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History and diagnosis of therapeutic massage therapy

Massage therapy is the manipulation of the smooth tissue on your body by a practitioner through the movements of these hands and hands as well as advanced techniques. Therapeutic massage has been used to help people relax as well as a way to help treat minor problems as a go with to other medication or treatment. AS THE Whirlwind Travel through the whole History of Massage therapy webpage says 'Massage is a universal instinct. From your day they descended from the trees, humans have known that it can help to rub a sore limb and this to touch is effective. ' So since then we've used and developed the skills and techniques through the years into the rub routines we see and use today.

History of Massage therapy;

Throughout ancient background a variety of countries have been using rub and producing their skills as well as moving these down through the years. They are borrowed, stolen and distributed through different times as well as different places geographically across the world, a lot of different types of massages resemble one another as techniques have been copied, borrowed and distributed.

Pre-historic people used to practise some forms of healing touch or rub as there has been evidence to suggest that they used to massage therapy their muscles and rub herbal products and oils onto their bodies to aid in healing or to protect as this has been within caveman paintings and drawings exhibiting the offering and getting of massage.

After then the next stage that has been recorded in history showing the major use of massage therapy where the China in around 3000BC in a booklet called 'Con Fou of the Tao-Tse. ' As mentioned in the eBook Background of Massage, Solutions & Rules in China 'for years, blind people where the primary masseurs. ' Matching to some Whirlwind Travel Through the complete history of Massage therapy 'Chinese writing dates from around 1400BC, near the start of the Shang dynasty, and it from around this time that we can reliably date massage. ' It had been in China that the first exam in massage was sat about fifteen century later as an addition to the occult studies colleges. About the same times as China the Egyptians also used therapeutic massage which has been depicted in tomb paintings of people being 'Kneaded' by others. The Japanese's received their knowledge from China through the analysis of Buddhism and soon customised the techniques which became known as anma, which later became Japanese Shiatsu. Based on the history of Massage therapy: UNDERSTAND HOW Massage Dates Back over 5, 000 YEARS BACK 'The main aim of Shiatsu is to raise the vitality in the individual. Subsequently, this increased vitality regulates and fortifies the working of the organs and stimulates natural amount of resistance to health issues. ' The experts use a variety of ways to pressure points on your body to balance the energies and work without needles or other equipment to do so.

However, some options imagine India was doing massage before the Egyptians and the China while others consider they could have acquired it from China just a little later so the schedules of when India first began to use any kinds of massage range between around 3000BC to between 1. 800-500BC.

'Massage in India is described in early Hindu catalogs such as 'Ayurveda' (Art of Life) which was written around 1800BC. It describes how motions such as shampooing and rubbing were used to alleviate tiredness, increase energy levels and improve health and wellness. ' Francesca Gould in Body Massage therapy for Holistic Therapists (2004).

After this stage in history the next step in the time line is around 2000BC when the Greeks and Romans first began to use massage therapy in the first foundations of their civilisations. The historical Greeks used the data from the Egyptians rub techniques, and it was given to the sportsmen', women and soldiers as described in History of Rub, Therapies & Guidelines. The Greeks wrote many catalogs on therapeutic massage including some compiled by Homer, Aesculapius, Herodotus and Hippocrates who was simply the 'Dad 'of Medicine. It was the Greeks who used to rub up the body towards the center to help the venous and lymph for the reason that direction, in addition they used this technique to go sickness to the centre of the body to where is can be expelled with the spend.

The Romans however used massage as more of an indulgence than as a medical therapy; it was preserved for many who could pay for it. The Romans received massage from the Greeks and loved bathing before a full body massage therapy and it was said that even Julius Caesar was pinched every day. The Roman gladiators were vigorously massaged before battles to ensure their muscles where warmed up and supple. Galen was the main figure in Rome for rub but he was actually Greek, according to some Whirlwind Travel through the annals of Massage therapy he lived from 130AD to 201AD and he purchased his knowledge of anatomy and physiology through dealing with the gladiators. Therapeutic massage then was used alternatively for exercise to help relive their extreme eating and drinking.

Massage was used throughout the various tribes in THE UNITED STATES before the Europeans came, some tribes would massage therapy/rub down their warriors before and after struggle or rub ointments into ailing bones or muscles. Rub in addition has been seen through a number of different countries through history including those such as Persia, Kurdistan, Thailand, Tibet, Indonesia and Hawaii.

