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Fitness Examining For Sport And Exercise Physical Education Essay

Dip your fingertips in chalk with the side on your strongest arm, then stand with you back flat up against the wall with your biceps and triceps extended of up to they can reach with them flat resistant to the wall then make out where your arms reach to/push the wall mounted reach panel up to the height your forearms will extend to, stand area on stronger arm closest to the wall/board, then crouch low then thrust straight of the floor and touch the wall structure/board, solution with the ruler just how many cm from where in fact the marking where there arm extended max to the chalk marking how many cm's is between the 2 markings, on the plank there are already cm measurements on there and that means you just see which quantity the finger markings are on.

Method of examination:

To measure the amount of explosive electricity in the low limbs in cm by measuring how high someone's vertical bounce is.

How analysed:

Measured in cm and mm to make it more correct and marked over a sheet.

Target group:

Sprinters and basketballers.

Reliability of test:

The test is reliable because the same action is made every time so fur, if using the mother board the measurements are accurate

Validity of test:

This test is very good for validity being the test most people can do for lower limb ability and all factors are shown too.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: Cheap and affordable using simple equipment.

Disadvantages: Wall structure mounted board is absolutely expensive.

Time

Advantages: The test doesn't take long so that it doesn't become tedious.

Disadvantages: The brief timeframe can be considered as quite a rubbish test.

Equipment

Advantages: Less equipment is required and wall mounted panel is very exact.

Disadvantages: Measurements could be inaccurate if using the cheaper equipment.

Level of skill required by the individual conducting test

Advantages: Low degree of skill is required so a lot of people have the capability to adopt this test.

Disadvantages: Low level skill could lead to the test to be tedium.

Cardiovascular endurance

Bleep test, beep test, pacer test, leger-test, 20m shuttle run test.

Objective

To test the quantity of cardiovascular stamina someone has by finding just how long someone can last during the bleep test.

Resources needed:

Metre clicker to recognise out 20m, cones, beep test Compact disc and CD player and marking sheets. (This will need put in place a no slip surface)

How conducted:

The beep test Compact disk will be played out and you have to stand behind one brand facing the other and there will be beeps among each beep you have to run from one brand to the other e. g. "beep" run 20m to the line "beep". The test begins with the first level where the beeps are quite slow but then after roughly 1 minute or 7 operates the level gets higher and the closer the beeps are along so the test gets faster, this test ceases on level 20 and for someone to be away is when they miss the beep before they reach the 20m series.

Method of analysis:

To measure the cardiovascular stamina or vo2 max in shuttle operates the predicted vo2 max is at each level and the shuttle number i. e. level 4 shuttle 2 predicted vo2 max is 26. 8.

How analysed:

Writing down on taking sheets each level and shuttle they reached or fell out of and the Vo2 max nationwide average for guys is 9/3 and for females 6/6.

Target group:

Long distance runners

Reliability of test:

The test is appropriate is because the CD takes on a similar thing over and over again so there is no problems on inaccuracy of the test and also determination could benefit the consistency.

Validity of test:

This test has good validity because the bleep test is the most valid test used for folks to measure

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: cheap for Compact disc because the backup is downloadable.

Disadvantages: could be costly if you don't have a Compact disk player, metre clicker and cones and also expensive if needing to rent out a facility.

Time

Advantages: the test has enough time to record the particular level they reach.

Disadvantages: test lasts quite long and becomes quite tedious.

Equipment

Advantages: less equipment required and also the equipment is straight forward not complicated.

Disadvantages: faulty equipment like scratched CD.

Level of skill required by the person conducting test

Advantages: straight forward because it's only working and this is an easy or simple skill to execute.

Disadvantages: cardiovascular strength a lot of individuals really struggle with.

Strength

1 rep max

Objective:

To test the amount of strength someone has by witnessing the max weight someone lifts.

