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Factors Which Impact The Travel And Travel and leisure Industries Travel and leisure Essay

Introduction to Hospitality Industry

Hospitality Industry, historians have followed the development of the hospitality industry through of a large number of years and many ethnicities. The word of hospitality industry can specify as an age-old industry because historians speculate the first in a single day lodging buildings were erected along Midsection Eastern. Taking a look at the industry through the e zoom lens of history is helpful because it reveals the strong marriage between the condition of hospitality and the needs and want, the hospitality industry will continue to change in what they need and want, the hospitality industry will also continue steadily to change. The hospitality industry encompasses a wide range of businesses, each which is dedicated of the service of individuals abroad. (Chon, 2010)

The hospitality and tourism industries are the most significant and fast-growing sectors on the globe. The hospitality industry consists of wide category of areas within the service industry which includes lodging industry components, food industry components, recreation sports and entertainment components, transport industry, and supplementary areas within the tourism industry. (Chon, 2010)

Advantages in the hospitality industry

From the easy origins as privately managed, independently operated businesses are the hospitality industry because is continuing to grow in complexity and size. Today's hospitality businesses connect to one another on a worldwide basis, and must stay alert to what is taking place around them. For a good example, management companies and hotel chains now distributed across the world; financial conditions in Singapore influence a company's holdings there and elsewhere.

Hospitality companies are tightly intertwined with those in the travel and tourism. Travel and leisure is travel for recreation or the advertising and layout of such travel. Tourism and the hospitality industry so highly affect each other that some associations and industry market leaders, like the Council on Hotel, Restaurant and institutional Education (CHRIE), consider the merged sectors of hospitality and tourism as one large industry- the hospitality and travel and leisure industry. The the different parts of this large industry include: (Chon, 2010)

Food and Beverage Service

Lodging Service and Ski Resort

Recreation Service

Campground and Theme Parks

Travel- Related(Travel and leisure) Service

The Gambling industry

Product provides with personal service with the first four components.

Because these components are different and often rivalling industries, this group sectors will be described in this word of the interconnected group of parts or components.

Channel Circulation is one of the key uses in hospitality industry. Route distribution is utilized to transfer goods from the maker to the finish user. An intermediary in the channel is called a middleman. Stations normally range between two-level stations without intermediaries to five-level route with three intermediaries. For a good example, a caterer who prepares food and markets it directly to the customer is a two level route. A food supplier who offers to a restaurant dealer, who sells to specific restaurant, who then serve the customer, is at a four-level route. Intermediaries in the channel of distribution are used to facilitate the delivery of the merchandise as well concerning transfer title, payments, and information about the item. For example, a producer may rely upon the workforces employed by a distributor to sell the product, make deliveries, and collect payments. The programs employed by a marketing expert are a fundamental element of the marketing plan and play a role in all proper marketing decisions.

Global circulation system is the worldwide computerized reservation network used as a single point of gain access to for reserving airlines car seats, hotel rooms, local rental automobiles, and other travel related items by travel agents, online reservations sites, and large corporations. The top GDS are Amadeus, Galileo, Saber, and World course owned and run as joint endeavors by major airlines, car hire organizations, and hotel organizations and also known as automated(ARS) or computerized reservations system(CRS).

1. 3 Cons in the hospitality Industry

The cons of Globalization on the hospitality industry are the following:

Language Barriers

Due to Globalization, the hospitality industry can utilize people from different countries- as it is usually cheaper - they could sometimes have problems in connecting with the customers. Many customers get quite irate consequently of the. (Chon, 2010)

Cultural Obstacles:

As there are folks from various cultures, one must take care not to offend them. For example, a Muslim will not eat pork - you need to make certain not provide food which has pork. (unless specifically asked). What's satisfactory by one culture may be frowned upon by another.

Events/Disasters in other Countries:

A disaster or even taking place in a single country may have an impact on our country (the house country) also. For instance, the financial meltdown makes less people want to spend money or travel; anticipated to upsurge in terrorism some tourists get aren't ready to happen to be certain countries.

Seasonal Job:

During peak durations, a great deal of jobs are available but as soon as the tourists return back the jobs disappear as well. For example: Goa - India; the local people in Goa get their income only through the maximum season, (Dec-Feb and April - July) after which they have no jobs and no income.