The latest history of massage can be seen is western civilisation. The initial record was compiled by Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) but he was ridiculed for his publication. However by enough time Henrik Ling (1776-1839) became the father of modern western massage it got become less of your ridicule. As the annals of Massage, Remedies & rules reveal Henrik Ling once put. "We ought never to consider the organs of the body as the lifeless forms of a mechanised mass, " he composed, "but as the living, effective equipment of the spirit. " And through this he finally developed the system known as Swedish rub.

Massage has moved back towards old holistic traits instead of the physiological capabilities so were back to finding massage in the same way as the old Chinese, Egyptians and Greeks once saw the therapy. As reported by The Rub Bible, 'during the first World War injured military were cared for with massage, while the Californian bodywork movement in the 1960s merged therapeutic massage with personal progress. ' There are many different kinds of massage practiced today all over the world and many of them can be received by almost anyone unless they may have a specific reason that this can't be preformed. There are many different people who have been in the forefront of rub in modern history and the ones are Cornelius E. Who is the 'Daddy' of massage in america, David Palmer, the 'Dad' of seat therapeutic massage, Dr Tiffany Areas, the 'Mom' of therapeutic massage research and Jack Meagher the 'Father' of activities massage. In physique I. Within the appendices is a period line of the history of massage combined with the creation and record of other treatments it has been take from the eBook Record of Massage, Therapies & Rules.

Massage Principles and Holistic Experience:

To decide if rub is a alternative therapy to begin with we have to know what holistic means and corresponding to thefreedictionary. com Holistic means 'Concerned with wholes somewhat than research or separation into parts. ' And with this classification we will determine if massage therapy is a alternative experience.

A massage whether it is a Swedish, Shiatsu or any other form of massage therapy moves over the complete surface of your skin missing only a few vital places which are kept for either health insurance and safe practices reasons or because of the intimacy of the region. Most massages that even just combine one certain area such as an Indian head rub or even reflexology each of them use different things of that area to correspond with different areas or energies upon the body. With different energies operating throughout in specific channels which move around the whole body, when a rub is preformed to the complete body or even just a little portion of your body such as the hands, feet or mind all the energies are participating which in turn incorporates the body as a whole. With this in mind a rub can be believed to be Holistic as this complements with this is of holistic in taking the body all together instead of a parting of its specific parts.

There is only one reason as to not treat a certain area of the body which is because of a contra-indication such as being pregnant where you would not touch or rub the abdominal area or is say someone acquired a fungal infections after their feet you would not massage therapy their feet and would move onto the next phase of the massage therapy itself. These contra-indications could be on a momentary basis or they could be permanent and therefore this client would not have the ability to get a treatment. There are some contra-indications such as malignancy, epilepsy and a few others which would need a doctor's endorsement before a treatment could be carried out upon the client for insurance reasons. For example for epilepsy if you don't know the lead to for a seizure and you had not received a doctors approval for the treatment and your client unfortunately experienced a seizure upon your table then your client might opt to sue the specialist for causing this, this is the reason why doctors agreement is looked for.

Due to medical and Safety at work take action 1974 all employers and employees must maintain a high standard of health insurance and safety in the work place as referred to in F. Gould's Body Therapeutic massage for Holistic Therapists.

'Employers are accountable for the health and safeness of anyone who gets into their premises. If an employer has more than five employees, the task place will need to have a health and safety policy, of which all staff must be aware. '

There a wide range of different techniques in the task place that employees must adhere to including the medical and fire types of procedures, all employees should know where the medical kits and flames extinguishers/ exits can be found within the building for the safely of themselves and the clients, It is advisable however, that all practitioners are first aid qualified themselves in the event of a crisis. From the customers point of view the practitioner ought to know these things as well as have a simple understanding of personal health in the sense of washing their hands properly, being of an clean and presentable appearance and be dressed properly for the procedure. This is due to the intimate dynamics of the massage therapy with the close epidermis to skin area contact as strong smelling perfumes or strong body odour can be quite unpleasant for your client. A general knowledge of health and security is effective for the example to completely clean up spillages as so when they happen as to avoid vacations, slips and comes of either the client or yourself. A good general notion of safeguarding your equipment is ideal as natural oils and creams can become a risk if remaining un-cleaned from the procedure table as this may cause a slide or the degrading of your equipment like the vinyl fabric of the stand tops.

For insurance purposes the specialist must ensure that they don't perform a massage therapy while they are simply unwell or when the client is contagious because of the spread of illness and really should always wear gloves if they have any wide open areas after their hands. That is for his or her own protection and that of your client as to not go away anything between them or onto other client from the previous client. However it is also important to learn if your client is well enough to receive the procedure, because of this the specialist must refer to the contraindication lists to see whether or not the client is acceptable to treat. Your client should also be aware that at any point the practitioner is legally permitted to refuse treatment for withholding information or for undesirable behaviour. The specialist must also have the permission off the client at all times before cure if they can touch the client themselves, plus they must ensure your client comprehends this and what is going to happen during the treatment for insurance purposes for the safety of both client and specialist.

