In his play, Shakespeare's main protagonist is a dark-colored man - Othello, is a noble man just to suit the convention that considered people of noble blood the only real proper heroes for the stage or even to eliminate disparity of rank as a contributing element in the tragedy. The play shows how dark-colored people are marginalized, racism at its maximum, discriminated. When reading the play, we note that racism is obvious and ever present among those character types. In this way, we'd say that Othello's identification is designed by the gaze of the white personal alternatively than by the queer zoom lens. Though the idea of queer theory is present in the play, yet it is minimal as the issues of racism, prejudice all together overcome the concept of queer theory. Referring to journal articles, we will explore and evaluate how Othello's identity is designed by the gaze of the white do it yourself.
The question of Othello's identity has become a major concentrate of critical industry, and the identification narrative Othello constructs for himself around intercultural allusion as highlighted in this article: 'Venetian Masks: Inter Cultural Allusion, Transcultural Individuality and Two Othellos' by Jonathan P. A. Sell. G. k. Hunter's historically informed reconstruction of Elizabethan behaviour to race and his bottom line that Shakespeare was on Othello's part (1978). Critics on the other palm, have wrangled on the playwright and the play's sympathies. Karen Newman suggests that "Shakespeare's ideologies of race and gender" (1991:93). This post also features other subject which is based on the disquisitory on the colour of Othello's skin. The white people despise dark-colored man and regards Othello as a substandard being. His shaded skin is the reason why they marginalize and changes him to a 'dark-colored monster'. It ought to be mentioned that Othello is a standard human being like any other folks having 'two sight, one nostril, two hands' etc. Othello presents the African people and stands by themselves among the white. We could constantly revealed how Iago is jealous of Othello's position - this is quite normal as Iago being truly a white is nominated and ruled by a black man. For him being under the rule of Othello is intolerable. Right from the start and till the finish of the play, Iago shows his profound hatred for Othello.
Othello's issue of identity starts in Venice, where as a Moor, he can only just be an outsider. Emily C. Bartels in her article 'Othello and Africa: Post colonialism Reconsidered' points out that "Othello is, as the subtitle announces, "the Moor of Venice" - not say, the Moor of Barbary, a location invoked in the name of Desdemona's mother's maid, or the African, a term Shakespeare used a few years later within the Tempest. " Through the mention of Othello's blackness, we can infer that he's of African origins and we take note how Iago, Roderigo and Brabantio are restless to nail that blackness down; to tag a ethnic difference also to establish that Othello is not "of Venice". Furthermore, Othello's id as a Moor of Venice is further complicated and forged by the whites who do their best to bring the key persona to his downfall. Shakespeare, on the other hands, denotes Othello flexibly, specifically along ethnic lines, as a Moor who is simultaneously of Venice. The primary protagonist is created as the general of Venice who is able to set the terms of both military and communal actions. We take accounts of how Othello brings the rhetoric of contest and the legitimacy of one's id to the forefront. Furthermore to Othello's identification, Philip Butcher writes in an article titled: 'Othello's Racial Identification' released in the Folger Shakespeare library that the Moors entered Spain in force from Morocco in 711. The Spanish applied the term Moor to people of Arabian, Syrian and African descent without regard for their racial difference. (Butcher 243).
One of the key questions about race functions in Othello, is how has the personality of Othello becomes the image of an "african american man"? Shakespeare throughout the play has particular character's mention of Othello's physical characteristics as "black" and "thick lipped". The usage of these racialized descriptors to label Othello's appearance will serve to symbolize his personality as "object". There exists of course, facts from the play which ultimately shows how the heroes identify Othello as mere commodities. By the end of picture one, Roderigo and Iago call "the moor" (whom they never name) "the thick- lips" (I. i. 66), "an old black ram memory" (88), the "devil" (9I), "a Barbary horse" (III - 12), "a lascivious Moor" (I 26), and "an extravagant and wheeling stranger" (I36), and also have Iago has accused him of "making the beast with two backs" (II6- 17). The mentioned heroes position Othello's character and his personal information to that of any "object" with this 'pet- like' information within the play. Both Iago and Roderigo shape and name Othello's racialized identification through vocabulary they use to deconstruct his power within the play. It is to be mentioned that through language, Othello is subjugated, racialized and outcast to the margins within the play's platform.
