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History OF THIS Sri Lankan Problem Sociology Essay

The Tamil people have been struggling for independence from Sri Lanka since 1973 when an island-wide pogrom (the most violent of several that acquired regularly took place since 1956) persuaded Tamils that they would not attain equality or security under the Sinhala-chauvinist state that has ruled Sri Lanka since freedom in 1948, Prior to the English entranced to the Sri Lanka, there is two independent claims, the first is Tamil and another one is Sinhala but following the ruled of Uk those states incorporate together and when they remaining from Sri Lanka they handed all the power to the Sinhala status.

If we see the assault in Sri Lanka up against the Tamils, in the lead-up to the 1956 elections, the Buddhist clergy launched a racist anti-Tamil movement that culminated in the first pogrom against Tamils. In addition, it proven that the clergy could swing elections and guaranteed their position in the political elite. Following 1956 elections, laws were enacted making Sinhala the only real official vocabulary. This excluded most Tamils from general population sector work and torture, rape and random killings have been perpetrated by the military and pro-government paramilitaries.

This violence continuing year by calendar year therefore many innocent Tamil individuals were affected horribly therefore many Tamil people left their own places and they visited other countries as refugees.

In this level, "Mr. Prabhakaran, that has given birth to in 1954 and got great angry from the violence on Tamils, founded the first Tamil protest motion in 1973. The grievances of this Tamils minority returned to 1956 when a new law imposed Sinhala as the country's official language. He originated from well informed family, he lowered his studies in his time 16 and created a rebel group along with his friends which fight against for the discrimination of Tamils because he found one true from his own experience, that if we get scared and never show ours against in their way to their violence, they never stop that before last Tamil death.

Another historical sad example for the genocide of Tamils in Sri Lanka is "Dark-colored July" in 1983,

"Smoke cigars from hundreds of shops, office buildings, warehouses and homes blew idly over Colombo last night. Any business, any house owned by or occupied by way of a Tamil has been attacked by gangs of goondas and the ensuing destruction appears like London after a heavy night's attention from the Luftwaffe. The well-defined smell of devastation fills the nostrils and the roads beneath the feet crunch with shattered glass. Cars and Lorries lay at ungainly angles across the footways. In Pettah, the old commercial center of the city, row after row of sari boutiques, electronic dealers, rice sellers, car parts stores, lie shattered and scarred authorities officials yesterday approximated that 20, 000 businesses had been attacked in the city. "

-The Guardian 28 July 1983-

"The riots began in retaliation for an ambush of an military patrol in Jaffna that kept thirteen Sinhalese soldiers dead. The military immediately retaliated by randomly killing lots of innocent civilians in the Jaffna peninsula. This accompanied by an thoroughly organised anti-Tamil riot which primarily started in Colombo and soon distributed to southern part of Sri Lanka where ever the Tamils lived. Sinhalese rioters in Colombo were given voter's lists made up of details of labels and addresses to enable them to specifically aim for the Tamil Community. The police, security causes, Buddhist monks and their state Officials changed a blind eye but motivated the mobs and in some cases they themselves actively had taken part in the carnage.

Mobs of upset Sinhalese roamed the roads focusing on properties and businesses managed by the Tamils. They chased down and beat any prone people they could find. This lasted for several days and said the lives of over 3, 000 Tamils. Over 50 Tamils political prisoners were butchered by the fellow Sinhalese inmates and the jail guards".

-Genocide Org July 2008-

And following are some research about Sinhala majority people's thoughts and opinions about Tamil's privileges in country, some of the most famous racist prices by the Sinhalese politicians:

"If we are regulating, we should govern. If we are ruling, we must rule. Do not give into the minorities. " - Mrs. Wimala Kananga M. P. Sri Lankan Parliament, July 1981

"I am not concerned about the view of the Tamil people now we cannot think of them, not about their lives or their view. . The more you put pressure in the north, the more comfortable the Sinhala people will be here Really if I starve the Tamils out, the Sinhala people will be happy. " - President J. R. Jayewardene, Daily Telegraph 11th July 1983

"They need a separate talk about - a minority community which is not the initial people of the united states, etc. " (Expressing that Tamils do not belong in Sri Lanka) - President Chandrika Kumaratunga within an interview on South African TV, September 1998

Not only in those ways, but also in different ways "like denied potential customers of Tamil student's advanced schooling by standardisation, even though they obtained higher grades than Sinhala students these were unable to entered school and Sinhala students inserted school easily even they obtained lower grades than Tamils corresponding compared to that system" Tamils damaged and they lost their freedom and culture.

