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Financing A FRESH Venture On Internet marketers VIEWPOINT Finance Essay


Starting an enterprise is the imagine many people and the sole option to others. There are multiple reasons why a person would be ready to start-up their own company but independently of the reason why, lots of the new entrepreneurs get caught up right in one of the first and very important steps when it comes to start out its endeavor: financial money to do the jumpstart, also known for the word "seed funding". It really is vital to any kind of company to get funds enough to start the business and hold the cash flow positive for the starting weeks until the company is able to finance itself.

Many enterprisers are fortunately enough to carry financial helps from personal personal savings or from the popular 3F's: Family, Friends and Fools. Others need to provide money from outside financial resources, such as bankers and government businesses. By financing money from others, the businessperson is doing a commitment to pay the money back plus pursuits over the lent money. Other newer alternatives will be the idea of business angels and enterprise capitalists whose spend money on the start-up with the mandatory amount of capital however they expect some of the business in return.

Cite past research in the region. It needs a lttle bit more wording to expose the reader to the principles we are going to within the doc.


Financial institutions became an important system of injecting money into all levels of businesses; from start-ups to growing companies. Many literatures have written about available choices in financing home based business ventures and some interesting conclusions have been released; however because of the geographic focus of this work, there have not been found any similar work in which could replace this review.

There are extensive available options trusted for internet marketers in developed countries to get money for start-up their businesses, but in the developing nations most people lack understanding of new venture funding, therefore limiting available sources. Hence, this thesis will verify the most common options available in Brazil and Thailand and compare such options with found in the developed nations expecting to provide more insights to the enterprisers in the learning countries that out there are other available choices.


Limitation of the study

Due to time constraints, it's been essential to scope down the object of research to a narrowed picture. The analysis is targeted on the financing of new project in newly start-up product focused business as it is in the field which match the freelance writers personal interests. Also, there's a limitation in size that newspaper must accomplish. Moreover, the freelance writers have intent of focus their study in developing countries attempting to find the pitfalls that prevent such countries to increase. Therefore been Brazilian and Thai, it is their personal willing to starting the thesis in their nationalities.

This study may not reflect the entire population of the countries due to the size of both countries. However, this thesis can be an empirical analysis which tries to be as closest as you possibly can of the truth.



Brazil is a expanding nation SOUTH USA, been the 5th largest country in the World both in territory and in populace. It really is a land of great biodiversity where lays the Amazon rain-forest which accounts for 20% of the word's fresh drinking water and oxygen generation.

Brazil started to rise as a significant economic power in the world level after been nominated within the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) as the fantastic powers of the world by 2050. In conditions of growth, currently Brazil is the 7th greatest economy in the planet in which main exporting areas are agriculture, mining, olive oil, making and services.

Recently, its midsection and higher classes overtook the number of poor arranging the draw of 65% of the whole population. The country is forecasted to develop in fast pace, reaching in 2030 a quality of life of the populace similar to the current in the major European countries.


Thailand is situated in South East Asia, been the 50th most significant country and 21st most populous country on earth with roughly 65 million people, and been the next largest economy in South East Asia after Indonesia. Thailand's market is mainly based on exports of grain, rubber, sugars cane and corn even though travel and leisure plays big role. Due to its richness in natural resources, Thailand have its own charming to draw in foreign investors, and once have been called as the approaching fifth Asian's tiger.

Initial financial aid

To any new company, resources are required. Even the easiest company would want some sort of property, been individuals or other resources. Belongings would be obtained in many manners, but the most typical and easy way is to buy, rent, rent or seek the services of, thus, paying in cash. Additionally, money is required to keep cash flow positive and some spare for cost savings in case of an emergency. Furthermore, money is also needed to keep the company competitive in the industrial panorama. Therefore, for almost all of companies, seed money is required to be able to satisfy these needs.

Focus on small company start-ups

Small businesses are responsible for employing more folks in developing countries than bigger businesses (show some analysis here). Additionally most of the developing countries have smaller businesses owned or operated by nationals, hence resulting in keep the money and revenue of the business within the foundation country. Moreover, most successful enterprisers has smaller businesses as a starting point, hence this review is worthwhile in terms of possible usage by business owner's aspirants in the referenced nations.

