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History Of Music - An Overview

Keywords: advancement of music, music history

The description of music is identified in many ways; Webster's definition is really as follows "a skill of sound in time that expresses ideas and thoughts in significant varieties through the components of tempo, melody, or tranquility. " There are lots of theories regarding when and where music formed. Many concur that music started even before man been around. Researchers point out that we now have six intervals of music and each period has a certain style of music that made what music is today. Below are a few resources that you should better understand the history of music. (Estrella 2001)

Music is traced back as far as "old Israel" a thousand years before Christ; King David composed and sang hundreds of music called psalms. Those hateful pounds are written in the old testament in the reserve of Psalms. But music as we know it now, as having structure and form, may have begun in the 10th century with the Gregorian chants. These melodies were organized and complete with soloists and small organizations singing "distinctive parts". The music we are more in common with started around the entire year 1200 and immediately after, troubadours singing "folk" music needs to appear in parts of Europe. The appearance of composers, made music, and the creation of the instruments such as the piano and lute. (Ezine Articles 2005)

The years 1750 to 1820 is recognized as the Traditional period with the piano being truly a composer's instrument of preference. Mozart had written his first symphony, Bach performed in London, and Beethoven was finally delivered. Many of the symphonies we enjoy today were written during this time. Music has truly improved since this period though. In 1900, a man called Scott Joplin got composed and publicized the "Maple Leaf Rag, " a meeting many see as the beginnings of the music we know today as popular music. "Soon after, new musical forms were taking carry. Jazz in the 1930s (Louis Armstrong, Billie Getaway), big band music in the 1940s (Tommy Dorsey, Duke Ellington), and rock-and-roll (Elvis Presley, Chuck Barry) in the 1950s. Other countries (most notably France and Spain) were creating their own popular music during this time". (Ezine 2005)

The three schedules I want to focus on is Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Intimate, and Contemporary. That is all recognized to us to day as Opera, R&B, Rock, Hip Hop, Soul, etc. Music has been around for a long time and can be divided into many periods or cycles. People just about everywhere around the globe make their own style of music. Every genre, audio, melody differs for some reason.

When we go through the medieval music, we live dealing with the longest & most distant amount of musical background. "Saint Gregory is acknowledged with organizing the huge repertory of chant that developed through the first centuries of the Religious church, hence the word Gregorian chant". He was pope from 590 to 604, and the medieval era continued in to the 1400s, which means this period contains music. One of the principal problems in studying middle ages music is a system for notating music developed only slowly but surely. The first types of musical notation day from around 900. For a number of centuries, notation only mentioned what pitch to sing. The machine for notating tempo started in the 12th or 13th century. Gregorian chant is monophonic, signifying music that involves only 1 melodic range without accompaniment. The wonder of chant lies in the serene, undulating styles of its melody. We have no idea who published the melodies of Gregorian chant. Like folk melodies, the music probably mutated as it was passed on through generations and finally reached its notated form. Polyphony, music where two or more melodic lines are listened to simultaneously, did not exist (or was not notated) until the 11th century. Unlike chant, polyphony required the involvement of any composer to incorporate the melodic lines in a pleasing manner. Although most medieval polyphonic music is anonymous--the brands of the composers were either lost or never written down at all--there are composers whose work was so important that their titles were preserved with their music. (Ezine 2005)

Renaissance is mirrored by the changing role of the composer in contemporary society. Unlike the majority of their medieval times, the fantastic experts of the Renaissance were created in their own lifetimes. The technique of stamping music, while sluggish to evolve, helped in the "preservation and syndication" of music and musical ideas. Sacred music was still predominant, though other music became more prevalent and more complex. The repertory of instrumental music also started to develop significantly. New instruments were invented, like the clavichord and virginal and many existing musical instruments were improved. Masses and motets were the primary types of sacred vocal polyphony. Other vocal varieties included motets, madrigals and tracks (generally associated with lute or a small instrumental ensemble or "consort"). Instrumental parts were usually brief polyphonic works or music for dancing. (Ezine 2005)

Compared with the middle ages style, Renaissance polyphony was lush and sonorous. The age between Josquin Desprez and Palestrina is recognized as "the golden years of polyphony. " Imitation--where one melodic brand shares, or imitates the same musical theme as a past melodic line--became an important polyphonic approach. Imitation was one technique composers used to make intricate music more easily comprehensible and present the listener a sense of framework. Imitative polyphony can be read in the masses and motets of composers from Josquin onward and it is included in instrumental music by Byrd, Gibbons, and the Gabriellis.

