Female Education And A Countries Development Education Essay

Female education is essential for the development of a nation. That is due to the fact women are involved in a variety of activities both at a regional level and at the city level such as child bearing and household tasks etc. Hence it is very important to provide quality education to women to help them contribute to the development of the country in a significant way. Various studies also show that women's education is very important in order to increase the socio-economic position of their families. It is the inequality in access to education for feminine students that helps prevent them from obtaining the essential education essential for their well-being and their family's development. The traditional thinking about many societies that women are just supposed to do the household work has added largely to the low levels of feminine education around the globe. It is seen however that the societies which may have centered on providing better education to women have better indications of cultural welfare. These societies for example have lower newborn mortality rate apart from that the issue of lower fertility rates, also increased life span, improved nutrition and most importantly better opportunities because of their children. Other factors such as domestic position and parent's matter and attitude towards female students also performs an important role in increasing the educational status of feminine students in virtually any society. Parent's level of education also has a direct impact on their daughter's education. The link between the mom and daughter is the most powerful. Poverty, parent's professional status, insufficient skilled professors and lack of incentives such as scholarships for ladies, deprivation of parental care and proper educational guidelines affect the typical of female education. (I. A. Adetunde, 2008)

Thus Women's education is a very important concern. Women who are educated can make profound choices in the matter of health, nutrition and basic upbringing of a child. There is excellent impact on child mortality health, fertility, efficiency and a child's academic performance if women are educated.

On 8th March 2004 Laura Bush (the first sweetheart in those days) said on the women's day that when a women is rejected education "you've refused half of the populace the chance to succeed and the chance to donate to a society and to a culture. " she also said that " Women are more likely to have the ability to make up to date choice so that their children don't suffer from malnutrition or other diseases and ensure that their children can acquire best healthcare. "

In Every culture, the duty of the upbringing and nourishing of a kid lies in the hands of the mom. For this reason responsibility the women's education has gained quite an importance globally. Studies disclose that women's education has strong implications on every part of a child's upbringing and one of these is the child's educational performance. Children of educated mothers are seen to obtain better educational performance as compared to children of less or uneducated mothers. (Tahir Andrabi, Jishnu Das, Asim Ijaz Khwaja: March 2009)

Educated moms can help their children throughout their life, but most importantly they can help their children in their early days of education. They make an effort to engage their children in more beneficial educational activities aside from what they review at university. This increases the child's educational features and helps them become successful. According to a report an additional calendar year of post compulsory schooling of your mother has a positive effect on their child's academic performance i. e. "mothers who stay static in full time education beyond the bare minimum school leaving time will display positive educational attitudes and behaviours such as reading with their children". (Leon Feinstein and Ricardo Sabates: January 2008)

"Advanced schooling is constantly associated with a higher likelihood of marriage, whereas less education is associated with a higher probability of divorce" (Jennifer March Augustine, 2010). Thus educated mothers generally have more stable associations and family position. Therefore impacts their children's educational performance. Children have a wholesome environment to live in and so can concentrate more on their studies and perform well. The movement of resources such as time, money and socio-emotional support etc from the mother to children is influenced by this marriage position. (Jennifer March Augustine, 2010).

Marital and fertility patterns have been seen to change during the last few ages. Women who tend to be more educated (school graduates) have been minimal likely to get married and have children historically. Today however, the problem is changing and this marriage space is eroding

The results to relationship have changed. School educated women marry later, do not view marriage as a "financial security", have fewer children and declining divorce rates since 1970's when compared with women without college or university degrees. These factors help women to get a much better and a wholesome family life which helps them in their Childs upbringing. The kids of more educated women thus can focus more on their studies as they have a wholesome environment to study in and they also succeed (Adam Isen Feb. 2010). A Mothers education influences a kid mostly through the child's early years of education (primary education). Educated moms make their children spend additional time in outdoor activities, reading etc and are worried about their child's progress at school and also have prospects of the child's future educational successes. This encourages the kid to target more on his studies and boosts his capacities. (Leon Feinstein and Ricardo Sabates: January 2008).

Moreover there are substantial intergenerational returns to education. Yet another year of your mother's schooling makes a positive contribution to the Childs academics performance. It increases the Childs performance on the standardized math test by almost 0. 1 of a standard deviation and reduces the incidence of behavioural problems especially for children aged 7-8. There are various stations that transmit the effect of maternal education to the child, including parental assets throughout different stages of the Childs life and family environment. Informed women tend to have a wholesome home environment with better and much more steady family lives which in turn donate to their Childs educational excellence. Maternal education also reduces class repetition and the occurrence of behavioural problems. Educated mothers basically avoid early childbearing, are more likely to be wedded to educated men and generally have higher incomes. Thus they can add in several ways with their Childs education for example through books, affecting them in extracurricular activities or buying them some type of computer. This additional investment pays off by means of better child performance in every academic aspects of his life. Even though educated mothers work more they don't neglect their children because they are aware of the negative effects of doing so (Pedro Carneiro, Sep 2007).