Resources needed:

Weight machines e. g. bench press, fly machine, leg press, free weights or lat move down. (Health club)

How conducted:

You go to the weight machine you are comfortable with the lifting approach if not get someone to learn you the strategy or read how the technique is performed on the device. Which weight machine you use you start the tiniest weight by warming up with a few reps 5-15 reps then you work the right path by increasing the weight every time you do 1 rep, you work your way increasing the weight until you have the weight you cant do 1 rep of.

Method of analysis:

To test the quantity of strength someone has in the pectoral, deltoid, trapezius, lateral, triceps and biceps by witnessing the max amount of kg's someone can do 1 rep of.

How analysed:

How many kg you lifted and marked on taking sheets.

Target group:

Rugby players, weight lifters.

Reliability of test:

The test is reliable because weights stay the same weight unless you raise the weight.

Validity of test:

This test is valid since it tests the power in the precise muscle that is working or contracting.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: some gyms are very cheep and its also cheep for each day trial.

Disadvantages: some gyms cost lots and also buying your own weights costs quite a lot.

Time

Advantages: test doesn't take long so that it doesn't become boring.

Disadvantages: people could contemplate it being rubbish because it's a brief test.

Equipment

Advantages: weight machines are safe to use

Disadvantages: free weights could be very dangerous if by using a free weight bench weight could collapse you if too heavy.

Level of skill required by the individual conducting test

Advantages: the skill is quite simple to do.

Disadvantages: its common that individuals have a tendency to arch there backs when weight lifting so this skill people might not be able to do properly and injure themselves.

Suppleness/Flexibility

Sit and reach

Objective:

To test the quantity of suppleness someone has in the low backside and calf's by viewing how far someone can sit down and reach forwards.

Resources needed:

A bench, a metre ruler/tape strategy or a flex tester.

How conducted:

Sit along with you stomach from the bench lengthways with your both legs either side of the bench and you simply reach out as far as you can with both hands and contain the position and measure right away of the bench is to where your hands are held furthest. Around the flex tester you take a seat with you tummy up against the flex tester lengthways the with your both thighs either area of the flex tester on this device there's a handle you thrust forwards so far as you can and where you force it you see how many cm you have forced it next to the cope with you motivate.

Method of examination:

To test the amount of suppleness someone has in there back and the quantity of cm the person can reach with the expansion of the lower back.

How analysed:

How many cm the person has already reached and put down results on recording sheets.

Target group:

Gymnasts

Reliability of test:

This test is reliable because the same action is made and appropriate measurements are documented on flex tester.

Validity of test:

This test is valid because the one flexibility it will test is at the lower backside and hamstrings.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: using the bench, tape measure and chalk is quite cheap.

Disadvantages: Flex tester is absolutely expensive.

Time

Advantages: The test doesn't take long so it don't become boring.

Disadvantages: as a result of test being short could certainly be a pointless test to do and boring.

Equipment

Advantages: Flex tester has accurate measurements

Disadvantages: using the bench, tape strategy and chalk could come out with inaccurate measurements.

Level of skill required by the person conducting test

Advantages: Low level skill is necessary because it's a simple skill used.

Disadvantages: because of the skill being low level this could lead to the test being wearisome.

Muscular Endurance

Maximum amount of force ups

Objective:

To test how much muscular stamina in the upper body someone has by viewing the max amount of force ups someone can do.

Resources needed:

Press up mat and press up grips or non-needed in a flat facility.

How conducted:

You get into press up position that you place both hands on the press up matt if you get bad wrists you pick up onto the press up grips shoulder width aside and stretch your legs direct and you lower down and push up and you simply do as many press ups as possible until you cant actually do more.

Method of analysis:

To test the amount of chest muscles muscular stamina someone has by viewing how many press ups maximum someone can do.

How analysed:

Recording sheets of just how many press ups someone has done.

Target group:

Sprinters, long distance runners

Reliability of test:

This test is reliable because the same action is repeated so results are easily noted.