After these problems elevated against to Tamils and the failing of peacefully protest by Tamils politicians and the death of Mr. Thileeban by cravings for food strike for the Tamils privileges and basic safety, Tamils understood that there was no option except Separate Tamil Nation to Tamils. From then on they accept just how of Mr. Prabhakaran, and started to give their palm to his activities and 90% of Tamils think him as their godfather who involves save and bring flexibility to them.

After the death of Mr. Thileeban arm struggle start severely with the Tamils support. Most rebel armies rely on a state sponsor. Mr. Prabhakaran's, however, possessed no such ally. Instead, his guerrillas obtained money and guns from a global support network run by the Tamil Diasporas.

So many youthful Tamils became a member of in the LTTE using their own wish of getting freedom to their people in their own place. And some individuals were joined up with in a compulsory after 2006 because of the dread on LTTE. There was chid soldier also, nevertheless they gave education to their child military and made them as doctors and law firm, etc for his or her own medical needs in warfare periods and political activities. Those happened under what of Mr. Prabhakaran, even he didn't review he had huge knowledge in all areas through his reading behaviors and eager to know new things, that is really miracle to the world today also. He was famous by his self-control behaviour. Still no one complained about his fighter in discipline matters, because his punishments were severe to the people who didn't keep self-discipline in their life even they were fighter. He gave equality to the female fighters in every decision makings like men.

If we see the violence activities of LTTE under the control of Mr. Prabhakaran against to the government from starting, uniquely in the annals of guerrilla promotions, his bloodstained efforts embraced every form of warfare, ranging from large scale fights to the ambushes of common insurgency techniques, to urban terrorism, filled with suicide bombings.

Since 1977s LTTE start assault against Sri Lankan forces. In July 1983 first big episode against Sri Lankan army that is known as Thirunelveli strike. Mid of 80's the LTTE manipulated most area of the North and east of Sri Lanka. At that period the Sri Lankan pushes experienced high trouble when they make an effort to type in to the LTTE controls area.

1987 July Sri Lankan army forces started a military procedure has known as "operation liberation", at that time LTTE presented suicide harm. By this suicide harm beat Sri Lankan military with small lost.

From that point LTTE used suicide attackers known as "Karumpulikal" (Dark Tigers) when they acquired trouble. They used black tigers for destroy armed service, political and economic focuses on, the LTTE experienced land, sea and air black tigers.

In 1987 Indian army moved into to Sri Lanka as peace keeping force. However the Indian military wasn't being honest. By this LTTE transferred to another way of freedom fighting by cravings for food strike. One of LTTE member name Mr. Thileeban passed on with the after 12days hunger strike. This isn't work out for Indian army so LTTE started assault against Indian military. As a result of this cheatings, the ex - Indian Perfect Minister Mr. Rajeevkandi killed by LTTE suicide bomber.

Mr. Prabhakaran's fighters were ruthless experts of suicide attacks. In 1996, they drove a lorry filled with explosives into Sri Lanka's central standard bank, killing at least 90 people. That concentrate on was for the Sri Lankan economy.

In 1997 they struggling with against the longest military procedure in south Asia known as "Operation Jaisikkuru" it's considered more than one and half years. Then they capture areas again within couple of days. In 2001 July black tigers attacked Sri Lankan international airport and Sri Lankan air make camp within few time. By this attacked international consider about Sri Lankan Tamils problem.

Analysis about the Authority of Mr. Prabhakaran Based on the Problem:

Under the Mr. Prabhakaran control there have been nearly 60000 to 70000 soldiers, but almost 35000 soldiers died in war activities and nearly 10000 soldiers were injured during the battle period. He divided all fighters by group by group for different purposes. For example one organizations for political activities, one for brains activities another group for struggling. His LTTE is the first rebel group who have air, sea and land forces without the country support and with only over sea's Tamils support.

If leaders didn't fulfil the needs with their people or didn't give security to their life and culture, they don't support to them in an extended period in reality. If we start to see the Mr. Prabhakaran life, he started out assault for his folks from 1976, from that period his followers' rate not lowered, only increased by his group's self-discipline activities and the secure with their culture by him. That is why in Tamils 90% people support him and admit him as a one and only innovator to them.

He never thought about his personal life he thought only about his people future, to that goal he founded so many good steps, he started Tamil College Culture in every country all around the globe, and in Sri Lanka also he turned out that people can ruled ourselves to us in the time of some place were in under his control. He founded orphanages to the children who lost their parents in warfare in the name of "Sencholai". We can not deny the actual fact that the Sri Lankan administration destroy that place and killed those children by air push. That time almost all of the countries said against to Sri Lankan authorities.