Increasing use of technology to communicate:

Due to international obstacles, there's been a steady increase in the use of technology for communication (through the internet, tone recordings). This takes out the individuals touch.

Developing Countries:

Countries that cannot keep up with the improvement in technology tend to miss out. Example: Africa does not have the infrastructure or technology as yet to welcome a sizable amount of international visitors, though it does have a great deal of natural sights. To improve the flow, it could have to improve conditions; otherwise travellers have a massive sea of areas to choose from.

Increase in Criminal offense Rate:

With the upsurge in tourists, crimes increase too. Example: pick-pocketing, hustling, rape, smuggling.

Bad Patterns:

People from other countries sometimes effect the local young ones in a negative way. Increase in drugs and promiscuous habit, etc.

Environment Depletion:

Globalization triggers an imbalance in the eco system. People usually toss their garbage around all over the place that could cause sickness, to encourage more visitors, areas of greenery are cleared and wildlife killed - which really is a major cause for global warming.

Loss of Cultural Pride and Ideals:

To suit customer must change or change various services and products. For example: Certain food meals are changed ( in flavour, names become more westernized ) to make them more appealing to visitors. This, in a way, leads to the loss of culture as you wants to be and act like the travellers which come into our country.

1. 4 Conclusion

Hotel business is growing and creating a profession centre, Includes travel, travel and leisure, restaurants and recreational facilities and the government increasing numbers of people are embracing industry to make money. For those likely to venture in to the hospitality industry, it can help to know the common terms and words of a particular industry. If we deal with a restaurant in the pub with heavy tourist traffic for example, we wound want to stay current with local visitors attractions and question beyond the knowledge of people to our restaurant.

This will allow our customers to get the best service the center point of the hotel industry. Experienced travelers may choose to know the abbreviation for the hotel industry, the industry stands and security password in order to plan the best possible vacation. Beginners may choose to be educated about the latest jargon in order to make their trip go more easily.

QUESTION 2

Find out the factors that influencing travel and travel and leisure. Explain in detail.

2. 1 Advantages to Travel and Tourism

The travel and travel and leisure industry is the greatest individual industry on the globe and the most significant contributor to global economic development. Worldwide, this speedily changing industry creates more than $2. 5 trillion annually and careers for more than 112 million people. In terms of total profits, investment and job travel is also the fastest-growing industry. (Chon, 2010)

The the different parts of the hospitality network may be unbiased and competitive businesses, yet they reveal an interdependency that has improved over the centuries. The relationship is seen in the jobs that areas and hospitality facilities play in motivating people to travel.

Although travel includes all movements or displacement of people, not all travel involves travel and leisure. Refugee, migrants, explorers, nomads, soldiers, and commuters certainly travel, however they are not travelers. Tourism-related travel includes the movements of people to a place to enjoy visitors attractions, special situations, hospitability, lodging, food, and entertainment. The tourism industry is concerned with interest and incidents that draw visitors and excursionists to an area. (Chon, 2010)

2. 2 Factor which support the growth of tourism

The most reliable factors that motivate the development of tourism of a country are the stability of Politics of an country. This is because the united states is safe from crime, wars and helps to protect the safe practices of travel and leisure. For an example, Singapore the fast growing country is focusing more on safe practices of tourist, so the political firm will be respected and impressed by the traveler and also will generates the development of the country.

Furthermore, one of the important aspects is Monetary development of a country. To connect this, if the overall economy of any country is stable, you will see more investors to invest in our country as well joint projects. For an example, if the economy growth is higher than, the amount of tourist will be increase.

Besides that, more proper tourist places are being built to attract the tourist to come over to experience as well as to have free time. Also, this is principally to promote the entire region or city as either a business or pleasure vacation spot. In addition, one of the strongest factors in choosing vacation spot is the desire to visit family and good friend. Although people visiting other folks often don't need commercial lodging, they will probably take advantage of other hospitality and tourism service such as travelling, entertainment, food, museums, entertainment, and product during their trip.

As your final point, the most important dynamics that can boost the progress of tourism is through Education. In today's world, education performs a essential role for each individual to be successful in life. In addition, the Ministry if ADVANCED SCHOOLING can come out numerous kinds of education plan to be able to market the eminence of education of our country as well as to be hub for foreign countries to twin-up their educational programs.