Concentration in product oriented businesses

Nowadays, companies are mainly divided between two major categories: services and product focused. Services account for the largest chunk of the pie, however products focused business will be the spark plug to bring about innovation and business lead to help expand development.

The choice for learning product oriented business over services is led by the desire of the writers in bringing advancement and entrepreneurship to their home countries. Also, there are personal pursuits in going after such business field in the near future.

Surveyed business owners' profile


As area of the study, an online survey was conducted with product oriented developing companies in Brazil and Thailand where have survived from at least 5 years.

A sample of 20 companies of every country spread onto different states were chosen to participate of the study, in order to make a far more concise picture of the country, not only concentrating on particular locations.

By selecting companies with at least 5 years in business, the authors means that the chosen businessman has an effective business as it is well known to be the baseline to consider the business successful.



This review has the main goal to elucidate the possible options of seed funding the business people have, outlining the pros and cons of each given option and providing a basic guideline about how to obtain such assets.

The outcome of the study should have enough information to the entrepreneur be able to choose the most viable option of funding based on the nature of the business, required amount of investment and for just how long it is likely to contain the loan completely paid.


Review this text and merge with these to shrink everything

The final results which writers expect out of this thesis are to obtain the knowledge predicated on the financial businessman which related to the program study. On top of that, this newspaper would supply the audience information and statistical data regarding the available resources of financial institutions, pros and cons of each available options, the movements of business owner and their behaviours on financing new business business in both Brazil and Thailand. Due to the analysis in this newspaper, writers are expected to conclude all data and provide the new possible method that could be match with people in both countries. The purpose of this work is showing the various funding options to business people whose want to form product oriented companies in Brazil and in Thailand and offer insights of the most financially viable options available in the studied markets.

Literature Review

Brief about businessman and job creation

It is well known that the word "business owner" originates from the French phrase "emprendere" this means "to attempt" in British. Joseph Schumpeter, an Austrian economist in conclusion has defined a business owner as a person who "creates riches by merging various source factors in an innovative manner to generate value to the customer with the hope that this value will exceed the price of the suggestions factors". Additionally compared to that, it is comprehended nowadays that the businessperson is someone able to undertake troubles, innovate and create a business out of it.

Entrepreneurs have the power of creating companies. By starting place, normally the ventures created start small and broaden along the way. Micro and Small companies utilize the major area of the labour force in just a country in the majority of the countries. As an estimation of the probable of the Micro and Small businesses in terms of job creation, 52% of most regularly hired people in Brazil in 2010 2010 were employed by such companies' size which makes up about approximately 13 million people, relating to an employment research done by a governmental organization. World Standard bank shows the very same percentage of occupation for Small and Medium sized companies in Thailand corresponding to a study done in 1997.

Figures can vary greatly on each region, but normally numbers favours Micro and Small organizations than Medium or the bigger ones, thus exhibiting the fantastic importance Small and Micro business have in any country, specially in producing nations like the ones part of our own study.

Forms of business entities

Choosing the correct form of business entity is an important decision when starting a business. Not all entities are suitable for raising substantial amount of capital or are adaptable enough to permit expansion within the expected level. With a little forethought and the ability to understand the advantages and down sides of the different types of entities, the venture might have the capability to achieve the expected goals.

The most frequent business forms are singular proprietorships, organizations, limited liability companies and partnerships that happen to be briefly explained below.

Sole Proprietorship

From a books compiled by Willam et al. (2000, webpage 5), "a sole proprietorship is an enterprise owned and controlled by a single person and paying the suitable taxes on his / her personal tax return". A only proprietor has unrestricted personal responsibility for the money and commitments of the business and cannot sell collateral to fund businesses or expand the business. As a exclusive proprietor, one can use credit debt to finance procedures, but will be professionally liable for the repayment.