Validity of test:

This test is valid since it measures what it remarks to measure which is the muscular strength in the upper body and monitors the result in the runners physical development.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: It doesn't cost much to do and can also be self-monitored.

Disadvantages: press up mat and grips could be very expensive.

Time

Advantages: Doesn't really spend a lot of time.

Disadvantages: doing drive ups for too much time can become wearisome.

Equipment

Advantages: Not much equipment is necessary and the deals with reduce the risk of wrist incidents.

Disadvantages: not using deals with can cause wrist traumas.

Level of skill required by the person conducting test

Advantages: it's a straight forward skill so its easy to implement the skill.

Disadvantages: a large number of unfit people cant hold them in a press up position so it becomes quite hard for the kids.

Speed

60m sprint

Objective:

To test the quantity of acceleration someone has by timing how quick someone operates 60m in. you could use an

Resources needed:

Stop watches, whistle and a metre clicker to make out 60m

How conducted:

A person stands at the 60m mark while you stand at the other end, the person says set that you should prepare yourself and then blows the whistle that you should go when the whistle gets blown they start timing, then you sprint as fast as you possbly can through the 60m make they stop timing and enough time s place how quick you run 60m in.

Method of assessment:

To test the amount of speed someone has in jogging in seconds.

How analysed:

Stopwatch timed and documenting sheets in seconds.

Target group:

Sprinters

Reliability of test:

The test is quite reliable because its sprinting over a short distance so similar/dependable times are ran but any timing errors makes it inaccurate.

Validity of test:

This test is valid since it measures what it says to evaluate which is how quick someone can move there body over 60m.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: equipment's quite cheep.

Disadvantages: could be expensive to use a track depending on athletics centres price.

Time

Advantages: brief sprints don't waste time.

Disadvantages: doing brief sprints can become tedious.

Equipment

Advantages: metre clicker is exact to assess 60m.

Disadvantages: stop watches could be faulty.

Level of skill required by the individual conducting test

Advantages: Sprinting is quite a self-explanatory skill so it's easy to do.

Disadvantages: sprinting is high strength so some people could easily get stitches doing the test if there unfit.

Body Composition/ Somatotype

Body weighing and skinfold measurement

Objective:

To start to see the amount of muscle body fat and bone someone has by measuring there weight and there skinfolds. Mesomorph, Ectomorph and Endomorph.

Resources needed:

Scales and skinfold calipers.

How conducted:

For the weight test the individual must step on the scales in only shorts so the weight is more appropriate and whatever it comes up on the dial in either KGs or stone is the individuals weight. Skinfold way of measuring you stretch out skin round the torso area and the skinfold calipers work like a pincer and you simply pinch your skin and on the dial of the calipers it arises with how many mms there may be in the skinfold.

Method of assessment:

To find out the somatotype someone has.

How analysed:

Body weighing: kg or rock, skinfold way of measuring: mm average for a guy is 91mm and then for a woman its 100mm.

Target group:

Suitable for many.

Reliability of test:

Body weighing is reliable because scales are exact in case you weigh regularly every 12 time, but the weight results can be affected by the quantity of fluid in the body. The skinfold test is reliable because the skinfold calipers have exact measurement but the measurements can vary through skill and experience.

Validity of test:

The body weighing test is valid because your weight is the first signals of what body structure you are. Your skin fold measurement is not really valid to measure the percentage of body fat but it can indicate your body changes.

Advantages/Disadvantages

Cost

Advantages: Weighing regular is cheap because it don't cost. Measuring skin folds regular doesn't cost.

Disadvantages: The scales and the skin fold calipers mutually are quite expensive.

Time

Advantages: The test is short so that it doesn't waste any moment.

Disadvantages: Being short considered as boring.

Equipment

Advantages: Both devices have really correct measurements.

Disadvantages: Scales can become faulty after a while.

Level of skill required by the individual conducting test

Advantages: Low level skill and no exercise so its a simple test.

Disadvantages: Because no physical activity and low level skill people lots of people will not wish to accomplish the test.

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