When people visualize a great empire, most think of Rome. The Romans got great ideas and plans which would have made any current empire appear tiny. From the great growth led by masterful tacticians to the immensely move forward authorities which our government is modeled after today, the Romans got an excellent future, if not for its many flaws. The first expansions led to the separation of any already teetering public class, the government had many slots which compensated the prosperous and the greed of nobles and people of vitality weakened a government that could have been totally polished. The go up of Julius Caesar after the design with Pompey could have been longer resided if the senator's forces weren't relinquished for the "better of folks. " All of this and more would eventually lead to the fall of the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire. There were many factors which resulted in nov the Roman Republic which include the have difficulties of federal fragility, the negative effect of the Gracchi, the First Triumvirate and the dictatorship of Julius Caesar.
To know how Rome eventually dropped, one must commence before the small city-state grew. Following the final Roman ruler was exiled, Rome attemptedto build a small, but relatively effective government referred to as an oligarchy or ruled by "few" (Asimov 28). As the Republic, the Romans offered power to a leader by electing him into office, similar from what we do today. This official, known as the praetor, was held in check by another praetor who was in office. Effectively, little or nothing would happen unless both completely decided on a concern which better records their position as consuls. Today in the American government, there are three branches (Professional, Legislative and Judicial) which look like successful enough to properly "check" each other. Like our executive branch, the Roman consuls were responsible for the armed forces and led them into battle (Asimov 24-25). Similarly to the North american Judicial branch, Romans acquired their own judges called quaestors which forgotten every one of the trials. This is the beginning of a suitable system of regulating, but the issue was the people who could be elected to hold these positions were of a certain course.
The two main communal classes in the first Roman Republic were the patricians and the plebeians, plebs for short. The patrician class consisted of nobles and wealthiest land owners. The plebs were the everyday social category of normal, each day citizens which included merchants, workers, and the indegent. During the start of the young government, the one people who could be elected in to the leading positions were the patricians. This limitation of power resulted in a split in both classes. Essentially, the voice of all had not been noticed because only the patricians were able make important decisions concerning day-to-day activities and lawmaking. Not merely was the situation unfair, however the lack of care for all citizens increased the parting of classes. The example Asimov gives is this:
"Why should the patrician care and attention? He was well enough off to survive the hard times. Of course, if a plebeian farmer travelled into debt, the debt laws were so harsh that the plebeian would need to sell himself and his family into slavery to repay the debt. It would be the patrician landowner to whom he was in debt as well as for whom he must then slave. (29)
This insufficient care obligated the plebs to seek alternative way of life. In 494 B. C. , a huge society of plebs left Rome to make their own authorities. This move initiated the patricians to compromise using their overwhelmingly large populations of plebs. This bargain gave the plebs a voice in the federal government, but was still not a lot of. The new tone of the plebs were the tribunes. These elected officers only symbolized other plebeians and may only words their thoughts and opinions on open public issues. The addition of these new representatives added another check to balance Roman authorities. An example of this was the newly added capability of the tribunes veto an unfair regulation (Asimov 30).
Although it made an appearance the Roman nobles attempted to be more reasonable, the greed and "loss of electricity" to the tribunes made internal strife evident. The tribune's safe practices became more a big issue following the event with Coriolanus event. These and similar events led to the codification of Roman law in 450 B. C. This was an attempt to avoid the patricians in senate from "bending regulations. " Also, it provided the tribunes the capability to protect both themselves from the unfair advantages proven by the patricians and their lives. Ten patrician men, called decemvirs, were elected to carry power before laws were finished. The new laws and regulations were written on bronze tablets and were thus called the Twelve Desks which was the building blocks of their law (Asimov 32).
Again, the adaptive capacity of the Romans resulted in another smart solution. Every time a problem arose, these were able to handle the problem. The question then is why were there so many issues in this era? Even after they shifted to a seemingly better authorities, the patricians and plebeians arrived at another road block. The decemvirs, corresponding to Roman traditions, stayed in electricity even after the regulations were written. More issues that revolved surrounding the have difficulties of total control plagued the senate. Again the plebeians wanted to leave because of the situations, but large portion of the population pressured the patricians to listen and the decemvirs relinquished their position. Soon power would be more evenly pass on as the plebeians position to better impact lawmaking increased and the integration of the two classes in relationship allowed the less lucky more opportunities (Asimov 33). With an increase of plus more opportunities to become stable and fair government, Rome was on your path. Although they took a step in advance in their maturity, there was a substantial setback many historians presumed contributed to the fall of Republic.
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus, better known as the Gracchi, were two brothers who sought radical reform which many believe increased pressure in the senate and weakened vitality due to a big separation of ideas. Their daddy was both a politician and military services leader, which theoretically offered them the various tools to achieve success. After his death in Spain Cornelia, the Gracchi's mom, ensured her sons were well-educated citizens before these were fighters. Her dedication to her only "jewels" would build the foundation of a politically strong, but socially harmful dreamers. The more aged Gracchi, Tiberius, initiated the path to reform after witnessing the horrors of injustice and sociable inequality in Rome. In 134 B. C. he was elected as a tribune and his first try to bring equality was the idea of a land reform. Essentially, his plan was to make the available land more evened out to all people of Rome (Asimov 138-40). Although this is a healthy arrange for the plebs, the problem began with the existing landowners.
The patricians, both in senate and away, were angered by this idea. Although there theoretically was a rules which recognized Tiberius' reform, the wealthy patricians would lose a great portion of their land (Asimov 139). To safeguard their land, his opponents used their governmental system and financial strength to get an edge. Since no new regulation would be go away when a veto by the tribune get together was raised, their strategy was to buy their way into security. The other tribune at the time was a man name Marcus Octavius, who was simply believed to be a pal of Tiberius. After having a few bribes from the patricians, Octavius became a friend only to the highest bidder. The usage of his power to veto successfully prevented the new reforms to be passed. This triggered Tiberius to motion removing his former good friend and co-tribune. Actually, this unlawful move awarded the senate more reasons to eliminate this radical. His loss of life was imminent after his term so he attemptedto have himself reelected illegally. This concluded poorly credited to his opponents lay claim of Tiberius's attempt to be a monarch. The Republic could have nothing to do with this again, so Tiberius did not become a tribune again. After he lost his chair in the senate, he was brutally murdered by his competitors and dumped into the Tiber River (Asimov 140-41).
Eventually, Gaius played an important role for the reformers. After his brother's death, he was elected a tribune a