"A corporation is a legal entity or person created to execute business by acquiring assets, employing employees, paying taxes and facing essential legal issues", corresponding to William et al, 2000, site 7. The corporation carries on business in its name and shareholders, officials and directors, and the employees are not personally liable for its functions. A corporation has appropriate framework for long term life-time as the model allows a multitude of funding options, hence allowing existence's continuity.


"A partnership will involve several people carrying over a business alongside one another and sharing the gains and losses" William et al, 2000, page 6. With regards to the level of possession and/or contract, all partners are expected to possess similar liabilities, commitments and tasks.

All income and deficits are passed to the partners regarding to their percentage of possession, even if the gains remain in the business enterprise to fund carrying on operation or extension.

Stages of a regular business

Business professors have different views in terms which the stages of a company are. It can be argued as several or some however, it is concisely known that they vary from 3 to 6 phases, depending on each scholar perspective.

Markova & Petkovska-Mircevska, 2009 items us to 4 brief but yet well toned major stages in which a regular company may have in its life-time, which can be described below.

Start-up stage

The business is in the conceptual stage, yet in the entrepreneur's mind - a precious precious stone to be lapidated.

In this phase, the businessman has as main problem to encourage people. She or he needs to show his/her idea to potential buyers and also to potential human resources or employees that the company will succeed. Usually, at this time, there is no company developed yet.

Seed stage

Here the venture begins to takes shape. Normally, production has not started at this point, however planning, sketches, prototypes and alliances are been created at this stage. Even though if the business has actually started producing or retailing, the product/service still must show it is sellable and profitable, thus still coming into to the market.

In this stage, the entrepreneur must ensure the enterprise will not run out of money as key resources (staff or possessions) are needed. Human resources can be high skilled personnel or a marketing professional, which are regarded as key factors to successful story.

Normally, the company is up to at least one 12 months old since its basis.

Early stage

In the early stage the firm is usually broadening, and producing and providing products. It is often significantly less than 5 years of age and it might not yet be profitable.

Expanding stage

In the later level, also known as the expansion stage, at this level of development the organization is adult and profitable, and often still expanding. With a extended high-growth rate, it could go open public within six months to each year.

Types of firms

Available start-up funding will depend on its permanent potential. There are three types of start-up businesses : lifestyle, middle-market, and high-growth potential firms; matching to Markova & Petkovska-Mircevska, 2009.

Lifestyle companies provide only a full time income because of their founders and makes up about approximately 90% of most start-ups. Due to their limited nature, these are unlikely to catch the attention of external financial funding, thus tending to be funded by the entrepreneur.

Middle-market companies ranges on 8-9% of most start-ups. This type of firm begin to attract external funding as the average development rate is 20% on a yearly basis.

High-potential organizations are 1% or less of most start-ups. They are incredibly likely to grow over 50% each year and their initial five year earnings projections are extremely high. Usually such firms demand multiple rounds of exterior funding from angels and opportunity capitalists.

Financing stages of a fresh venture

Financing may be injected at different phases of your business, per its demand of extra cash. As different businesses may have dissimilarity in expansion design, many literatures contain the stage of financing differently set. According to Singh, 2000, the classification of levels of funding are as follow:

Early Stage Financing

Later Stage Financing

Seed Capital


Second-round finance

Expansion finance

Replacement capital


Early level financing

Due to its risky of failure (related to uncertainty of business), many private traders invest in this phase anticipating high returns in the business profit. Furthermore, as the company continues to be conceptual, less of investment is necessary which attracts traders.

Seed Capital Stage

Seed capital stage happens when the business begin from the conceptual idea. Lucas & Peraquito, 2009 give the explanation of seed capital money as "early level where idea or product is under development and the business enterprise is not functional. "In such a seeding level, there is great chance of failure. I. e. : the merchandise does not materialize into workable model or the marketplace is not ripe for the product" as described by Singh, 2000. Due to risky and uncertainty on this stage, investors are extremely scarce and normally it is financed by the businessman. However one of the main objectives of this research is to assess it.


