Posted at 10.06.2018
Throughout the novel, Hardy uses various aspects of nature in several ways to be able to help notify the storyplot. In Tess of the DUrbervilles, Hardy has written it so that Tess's life simply gets worse and worse until her loss of life at the end. Nature will not help her, with Hardy portraying it as being unsympathetic, uncaring, and unforgiving.
Hardy uses periods, and setting up of location in the book to portray the passing of time; phases in Tess's life and new feelings associated with these new phases. In the beginning of the book in chapters I and II, the location is set in Marlott, where in fact the figure of Tess lives. It is the spring, in May; Marlott is defined by Hardy as if being almost flawless, as a "fertile and sheltered tract of country". This explanation is employed to portray in early stages, the purity and intimate innocence of Tess which is degraded throughout the novel
When Tess trips to visit Alec, Hardy changes her area, making The Slopes seem out of place and unnatural. Thus giving the reader a sense of uncertainty about what is going to eventually Tess. This is shown as Hardy creates how the house is "of the same abundant crimson color that developed such a contrast with the evergreens of the lodge" This colour, crimson, is evidently very out of place in a renewable forest environment. Tess also says "I thought we were a vintage family; but this is new!" This shows her naivety and her own be concerned for the problem she is going to encounter. Also, she is ornamented by 'Druidical mistletoe' while at The Slopes. This pertains to how people are often seduced under mistletoe, therefore foreshadowing how she'll be seduced there later by Alec in the fall months.
At the beginning of phase the third, Hardy creates about Tess's finding of work in Talbothays dairy products in the summer. He details this arranging in a more positive way, because this is a happy time for Tess, as she matches Angel. Talbothays is referred to as "the verdant plain so well watered by the river Var or Froom". 'Verdant' makes it seem as if this is a renewable, healthy and luxurious place which is the impression that Hardy is wanting to set in. Hardy starts to describe normal things in a far more sexual way, to mirror what is going to happen in Talbothays. For instance, ". . the milk oozed forth and dropped in drops to the ground. "
In complete comparison to Talbothays, in section XLII, Hardy details Flintcombe-Ash as a barren land, which is now winter. Tess is now very unpleasant and lonesome. This pathetic fallacy is made to help us have a pity party for Tess's now substantially less fortunate circumstances. "Here air was dry out and chilly hedges mercilessly plashed down". The use of the term 'mercilessly' details how everything around Tess appears to be against her, including mother nature. Hardy specifically expresses this in section XIV, ". . . that bastard gift of shameless Nature who respects not the civil law. . . ". This details how nature does not care and attention that she was raped, unlike the civil laws, which would.
Hardy uses creature imagery within the novel to perhaps foreshadow the invisible themes and to metaphorically represent Tess. For instance, in section IX Tess goes to help Mrs D'Urberville in her poultry house. This means that right at this time of the novel, we are already associating her with an creature which is caught in captivity. Mrs d'Urberville asks Tess, "'Can you whistle?'" She cannot, so Alec must instruct her. For birds in the wild, whistling is a means of a bird trying to appeal to or seduce a partner, therefore the undeniable fact that Alec must teach Tess to whistle means that his seducing has recently started. Alternatively, the actual fact that Tess cannot whistle yet can also be implying that she actually is too young and not ready for gender.
In the book, Hardy has written it so that it is as though Tess is associated with birds frequently, therefore shows her similarities to the pet - about how she is stuck like a bird in a cage, and cannot get away her fate by the end of the book. This is perhaps subtly foreshadowed in section XIX. "Tess, just like a fascinated bird, could not leave the spot. " Therefore that she cannot control the fact that she is hearing Angel's music, and the actual fact that she will be trapped by destiny is inevitable. Birds also seem at various items in the book. For instance, in section XLI, when Tess sees some injured birds. Her "first thought was to put the still-living birds out of their torture. . . she broke the necks of as many as she could find. " This function perhaps foreshadows her own loss of life which is inescapable. On the other hand, it may also be interpreted as though Tess can have the birds' pain, so kills them to put them out of these misery; as she's experienced similar pain that they have. They are hurt by triggers beyond their control - like Tess's rape.
In the book, Hardy uses weather, among other areas of nature in a manner that will reflect the story's incidents. For example, when Tess is first raped by Alec in section XI, The Chase is encircled by a dense fog. Alec says, "owing to the fog, which so disguises everything" It really is made to seem as though the fog, and for that reason nature itself is uncaring. It is made to seem as though character cares not for common morals, but only for itself, as it is happy for Tess to become pregnant, caring not that it is through rape. Hardy also personifies character, for example in the beginning of section XXIII, "The hot weather of July experienced crept upon them" the use of the term 'crept' is effective as it explains how quickly time has approved for her, and exactly how such unexpected happenings have happened so quickly.
Hardy effectively uses pathetic fallacy within the novel to be able to portray certain happenings to help the audience to empathise with the character of Tess. The best exemplory case of this is at section XIV when Tess is trying to baptise her baby before she is aware it will die. Darkness is often associated with sad feelings and thoughts. Chapter XIV consists of very sad and discomforting themes or templates so Hardy uses dark colours and night time to help improve the atmosphere. "shone in the gloom encompassing her. "
As the story goes on, the character of Tess matures, which is as though aspect around her also matures and changes appropriately to how she does indeed. That is shown effectively in section XX. In such a chapter, the introduction of Tess and Angel's love is identified, which is mirrored in Hardy's explanation of mother nature in the first few lines. "The season developed and matured. Another year's instalment of flowers, leaves, nightingales. . . used their positions where only a year ago others got stood in their place. . . " The use of the word 'instalment' portrays how the life of nature, and also Tess works in cycles, and each technology of mother nature is relatively unimportant, only coming in 'instalments'. Unimportance and insignificance is a common theme throughout the book. That is also depicted in chapter XI when Tess is raped. "Already at that hour some sons of the forest were stirring and stunning lights. . . " It is as though aspect is uncaring and continues on as normal about the awful events that are occurring at exactly the same time.
In the novel, nature is meant to come across to be amoral and uncaring. This is most shown in the passage about her baby Sorrow being truly a 'bastard gift idea' from nature, which does not care concerning how it came about, in contrast to regulations which could have punished Alec. But also, mother nature is portrayed as if it doesn't assess Tess for what has happened, thus also indicating it generally does not evaluate Alec.