Moreover, Brabantio highly objects the relationship of Othello and Desdemona. Though he has often entertained Othello and got shared a good romantic relationship, the discovery that his princess has wedded the Moor releases of him violent feelings of dread, hatred and disgust. Shakespeare plainly portrays how Brabantio is racist and how he stocks his imagery of blackness for his trend at Othello the same manner Iago and Roderigo acquired portrayed their racism towards the Moor. As outlined by Edward Berry in his article: 'Othello's Alienation', Brabantio accuses Othello to be a "foul thief", of being "damned", of arousing Desdemona's love by witchcraft (I. ii. 102), of working against her by "practices of cunning hell" (I. iii. 102), of being a bond-slave ad pagan(I. ii. 99). At the root of his amazement, Brabantio cannot process and face the actual fact that his little princess would "run from her guardage to the sooty bosom/ of such a thing as thou- to fear, not to please!" (I. ii. 70-71). Brabantio's racism is clear here and he further insists that he needs to arrest and prosecute Othello designed for the crime of witchcraft. Talking about witchcraft, it was thought in the Elizabethan era that 'Moors were adept at witchcraft'. It is indeed very unfortunate to see how a black man has been victimized, ridiculed and insulted for little or nothing. He too like any other individual has the right to show up in love, get married and live a typical life.
Othello's skin color opens way to issues of racism, discrimination and he's badly looked at by those whites who are racist, however while there are some who on the other side mementos him - Desdemona, Montano, the Duke and Cassio. We've seen how many insulting brands are associated to Othello's personality. We are able to say that Othello gets lost in Venice. He is constantly reminded of his skin color and has gone out casted from the modern culture by some whites. However, oddly enough we should point out those characters without overt racial hostility tend to use Othello's name more regularly, and when they call him "the Moor", as they almost do, they tone down the label's negative connotations through positive adjectives, such as Montano's "the noble Moor" (II. iii. 138). We note that Desdemona is not a racist persona as her marriage with Othello portrays that she's nothing against the skin color of Othello. Furthermore to their bonding, we can say that identity does not matter for Desdemona but what concerns him is a person's honesty, caring attitude, bravery that counts and she considers these features in Othello. Desdemona refers to Othello as:
She respects Othello and succumbs to his obedience. Shakespeare shows how somewhat Othello has control over some white personas in the play. We can also say that Othello has a control over Iago too but the second option secretly with other functions marginalize Othello and poison his life and identity.
The whites keep on challenging Othello's identification and the latter brave as he's, resists from all insults and injuries exalted on him 'mentally'. When his relationship is challenged, Othello rests his defense after his capabilities, his list, his virtue and his service to the state. He's not surprised on discovering Brabantio's sudden change in tendencies and behaviour since he is aware that he's skin color will cause upheavals. Consequently what is more interesting is the fact being a dark-colored, Othello, lives among the dominated whites and on top of that shows his supremacy being marrying a white woman. He will keep his originality but however his personal information is continually challenged by the white counterparts. It is further important to consider the actual fact that Othello has never defends his blackness; nor will he defend the religion or culture that lies behind him. Othello's very lack of a cultural id becomes a powerful element in his tragedy. As we have mentioned earlier, he is alert to his origins and has learned that being truly a black man he will be despised by the whites. His blackness is the root to every problem: the reason to Brabantio's opposition to his relationship and it affects the consciousness of everybody around him. Shakespeare shows how his main protagonist's racial tension and draw of cultural, sociable identity impact his romance with the personas of the play. The murder of his wife shaped Othello's personal information as a cruel being, a 'monster', a murderer and a devil personally. Moreover, Emilia hasn't alludes to Othello's contest; nor is her relationship to him at all remarkable. However when Emilia is advised about his lady's murder she explodes with suppressed racial hatred:
Othello becomes a "blacker devil", and out of this we can say that Emilia has always forged Othello's individuality as a black devil.