After the idea or product's prototype is demonstrated possible for commercialization and there are a few signs of potential market for the product, a small business plan is developed in this stage as usually here the needs for shareholders becomes more prominent. Hence, capital traders can look for evidences of entrepreneur's background and previous experience before join the business.

If there are funds enough, a prototype is developed and analyzed and feasible development line on initial samples lots is tested. By starting the first test batch, primary sales can start. In addition, business proprietor and investors may take market research on the first batch sales to predict more exactly the amount of investment necessary for a full production. In this particular start-ups stage, risks are higher than seed capital stage because the ventures are greatly higher.

Second circular phase

In this level, the merchandise is in full production and available for sale. As the company is entering into the marketplace and fighting because of its market talk about, competition would start exhibiting its face, forcing the business to shoot for survival. Frequently, to survive in a competitive market, home based business demands extra injection of equity-alike funding to keep up or exceed its advantages over the competitors.

Later Stage financing

According to Singh, 2000, "Later funding is a term used for funding established businesses, which have approved through the dangers of early level financings", hence, usually less dangerous. On the other hand, the quantity of investment is typically higher due to the company's profile and product's value.

Expansion finance

After the company's core product is strong on the market and continually profitable, an established business might opt to expand by organic progress or by acquisition. Organic and natural growth means expansion of business into new products or new marketplaces. Acquisition implies to development in the same business field but increase in volume of brand production. (It generally does not appear to be right. Give me this reference) Hence, business plan with effective future development is important to draw in venture capital cash in this enlargement stage.

Replacement Capital

Some venture capital companies invest into this substitution capital stage by purchasing existing stocks from the entrepreneurs credited to potential earnings. The fund desires a reasonable income yield to the people who sell stocks to the fund. The funds are not directly financing the business enterprise but there is a possibility for future financing to assist company's enlargement.


"A turn-around refers to a recovery situation". The recovery situation can occur in both first stages and later level of a business development. Turn-around which happened in early stage financing usually happen credited to lacking of entrepreneur managerial skills or slow-moving respond of market to the merchandise. Later stage turn-around hardly ever occurs if experienced enterprise capitalists or business angels are involved. Investors who are prepared to spend money on companies in turn-around situations have to consider whether the business has future prospects of profitable progress of course, if it worth your time and effort.

Needs for exterior funds

business funding option. pdf -> Check it to rephrase and price the written text below

There are many reasons why smaller businesses seek finance. Additionally it is known that extra money can enhance company's capability to package more confidently, improve processes, quality, reach new market segments, etc. Individually from the reason extra cash is essential, three main stages of business needs more extra money; which are:

New businesses that are being made - these can be either began up from "the ground" or purchased by another company.

Existing businesses which have a trading history and simply require additional fund for enlargement and progress.

Companies with financial issues to retain in business. This can eventually any type or size of enterprise and the reasons why it happen is not in the range of this research.

A business can develop by either using external or internal sources of financing. Internal resources of fund include all net cash flows generated by the business, such as retained profit or sales of assets. Exterior sources of fund include loans, sale of an integral part of the business enterprise to buyers (e. g. , venture capital organizations, business angels), and leasing (long-term renting of equipment). Exterior sources of money have a number of big advantages over the inner funding options, however drawbacks do are present also.

Starting the business

When the entrepreneur decides to start-up its venture, there will be a time when he or she will feel the financial areas of opening a fresh company. Insufficient financial resources is quite often the main reason great companies are dreamed but never leaves the papers in producing countries.

With no money, the entrepreneur is normally struggling to go much further than its initial ideas as it is very difficult to gain resources (not impossible though) without cash by any means.


A business needs purchases to expand. Even the most profitable companies cannot rely exclusively on reinvested earnings to financing their expansion. Consequently, a business needs to secure loan provider credit, spouse with venture capital firms or in virtually any other way to secure exterior sources of fund. External finance provides the room for faster progress, allowing the business to operate on a far bigger scale, capturing new marketplaces and providing products and services for an ever greater quantity of customers.

