Posted at 10.02.2018
Heroism is approximately portraying attributes of courage, bravery, and valor along with sacrifice and readiness to risk life. They regarded as intelligence as one of the highest gifts that all heroes must have got along with courage. In both has 'Medea' by Euripides and 'Antigone' by Sophocles, both protagonists, Medea and Antigone, have been portrayed as heroes plus they display heroic characteristics which is traditional Greece was from the males. Women in historic Greece of whatever course they belonged to were likely to follow traditional gender assignments and conditionings by staying in their homes, keeping quiet about concerns, and operating in a unaggressive and obedient manner. However, both the playwrights defied this view which preferred patriarchy by redefining the strength of women.
Heroism, includes a whole lot of selflessness and courage. The play 'Medea' revolves around Jason who was simply the leader of the Argonauts and acquired acquired the dragon guarded treasures of the Golden Fleece with the help of Medea, who was simply a sorceress having superhuman powers. Jason wedded Medea and got two children with her until he forgotten her for the princess of king of Corinth, Creon that was a more favorable match. Euripides convincingly explains Medea's motives for seeking revenge against Jason who had betrayed her in return for her selflessness and sacrifice which is shown when she betrayed her point out and family for Jason as she was madly deeply in love with him. Alternatively 'Antigone' is approximately the protagonist Antigone, who is looking to bury her inactive sibling Polyneices who had gone against the talk about. Creon, the ruler and her uncle is stopping her from doing this. It is because of their contrasting views regarding supremacy of the state of hawaii and the divine laws. She is persuaded of the righteousness of her stand and resolves to bury her brother Polyneices, slain in his invasion on Thebes under risk of death as she will disobey the state and still be "pure and innocent for any my crime". She actually is captured in the act by Creon's watchmen and brought before the king. She justifies her action, asserting that she had to follow the eternal laws and regulations of right and wrong in spite of any human purchases. Creon is unrelenting, though. His boy Haemon, to whom Antigone is employed, pleads in vain for her life and threatens to pass away with her. Her rebellion as well as the extravagance and grandeur of her feelings, her pain, hate is heroic.
In Medea, we see that at the start, the nurse's soliloquy details Medea's persona and not merely the backdrop of the play. Euripides has depicted Medea's character associated with foreshadowing magnificently. "Oh, I wish that light from heaven would divide my head open. Oh, what use I've now for life? I'd find my release in fatality and leave hateful living behind me". The image of unbearable fighting is made up. Out of this we can declare that her dialect and action, draw her as a heroic identity, one particular characters whose goal. was specific, whose audacity towards threats and advice, is quite commendable. Euripides has portrayed Medea as a rebel with superhuman forces because the Greek audience liked to see their heroes and heroines with strong feelings: Medea is a more substantial than life character. Whereas in 'Antigone', Sophocles shows the difference between Antigone and her sister, Ismene through their agon which makes Antigone immediately stand out as a identity of great strength. Antigone has more of masculine qualities than feminine attributes. This is demonstrated when Ismene who disagrees with Antigone's decision says that "We must understand that by delivery we're women, and therefore, we shouldn't deal with with men". She says "it might be fine to pass away" on her behalf disgraced sibling, Polyneices even though he travelled against Thebes. This is another courageous quality in her as "my honours for the dead must last a lot longer than those up here". This demonstrates she's the courage to satisfy strong moral responsibility.
Coming back again to Medea, she gets into the stage for the first time with her Nurse and says to the women of Corinth a little later that "I would very much rather stand 3 x in the front of challenge than bear one young child" (pg no. 9). It indicates her somewhat masculine features and search for their masculine manifestation. Her grief "twists back her white neck and moans"; her trend "for her center is violent"; her strong sense of betrayal "a spirit bitten into with wrong" and her thirst for revenge is evoked. Her description of heroism is her ability to "hurt my enemies and help my friends" and which conforms to the Greek notion of a genuine hero. The true characteristic of a heroine of being courageous and ambitious has been proven here. So Medea can rightfully be called the protagonist as Euripides has portrayed her to be. Being truly a hero unveils various attributes. Antigone fearlessly breaks regulations of King Creon. "Zeus didn't announce those laws if you ask me. And justice coping with the gods below dispatched no such laws for men". Out of this we can conclude that she actually is unrepentant, audacious and for that reason heroic. According to Antigone, divine laws and regulations are eternal and needed to be obeyed, not the laws and regulations created by any king if it is someone like Creon who battles for the better of talk about. We also see that both protagonists are resolute and have firmness of purpose. Medea in her second speech says to chorus that "even though loss of life is certain, I will take the Sword myself and wipe out, and steadfastly boost to offense" (pg 13) out of this we can find out that she actually is a heroic figure ready to expire fearlessly for revenge. She actually is more than willing to murder her enemies like Jason and her new bride for vengeance, even though morally it is very much an incorrect path to take. She has such strong persistence that she also uses her children to complete her task as she justifies that she can't take care of them in the future especially following the manner she'll kill the king and his little princess as revenge for Jason's betrayal. Whereas in Antigone, when Creon finds out about Antigone's deeds, Antigone in reply says "Then why delay? There's nothing in your words that I enjoy - may that always be the truth! And what I say displeases you the maximum amount of. But where may i gain greater glory than preparing my own sibling in his grave?" From this we come to know the resolution of Antigone to bury her sibling is stable and she'll stick with it facing certain fatality courageously.
Heroism in feminine characters goes against the traditional engineering of heroism which involves the exploits of an men warrior - something which Jason was before the play. In the action of the play itself, Jason results in as a coward who designs to make use of his second matrimony to the girl of a ruler and the children caused by their union to consolidate his communal position. He wishes prestige not through his own have difficulties and organization but would prefer to use his children as 'security shields'. These activities and speech participate in a coward not a hero. Ruler Creon in Medea also behaves such as a coward - fearing Medea's cleverness and banishing a woman and her children from his kingdom. Even King Ageus, who's leading a country, another possible heroic figure as per traditional definition of heroism results in as impotent and poor, not capable of either bearing children - pg 21"I went to find out how children might be delivered to me", nor in a position to decode a prophet's advice and pg 22 "words too sensible for a mere man to think their interpretation". In fact seeking aid from Medea, a female. pg 23 "for the birth of children which you promised. "
In Antigone, Creon results in as unheroic in his makes an attempt to enforce his expert over Antigone and state using the energy of his throne. His heroism crumbles in the face of tragic deaths in his family ("Aaaii My fear now makes me tremble How miserable I am aaiii" (lines1453-1459). This in contrast to Antigone that has seen her family wiped out by way of a divine curse, seen her brothers wipe out one another, buried her lifeless brother's decaying body contrary to the order of the ruler and yet face loss of life courageously.
Thus both works challenges the traditional conception of heroism as the features and destiny that belong to only men and overturns it to show men as unheroic and fragile and females as heroic and courageous.