Also educated moms tend to spend more time with their children and their children tend to spend additional time studying outside school thus there is a strong impact of maternal education on their child's test scores. ( Tahir Andrabi, Jishnu Das and Asim Ijaz Khwaja, March 2009).

Educated mothers bring in more encouragement and potential because of their children to achieve life. Children of informed moms are usually more confident, free from anxieties, ambitious, self reliant and more focused. It is seen that an upsurge in mother's education contributes to an increase in the students' accomplishment at school. Those moms who stayed on in education rather than just having the basic primary education can help their children in an improved way. A direct relationship is seen between a mother's education level and their child's educational performance. (Azra Parveen & Muhammad Tayyab Alam 2008).

Traditionally it's been thought an upsurge in investment in women's schooling takes care of in the form of increased schooling of another generation. Some writers have a new view however. According to them the positive relationship between mother-child schooling cannot entirely be looked at true as it is relatively biased upward due to the correlations between schooling and assortative mating and heritable "ability". The other studies, they claim have never considered these factors and therefore conclude showing a confident relationship between mother-child schooling and education. "A rise in the schooling of women doesn't have beneficial effects in conditions of the schooling of children" (Jere R. Behrman and Symbol R. Rosenzweig, 2002). Rises maternal schooling and education instead makes the mothers concentrate less on their homes, family and specifically their children. It is emphasized that the time of the women is an essential element in childbearing and so women should focus more on the families rather than on education. This, they argue will lead to an improved academic future for his or her child. Better schooling of the mom however can improve a Childs health using situations. Simply the result of investing in women's schooling requires attention to the role played out by schooling in the labor and matrimony market for girls. (Jere R. Behrman and Mark R. Rosenzweig, 2002)

Literacy position of mothers also strongly affects medical and nutritional condition of these children thus literate mothers may take better care and attention of their child's health insurance and protect them against several diseases. With illiterate moms however there are likelihood of children producing malnutrition especially children less than three years of age who are underweight. Malnutrition adversely affects the child's academic performance. An informed mother requires better good care of their Childs health and thus their child is more lucrative throughout his life. Although there is a positive relationship between a mother's education and their Childs health some studies reveal that there surely is hardly any significant effect of a mother's education on Childs health if mothers 've got only most important education. Further it's been found that the first 3 years of mother's education has no impact on the Childs health. The impact sometimes appears following the first three years and the effect is not linear in education. After 4 to 6 6 years of education, the magnitude of the impact becomes small but again accumulates after 1 years of education. (Meherun Ahmed May 2009).

Nonetheless, some scholars do not completely support the correlation that there is a strong causal romantic relationship between maternal education and child health. Matching to them this link has barely been examined properly using the most likely statistical models. They are employing the community-level fixed-effects models and thus argue "maternal education may be considered a proxy for the socioeconomic status of the household as well as for characteristics of the city of residence". Therefore relating to them there's a opportunity that the positive romance between maternal education and child health may be untrue. By controlling for a couple of socioeconomic factors the maternal education/child health website link sometimes appears to be weak. Three markers of child health namely newborn mortality, immunization position and children's height-for-age have been examined. Maternal education has a substantial effect on height-for-age and baby mortality in mere a few countries round the world. However on the other palm maternal education has a solid positive effect on children's immunization status in about half of the countries of the world even after putting into action the city and specific level controls. (SONALDE DESAI AND SOUMYA ALVA, 1998)

According to some other study, educated parents tend to have educated children. The writer focused on learning if the intergenerational transmitting of individual capital is more behavioural (nurture) or innate (aspect). The data accumulated helped in separating hereditary from environmental parental influences. Results of the research emphasised that the nurture aspect is more very important to both parents (mother and father). The training of the most educated feminine adult in children has a strong positive influence on the schooling of the kids in that household. This is true for a Childs natural parents as well as for the parents of the adopted child. It could be said that the more the mom is informed, the better the Childs educational performance. When boys and girls are analysed separately it sometimes appears that if the nurture element is isolated, the fathers education concerns more for kids whereas a moms education issues more for women. The results of the training of the adoptive parents are just seen for children related to the top of their new homes (Damien de Walque, 2005).

Research Project

Literature Review

By

Asna Shahid

Section G

07U0469

Submitted to

Anam Tahir

Lahore School of Economics

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