Greater Economies of Scale

Large companies are generally more efficient than small ones. They may have a larger bargaining electric power with suppliers and they can multiply their fixed costs, such as administrative expenditures, over larger sales. This results in lower costs per device of development, which, subsequently, gives the company a competitive advantage in the marketplace. External sources of finance help a corporation grow faster, reaching the economies of scale necessary to compete with the rival companies on regional, countrywide, or even international levels.

Financial problems recovery

Any company at any level is susceptible to get into financial trouble. The reasons why it might happen is infinite. It can be an outer concern happening in the federal government level, market level or even internationally level. It could be due to an internal flaw dedicated by the higher management or a key employee that makes a decision to leave the company. It might even be due to a machine that reduces and becomes to major concern, leading the business to bring about a financial meltdown.

Thus, when such things happen, extra cash (if not saved) must bring the business back to its rails making it profitable again.

Financing options trends


Most common funding options

Debt or equity

When enterprisers consider to start or to expand their business, quite often external cash are pursued. It could result from individuals or companies that can provide financing or immediate investment to the project, always looking for a future compensation. Traders or other financial sources can get go back by two particular ways, by debt or equity.

Debt financing

"Debt financing usually occurs when you make a loan from a lender" has been compiled by Duncan M. Chembezi (site 1). The loan will be utilized as capital injection available and need to be repaid over a period. The loan from each financial sources could have different conditions and condition in clear repayment schedules and a set interest.


"The principal advantage of debts financing is usually that the entrepreneurs still keep total ownership of their businesses". The power from having full ownership would be that the entrepreneur can make tactical decisions, keep earnings and reinvest it in the business. Other major advantages is that debt obligation will limit only in the repayment period which in a different way from equity financing where a ratio of ownership won't end until the entrepreneur sell its stocks on the businesses.


The major downside of debt financing is certain requirements which the business owner needs to solve before submitting to financing plus the interest levels to be paid on regular instalments to the lending company. Hence, small business which has low cashflow might face difficult to re-pay the obligations regularly. Most lenders might demand penalties for past due payments which include charging fees, taking ownership of security, or contacting the loan anticipated early.

Moreover lending options are usually available limited to founded companies. Start-up business might find it difficult to obtain a loan granted due to their business high risk and low (or no) company profile.

Equity financing

"Collateral capital signifies to money that you and all of your business affiliate(s) inject directly into the procedure" - Chembezi. Contributors of equity capital would acquire shares in the business as a settlement for the investment made.


Equity funding provides extra capital in to the business without the necessity of payments and repayment of passions as compensation. Hence, the collateral is added into company's net value, improving the financial steadiness of business and its own ability to acquire debt funding if still required.

It can also result in outside knowledge being added to the enterprise's management or panel.


Equity financing is a long term investment which reduces entrepreneur's ownership, thus its ability to control the business enterprise.

Additionally, income of the business enterprise are shared one of the shareholders or collateral investors.

Internal and exterior sources of funding

Funds can be had from a variety of sources however most of them will always be from two different types of sources: inner and external financing.

Internal funding are cash available within the organization such as: personal personal savings, retained income, bootstrapping and Family Friends and Fools (3F's).

External funding is money that originates from a source which is beyond your company. External resources of financing can be countless, however the most typical are: loans, Angel investors, Endeavor Capitalists, Government Businesses and general partnership.

Internal funding


Possibly internal funding would be your best option to any businessman. Keeping your money internally and managing it yourself or within the business means that one will keep possession of your business without exterior unwanted interference. In addition, by keeping the financing internally, the entrepreneur has the chance to increase sustainably and consistently.


Although the many advantages of using internal funding, some disadvantages do is out there.

By using interior money for start and grow the company, it is unavoidable that more income will be needed to keep the firm financial healthy. Such money is always had a need to keep balanced cash-flow and allow progress; therefore, using inner money either from the entrepreneur's savings or from the business's income might constraint expansion or imbalance the financial stableness of the business.

