Homeless Children refer to Children who go on the streets. They are deprived of family treatment and protection. Most of them are between your age ranges of 5 to 18 years old. It's a fresh phenomenon that has been took place in the developed and less developed countries such as USA, India and Egypt. This Problem has evolved in a few countries because of the gap between the rich and the indegent and unequal distribution of the income. Based on the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Reduction analysts in Egypt found that the average number of Children road is vary between children which is 45, 5 respectively. This newspaper will examine the problem of homeless children concentrating on Poverty, Child Maltreatment and Child labor as well as the proposing solutions to overcome this issue.
Homeless Children is a substantial reason behind poverty that results from low. The (UNO) in Egypt had interviewed 50 test of streets children and found that "Low income and educational level of the family (98% of the sample come from low income level family members, whereas 66% of them were low educational level individuals)". Many young families cannot support its family because of their low income and because almost all of these people are not educated so they cannot be employed in high positions to support the needs of the family. Furthermore, these conditions encourage the parents to let their children drop their colleges and support those to be source of money to provide their families with food, clothes and other basic needs. Poverty will keep the child poor throughout his life. In order to make it through, children won't have the chance to go to college and will be pressured to work to get money so they will remain in the bottom of the social level.
Most of the homeless children have many siblings matching to their illiteracy that increase this problem. More often than not, overpopulation is associated with poverty for their families' low income. For example in Egypt a poor family may have 8 children and the loaf of bread winner's income is 100 EGP allocated in 8 Child which is not covering half their needs.
Child Mistreatment is a cause of road children which lead the kid to hightail it from home to avoid any kind of abuses such as physical or sexual abuses. However, jogging abroad may cause further abuses. "The majority of block children have been beaten up or sexually abused by their parents, step parent or in the task which led them to resorting to street", (Hussein, 1998). Furthermore, these children are obligated to leave homes because they feel that they are neglected and being unwanted by their families.
Another reason behind avenue children is child labor which lead that child bears the burdens outweighs his/her capacity. Street children could work in factories and carrying heavy equipment and luggage. They often don't live their lives as they should, they are cared for as adult because they may have was raised before their times. Child labor is associated with child abuse. Children are being abused actually by their bosses who insult and whip them continually.
Homeless Children negatively influences the entire population. It impacts their unstable life-style where they don't have a normal place to stay in and they might not see their natural parents daily which will make them unstable psychologically. Furthermore, These Children lack of medical care and they have higher susceptibility to getting chronic diseases gastrointestinal disorders, and sexually-transmitted diseases such as HIV. They could get these diseases as eat from garbage and have no idea of cleaning practices to avoid those diseases. In Mumbai, India "it is estimated that 30% of the prostitutes in this city are significantly less than 20 years of age. Nearly half of these became commercial making love works when they were minors", (Rhode, 2004). In addition, adults are employing avenue children in drug trade and studies found that 90% of the homeless children are employing some psychoactive drugs such as heroin, alcoholic beverages, cigarettes and some industrial products that exist such as shoe glue.
Street Children are more likely to acquire actions such as violence from the city or while dealing with others or with how the people respond toward them in the streets. They obtain this action to safeguard themselves from the surrounding community plus they don't feel valuable in their world. Many of these children are abused and violence is a standard consequence of this function which is associated with the majority of block children. They experienced many things and they saw the black area of life very early on and because they feel unwelcomed by the folks based on their appearance or their action, people tend to drive them away using violence. Streets children have a concern with being arrested by law enforcement because they are afraid of providing them with back to their families.
There are some solutions that have been used recently but didn't do well to overcome this problem or reduce the rate of homeless children in some countries such as volunteering in organizations, administration, crisis call services and offer awareness and education.
One of the answers to reduce the condition of road children is volunteering in charitable organizations. These varieties of organizations provide help street children to truly have a stable lifestyle and provide them the essential needs and privileges as children. However, streets children have take up to the road and of course they don't want to stay in streets for the others with their lives, but these organizations offer help for the children not for his or her parents, so if the child returned home they'll repeat the routine again. so, these organizations actually isn't the ultimate solution this problem.
Another solution for this problem is the assistance offered by the us government to eliminate this problem. Governments provide money to these children and their own families, so that later you don't have to allow child work or the kid is compelled to leave the home. By this money, the family can afford their children needs. However, this solution has a drawback which is the fact that the money is going to finish and the government is not and these households can't rely on governments as source of money. Government will offer them allowance this month but maybe the next month they won't. Furthermore, these children have received some behaviors including the use of drugs, so these children might use the money provided by the government in the drugs and other illegitimate things. Corresponding to NGO, "in Brazil, sometimes governments have roundups when they remove all the kids from city streets and place them in orphanages or arrest them". Which can lead the kid to leave the orphanage and go back to street again and there are a few orphanages that take features of these children and let them work with them which cause to the same problem again.
A third solution for lowering the street children problem is emergency call. This service is done by the Individuals Protection under the law to do their finest in helping these children and offer them a stable life. These emergency cell phone calls are like hotline which the child dial their quantity and have for help and then the responsible people come and help this child. However, the majority of these children have a dread of individuals and a dread that the community are not accepting them within the society, which direct result that few children is going to call them. Moreover, this service also can be employed by people who are discovering avenue children and want to call a help on their behalf but these children are not aware they are being helped by the human being rights and they will see it because they are being forced to go back to orphanages and child health care and more.
The best answer that people recommend to reduce the rate of street children in our world is a mixture between education and position investors. First of all, these children won't recognize that they may be being helped unless they understand that these are in severe hazard. Education is a powerful weapon that provides the children back to their societies and will help them to create their futures. "The primary purpose of offering education for streets children is they are heading to feel valuable in their contemporary society and willing to boost themselves to better", (ANPPCAN, 1995). Small team of volunteers can offer a fascinating and good environment of education to encourage them to attend school. In addition, the angle traders could help in providing money with their families as a persuasion but the money is given to start out a little business with it such as supermarkets, laundry and joinery and more. So, they would have a stable source of money to provide their children with the basic needs required, and their children could attend school to improve their quality of life.
Street children have many negative effects on the complete society. In addition higher level of homeless children could improve the probability that the united states won't be secure, stable and developed. Reducing this issue is important because they're part of your society and also have needs and rights that needs to be achieved to get the perfect final results from them and improve the level of social and overall economy to the better. Something must be done to reduce and prevent street children from increase. There are several solutions you can certainly do to decrease the disadvantages associated with the street children. While you can volunteer as a tutor, encourage investors to invest in small businesses to allow their families to work in it, support the governments to improve awareness about this problem and exactly how it could be solved or reduced. Nevertheless the best way for all of us to make a direct effect upon this problem is to educate these children and make sure they are believe that they aren't the challenge itself but their surrounded conditions were the condition. Solving this problem is important, we all need to take an action because we have to are in secure country and also have a use of each person in our world to make it a much better place to live in and create a much better standard of living for everybody without exceptions.