Personal basic safety for the specialist is also important; these include the correct pose and the compression of the wrists. If either of the are incorrect then your specialist later in their career might lead to themselves more pain anticipated to repetitive strain on the joints and may cause more destruction if continued. To help prevent this the right stand height should be chosen for the specialist as well as the correct foot wear to help with posture, also the right hand movements should be followed to assist in preventing the compression of the wrists. The most important piece of protection a specialist should stick to is their own security whenever using a client independently like a home call or even in their own rooms at their treatment centre. If performing a residential call then the specialist should only really perform these on clients that already know, they have an individual contact number for and they should always make sure someone recognizes where they are in which times and check in following the appointment with the family member or work colleague showing they may be safe. If they get a fresh client after a domestic call they should follow the guidelines of asking for the residential contact number and insist after phoning the day before the treatment to see if they still wish to receive the treatment.

Making the treating a client an optimistic experience is one of the main elements of making a massage holistic, the specialist should take care of their clients ensuring they are comfortable with what is going on whether they are new or long term clients. To be a massage practitioner you ought to have excellent customer service skills, client attention should be the most important thing to keep in mind and should always be used every day with every consumer, the client should believe that the practitioner cares. The specialist should always check with the client and devise a treatment intend to suite the clients and adhere to this course of action unless anything changes in the circumstances with your client as well as obtaining permission from your client for the practitioner to touch them during the treatment. During the treatment the debate should be at an appropriate level for your client but also low enough for the client to relax and revel in the treatment. After care should always be adhered to and wanted to your client with a little encouragement of lifestyle changes if needed for the client's needs.

Effects of Therapeutic massage like the Physiological and mental health effects upon the client:

Massage even though it is a holistic experience has been seen with an effect of the areas of the body and not only as a way to relax; a therapeutic massage has been seen showing that this has both physiological and psychological effect upon the clients. Physiological effects are those that are shown upon the body itself and its own function whereas emotional effects are those which manifest themselves in the mind and the emotions of your client. There are various outcomes that could manifest for both on the anatomy and your body systems. In two different specialized medical trials which have been preformed independently of each other there's a show of the two different effects received after having a massage therapy treatment, one for the Physiological effects and one for the mental effects.

In the first trial the target was to find out if the early intervention with therapeutic massage in children with Down syndrome would benefit the motor unit skills and muscle shade. So parents with children suffering from Down syndrome where asked to wait one of two early intervention classes, one school was a body rub procedure and the other a reading treatment after a base line had been assessed after their intensity of the symptoms, some children weren't used if sever range of motion where included or they had psychological problems as this may hinder the trial.

Twelve of the kids were assigned to the therapeutic massage consultations and eleven to the control reading session, so in overall there where 21 years old children involved with this trial. Each procedure was planned for the same times each week and specific times of the day for both classes, and each treatment was on an individual basis, the periods lasted for half an hour each, twice weekly for two a few months, as the reading period was conducted the same manner with the therapist retaining the child while reading for the around 30 minutes.

This was the treatment that the children received in the following sequence:

'The 30-minute therapeutic massage therapy session began with the child lying on a little mat

on the ground. The therapist conducted the following sequence 3 x with the

child in a supine position: Hip and legs and foot-(a) while creating hands like a letter 'C' and

wrapping the fingertips round the child's leg, long, milking and twisting strokes from

the thigh to the ankles; (b) massaging foot by gliding thumbs across bottom of foot

followed by squeezing and tugging each toe; (c) massaging across top of foot by gliding thumbs from ankle to toes; (d) flexing and extending the ft. ; (e) massaging from ankle joint to ft. and back to ankle; (f) stroking from the ankle up to the thigh; and (g) back and forth rolling motions (as if making a rope from dough) from the

ankle to the thigh. Stomach-(a) slow, circular, rubbing movements to abdomen area

with one palm; (b) using the hands, hand over palm down the belly in a paddlewheel fashion; (c) starting with thumbs mutually at the umbilicus, stroking horizontally to edges of body and then double above and twice below the umbilicus; (d) using fingertips and starting below the umbilicus on the child's right area, small circular upward movements until despite having the umbilicus, then continuing across left aspect, and then down on the still left aspect to below the umbilicus; (e) with one hand

following the other, brief upwards stroking from right aspect below the umbilicus, then