External funding


By taking external money the business owner is possibly delivering more expertise to the company as if money is secured from business angels, enterprise capitalists or standard partnership people who have similar interest in getting the company succeeding will try to help the business owner, been many of them perfectly known in the market the entrepreneur is seeking the venture. In addition, by getting funding from the pointed out sources or from authorities agencies, one should get well prepared for delivering and pitching the theory, therefore resulting in a better prep of the businessman in terms of the business itself by elaborating a more concise Business Plan and getting extra knowledge that shall be necessary when presenting.


It is known that getting other entities along with the new company a payback to these must be achieved somehow, sometime. For any of the options the businessman might believe that is the most feasible he or she must anticipate to give up shares of these start-up or consent to pay rates of interest over the money lent. Both opportunities bring further issues because they are better described on the explanations of the financing options.

Financing options

3Fs: Family, friends and fools

According to Burke, 2008, "3 Fs denoting Family, Friends and Fools refers to individuals who take part in informal investment who have a detailed personal relationship with the entrepreneur". Such "investors" provide money to the businessman frequently informally, undocumented and after much less proofs of the venture's viability, normally because they rely on the entrepreneur's capacity or in the theory. Because of closer relationship, entrepreneurs with no past business background might obtain investment from these "investors" easier than other types of financial resources.



Easier access to the investment than in other styles of external financial sources due to the closer romantic relationship.

Usually limited sum of money can be elevated no future investments are normally made.

Normally requires much less documentation and/or facts that the enterprise worth trading.

It can "create personal and psychological conditions that might go beyond business judgement. "

Friends and Family are less inclined to scrutinize in your business plan

Investments are usually made in a casual way; therefore misunderstandings may appear about accurately in what the "investors" are expecting in return for their investment.

The businessman may have more flexibility in terms of re-payment.


In many countries Bankers are the first group where entrepreneurs would look for exterior funding. Lenders can lend the maximum amount of money as it is needed, however in come back they demand high rates of interest over the capital lent.


Do not require possession or shares of the business, hence, the businessman still possesses 100% of equity

Loans are always available. Everything depends on how ready the businessman is to be able to secure cash.

If the opportunity gets experienced for a loan, the amount of money comes normally quick, after manager's approval.

Although bureaucratic, once money are anchored, the entrepreneur knows exactly when begins re-paying, making one's life easier to control.

Competitive interest rates generally.


Bootstrapping is the strategy in which the entrepreneur creatively acquires either financial or recruiting to in the beginning develop its enterprise. Its main purpose is "to minimize or eliminate the need for requiring external cash by acquiring resources at little if any cost" (Winborg and Landstr¶m 1997, 2001). This plan relies in the mainly internally generated money for finance such as internally made retained profits, personal bank's credits, credit cards, home's mortgages, posting equipment/employees, etc and in getting recruiting from favours or help usually offering future.



Conserve your company's equity

High risk over personal finances

The entrepreneur learns the best ways of leveraging its company using its own personal funds

As sometimes bootstrapping relies on "ad hoc reduced amount of the operating cost foot of the business, it could constrain rms from growing as fast as might usually be the truth" (truck Osnabrugge and Robinson 2000, Winborg 2000).

Complete control and flexibility to make decisions over your money and company

Business Angels

"Business angels are private people who use their own money to make equity investments in preliminary stages of organizations" Aeroudt, 2005. Angels make investments both money and time in business which they are interesting in. Business angels play an important role in financing seeding stage and second circular phase start-ups, tending to invest amounts which range from $10, 000 to $ 1 million dollars. By buying the early stage company, angels are wagering on non-systematic hazards which depend on success of the business. Hence, "business angels expect high return over their investment - about 20% in exchange" Lammertink, 2011.


"78% of business angels have management experience in small businesses". Hence, advantage on advice and assistance from angels.

Provides capital over a permanent basis with no repayment of primary money or hobbies.

Business angels are more likely to take on high-risk business leads than other traders. They will evaluate the business plan and management's team to produce a decision. Hence, as they usually get involved personally; they will go for 'obstacles' or risky ideas with a lot of potential.

As business angels commit their own money, they will probably put in a big amount of work to ensure they get a good go back; and can normally invest only when they believe that they can individually benefit the business.