LTTE went so many ceasefires with the Sri Lankan federal, but Sri Lankan federal government was not prepared to give rights to Tamils correctly in their places, their focus on was only bring Mr. Prabhakaran with their aspect by give some personal innovations to him. But Mr. Prabhakaran had not been ready to recognize that, he was ready to sacrifice his life for Tamils and he was not ready to sacrifice Tamils life for his personal welfare. That's why all ceasefires broke down in half way.

Although so many countries barred the LTTE as terrorist group, nobody discussed Mr. Prabhakaran and LTTE discipline and sacrifices.

"If JR is a great Buddhist, we do not need get biceps and triceps", this is one of the assertions of Mr. Prabhakaran, which means even Buddhist torture Tamils, Mr. Prabhakaran stored good considering Buddhist and he was not used arm with wish.

Judgements about Mr. Prabhakaran Based on the Moral Ideas:

Utilitarianism (Consequence structured) Theory:

This theory is come to judgement right or incorrect based on the balance of the good or bad outcomes.

According compared to that theory Mr. Prabhakaran way was right even he did some errors in his decision making like accept the child troops and attacked Sinhala people by bomb in several times as revenge.

In Sri Lanka that problems were necessary to save Tamil people, because the federal government was minimise their disorders on innocent Tamils only after their revenge activities on Sinhala areas.

In Sri Lanka, before starting violence type fight, Tamil politicians and even LTTE also were protest peacefully in so many intervals and offered their life compared to that peace protest by appetite strike but nobody ready to allow their even basic need and they continue their torture and rape on Tamils with the aid of Indian pushes in 1987.

According to the statement that "Our fighting way will be determined by our adversary" they required arms to fight against the Sri Lankan federal to safe safeguard their people.

So in my own perspective, Mr. Prabhakaran way was correct in that time as a leader compared to that community. If he failed to take this way, today may be no Tamils in Sri Lanka, because after LTTE defeated, within few months almost all of time Sinhala shown their own face.

Even famous Tamil politicians said only the god can safe Tamils, Mr. Prabhakaran only the man who start the fights with brave without the major aids in starting to safe safeguard their people.

Kantianism (Responsibility based) Theory:

This theory is revealing that "the moral price of a person's action depends entirely on the guideline of obligation on which the individual acts". According compared to that theory there were some wrong part also in Mr. Prabhakaran leadership like killing Sinhala people as revenge and to stop assault against Tamils.

According compared to that theory he was not have privileges to wipe out others. In other part there have been no protection under the law to Sri Lankan federal government to discriminate Tamils and their basic privileges.

Another incorrect thing about Mr. Prabhakaran is corresponding to rules of this theory, compulsory soldier taking, and child soldier and displaced the Muslims and Sinhalese from North, East in Sri Lanka.

Liberal Individualism (Privileges established) Theory:

This theory about the protection under the law that have individual to get a one's choice and also to get rid some action by others, that means "individual and group have privileges -justified claims that individual can make after other individuals or upon society".

According to this theory Mr. Prabhakaran way is right, because he combat for his community rights. And he chose the way because of no option without that, he justified promises the violence from the Tamils with respect to Tamil community.

Communitarianism (Community established) Theory:

This theory is informing that "Everything important in ethics derives from communal worth, the common good, sociable goals, traditional practices and cooperative virtues". Regarding to the theory "An action's moral value can be judged based on its positive or unwanted effects on society's well-being as a whole".

This is the best option theory in Sri Lankan problem, because in most of circumstances Mr. Prabhakaran adopted this theory and stated the common sense to his community corresponding compared to that moral theory and he lives as moral head according compared to that theory.

If we see the challenge deeply, a very important factor will be observed easily that the challenge a rise because of discrimination on particular community, that's the reason one member (Mr. Prabhakaran) of the city who got anger and who've brave to give audio against to the discrimination began fight to the Sri Lankan federal. Due to that deal with so many lose had taken part in both part but that loses helped to save lots of the certain community for long term with miner loses.

That means there were some negative effects but that results also the steps to Tamil culture long term independence and save the life and culture.

He is seen as the honest and brave innovator to entire Tamils community by Tamils and all world even they identify the LTTE as terrorist group.

So finally my view regarding to above theories except Kantianism, he's a moral innovator in all ways to Tamil community, nobody can deny the actual fact that he scarifies his whole life without any corruption for Tamils Independence in their mom land.

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