Massage and Down syndrome 401 over the umbilicus to the left side of the body, and then down on the left aspect to below the umbilicus; and (f) cupping or keeping sides of legs, bending both legs simultaneously towards the stomach and possessing for three to five seconds. Chest-(a) with hands of practical child's sternum, stroking outward across upper body; (b) starting at sternum, stroking upwards and over tops of shoulders and down the sides of the ribs; and (c) starting at the right thigh, stroking diagonally through the torso to the contrary shoulder and back off to the same thigh; duplicate starting at the remaining thigh; Arms and hands-same as hip and legs and legs (i. e. replace 'thighs' with 'arms' and 'legs' with 'hands'). Face-(a) making small circles to whole scalp (as though shampooing mane); (b) with flats of thumbs collectively on midline of forehead, stroking outward for the temples; (c) stroking softly over the eye and brows; (d) starting at the bridge of the nostril, stroking over the cheekbones to the ears; and (e) making circular movements under the chin, throughout the jaw line, around the ears, to the trunk of the throat and the rest of the scalp. The next sequences were done after positioning the children on their abdominal (in a prone position). Back-applying essential oil to the hands: (a) starting near the top of the spinal column, alternating hand strokes over the rear working down to the tail bone (never

pressing the vertebrae) and achieving over to include the sides; (b) give hand motions from spine to hips with flats of hands and then carrying on to legs; (c) using circular action with fingertips, from neck to sides stroking in the long muscles next to the vertebrae and retracing on the other side of the back; (d) making circular strokes with the palm of the hand to rub the tops of the shoulder blades; and (e) closing with long gliding strokes from the neck to your toes. ' As was detailed in the journal Children with Down symptoms improved in electric motor functioning and muscle shade following massage remedy (2006).

The trial happened at the children's early on intervention pre-school centres, while the test was run by the university of Miami institution of remedies. The results of the trial show that there is a greater gain for the results of the children who where massaged in their trainings than to those who where read too. The improvements were shown in the gross motor skills and fine engine skills development of the kids as well as a marginal result in their words development. This then proved that through the early intervention with massage it could help children with Down symptoms enhance their electric motor development at a faster rate than if indeed they were remaining to mature in their own way.

These results help to show that massage can have a physiological result upon the body in helping to create and improve muscle shade. However, there is the debate that another control group might have been added in to the trial to help show whether this is successful or not is a control group that uses light stokes instead of a pressure massage to improve the ethical problems of withholding the intervention from those in the reading procedure. This was all shown in the medical trial journal of Children with Down symptoms improved in engine working and muscle shade following massage remedy (2006) which is found in the appendices.

The second trial is to find out whether or not rub can have a subconscious effect on your client and because of this the trial was preformed for the Association of Paediatric Haematology/Oncology Nurses (2009). The purpose of this trial was to reduce symptoms of children with malignancy and to decrease the anxiety with their parents.

'Children with cancer tumor, age groups 1 to 18 years, received at least 2 equivalent cycles of

Chemotherapy, and one parent or guardian, participated in the 2- period crossover design in which 4 weekly rub sessions alternated with 4 regular quiet-time control

Sessions. ' As detailed in the article THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE for Children with Tumors (2009).

To determine whether the therapeutic massage was helping to relieve the subconscious symptoms of anxiety in the parents and the symptoms of the children as the trial was progressing they assessed everyone's heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, and salivary cortisol level as well as their pain, nausea, panic, and fatigue levels.

According to the results of this trial the massage therapy was more effective in reducing heart rate than peace and quiet in the children, the anxiety in the kids aged fourteen and old and the stress and anxiety in the individuals. The clients all commented after how the therapeutic massage rather than the quiet time helped with their nervousness and helped them feel better. So because of the consequence it is possible to massage therapy children with malignancy and their parents to help ease their anxiousness. Therefore this final result helps to show that therapeutic massage to the body can have a internal effect upon your client in this sense it has reduced the panic of the both children and the parents although in younger newborns the results have vary a bit more than the other age groups, however the results of the older children and the people help to prove that only a massage on its own can have a mental effect upon our body. The trial that assessment was based upon is located in the appendices as clinical trial 2.

So both these trials show that therapeutic massage can had a successful end result on the physiological and subconscious effects portrayed on your body, they both proven that through a brief massage your body can manifest its results through muscle firmness or electric motor function progression as well as to reduce stress and anxiety in both children and people. Neither of these two tests have a poor out come and for that reason both are a success but there will be a few tests where massage has not appeared to be successful whatsoever or implies that it is a little less successful than anticipated, these however are normal and show both sides to an ongoing argument about whether massage is actually great for the body, head and nature on a complete or if it just theoretically works on the body.

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