The entrepreneur would get successful entrepreneur and influential associates by agreeing to an angel in its business.

Government businesses 30

At all degrees of governments, there are a variety of funding programs to aid the entrepreneur in aiding the business to reach your goals. In most cases, these federal government programs better your likelihood of obtaining financing by providing both longer plus more flexible loan terms. In limited occasions, some talk about and local government authorities do provide immediate financing. Each authorities funding program has its restrictions and unique requirements.



Very attractive rates of interest and some overall flexibility in the re-payments.

It can be a very bureaucratic process.

Fast agreement or rejection when the application form process is completed.

Required paperwork for applying to a loan from federal government can be a nightmare.

Depending on the nature of the business, big amount of money can be raised.

Grants can come with a certain group of rules where the business people need to comply with before making use of, thus it can increase initial investment costs as extra tasks need to be completed.

Grants can be renowned and present your business instant credibility and public coverage.

Government grants are very competitive, therefore others will fight for the same offer as one may be pursuing.


Partnership is reported to be "a required evil" oftentimes. It comprises in several lovers whose are in charge of the business; showing assets, earnings, liabilities and obligations. With a collaboration, one can supplement the lack of assets a unitary businessperson may have. Such resources could be money, skills, ideas, perspective, good connections, etc. People say a partnership is comparable to a relationship as both the entrepreneurs will need to live and create a great synergy included in this to make the business function.



Collaborative work when all lovers gets the same level of involvement.

Lack of determination from one part can result in big dissatisfaction from the more dedicated part.

One can enhance the other wherever one of the entrepreneur's lacks some property.

One must truly count on other as if one part is not genuine enough, both lovers may end-up in trouble.

By splitting the enterprise, you share tasks in most cases.

Different goals and visions one of the partners may lead to issues.

Partners can incorporate resources and expertise to the better of the company.

It is almost certain that at some time the companions will disagree and argue about decisions, plans, procedures, investments, etc.

It is said that two minds think better than one.

You will need to report your strategies and decisions to the partner and may get his/her acceptance before putting into action your plan/decision.

Personal funds

Personal funds will be the starting point where business owner use their personal resources for funding their start-up business. By the study of Stouder & Kirchhoff, 2004, "about one one fourth (26. 86%) of total dollar funding use by the respondents in the subsample of the research comes from the respondents' personal contributions". A lot of most successful businesses today began by this very same way. However this personal funds is quite common amongst start-ups, it will never be the long term strategy for helping growth of the business where third party financing is possible.


There is not a deduction for interest loan as arrears financing or share advantage with the buyer like equity funding.

Money originates from personal personal savings. Hence, there is no regulation or guideline to press the decision making of business owner.

No confirming or acceptance from another person is required as the business owner owns the total shares of the start-up.

The entrepreneur would be the sole accountable for your success (or inability).

No documentation is needed

Venture Capitalists

Venture Capitalists (VCs) are financial intermediaries whose spend money on private capital companies with great potential to provide high profits to its buyers in in a certain period of time. Venture Capitalists usually keep an eye on and help the stock portfolio companies to grow, maximizing its potential of financial profits until the company is sold (to another company or through IPO), when the VCs leave from the business.


VCs are usually experienced entrepreneurs whose brings to the company competence that small companies or start-ups normally do not have, providing excellent mentoring to the invested business.

Due to the needing of fictile information before investing, VCs tend to invest in well organized companies, at least with an ambitious Business Plan, hence, supporting the business owner to plan the company better.

VCs expect a sizable earning probable and a high profits on return within a particular timeframe, therefore, if indeed they win, the businessperson is victorious also.

They keep an eye on their profile companies therefore assisting the businessman to keep a closer eyes on the overall context of the business.

Normally they are prepared to invest huge amounts of money in the companies to ensure its expansion.

They might talk about good alliances to the business as they may have others in their stock portfolio and are well known in the business landscape.

