Posted at 10.29.2018
Flying Man and Harm are poems designed to use technology as a symbol to express the worst aspects of mankind. Through sound techniques, contrast and structure, Flying Man discloses man's arrogance towards world, as well as overstepping natural limitations. Occur low life India, 'Damage' mocks areas of technological advancement, stating the harmony between man and land through colour, symbolizing agriculture and imagery, leading on to stress human's dangerous potential.
In 'Soaring Man', structure performs a large part in portraying the joy of birds and characteristics, and the devastation in its harmony through technology. With a framework of several short tercets, it appears mechanical and robotic, transporting the reader inside the "satanic machine" which man has generated. During the volta in the eighth stanza the joyful atmosphere transforms sour. The very last line of each stanza before the volta always ends favorably, i. e. "energy and tune/ harmonious beginning" however following the volta; the endings "storm/nothing slows/growing devastation/total destruction/panic" are sinister and filled with despair, labeling technology as the doom of mankind. Furthermore, seven stanzas -seven a religious number- pre- volta affiliates spirituality with delight and the ingratitude of god's presents with devastation. Also, the shade pre-volta is harmonious and peaceful with mild information of the relaxed environment, however post-volta, "your direst education/feel the age groupdrawing to a close" it is contemptuous and packed with disapprobation.
This idea is further developed through the use of sound, rhyme and tempo. Simple AC rhyming pre-volta plays a part in the clean pulsing of the planet earth. "Space/contest/belong/song" contain vowels, sounding smooth and calm. Moving enjambment, "parrots belong/to the wind" stresses this. Alliteration of "From/display/feathery" symbolizes the harmonious rustling of organic varieties with the movements of birds. "Spiritual/springs" connotes smooth and light motions of characteristics. However, post-volta, upsetting onomatopoeia of "grating" damage these light movements, connoting the unsuitable utilization of technology. Long and cluttered rhymes are used to appear unnatural and obligated symbolizing the unnatural advancement of technology. "Conflagration/devastation/divinity/affinity/teaching/destruction" are monotonous rhymes which appear to be mechanised gears in automatons. The rhetorical question, "what's its meaning?" and imperatives, "lace/hear" create an interrupted tempo, replicating the jittery actions of plane machines, connoting the untrustworthiness of technology.
The diction throughout the poem further increases the 'before and after' situation of scientific advancement. "Wings/joy/play/breeze/dawn/birth/peace/life" are simple, monosyllabic, positive words within the first seven stanzas, relating pleasure with a simplistic, undeveloped but blessed lifestyle, suggesting inessentiality of technology. However, the diction following the Volta is full of harsh, longer, complex and negative words. The well-defined staccato sounds in the syllabic "incompatibility" comparison with the softness of the next phrase 'sky' and past lexical set, getting blockage and disharmony to the enjambment prior to the Volta. This eventually connotes humanity's incapability of adapting to and adoring the beautiful environment any longer.
To take this further, the personification of an airplane engine motor, imagery and conceit in "catalogue of sin" disclose disrespect to our creator. "Blasphemous" suggests the laughter of engine unit is symbolic of man's wide open mocking of God. The imagery of your "banner of arrogance" taking wing connotes the conquering and demoting of the exclusive surprise of airfare. "Catalogue" implies the constant coveting for materialistic goods to fulfill mankind's growing demands, and can be associated to "hatred" and "envy", contrasting the harmonious romance between birds and the environment with man's obsession with conquering skies.
Overall, 'Traveling Man' uses technology to symbolize man's arrogance in taking things too far and their obsessive compulsive disorder with superiority. The poet thinks that they are overstepping boundaries, gloating at dynamics and god, who's the very fact of life.
Alternatively, 'Harm' has three stanzas, two long ones explaining life in India followed by a short stanza occur Finland, to contrast incidents in India with the West. The free verse composition, "Pandit's/Eldest son", suggests freedom and vivid movement of most animals and Indians. To emphasize this further, a lack of long sentences sets a healthy pace for life, yet regular punctuation slows down the speed, guaranteeing the relaxed and un-hurried atmosphere Tagore is wanting to depict.
The first two stanzas demonstrate the beauty and calmness of the land. The imagery and sibilance of "sinking sunshine extends its past due afternoon shine" paints a picturesque and tranquilizing view, where "sun" is employed to symbolize ambiance and "glow" shows comfort. Combined with non-vigorous verbs "dozed/stretches", this connotes a hazy and slow paced life. Also, the imagery of "newly-cut sugar cane" conjures a attractive image, adding beauty to daily and less identified things. A rare rhyme in "grass/pass" simulates the rustling of lawn, inhaling life to the poem. The delightful connection with "fields/fresh air of trees and shrubs washed by rain" opens up the five senses with an innocently seductive and lush scent as "fresh" implies incorruptibility. Furthermore, the verb "crawls" is allusive to babies' actions, connoting the inculpability of characteristics. Plants are also used to symbolize expansion and the purpose of aspect. "Bhati-flowers/come into bloom" shows the nurturing of the steady and potential beauty of mother nature. Humans protect characteristics in exchange for her beauty and offer of life.
Additionally, the invasion of Finland by Soviets in this poem allows Tagore to contrast India with the Soviet's life-style, showing India the better of the two. In India, "calf following" symbolizes the behavior and conversation between two humans and compatibility with mother nature. "Married" life and "friends" are also used to symbolize sentiments of joy. The easy noun "tank" from the imagery of any boy sitting "on the advantage of a reservoir, fishing all day long" conveys primitiveness and a humble lifestyle, whilst allusive to the tool tank, contrasting between the helpfulness and destructiveness of these. The repetitiveness of actions while "fishing all day" denotes a profound involvement in simple responsibilities, adducing happiness is definitely not included with intricate lifestyles.
Nevertheless, each one of these beautiful information are disfigured by inconsiderate humans, injuring Mother Nature. A "Koel-bird" 's "dull, demented melody" is related to mourning, the solemn 'd's adding weight to the atmosphere. "Strains" contrasts with the previous lazy verbs, intensifying the pain inflicted. Furthermore, "jarul-trees" contrasts with "bhati-flowers", "jarul" sounding guttural and rough, a prelude to a darker atmosphere.
Tagore's skill in dramatic endings is apparent in this poem as he chooses to end with a brief but powerful little bit of news to conclude. The telegram "Finland pounded by Soviet bombs" is so sudden it looks like a bomb itself. "Pounded" boosts the ferociousness of the Soviets, expatiating on man's wicked part. "Bombs" are illustrations to demonstrate the occupation of great technology for the wrong reasons, destroying safe "snails/wild duck". The unemotional firmness shows a lack of delight from the presenter, implying the predictability of self-destruction to ourselves and our home, hence the title 'Damage'.
Through the utilization of expert vocabulary in "koel/jarul/bhati", Tagore places our rely upon his views, convincing us of the risk humanity's obsession with overstepping limitations brings, using technology for example. Regardless of the good motives, humans have been motivated by their arrogance to use god-given intelligence to produce something unpleasant such as bombs. As a result, Tagore insists a simplistic yet blessed lifestyle is preferable to a sophisticated yet discordant one as haughtiness is individual nature, it might be better to remove these 'temptations'. I for just one believe there is absolutely no compromise.
Word count (excluding game titles and headings): 1200.