an actually role in future intervention of juvenile delinquency any other strategies will never be successful. Probation and correction will need to look for ways to encourage the juvenile to find alternative means of using their energy. Furthermore, the government will have to provide more funds to the juvenile justice system. With an increase of funds, the juvenile justice system will be able to find qualified employees.
In addition, the juvenile justice system, especially the correctional agencies, must provide guidelines to help the juveniles develop. When juvenile are committed to juvenile detention the focus needs to be devoted to educational development and alternative activity rather than the gang activity. The detention center of the future should become more conductive to a juvenile community surrounding. For instance, detention center should offer schools, medical clinics, and recreation facilities so that youth will not have cultural shock. Technology should play an important role in probation instead of detention as well. Monitoring devices such as GPS ankle bracelet should be use more in the future.
However, the finally part of the equation in intervention is the youth. If all the fore mention action are taken, and the youth neglect to participate the process will be voided. Therefore, the principal contact of the youth, the family will need to undergo training whenever a problem arises. Parents are sometime overwhelmed with parenting duties and working at the same time and need to learn how to control their time for you to be more effective. Some parents do not have the necessary parenting skills to improve their children; therefore, parenting classes should be available to assist them.
In conclusion, society must deal with the complex burden of juveniles delinquent, who may eventually become adult criminals. Moreover, the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tool essential to divert the youth from crime. To be able to change delinquent the juvenile need the juvenile justice system itself need to improve policy and procedure to avoid juvenile delinquent recidivisms. Furthermore, an honest effort have to be designed to understanding the cause of juvenile delinquency is an important type in its prevention. The families, communities and the government must be willing to work together for the greater good of the juvenile. Therefore, understanding the reason for juvenile delinquency and the history of the juvenile justice will be an important part of the success of protecting against juvenile delinquency. When studying the annals of the juvenile justice in america, need to be focus on the core issue of delinquency, the juvenile.
Speaking from an individual viewpoint, I believe rehabilitation rather than confinement is a good form of correction. However, I do realizes that not absolutely all juvenile offend will comply with the rule set forward by the courts and probation agencies. Therefore, when the juvenile are place in detention centers they must be afforded the service to help them prevent a life of crime.