Baroque music is often "highly ornate, multi-colored and richly textured in comparison to its predecessors". Opera was born at what is regarded as the very beginning of the Baroque period, around 1600. This unique form combines poetry, theater, the aesthetic arts and music. It came about because a group of Italian intellectuals wanted to recapture the spirit of ancient greek language drama in which music played a key role. The first great opera was "Orfeo, by Claudio Monteverdi", first performed in 1607. Music's capability to express human being feelings and depict natural phenomenon was explored throughout the Baroque period. Vivaldi's famous group of concertos, The Four Conditions, is a famous example. Although imitative polyphony remained important to musical composition, homophonic writing became more and more important. Homophonic music includes a clear distinction between your melody brand and a subsidiary accompaniment part. This style was important in opera and other single vocal music since it focused the listener's attention on the expressive melody of the vocalist. The homophonic style little by little became common in instrumental music as well. (Ezine 2005)

Many Baroque works include a continuo part in which a key pad (harpsichord or body organ) and bass device (cello or bassoon) provide the harmonic underpinning of chords that accompanies the melodic collection. New polyphonic varieties were developed, so that as in the Renaissance, composers considered the art of counterpoint (the crafting of polyphony) to be necessary to their skill. Canons and fugues, two very rigorous types of imitative polyphony, were extremely popular. Composers were even likely to be able to improvise intricate fugues on the moment's notice to prove their skill. The orchestra evolved during the early Baroque, starting as an "accompanist" for operatic and vocal music. By the mid-1600s the orchestra acquired a life of its. The concerto was a favorite Baroque form that presented a single instrumentalist (or small outfit of soloists) playing "against" the orchestra, creating interesting contrasts of volume and feel. Many Baroque composers were also virtuoso performers. For example, Archangelo Corelli was well-known for his violin using and Johann Sebastian Bach was famous for his key pad skills. The highly ornamented quality of Baroque melody lent itself properly to such displays of musical "dexterity". (Grieg 2002)

The expression Classical has strong meaning, mixed with the "art and

Philosophy of Old Greece and Rome, with their ideals of disciplined manifestation. " The past due Braque was complex and melodically different. The composers of the first Classical period evolved route, writing music that was easier to comprehend. Homophony music, another part of classical music where "melody and charm are distinctive, and has dominated the Traditional style is another form of traditional music. New varieties of structure were developed to support the change. " Santana Form is the main of these forms, and one that continued to develop throughout the Classical period. Although Baroque composers also wrote parts called sonatas, the Classical sonata was different. The essence of the Classical Sonata is difficult to understand. A highly simplified exemplory case of such a conflict might be between two themes or templates of "contrasting character". (Grieg 2002)

This contrast would be found during the sonata, and then solved. Sonata form allowed composers to give 100 % pure instrumental music recognizable remarkable condition. Every major form of the Classical era, including the string quartet, symphony and concerto was shaped on the remarkable composition of the sonata.

One of the main trends of the Traditional period is the progress of the public concert. Even though aristocracy would continue to play a significant role in musical life, it was now possible for composers to make it through without having to be the employee of one person or family. This also supposed that concerts were no longer limited by palace pulling rooms. Composers sorted out concerts displaying their own music, and attracted large people. The increasing reputation of the public concert had a solid effect on the expansion of the orchestra. Although chamber music and solo works were performed in the home or other seductive settings, orchestral concerts appeared to be naturally designed for big public spots. As a result, symphonic music composers little by little expanded the size of the orchestra to support this extended musical perspective. (Grieg 2002)

Just as the term "Classical" "conjures" up certain images, Passionate music also does indeed the same. Whether we think of these romance books with the Romanticism signifies illusion and sensuality. The Traditional period focused on emotional restraint. Classical music was expressive, however, not so keen that it might overwhelm the task "Beethoven, who was simply in a few ways responsible for igniting the fire of romanticism, always battled (sometimes unsuccessfully) to keep up that balance. " (Greig 2002)

Many composers of the Charming period implemented Beethoven's model and found their own balance between psychological intensity and Classical form. Others reveled in the new atmosphere of imaginative freedom and created music whose composition was made to support its psychological surges. Musical story-telling became important, and not just in opera, however in "natural" instrumental music as well. The tone-poem is a particularly Romantic invention, as it was an orchestral work whose composition was entirely reliant on the field being depicted or the history being told. Color was another important feature of Passionate music. A big palette of musical colors was necessary to depict the incredible displays that became so popular. Furthermore to seeking out the sights and looks of other areas, composers began checking out the music of these native countries. Nationalism became a driving a vehicle make in the overdue Loving period and composers needed their music expressing their cultural individuality. This desire was especially powerful in Russia and Eastern European countries, where components of folk music were contained into symphonies, tone-poems and other "Classical" forms. (Wagner 1999)

The Romantic period was the times of the "virtuoso". Gifted performers and particularly pianists, violinists, and singers became enormously popular. Liszt, the fantastic Hungarian pianist/composer, apparently played with such interest and depth that girl in the audience would faint. Since, like Liszt, most composers were also virtuoso performers, it was inescapable that the music they composed would be extremely challenging to learn. The Affectionate period witnessed a glorification of the artist whether musician, poet or painter that has already established a powerful impact on our own culture. (Wagner 1999) This style of music became known to be romantic.

