Posted at 11.20.2018
Oceania, the setting for 1984, is a state under the cruel rule of the dictatorship of "the party" and its own leader, YOUR GOVERNMENT. The intricate system employed by "the party" to ensure its hold on the control of the Oceanic populace is one that involves manipulation, deception and the utilization of mechanisms of oppression. Among the major mechanisms of oppression employed by the Oceanic program is psychological manipulation and torture. The bombardment of mental health stimuli by the get together is aimed at overwhelming the individual's independence of 3rd party thought. The telescreens, square metal screens, are found throughout the town of Airstrip One like the houses of party associates, and are utilised by the party not only to constantly monitor the behaviour of its individuals but also to blast channels of propaganda to disguise the failures and shortcomings of the party as obvious triumphs. The Party exploits the family composition by inducting children in to the junior Spies, and indoctrinating them with Get together doctrine. These children are then motivated to spy on their parents and record any atypical behaviour to the Get together. The mental health manipulation of the Party is further expanded to its suppression of the intimate desires of the individual. Sex is cured as only instrument for procreation while eroticism, enthusiasm and love are all eradicated. The junior Anti-Sex league is an company for young people advocating for complete celibacy for both sexes. They enhance artificial insemination and children growing up in corporations. This plays in to the hands of the party in that it further deteriorates the family structure and the sexuality of the individuals. The Party then programs its residents' anger and any pent-up emotions into an intense and fierce display of hatred for the Party's enemies. Hate week, a week-long event affecting banners, posters, speeches, presentations and films, is targeted at exhausting all extra emotions and annoyance, which could have possibly normally been used from the Party.
One of the major topics of the novel and another essential requirement of oppression by the Get together is that of physical control. The Get together controls the systems of its things through constant surveillance. Any signal of disloyalty or unorthodoxy. The tiniest act of deviation, like a facial expression, may lead to arrest. One's nervous system becomes one's biggest enemy as can be seen with Winston's relentless paranoia. Party people have to work long, gruelling hours as well as undergo the morning exercises known as the Physical Jerks, to become maintained in a continual condition of exhaustion by the Get together. Furthermore, party customers are expected to visit community centres after help communal games, drinking and lectures. The Get together ensures that it occupies a lot of the hard work of its users and through this with the ability to largely prevent any kind of level of resistance to its lifestyle. For individuals who do have the ability to defy the machine, an accurate and brutal system of "re-education" through physical and emotional torture is utilized to condition their intellects to the stage where the Party is able to control their simple fact. The protagonist of the novel, Winston, is put through this form of powerful treatment and even his resolute idea of the truth is twisted as the Party can make him assume that "2+2=5".
The Get together further control buttons the population by taking care of and rewriting this content of all types of mass media as well as its history. Folks are not allowed to keep data of days gone by and therefore the Party can manipulate history for its own ends. Winston works in the data section of the Ministry of Real truth and his job of altering historical documents gives the reader an insight into the way the Party controls all information and history of Oceania. The photograph of "Jones, Aaronson and Rutherford" and the constant shifting of conflict and peace with Eastasia and Eurasia are best examples of the deception of the Party with regards to past events. The Party effectively creates enough question and uncertainty in the thoughts of its participants their memories can be altered according to what the Party desires. Through the control of the present, the Party is able to manipulate days gone by and in turn it justifies its control of today's with the accomplishments of its former.
As due to George Orwell's interest for language and communication, both are a fundamental element of the novel. (He despised those who used terms to falsify reality and conceal fact. ) In 1984, Orwell expresses this annoyance through the Party's development of their own terminology, known as "newspeak". This new vocabulary was intended to supersede the prevailing "oldspeak" or British to help expand control the intellects of its subject matter. By modifying the structure of language and its vocabulary, the Get together limited the ideas that the brains of people were with the capacity of formulating. Eventually, through an activity of refining and perfecting "newspeak", the Get together can prevent any kind of dissident or rebellious thought from being born. This would ensure absolute ability for the get together because no-one can conceptualise whatever would not fall under party doctrine.
Symbols in 1984 play a central role in establishing the ever before present mechanisms of oppression in Oceanic culture as well as the possibilities of independence and liberation. Scattered throughout Airstrip You are the image of Big Brother, representing the get together and everything it stands for. "YOUR GOVERNMENT IS Viewing YOU" symbolises the frequent scrutiny by the Get together of its members. (YOUR GOVERNMENT is the face of the Get together symbolizing it in its general population manifestation) Paradoxically he is a symbol of safety for the brainwashed majority but at exactly the same time a threat as you cannot get away from his gaze. YOUR GOVERNMENT further symbolises the elusiveness of the best ranks of the get together as there is absolutely no clear information about the rulers of Oceania. A figment of Winston's dreams, "where there is absolutely no darkness", is the imagined appointment host to Winston with O'Brien. Winston's dream comes true as he does meet O'Brien in a location where there is no darkness but it is within a cell nearly as Winston acquired imagined or wished for. "The place where there is no darkness" represents Winston's nonchalant method of the future, thinking that he's doomed no matter his actions, he trusts O'Brien amidst his doubts that O'Brien might become a part of the "Thought Police". As opposed to these icons which indicate the evils of Oceanic population, three important icons which signify the have difficulty for freedom are the a glass paperweight, St Clements's Chapel and the red-armed prole female. The goblet paperweight which Winston buys in an old-fashioned store symbolizes his try to reconnect with days gone by. His battle to hold on to his own thoughts and historical view of the world is one of Winston's retailers of rebellion up against the Party's target of weakening people's thoughts, flooding their intellects with propaganda and in the end instilling their own version of days gone by. Likewise the picture of St Clement's Cathedral is another symbol of days gone by as well as the songs which Winston parts alongside one another which ironically end with the words "Here comes the chopper to chop off your mind. " Symbolically the telescreen which leads the Thought Police to arrest Winston is covered behind the old picture signifying the Party's problem of days gone by and at the same time the paperweight shatters on to the floor when the idea Authorities arrest Winston. The last mark of the have difficulty for flexibility is the singing of the red-armed prole woman which Winston and Julia listen to from their rented room above Mr Charrington's classic store. Her ongoing singing regardless of her circumstances strengthens Winston's notion that expect an improved and dazzling future lies within the rates of the proles.
The tale of Winston Smith, a man moving into the dystopian world of Oceania, is a protest of the writer himself against totalitarian regimes and the freedoms which they deny their individuals to be able to retain power. By painting a very grim picture of any London struck by metropolitan decay and deterioration combined with the extreme varieties of control in the world, George Orwell voices his disapproval of the (potential maltreatment of vitality and general public manipulation by corrupt governments). Although a glimmer of trust is found in the form of the novel's tragic hero, Winston, it is short-lived along with his untimely demise. 1984 is a dystopian, pessimistic book detailing the bleak and inhospitable life in Oceanic society.