2. 3 Factor which effecting Travel and Tourism

There are quite a number of factors that can probably to donate to improve up the Travel and Tourism Industry of country. A healthy travel and leisure trade benefits countries Economically, Sosioculurtrally, and Environmentally. Needless to say, some effects the travel tourism also exist. Careful planning and management can help minimize negative impact.

2. 2. 1 The Economic Have an impact on of Tourism

In a narrow sense, tourism refers to the activity or practice of travelling for personal enlightenment, education or pleasure. In the broader sense, travel and leisure is the business of providing information, travel, accommodation and other service to all types of travelers, whether exploring for business or pleasure.

Tourism is now firmly established almost where on the globe, from the high mountains of Tibet to the Amazon jungle of Brazil. Whether the sites are traditional ruins, hill, forests, or beaches, tourism development has inevitably followed finding.

The Economic advantages of travel and leisure are undeniable. The most visible economic great things about tourism is work. Tourism provides careers such personnel as hotel employees, taxi cab drivers, tour guides, construction workers, entertainers, restaurant employees, and transport staff. Many such jobs would not exist if tourism had not been developed. Foe example, if taxi cab individuals in Malaysia could not transport visitors to hotels, they could not have a livelihood as taxi drivers at all. (Chon, 2010)

Besides employment, tourism also generates earnings that benefits the local populace by increasing economical activity. Fees paid by holiday help local government fund education, health are and other service.

Money spent by way of a traveller at a hotel or restaurant help pay employee pay and support other business. Eventually, the same money can be used to by food, clothing and other products and services, further benefiting the united states. (Chon, 2010)

2. 3. 2 The Culture Impact of Tourism

One of the very most positive effects of tourism is cross culture awareness, the fostering of understanding between folks of different countries and culture. The chance to exchange knowledge, ideas, and custom is more on the market than at past time in history. Aside from merely satisfying curiosity, tourism promotes international good will and the exchange of culture worth.

For statistical purpose, the United Nations divides countries into two wide categories:

developed countries and growing countries. The developed countries include all North America and Europe, as well as Japan, Australia, New Zealand. Expanding countries are countries that have relatively poor economical and lack advanced Technology. They are located in Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean and the Asian mainland. (Chon, 2010)

Tourism is a significant economic element in most developed countries. Based on the World Tourism Business (WTO, 90 percent of all tourism are focused in 15 Countries in THE UNITED STATES and Europe.

To support a flourishing tourism industry, international airports must be built or extended to accommodate jet aircraft and visitor facilities such as hotels, restaurants, and recreational sites must be built for visitors. The underlying framework of facilities and systems necessary to support a travel and leisure industry is called tourism infrastructure. Especially in expanding countries, the creation of a tourism infrastructure can have a deep interpersonal, culture and environmental influence.

2. 3. 3 The Sociocultural Have an effect on of Tourism

The affect of increased hospitality and travel and leisure activities on the ways individual interact with other members of the culture also may maintain positivity or negative. Changing family lifestyle and cross- culture contacts may lead to either positive or negative affects. However, most concern surrounds the social ills that can results from countries. (Chon, 2010)

Changing Family Lifestyle

Many local residences find their lives modified when obtain tourism- related employment. Teenagers may enter the job market for the very first time when travel and leisure development occurs. For the positive sides, this may contribute to increased family income, allowing households to buy products which were previously beyond their means. The changes in lifestyles may also lead to requirements for better casing and change in dress and eating habits. When local people adopt methods from vacationers, this is recognized as the demonstration impact the demonstration impact can have a negative end result, though if local residents come to realize that, even with their increased income, they can not afford to live on like the traveler. A feeling of envy or resentment toward affluent visitors may results. This situation tends to happen most in those spots where the market is based primarily on travel and leisure. (Chon, 2010)

Social Ills

Social ills include such problems as criminal offenses, displacement and discrimination. Organized criminal offense and prostitution are sometimes associated with tourism. Indeed, research studies show a relationship between development of tourism and increased crime. Promoters, police officials, and other stakeholders may have to deal with the facts that travellers who have no idea their way around a city may be focuses on for criminals. The negative publicity from such disorders may be difficult to conquer. (Chon, 2010)