The "evolution" of music reaches least partly molded by the impact one composer has on another. These affects aren't always positive, however. Sometimes composers respond from the music of their recent times (even though they might admire it) and move in what seems to be the opposite route. For example, the simplified design of the early Traditional period was probably a a reaction to the extreme intricacies of the overdue Baroque. The late Romantic period included its own extremes: sprawling symphonies and tone-poems overflowing with music that seemed to stretch tranquility and melody with their limits. That is definitely possible to view some early on 20th century music as an expansion of the past due Affectionate style, but a great deal of it can be interpreted as a reaction against that style. 20th century music is a series of "isms" and "neo-isms. " The primal energy of Stravinsky's Rite of Planting season has been called "neo-Primitivism". "The intensely mental shade of Sch¶nberg's early music has been tagged Expressionism". The go back to clearly structured forms and textures has been "dubbed neo-Classicism". (R. Strauss)

These conditions have been used in an attempt to arrange the variety of styles running through the 20th century. Nationalism stayed a solid musical impact in the first half of the century. The analysis of folk tracks enriched the music of numerous composers, such as Ralph Vaughan Williams (Britain), Bela Bartok (Hungary), Heitor Villa Lobos (Brazil) and Aaron Copland (USA). Jazz and popular musical styles are also tremendously important on "classical" composers from both United States and European countries. Technology has played a ever more important role in the development of 20th century music. Composers have used recording tape as a compositional tool (such as Steve Reich's Violin Phase). Electronically generated may seem have been used both on their own and in combination with traditional devices. Recently, computer technology has been used in a variety of ways, including manipulating the performance of tools instantly. (R. Strauss)

So as you can see, music has been around for years and years. Many folks have helped music evolve over time. The six long periods of music which were mentioned above really helped music become what is today. Although each individual listen to various types of music each of them began the same, with the rhythm or beat. Music was originated a long time before humans even existed and grew from there. Music on the whole has made the world a much better place. It offers people ways to express themselves. Music has been called 'The International Words; a simple thought with much interpretation behind it. Even if you can't speak the words of any country, you can move, sway, boogie and the majority of all enjoy the music of the country. We may not understand the words of a musical selection but we do understand the beauty. (Ruth 2008)

Music's interconnection with world is seen throughout history. Every known culture on the earth has music. Music seems to be one of the essential actions of humans. However, early music was not passed down from generation to generation or noted. Hence, there is no recognized record of "prehistoric" music. However, there is evidence of prehistoric music from the studies of flutes carved from bone fragments.

The influence of music on society can be clearly seen from modern background. Music helped Thomas Jefferson write the Declaration of Self-reliance. When he cannot find out the right wording for a certain part, he would play his violin to help him. The music helped him get the words from his brain onto the paper. In general, replies to music could be observed. It has been established that music influences humans both in bad and the good ways. These results are instant and resilient. Music is considered to link every one of the emotional, religious, and physical components of the universe. Music may also be used to improve a person's ambiance, and has been found to cause like physical replies in many people all together. Music also has the ability to improve or weaken thoughts from a particular event like a funeral.

People perceive and respond to music in different ways. The level of musicianship of the performer and the listener as well as the way in which when a piece is conducted influences the "experience" of music. An experienced and attained musician might listen to and feel a bit of music in a completely different way than a non-musician or novice. That is why two accounts of the same little bit of music can contradict themselves. (O'Donnell 2001)

"According to The Centre for New Discoveries in Learning, learning probable can be increased at the least five times employing this 60 beats per minute music. For instance, the ancient Greeks sang their dramas because they known how music could help them remember easier). A renowned Bulgarian psychologist, Dr. George Lozanov, designed ways to teach foreign languages in a small fraction of the standard learning time. Using his system, students could learn up to one 50 % of the vocabulary and phrases for your college term (which sums to almost 1, 000 words or phrases) in a single day. Additionally, the common retention rate of his students was 92%. Dr. Lozanov's system engaged using certain traditional music bits from the baroque period that have around a 60 beats per minute structure. He has proven that international languages can be learned with 85-100% efficiency in only four weeks by using these baroque portions. His students acquired a recall accuracy and reliability rate of almost 100% even after not looking at the material for four years. " This article above discusses the way the background of music not only helped humans but impacted their lives greatly to where we learn better and think better. (O'Donnell 2001)

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