Popularity of business angels and project capitalists in Brazil and Thailand

Business Angels and Endeavor Capitalists aren't new varieties of funding small companies with great potentials. Both types of investment for fostering growth are popular around the globe, however, these options are much more dominant in developed nations as such traders have more self-confidence in the more widely relevant country's aspects such as security on the investment, politics and financial stability, maturity of the common entrepreneur within the nation, market size, market progress, business-friendly environment and of course, more wealthy people who have disposable money to get somewhere else.

Even though they are wide-spread in the developed countries, fast producing nations such as Brazil and Thailand are now needs to experience a overflow of countrywide and foreign buyers looking for small internet marketers with great ideas to develop, as both countries are quickly stepping up towards the position of First World.

With that said, it is clear that only lately that Angels and VCs started out looking more tightly to these nations and it has been seen an amazing increasing in the amount of entities with prosperity people willing to purchase start-ups in such countries as the developed world is currently leaving the 2008 financial meltdown but developing nations are growing more rapidly than ever.

The background of business angels in Brazil starts in 2002 with a group of national shareholders in metropolis of Rio de Janeiro which began looking for investment aside their own companies. From that period to now, it is known over than 30 such organizations across the country, with around number of R$ 5 billion to purchase start-ups.

<Gap, please add a similar statement about Thailand as I've done above>

Research Methodology

Research procedure

A quantitative questionnaire with literature review was utilised to assemble the data offered in this thesis. The questionnaire is attached in the appendix section.

Start-ups funding is one of the most important aspects in creating a fresh venture. Insurance firms a number of financial resources, the businessperson has a chance to choose the option which match with their business model. However, limitation of financial options knowledge of men and women in developing nations causes these to limit themselves with a few financing options, which could possibly not be the most ideal choice for the given project. It ends up with differences of financing culture in developed and developing countries. The research, therefore, focus on studying the behaviours of internet marketers whenever choosing their seed funding for start-up their opportunity and assessing their thoughts on the feasible options when looking for funding their brand-new company.

Forty questionnaires were evenly submitted to entrepreneurs in Brazil and Thailand. Experienced entrepreneurs who own something oriented business for over than five years will be the goal interviewers. Twenty-three questions were posed to the individual group.

Upon receiving the answers, the same were analyzed driving to the Conclusions, Conclusions and Suggestions chapters of the study.

Procedural design

The research questionnaire was made to produce results that are as objective as you possibly can. The review was separated into three main parts; First part of questionnaire targets study the behavior of men and women in both Brazil and Thailand from their previous business financing experiences. Multiple options and paragraph word kind of questions was made to ask interviewees the background and financing information using their company current or earlier business. In the second part of the survey, a description of advantages and disadvantages of every funding option were posed in the questionnaire to provide knowledge to interviewees. Respondance from businessman is shown by the score given for every option (I did not understand this phrase. . . ). Score's summarization will show the viable options which almost all of entrepreneurs preferred in the past and that they prefer if starting a fresh business. The third area of the questionnaire is a multiple choice and paragraph text questions to ask business owner's opinions about their future business financial.

Data's analysis

The main expected derive from this questionnaire is to check on the most used financial options in the entrepreneur's viewpoint in Brazil and Thailand also to assess future tendencies for the same. The trends will show the behaviours of how people in both countries used financial resources in a previous few years and what they expect now, with more mature markets. Hence, the practical options which people believe matches better with their business will be shown from the study results.

The comparability in opinion before and after providing information with benefits and drawbacks of each financial option to the entrepreneur means that the limitation of financial knowledge has influence on people's financing point of view, which is the key point of this work.

Additionally, research of data also contains people's view to choose between debt and collateral in the seed level finance, that may elucidate as their preferred method paying for the mandatory investment.

Furthermore, the display of the concept of a "new" financial method in producing countries like business angel or project capitalist will assess the determination of business owners in accepting this kind of partnership/investment.

And lastly but not least, a comparison of the most well-liked options from the researched countries will be carried out with the results collected trying to find equalities, divergences and discrepancies of funding options in adult and immature marketplaces (developed and developing nations).

Research Findings

Data analysis

Obtained results

Start-ups financing in Brazil and Thailand





Developed and producing countries

The comparison




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