The negative aftereffect of tourism may be included discriminations. Employing and promotion procedures of corporation new to a location may be discriminatory against local employees. A community may be discriminate real estate agents transplanted corporate and business employees. When there are insufficient local workers to create and deal with the visitor business, employees may be brought in from outside the area or even the united states. A sudden wave of many outside workers could cause resentment in local staff. This is especially true if the inbound employee's occupancy menial jobs to local personnel. For a good example. If local worker see a higher standard of living for the newcomers, they could actively discriminate against them. On the other factors, if the culture and lifestyle of the neighborhood residents is very different from that of the newcomers, the newcomers may by uncomfortable in theirs situation. (Chon, 2010)

2. 4 The Environmental Have an effect on of Tourism

Protecting the environment is currently one of the most discussed and hotly-debated issues across the globe. Many companies are spending vast sums of dollars to set-up products or make their products green. A good example is the electric car that is being considered a practical option to that of the present gasoline driven car.

In 2009 world leaders fulfilled in Copenhagen to discuss ways in which they can prevent global warming and reduce on the consequences of climate change, in place protecting the surroundings. The travel industry too has nit been overlooked of this concern. In the industry where the number of folks employed in international travel has been predicted to attain the billion markings this year 2010, you can find concern about its contribution to the destruction bone to the environment. Also like every other industry the travel industry needs to be concerned about ways of conducting business that are green.

Outlined below are some of the environmental issues influencing the travel industry which stakeholders need to address and in some cases seek out long-term solutions?

Aviation which ferries hundreds of thousands of tourist across the globe is of great concern to those seeking to protect the surroundings. A major matter for the industry is greenhouse gas emissions. The best way the aviation industry is working on this problem is by rolling out newer planes that contain fuel efficient motors which means less carbon emissions. However not all airlines especially in the poor countries can't manage buying new aircraft.

Mass Travel and leisure, with the expense of travel becoming cheaper and more and more people venturing away from countries to place that were recently inaccessible but can now be reached because of air carry, areas of environmental and historical relevance are becoming crowded. This is adding pressure on ecosystems within these areas and intimidating the flora and fauna. Also climate change is going to imply that certain place won't favor site visitors because of climate becoming extreme that will lead to overcrowding in other place with more favorable climate. Again this presents a threat to the ecosystems in the overcrowded areas and to the tourism of the area. (Chon, 2010)

Deforestation, regardless of the worldwide call to safeguard the environment you may still find areas where significant logging is occurring. That is also contributing to destruction of flora and fauna and is a menace to the travel and leisure of the region. Besides that, with the call to live green affecting all business across the globe the tourism industry has not been left out. There may be pressure on those who are on the market to find ways of doing business that are sustainable and environmentally friendly. For instance, can the hotel industry creates hotels that tend to be environmental friendly? What methods can they use to save energy and reduce on chemicals that are in the dry out cleaning of a great deal of laundry used in the industry?

Human Encroachment, with populations carrying on to expand worldwide there may be mow competition between man and pets or animals for space. Human being are actually encroaching on areas like National Part that are secured and marked for wildlife. This has led to information of men and women and their livestock being wiped out by wild animal's which in turn leads to people hunting and eradicating these animals that are believed to be always a hazards this is a dangers to be tourism of the region. Human being encroachment is also forcing family pets to move from their habitat to other areas where they cannot survive resulting in the extinction of certain species.

2. 5 Conclusion

The travel and tourism field is the fast growing paced and speedily growing in world. Every year, the tourism industry is increasing seems more difficulty to employees to attempt the trainer of new entrants to the fields. The parallel progress in the use of sophisticated technology has complicated this situation. At the same time, travelers throughout the world have becomes more complex, more knowledge and more demanding.

Bibliography

Websites Reference

Scribe(2011), Hospitality Industry, Retrieved on February 12, 2011

from http://www. scribd. om/doc/8691190/discuss-the-impact-of-globalization-on-the-hospitality-industry

Business Dictionary(2011), Global Syndication System, Retrieved on March 13, 2011

from http://www. busineedictionary. com?definition/global-distribution-system-GDS. html.

Bized(2011), Factors Influencing the Travel and Tourism Industry, Retrieved on March 13, 2011 from http://www. bized. co. uk

Book Reference

Kaye Chon, Thomas, A. Maier, 3rd Model, Welcome to Hospitality and Advantages, USA: Delmer.

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